The Dark Ages: An Age Of Light - Part One (Ancient History Documentary) | Timeline

The Dark Ages have been misunderstood. History has identified the period following the fall of the Roman Empire with a descent into barbarism – a terrible time when civilisation stopped. Waldemar Januszczak disagrees.

In this landmark 4-part series Waldemar argues that the Dark Ages were a time of great artistic achievement, with new ideas and religions provoking new artistic adventures. He embarks on a fascinating trip across Europe, Africa and Asia, visits the world’s most famous collections and discovers hidden artistic gems, all to prove that the Dark Ages were actually an ‘Age of Light'.

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25 Most EVIL Leaders In History

Can you guess which are the most evil leaders in history? These leaders were responsible for some of the most mind blowing atrocities against humanity. Countless of lives were lost under their rule and history will never forgive them. Check out these 25 most evil leaders in history.

It’s hard to believe that a leader of a country or a church would actively seek to kill lots of people. Not just kill them, but torture them and humiliate them. The darkness these vile leaders displayed can’t be described. Check out these evil leaders (and our photo credits and sources) and let us know in the comments below which of these leaders you think is the evilest:


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How evil must you be to use your position of power to oppress innocent people? Take Pope Alexander VI. This awful “religious” leader would use all sorts of schemes to rob people of their money rich and poor alike. But that’s nothing compared to someone like Idi Amin who massacred around 300,000 civilians. Then there are those terrorist leaders like Osama Bin Laden who ordered the execution of 9/11 and ordered his own men to sacrifice themselves in order to kill innocent lives. Check out the 25 most evil leaders in history.

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25 Leaders Responsible For The Worst Genocides Ever Committed -

25 of History's Deadliest Dictators -

Music: Horror Music by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (

history of the entire world, i guess


Alternate History: What If Napoleon Conquered Europe?

What If Napoleon Successfully Conquered Russia And The Rest Of Europe? Let's Talk About That!

Lets Cook History: The Medieval Feast (Medieval Documentary) | Timeline

In contrast with the common representation of the middle ages as a gloomy era haunted with famine, this episode provides a more positive view on medieval cuisine. Throughout Europe, medieval kitchens were often filled with innovative, healthy and savory dishes. Enjoy the elaborate information on the preparation of bread, meat, wine and herbs consumed in castles, monasteries and the growing cities.

History: The War of 1812 Documentary

The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting for two and a half years, fought by the United States of America against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies, and its American Indian allies.

New Sumerian Artifacts 2018 Documentary The Forgotten History of Sumer

This new documentary studies the very first historical records we have, the cuneiform tablets, they prove the Sumerians were a very advanced civilization, that knowledge was preserved for a time by successive cultures, eventually some knowledge was lost whilst other knowledge survived. It is the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq. There is no more interesting episode in human civilisation than our origins, some of these origins have been omitted from the history books because the ancient Sumerian texts tell a very strange tale of how we came to be, which we will look at in a future documentaries. Their level of achievements were so advanced that many think they were aided by an even more sophisticated race. Nobody has the answers, but there are clues in ancient artifacts and a trail of ancient discoveries that provokes insight and perspective of our forgotten past.

Kingdoms of Sumeria, 'Origins of the Sumerian Savants' delves into the mysterious origins of our first civilization. Season One Episode One addresses the intellectual achievements of our Sumerian ancestors, the ‘Sumerian Savants’, with over 1 Million Sumerian tablets discovered to date, some of them are finally giving up their secrets.

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Khosrau Anushirawan: Trolling Justinian - Extra History - #4

Iran and Rome had agreed to an Eternal Peace, but tensions between them proved too great and Khosrau decided to invade while Justinian's guard was down. His army swept into Rome practically unopposed, and he made a mockery of Justinian at every opportunity while treating himself to a grand old time pillaging and parading across the Roman border.
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A Short History of Ireland

A concise Irish History Documentary which I hope will be somewhat helpful to Irish History students at all levels.Content herein is not my creation. The copyright is not mine. Film footage, photographs, music, sound and text are not my creation or copyright. I have uploaded this video so that others me be educated by it.

America Before Columbus (Full Documentary)

History books traditionally depict the pre-Columbus Americas as a pristine wilderness where small native villages lived in harmony with nature. But scientific evidence tells a very different story: When Columbus stepped ashore in 1492, millions of people were already living there. America wasn't exactly a New World, but a very old one whose inhabitants had built a vast infrastructure of cities, orchards, canals and causeways.

The English brought honeybees to the Americas for honey, but the bees pollinated orchards along the East Coast. Thanks to the feral honeybees, many of the plants the Europeans brought, like apples and peaches, proliferated. Some 12,000 years ago, North American mammoths, ancient horses, and other large mammals vanished. The first horses in America since the Pleistocene era arrived with Columbus in 1493.

Settlers in the Americas told of rivers that had more fish than water. The South American potato helped spark a population explosion in Europe. In 1491, the Americas had few domesticated animals, and used the llama as their beast of burden.

In 1491, more people lived in the Americas than in Europe. The first conquistadors were sailors and adventurers. In 1492, the Americas were not a pristine wilderness but a crowded and managed landscape. The now barren Chaco Canyon was once covered with vegetation. Along with crops like wheat, weeds like dandelion were brought to America by Europeans.

It’s believed that the domestication of the turkey began in pre-Columbian Mexico, and did not exist in Europe in 1491. By 1500, European settlers and their plants and animals had altered much of the Americas’ landscape. While beans, potatoes, and maize from the Americas became major crops in continental Europe.

Third Eye Pineal Gland: The Biggest Cover Up in Human History

The pineal gland (also called the pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis or the “third eye”) is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions. Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone (hence its name), and it is located near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two rounded thalamic bodies join.


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Gigantes de México: Lorenzo Servitje FULL-HD (HISTORY)

Ku Klux Klan - A Secret History

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Documentary detailing the history of the Ku Klux Klan. A racist far right extremist movement founded in 1866 which reached unprecedented popularity during the early part of the 'Jim Crow' era in U.S.A. The Organization went on to gain international popularity and still exists today. Includes footage relating to the Ku Klux Klan involvement in the 'Freedom Riders' Civil Rights Protests & the Alabama Church Bombings.

Please Note: This Channel does NOT support the Ku Klux Klan. The video has been made available for educational purposes only. Please DO NOT 'DISLIKE' this video because you disagree with the opinions of the KKK. if you can appreciate its educational value, please hit the LIKE button otherwise the video may have to be removed.

The history of our world in 18 minutes | David Christian

Backed by stunning illustrations, David Christian narrates a complete history of the universe, from the Big Bang to the Internet, in a riveting 18 minutes. This is Big History: an enlightening, wide-angle look at complexity, life and humanity, set against our slim share of the cosmic timeline.

TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes. TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design, and TEDTalks cover these topics as well as science, business, development and the arts. Closed captions and translated subtitles in a variety of languages are now available on TED.com, at

Epic History: First Crusade - Part 1

The First Crusade was one of the most extraordinary, bloody and significant episodes in medieval history. It began with an appeal for aid from the Christian Byzantine Empire, threatened by the rising power of the Muslim Seljuk Turks. But when Pope Urban II preached a sermon at Clermont in 1095, the result was unlike anything ever seen before. The Pope offered spiritual salvation to those willing to go east to aid their fellow Christians in a holy war, and help liberate Jerusalem from Muslim rule. Knights and peasants alike signed up in their thousands, leading to the disastrous People's, or Peasants', Crusade, then to a much more organised and powerful Princes' Crusade. Their forces gathered at Constantinople, where they made an uneasy alliance with Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. Entering Anatolia, they helped to win back the city of Nicaea, then won a decisive but hard-fought victory at Dorlyaeum, before marching on the great city of Antioch...

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Campaign: The First Crusade 1096–99

Essential Histories: The Crusades

The Armies of Islam 7th–11th Centuries

Armies of the Crusades

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Sky - Anyul Rivas
Wooded Hills - Alexander Annenkov
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Twin peaks of Mount Ararat - Adam Jones

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History of Machine Tools



Wyatt Earp has been portrayed in countless movies and television shows by some of Hollywood's greatest actors, including Henry Fonda, Jimmy Stewart, and more recently, Kevin Costner, but these popular fictions often belie the complexities and flaws of a man whose life is a lens on politics, justice and economic opportunity in the American frontier.

As a young man, Wyatt Earp was a caricature of the Western lawman. He gained notoriety as the legendary gunman in the shootout at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, but shortly after his death in 1929, distressed Americans down on their luck transformed Wyatt Earp into a folk hero, a central figure in the narrative of how the West was won. Celebrated as a man who took control of his own destiny, Wyatt Earp came to epitomize the town-taming marshal responsible for bringing the forces of law, order and civilization to the Wild West.

Wyatt Earp's actual life story, though, was more complicated than the romantic legend. He spent his youth carousing, gambling, and visiting brothels - sometimes just one step ahead of the law. A wanderer and an opportunist, Earp was ever in pursuit of greater fortunes in the next boomtown. He spent most of his life roaming the West, supporting himself with police work, mining, gambling, saloon-keeping, and real estate deals. After the tragic death of his young wife, Earp fell in among prostitutes and gamblers and remained closely connected to this underworld even after becoming a lawman. Soon after settling in the burgeoning silver mining town of Tombstone, Arizona, Wyatt Earp and his brothers became involved in a feud with the local Cowboys which culminated in the notorious 1881 Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.

Though it lasted less than a minute, this infamous gunfight blurred the boundaries of law and criminality, and became a symbol a chapter in the winning of the West. In revenge for his brother's murder Earp took the law into his own hands, killing at least three of the local Cowboys before finally leaving the territory of Arizona for good.

In his later years, living in a small bungalow in Los Angeles, Wyatt Earp was haunted by his past, and fretted over his legacy. He died before he could witness his redemption as an enduring and admired hero in the American imagination.

History of the Renaissance (Full Documentary)

The Renaissance is a period in Europe, from the 14th to the 17th century, considered the bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history. It started as a cultural movement in Italy in the Late Medieval period and later spread to the rest of Europe, marking the beginning of the Early Modern Age.

Conflict in Israel and Palestine: Crash Course World History 223

In which John Green teaches you about conflict in Israel and Palestine. This conflict is often cast as a long-term beef going back thousands of years, and rooted in a clash between religions. Well, that's not quite true. What is true is that the conflict is immensely complicated, and just about everyone in the world has an opinion about it. John is going to try to get the facts across in under 13 minutes.

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Citation 1: Arthur James Balfour, Balfour Declaration (letter to Baron Rothschild, leader of British Jewish community). 1917.

The History of Yugoslavia 1918-1990's!! [Full Documentary]

Beginning and End of Yugoslavia. The word Balkan comes from Turkish: it means mountain and has been applied to the area since the early 19th century. The Ottoman Turks invaded the region at the end of the 14th century and the Turkish rule lasted for some 500 years. The Austro-Hungarian empire grew stronger in the north and loosened the grip of the Turks at the end of the 17th century. A major redefinition of the Balkan political boundaries was enacted by the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania became independent, and the principality of Bulgaria was created. Slovenia, Croatia stayed under the rule of Austria-Hungary which also took control of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

By the beginning of the 20th century, the Ottoman Empire was beginning to crumble. Sensing the opportunity, a wave of nationalism swept through the Balkans. Franz Ferdinand War broke out in 1912, when Montenegrin troops moved across the border into the Ottoman empire. Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece joined the war a few days later. These Balkan allies drove the Turks out of Kosovo, Macedonia and Albania, which declared independence. Later the Serbs turned against the Bulgarians and occupied all of Kosovo as well as Macedonia. In 1914 Austria-Hungary, which governed Bosnia-Herzegovina at the time, sent the emperor's heir Franz Ferdinand to quell the unrest. The Funeral of Franz Ferdinand He was promoting the idea of the southern Slavs playing a greater role in the empire as a bulwark against Serbian expansionism. He was shot in Sarajevo by a Serb nationalist, an event which triggered World War I.

After Austria-Hungary was defeated in World War I, The Founder of the Yugoslav state the Versailles peace treaties defined a new pattern of state boundaries in the Balkans. The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was founded. In 1929 King Alexander I changed the name of the state to Yugoslavia - land of the southern Slavs. The scene of the King's assassination The Serbs still dominated the government, which combined with an authoritarian monarchy gave rise to an anti-Serb movement. Many Croats in particular would have preferred independence and resentment led to Alexander's violent death in 1934.

World War ll brought fresh turmoil to the region. As German troops invaded, they were welcomed by Croatian fascists. Hitler rewarded the Croats with a nominally independent puppet state, which also incorporated Bosnia.
In the course of a series of overlapping civil wars, widespread atrocities were committed by all sides. In Croatia, Serbs, Jews, gypsies and anti-fascist Croats were killed in concentration camps. Serbia came under the control of German troops while the Italians occupied Montenegro. Tito led resistance to the Germans Rival partisans under Josip Broz Tito, a communist, and Dragoljub Mihailovic, a Serb nationalist, fought the Germans - when not fighting each other. Kosovo was occupied by Albanian and Italian troops whilst the Bulgarians invaded Macedonia.

Socialist Yugoslavia was declared by Marshall Tito in 1945. The communists were able to deal with national aspirations by creating a federation of six nominally equal republics - Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Macedonia. In Serbia the two provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina were given autonomous status. Communist rule restored stability and good relations with the west ensured a steady stream of loans. 1979 - Pioneers of Belgrade welcome Josip Tito Later, however, national and ethnic tensions increased due to unequal development and a growing burden of debt. When Tito died in 1980 many expected the federation to break up but Yugoslavia was to survive for another ten years.

BY 1992 the Yugoslav Federation was falling apart. Nationalism had once again replaced communism as the dominant force in the Balkans. Slovenia and then Croatia were the first to break away but only at the cost of renewed conflict with Serbia. The war in Croatia led to hundreds of thousands of refugees and re-awakened memories of the brutality of the 1940s. A child in hospital in Sarajevo By 1992 a further conflict had broken out in Bosnia, which had also declared independence. The Serbs who lived there were determined to remain within Yugoslavia and to help build a greater Serbia. They received strong backing from extremist groups in Belgrade. Muslims were driven from their homes in carefully planned operations that become known as 'ethnic cleansing'.
By 1993 the Bosnian Muslim government was besieged in the capital Sarajevo, surrounded by Bosnian Serb forces who controlled around 70% of Bosnia. Bosnia Herzegovina detention camp In Central Bosnia, the mainly Muslim army was fighting a separate war against Bosnian Croats who wished to be part of a greater Croatia. The presence of UN peacekeepers to contain the situation proved ineffective.


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