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POS 201: Lecture 6-Hobbes & Locke, Liberalism, Natural Rights, Consent

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POS 201: Lecture 6-Hobbes & Locke, Liberalism, Natural Rights, Consent

A lecture on the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. This video is part of the online course POS 201-Intro to Political Theory taught in the Political Science Department at the University of Maine.

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke: Two Philosophers Compared



Timestamps:

02:11 - Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan)
09:33 - John Locke (Two Treatises of Government)
13:00 - Compare/Contrast with Graphic Organizer

Mr. Richey discusses the works of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, two of the most influential philosophers of government in the seventeenth century. Hobbes and Locke were both influential in the development of social contract theory. In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes advances the idea of a permanent social contract in which people give up sovereignty to a governing authority in order to avoid the state of nature, which is a state of war with every man against every man. After the Glorious Revolution, John Locke responded with his Two Treatises of Government, in which he argued that people enter into a social contract and form a government in order to preserve their natural rights (life, liberty, and property). In Locke's social contract, the people retain sovereignty and reserve the right to alter or abolish the social contract if the government fails to protect their natural rights. I spend the first part of the lecture providing a summary of Hobbes' Leviathan, followed by a summary of Locke, then I use a graphic organizer to compare and contrast Hobbes' and Locke's social contract philosophies, noting key similarities and differences between the two theorists.

Mastodon's Leviathan album is brought in from time to time just because it's awesome.

This lecture is designed specifically for AP European History students studying Absolutism and Constitutionalism in preparation for their exam, but can also serve students in other disciplines, such as US History and Government, as well.

I use a picture in this video (Green Nature) that should be attributed to Rudolf Getel. I neglected to do so in the video, so I am doing so here.
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John Locke political thought - दर्शनशास्त्र - Philosophy optional for UPSC in Hindi

UPSC Prelim 2019 Test Series Launched. Rs 1500 Discount, Valid for Today Only. Give Demo Test -

Thomas Hobbes and the State of Nature

Devin Stauffer, Associate Professor of Government, University of Texas, talks about English philosopher and author of Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes (March 4, 2015).

Professor Stauffer specializes in classical and early modern political philosophy. Most of his research has focused on classical thought, but his current work also examines the origins of liberalism, the theoretical foundations of modernity, and the divide between ancient and modern political thought. He is the author of Plato's Introduction to the Question of Justice (SUNY, 2001), coauthor and cotranslator of Empire and the Ends of Politics: Plato's Menexenus and Pericles' Funeral Oration (Focus Philosophical Library, 1999), and author of The Unity of Plato's Gorgias: Rhetoric, Justice, and the Philosophic Life (Cambridge, 2006).

The Emory Williams Lecture Series in the Liberal Arts has been made possible by a generous gift from Mr. Emory Williams (Emory College '32 and Trustee Emeritus, Emory University).

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Natural Law- Hobbes & Locke

Natural Law, Hobbes, Locke, social contract, natural rights

Locke's Natural Rights

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Hobbes and Locke

A summary of the political philosophy of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, especially as it relates to the American Revolution.

Natural right

Subject: Human Rights and Duties
Paper: Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights, Duties and Responsibilities
Module: Natural right
Content Writer: Prof. (Dr.) Y.S.R. Murthy

15. Constitutional Government: Locke's Second Treatise (1-5)

Introduction to Political Philosophy (PLSC 114)

John Locke had such a profound influence on Thomas Jefferson that he may be deemed an honorary founding father of the United States. He advocated the natural equality of human beings, their natural rights to life, liberty, and property, and defined legitimate government in terms that Jefferson would later use in the Declaration of Independence. Locke's life and works are discussed, and the lecture shows how he transformed ideas previously formulated by Machiavelli and Hobbes into a more liberal constitutional theory of the state.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Who Is John Locke?
13:11 - Chapter 2. John Locke's Theory of Natural Law
31:27 - Chapter 3. Property, Labor and the Theory of Natural Law

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

3. Locke: Equality, Freedom, Property and the Right to Dissent

Foundations of Modern Social Thought (SOCY 151)

John Locke, a liberal thinker and near-contemporary of the conservative Hobbes, disputes Hobbes's thinking in some keys ways and builds on it in others. Locke starts his political theory with a notion of individuals in the state of nature being free, equal and reasonable; the state of nature is not synonymous with the state of war for Locke as it is for Hobbes. Locke argues that states should protect the property of individuals and must govern with the consent of subjects. Unlike Hobbes's strong, unitary sovereign, Locke envisions a separation of the powers of the state into executive, legislative, and federative powers. We examine how Locke's political and social thought assumes an abundance of resources while Hobbes's thought is predicated on an assumption of scarcity.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Locke in a Historical Context
18:40 - Chapter 2. First Treatise
24:42 - Chapter 3. Second Treatise: Major Themes
26:17 - Chapter 4. All Born Free and Equal
29:34 - Chapter 5. Need for Common Superior Based on Consent
32:27 - Chapter 6. Origins and Limits of Private Property
40:03 - Chapter 7. Difference between Absolute Monarchy and Civil Society
43:06 - Chapter 8. Separation of Powers

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2009.
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Political Thought of Locke

Locke as a liberal political thinker is important of Western Political Thoughts. His ideas, Consent, Rights and Property have played and important role in the evolution of of liberal society and democratic polity. This Lecture discusses all of them in brief.

Learning Objectives: This Lecture would be useful for understanding the evolution of democracy, modern states, and Constitutionalism.

By The 'Consent of the Governed'

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2. Thomas Hobbes

In this video, Professor Thorsby gives a lecture on the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes, from his empirical views on sensation and thought, to his notion of the state of nature and the force of social agreement in the Leviathan.

JOHN LOCKE | PART - 1 | UPSC/UPPSC/IAS/PCS | Political Science Optional | LECTURE 16

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Hobbes and Locke

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POS 201: Lecture 5-Machiavelli and the Dawn of Political Theory

A lecture on Machiavelli's The Prince. This video is part of the online course POS 201-Intro to Political Theory taught in the Political Science Department at the University of Maine.

Michael Sandel - Where Do Our Natural Rights Come From?

In this video, Michael Sandel teaches a lecture at Harvard University on natural rights and the arguments of John Locke.

Check out the entire video here:

Natural Rights

Pastor Wagner preaches on Natural Rights, what they are, what they are not, where they come from, and how they can be revoked.

For more information, check out:

For the audio sermon and the outline, see:

Natural Law (Part 1) -

Natural Law (Part 2) -

Image from: scotterb.wordpress.com

Law and Justice - Lock and Classical Liberalism - 18.3 Locke and Property

“Law and Justice is a free online course on Janux that is open to anyone. Learn more at

Created by the University of Oklahoma, Janux is an interactive learning community that gives learners direct connections to courses, education resources, faculty, and each other. Janux courses are freely available or may be taken for college credit by enrolled OU students.

Dr. Kyle Harper is Associate Professor of Classics and Letters,

Video by NextThought (

Copyright © 2000-2014 The Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma, All Rights Reserved.

Political Obligation Lecture 1 - Classical Social Contract Theory

This lecture outlines the nature of political obligation as a problem in political philosophy and considers the potential of classical social contract theory to solve it. Philosophers discussed include Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jaques Rousseau, Edmund Burke, Mary Wollstonecraft and David Hume.

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