POLITICAL THEORY - Karl Marx
Karl Marx remains deeply important today not as the man who told us what to replace capitalism with, but as someone who brilliantly pointed out certain of its problems. The School of Life, a pro-Capitalist institution, takes a look. For gifts and more from The School of Life, visit our online shop:
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“Most people agree that we need to improve our economic system somehow. It threatens our planet through excessive consumption, distracts us with irrelevant advertising, leaves people hungry and without healthcare, and fuels unnecessary wars. Yet we’re also often keen to dismiss the ideas of its most famous and ambitious critic, Karl Marx. This isn’t very surprising. In practice, his political and economic ideas have been used to design disastrously planned economies and nasty dictatorships. Frankly, the remedies Marx proposed for the ills of the world now sound a bit demented. He thought we should abolish private property. People should not be allowed to own things. At certain moments one can sympathise. But it’s like wanting to ban gossip or forbid watching television. It’s going to war with human behaviour. And Marx believed the world would be put to rights by a dictatorship of the proletariat; which does not mean anything much today. Openly Marxist parties received a total of only 1,685 votes in the 2010 UK general election, out of the nearly 40 million ballots cast…”
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Karl Marx Documentary in Hindi | Father of Communism | German Philosopher & Economist
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In this video i have shown the true story of founder of communism Karl Marx and his struggle. how he made his carrier.
Karl Heinrich Marx was one of nine children born to Heinrich and Henrietta Marx in Trier, Prussia. His father was a successful lawyer who revered Kant and Voltaire, and was a passionate activist for Prussian reform. Although both parents were Jewish with rabbinical ancestry, Karl’s father converted to Christianity in 1816 at the age of 35.
This was likely a professional concession in response to an 1815 law banning Jews from high society.
In October of 1835, Marx began studying at the University of Bonn. It had a lively and rebellious culture, and Marx enthusiastically took part in student life. In his two semesters there, he was imprisoned for drunkenness and disturbing the peace, incurred debts and participated in a duel. At the end of the year, Marx’s father insisted he enroll in the more serious University of Berlin.
In Berlin, he studied law and philosophy and was introduced to the philosophy of G.W.F. Hegel, who had been a professor at Berlin until his death in 1831. Marx was not initially enamored with Hegel, but he soon became involved with the Young Hegelians, a radical group of students including Bruno Bauer and Ludwig Feuerbach, who criticized the political and religious establishments of the day.
In 1836, as he was becoming more politically zealous, Marx was secretly engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, a sought-after woman from a respected family in Trier who was four years his senior. This, along with his increasing radicalism, caused his father angst. In a series of letters, Marx’s father expressed concerns about what he saw as his son’s “demons,” and admonished him for not taking the responsibilities of marriage seriously enough, particularly when his wife-to-be came from a higher class.
Marx did not settle down. He received his doctorate from the University of Jena in 1841.
Paris was the political heart of Europe in 1843. There, along with Arnold Ruge, Marx founded a political journal titled Deutsch-Französische Jahrbücher (German-French Annals). Only a single issue was published before philosophical differences between Marx and Ruge resulted in its demise, but in August of 1844, the journal brought Marx together with a contributor, Friedrich Engels, who would become his collaborator and lifelong friend. Together, the two began writing a criticism of the philosophy of Bruno Bauer, a Young Hegelian and former friend of Marx’s. The result of Marx and Engels’s first collaboration was published in 1845 as The Holy Family.
Later that year, Marx moved to Belgium after being expelled from France while writing for another radical newspaper, Vorwärts!, which had strong ties to an organization that would later become the Communist League.
In Brussels, Marx was introduced to socialism by Moses Hess, and finally broke off from the philosophy of the Young Hegelians completely. While there, he wrote The German Ideology, in which he first developed his theory on historical materialism. Marx couldn’t find a willing publisher, however, and The German Ideology -- along with Theses on Feuerbach, which was also written during this time -- were not published until after his death.
At the beginning of 1846, Marx founded a Communist Correspondence Committee in an attempt to link socialists from around Europe. Inspired by his ideas, socialists in England held a conference and formed the Communist League, and in 1847 at a Central Committee meeting in London, the organization asked Marx and Engels to write Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei (Manifesto of the Communist Party).
The Communist Manifesto, as this work is commonly known, was published in 1848, and shortly after, in 1849, Marx was expelled from Belgium. He went to France, anticipating a socialist revolution, but was deported from there as well. Prussia refused to renaturalize him, so Marx moved to London. Although Britain denied him citizenship, he remained in London until his death.
In London, Marx helped found the German Workers’ Educational Society, as well as a new headquarters for the Communist League. He continued to work as a journalist, including a 10-year stint as a correspondent for the New York Daily Tribune from 1852 to 1862, but he never earned a living wage and was largely supported by Engels.
Marx became increasingly focused on capitalism and economic theory, and in 1867, he published the first volume of Das Kapital.
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Political Thinker : Karl Marx.
This lecture talks about Political Thinker -- Karl Marx:An Indian Perspective.
FULL LECTURE;KARL MARX;कार्ल मार्क्स; सिद्धांत, भौतिकवाद, वर्ग संघर्ष
THIS POLITICAL SCIENCE LECTURE HAS THE FULL LECTURE ON KARL MARX.
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THE FULL THEORY OF MAHATMA GANDHI & GOD. IT ALSO HAS THE CONCEPT OF TRUTH AND THE TECHNIQUE OF GANDHIAN AND SATYAGRAH AND POLITICAL IDEAS OF GANDHI JI
THE FULL THEORY OF MAHATMA GANDHI; HIS LIFE HISTORY, MEANING OF GANDHISM, WORKS OF GANDHI, GANDHI JI AND RELIGION, AND POLITICS.
THE FULL THEORY OF MANVENDRA NATH ROY; HIS LIFE HISTORY, POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, WORKS AND IDEAS AND IDEAS NEW HUMANISM
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में भारतीय विचारक मानवेन्द्र नाथ रॉय का जीवन परिचय, उनका राजनीतिक दर्शन , रचनाएँ था तथा विचारधारा का वर्णन किया गया हैI
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में विचारक रूसो का जीवन परिचय , रचनाएँ,पद्धति तथा संप्रभुता सम्बन्धी धारणाओं का वर्णन किया गया है साथ ही लोकप्रिय प्रभुसत्ता, स्वतंत्रता सम्बन्धी विचार तथा कानून सम्बन्धी विचारों का विस्तृत वर्णन किया गया है I
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में अरविन्द घोष का सम्पूर्ण वर्णन किया गया हैI यहाँ अरविन्द घोष का जीवन परिचय, रचनाएँ, पूर्ण स्वराज, रचनात्मक प्रतिरोध तथा शांतिपूर्ण प्रतिरोध पर विचार प्रस्तुत किये गए हैंI यहाँ अरविन्द घोष के युद्ध विषयक विचार,विश्व एकता पर विचार तथा आद्यात्मिक राष्ट्रवाद पर विचार प्रस्तुत किये गए हैं I
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में लॉक का सामाजिक समझौता सिद्धांत, लॉक का व्यक्तिवाद, लॉक का क्रांति सम्बन्धी विचार तथा हॉब्स व लॉक के समझौते में तुलना का वर्णन किया गया है I
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में हॉब्स के मानव प्रकृति सम्बन्धी तथा प्राकृतिक अवस्था सम्बन्धी विचारों का वर्णन किया गया है यहाँ हॉब्स के संप्रभुता सिद्धांत तथा हॉब्स के चिंतन में निरंकुशतावाद तथा व्यक्तिवाद में सम्बन्ध भी बताया गया है
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में दार्शनिक जॉन लॉक का सामान्य परिचय, रचनाओं तथा लॉक की अद्धयन पद्धति का वर्णन किया गया है
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में दार्शनिक थॉमस हॉब्स का सम्पूर्ण वर्णन किया गया है; थॉमस हॉब्स का व्यक्ति परिचय, रचनाएँ' संप्रभुता का सिद्धांत, प्रथम आधुनिक राजनीतिक वैज्ञानिक के रूप में, वैज्ञानिक भौतिकवाद तथा सामाजिक समझौता सिद्धांत
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में यूरोपीय विचारक मैक्यावली के राज्य सम्बन्धी सिद्धांत, मैक्यावली : राजनीति का धर्म और नैतिकता से पृथक्करण
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में यूरोपीय विचारक मैक्यावली के सम्पूर्ण अद्धयन को विस्तार में समझाया गया है
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में नव लोक प्रशासन है; साथ ही इसके महत्व , भूमिका , क्षेत्र , प्रकृति तथा महवपूर्ण तत्थ्यों का विस्तृत वर्णन किया गया है !
प्रशासन तथा निजी लोक प्रशासन को विस्तार में समझाया गया है तथा लोक प्रशासन तथा निजी लोक प्रशासन में अंतर बताया गया है साथ ही इसके महत्व , भूमिका , क्षेत्र तथा प्रकृति
लोक प्रशासन का सम्पूर्ण विवरण विस्तार में दिया गया है तथा लोक प्रशासन का विकास ; राजनीति प्रशासन द्वैतभाव , प्रशासन सिद्धांतों पर बल , प्रशासनिक सिद्धांतों को चुनौती , अन्तः अनुशासनात्मक अध्ययन पर जोर , नवीन लोक प्रशासन तथा नवीन लोक प्रशासन के लक्षण
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस भाग में भारतीय संविधान के अनुसार पंचायती राज के सभी अनुच्छेद जो की २४३ श्रेणी में है , ई - पंचायत , न्याय पंचायत , जिला पंचायत, छावनी बोर्ड एवं न्यास पत्तन
राजनीति शास्त्र के इस अद्ध्याय में स्थानीय स्वशासन , पंचायती राज व्यवस्था ; सामान्य परिचय , विशेषताएं , स्थानीय स्वशासन के जनक , स्थानीय स्वशासन की प्रष्टभूमि , भारत में पंचायती राज की भूमिका पंचायत सम्बन्धी अनुच्छेद दिए गए हैं
सर्वोत्तम संविधान या मिश्रित राज्य का सिद्धांत , अरस्तु का योगदान एवं प्रभाव
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Karl Marx: From Capitalism to Communism (In Hindi)
Political Thought of Karl Marx
This Lecture talks about Political Thought of Karl Marx
Karl Marx's Communism
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A Brief Introduction to Marxism
This presentation looks at the basic idea of Marxism, specifically the conflict between the different classes in society.
Marxist theory of the State in Hindi राज्य पर मार्क्स के विचार
Marxist theory of the State in Hindi राज्य पर मार्क्स के विचार कार्ल मार्क्स ने अपने पीएचडी शोध-प्रबंध के बाद लिखी गयी पहली लम्बी रचना में काफ़ी गहनता से राज्य की अवधारणा का विश्लेषण किया था। मार्क्स ने हीगेल के राजनीतिक दर्शन की समीक्षा करते हुए राज्य के बारे में अपने विचारों का विकास किया। मार्क्स ने हीगेल के राजनीतिक दर्शन की समीक्षा करते हुए राज्य के बारे में अपने विचारों का विकास किया।
Marxist theory of state, besides liberal state, is perhaps the most important theory. Marxist theory not only challenges the basic concepts of liberal state but also emphasises that it enslaves majority men of society for the realisation of its aims, it is to be abolished or smashed without which the emancipation of common men will never be possible. ... जानने के लिए देखें। । Topic for students in political science. आप सभी का धन्यवाद, अगर आप का कोई suggestions हो तो ज़रूर Share करें । most important videos for students and those who are preparing for competition exams.. please watch like and share this video to enhance knowledge....This video is being produced for the political science students. Please friends keep on watching our videos. We will try to give you knowledge thru our videos on this subject. Helpful for those who are studying this subject and those who interested. Please also comment.. like.. share.. and subscribe..And comments. We will welcome your suggestions, please write us on email@example.com, Thanks .. Mohd Naushad
Karl Marx Theory of Surplus Value in Hindi || Political Thought of Karl Marx in Hindi
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Karl Marx Theory of Surplus Value in Hindi || Political Thought of Karl Marx in Hindi
Karl Marx: Dialectical Materialism: Historical Materialism : Materialist Conception of History
10. Marx's Theory of Capitalism
Moral Foundations of Politics (PLSC 118)
Today, Professor Shapiro continues his discussion of Enlightenment theory of Karl Marx, focusing on the foundations of his theory of capitalism. The central question is, how is wealth created under capitalism at the micro level? For Marx, Adam Smith's invisible hand is not entirely benevolent. His labor theory of value stipulates that living human labor-power is the only way to create new value, and therefore capitalists who shift toward capital-intensive production cannot actually create new value. Marx also assumes wages are at the level of subsistence, and that capitalists turn a profit by exploiting the surplus labor time of workers. Professor Shapiro also explores some corollary concepts to Marx's mode of production--the class-for-itself/class-in-itself distinction, socially necessary labor time and surplus labor time, and the extent to which workers are other-referential.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Class Agenda and Marx's Characterization of Freedom
07:12 - Chapter 2. Marx's Theory of Science
16:37 - Chapter 3. The Labor Theory of Value; Exploitation and Injustice
22:37 - Chapter 4. The Labor Theory of Surplus Value
35:37 - Chapter 5. Relative & Absolute Surplus Value & Rate of Exploitation
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:
This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Karl Marx & Conflict Theory: Crash Course Sociology #6
Today we’ll continue to explore sociology’s founding theorists with a look at Karl Marx and his idea of historical materialism. We’ll discuss modes of production, their development, and how they fit into Marx’s overall theory of historical development, along with class struggle and revolution. We’ll also discuss how Marx’s ideas gave rise to Gramsci’s idea of hegemony, and to conflict theories more generally.
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The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
The Communist Manifesto - FULL Audio Book - by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels - The Communist Manifesto was conceived as an outline of the basic beliefs of the Communist movement. The authors believed that the European Powers were universally afraid of the nascent movement, and were condemning as communist, people or activities that did not actually conform to what the Communists believed. This Manifesto, then, became a manual for their beliefs.
In it we find Marx and Engel's rehearsal of the idea that Capital has stolen away the work of the artisan and peasant by building up factories to produce goods cheaply. The efficiency of Capital depends, then, on the wage laborers who staff the factories and how little they will accept in order to have work. This concentrates power and money in a Bourgeois class that profits from the disunity of workers (Proletarians), who only receive a subsistence wage.
If workers unite in a class struggle against the bourgeois, using riot and strikes as weapons, they will eventually overthrow the bourgeois and replace them as a ruling class. Communists further believe in and lay out a system of reforms to transform into a classless, stateless society, thus distinguishing themselves from various flavors of Socialism, which would be content to have workers remain the ruling class after the revolution.
The Manifesto caused a huge amount of discussion for its support for a forcible overthrow of the existing politics and society. (Summary by Mark F. Smith)
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SECTIONS & Lengths:
Section 1 - Bourgeois and Proletarians by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels -- 00:00:00
Section 2 - Proletarians and Communists by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels -- 00:36:00
Section 3 - Socialist & Communist Literature; & Section 4 - Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels -- 00:59:23
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Karl Marx: An Introduction to Marx's Sociology
A brief introduction to the sociology of Karl Marx. This presentation focuses upon his social theory and his analysis of capitalism rather than his political activism. This video presentation is from Macro Social Theory, by Frank W. Elwell. This book focuses on the macro social theory of Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Malthus, and Spencer as well as contemporary expressions of these classics. The contemporary theorists covered include Harry Braverman, John Bellamy Foster, Robert K. Merton, Robert Nisbet, Neil Postman, Norbert Elias, George Ritzer, Gerhard Lenski, Stephen Sanderson, Stjepan Mestrovic, C. Wright Mills, Ester Boserup, and Immanuel Wallerstein.
Class Conflict Theory in hindi/ Karl Marx Theory of Class Conflict or Struggle
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Class Conflict Theory in hindi/ Karl Marx Theory of Class in hindi
Class struggle theory of Karl Marx
Karl Marx, the creator of class struggle theory of power
The power of Marx is only considered to be the class struggle theory of power.
This principle explains the first history and then in that verse it tells about which time the power of the power remained and which power was given to the class, how did it power, how did it do it? This principle tells us about all these things.
According to Marxism, there is 2 classes in every single society. One category is the owner of production, which possesses wealth due to the ownership of the means of production and becomes rich. There is another and such a class which does not have the means of production and works for the class which has the means of production and this second class is poor class. The QQ rich section does not pay much wages. Owner of rich property owner of poor wages.
Take the Examples Tractor
Now the second layer of dis theory is that the rich class has the power, so that by taking economic power, it also takes political power and then by getting the power of the kingdom, it becomes a policy that changes the way the society changes It is the social power that goes to him too
See how Caufflix is produced now
The rich class wants to be rich and that is why they exploit the poor more. Now look at practically now let's see that the owner of a company needs a lot of money. Now what will he do now that he will be rewarded with the benefits of Employees' rights, he will not give a pension to them and will not give them more facilities. This will make him rich.
And in such a society, everybody wants to be rich and richer, so for this to be rich, every little bit of money is worried for a poor.
Now, when it is so bad with the poor, he will oppose it but he has no political right or social or economic, for this he has his rights and always struggles with the rich class for his stomach.
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Please watch: Karl Marx Theory of Surplus Value in Hindi || Political Thought of Karl Marx in Hindi
Karl Marx: Quotes, Theory, Communist Manifesto, Sociology, Biography, Economics (2000)
Karl Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. About the book:
Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought. He is one of the founders of sociology and social science. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894).
Born into a wealthy middle-class family in Trier in the Prussian Rhineland, Marx studied at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians. After his studies he wrote for a radical newspaper in Cologne and began to work out the theory of the materialist conception of history. He moved to Paris in 1843, where he began writing for other radical newspapers and met Friedrich Engels, who would become his lifelong friend and collaborator. In 1849 he was exiled and moved to London together with his wife and children, where he continued writing and formulating his theories about social and economic activity. He also campaigned for socialism and became a significant figure in the International Workingmen's Association.
Marx's theories about society, economics and politics—the collective understanding of which is known as Marxism—hold that human societies progress through class struggle: a conflict between an ownership class that controls production and a dispossessed labouring class that provides the labour for production. States, Marx believed, were run on behalf of the ruling class and in their interest while representing it as the common interest of all; and he predicted that, like previous socioeconomic systems, capitalism produced internal tensions which would lead to its self-destruction and replacement by a new system: socialism. He argued that class antagonisms under capitalism between the bourgeoisie and proletariat would eventuate in the working class' conquest of political power and eventually establish a classless society, communism, a society governed by a free association of producers. Marx actively fought for its implementation, arguing that the working class should carry out organised revolutionary action to topple capitalism and bring about socio-economic change.
Marx has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history. Many intellectuals, labour unions and political parties worldwide have been influenced by Marx's ideas, with many variations on his groundwork.
From an academic perspective, Marx's work contributed to the birth of modern sociology. He has been cited as one the nineteenth century's three masters of the school of suspicion, alongside Friedrich Nietzsche and Sigmund Freud, and as one of the three principal architects of modern social science along with Émile Durkheim and Max Weber. In contrast to other philosophers, Marx offered theories that could often be tested with the scientific method. Both Marx and Auguste Comte set out to develop scientifically justified ideologies in the wake of European secularisation and new developments in the philosophies of history and science. Working in the Hegelian tradition, Marx rejected Comtean sociological positivism in attempt to develop a science of society. Karl Löwith considered Marx and Søren Kierkegaard to be the two greatest Hegelian philosophical successors. In modern sociological theory, Marxist sociology is recognised as one of the main classical perspectives. Isaiah Berlin considers Marx the true founder of modern sociology, in so far as anyone can claim the title. Beyond social science, he has also had a lasting legacy in philosophy, literature, the arts, and the humanities.
Politically, Marx's legacy is more complex. Throughout the twentieth century, revolutions in dozens of countries labelled themselves 'Marxist', most notably the Russian Revolution which lead to the founding of the USSR. Major world leaders including Vladimir Lenin, Mao Zedong, Fidel Castro, Salvador Allende  Josip Tito  and Kwame Nkrumah  all cited Marx as an influence, and his ideas informed political parties worldwide beyond those where 'Marxist revolutions' took place. The brutal dictatorships associated with many Marxist nations have lead some to blame Marx for millions of deaths, but the fidelity of these varied revolutionaries, leaders and parties to Marx's work is highly contested, and rejected by many Marxists. It is now common to distinguish between the legacy and influence of Marx specifically, and the legacy and influence of those who shaped his ideas for political purposes.
POLITICAL THEORY - Adam Smith
Adam Smith was no uncritical apologist for capitalism: he wanted to understand how capitalism could be both fruitful and good.
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