This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more

10 Best Practices for Moving to a Single Activity


10 Best Practices for Moving to a Single Activity

Watch the keynote and all sessions →

Learn the 10 best practices for moving to a single activity!

1. Use activities as entry points into your app’s UI. When a user goes to launch your app, their launching on activity.

2. Share data between screens by using the activity scope!

3. Use the Navigation Architecture Component to make navigating between destinations even easier.

4. Navigate between destinations with the new gradle plugin, Safe args.

5. Extract your business logic, don’t test at the destination level!

6. Test with FragmentScenario! Fragment 1.1 was just released with a new feature for testing and verifying fragments.

7. Mock the NavController to confirm that you’re calling the right navigate calls.

8. Inject dependencies with FragmentFactory.

9. Use multiple tasks when appropriate. Gasp!

10. Don't contort your app architecture. Do what’s right for your app.

Watch the full session by Ian Lake →

Event site →
Subscribe to the Android Channel! →


10 Best Practices for Moving to a Single Activity

10 Best Practices for Moving to a Single Activity

Single Activity: Why, When, and How brings together a lot of the best practices around activities, Fragments, Navigation, and most importantly *making your code testable*.

Single Activity: Why, When, and How (Android Dev Summit '18)

With the Navigation Architecture Component, developers have the tools to move towards a single activity structure for their app, but they don't know:

— why they should move to that model
— when it is appropriate
— how exactly to take advantage of that structure and migrate to it

Navigation Architecture Component →
Testing Fragments →

Presented by: Ian Lake

Android Dev Summit '18 all sessions playlist →
Subscribe to the Android Channel! →


Single activity navigation so simple even I can understand it - Mike Nakhimovich

I always wanted to be the type of android developer that creates single Activity applications. Only issue was my inability to understand any libraries for accomplishing my goal. After a few iterations I landed on an architecture that's based on mvp and reactive state which allowed me to accomplish my goal without anything more than rxjava and a few base classes. Come join me as I go through creating a single activity flow consisting of many screens and not a fragment in sight.

Scene Transition - Change Layouts in single activity by animation

Activity Lifecycle Android | Activity Lifecycle Methods | Activity Lifecycle In Android

What is Activity?

Get Exclusive videos by joining this channel:

Register to get in touch with me:

Mysterious channel:

Android for Beginners :

Android for Advanced :

Boost Your Coding Speed (A Series) :

Subscribe us and thanks for watching.
have a great day :)

Android Breakdown - Blog

Misc blogs :

Sach Ka Rasta (Hindi Special | Motivational)


activity lifecycle android
activity lifecycle in android
activity lifecycle of android
android activity lifecycle
activity lifecycle
activity lifecycle in android example
activity lifecycle diagram
activity lifecycle methods in android
activity lifecycle program in android
activity lifecycle android example
butterfly life cycle activities
activity lifecycle android pdf
activity lifecycle callbacks
activity lifecycle diagram android
activity lifecycle program in android studio
android activity lifecycle example code
frog life cycle activity
life cycle activities for kindergarten
life cycle activities ks1
activity 10 lifecycle of a star answers
activity a to b life cycle
activity fragment lifecycle diagram
activity full lifecycle
activity getlifecycle
activity lifecycle abhiandroid
activity lifecycle and fragment lifecycle
activity lifecycle and threads
activity lifecycle android adalah
activity lifecycle android tutorial
activity lifecycle back button
activity lifecycle background
activity lifecycle bangla
activity lifecycle before oncreate
activity lifecycle between two activities
activity lifecycle callback method
activity lifecycle calls
activity lifecycle cheat sheet
activity lifecycle code
activity lifecycle code in android studio
activity lifecycle configuration change
activity lifecycle demo in android
activity lifecycle dialog
activity lifecycle events android
activity lifecycle example
activity lifecycle example app
activity lifecycle example code
activity lifecycle example java
activity lifecycle explained
activity lifecycle finish
activity lifecycle flow
activity lifecycle flowchart
activity lifecycle flutter
activity lifecycle for android
activity lifecycle fragment
activity lifecycle fragment lifecycle
activity lifecycle from one activity to another
activity lifecycle github
activity lifecycle home button
activity lifecycle hook methods
activity lifecycle in android in hindi
activity lifecycle in android javatpoint
activity lifecycle in android ppt
activity lifecycle in android programming
activity lifecycle in android stack overflow
activity lifecycle in kotlin
activity lifecycle in react native
activity lifecycle ios
activity lifecycle java
activity lifecycle javatpoint
activity lifecycle kill application
activity lifecycle kotlin
activity lifecycle lifecycle
activity lifecycle listener
activity lifecycle medium
activity lifecycle methods
activity lifecycle methods in android studio
activity lifecycle nedir
activity lifecycle notifications
activity lifecycle observer
activity lifecycle on orientation change
activity lifecycle onactivityresult
activity lifecycle onbackpressed
activity lifecycle oncreateoptionsmenu
activity lifecycle onnewintent
activity lifecycle onrestoreinstancestate
activity lifecycle onsaveinstancestate
activity lifecycle onstart
activity lifecycle orientation change
activity lifecycle pada android
activity lifecycle ppt
activity lifecycle ppt download
activity lifecycle program
activity lifecycle questions
activity lifecycle react native
activity lifecycle rotation
activity lifecycle save instance
activity lifecycle screen rotation
activity lifecycle slidenerd
activity lifecycle slides
activity lifecycle source code
activity lifecycle stack
activity lifecycle stackoverflow
activity lifecycle states
activity lifecycle test
activity lifecycle trong android
activity lifecycle tutorial
activity lifecycle tutorialspoint
activity lifecycle video
activity lifecycle visible
activity lifecycle vs fragment lifecycle
activity lifecycle vs lifecycle
activity lifecycle when a dialog is displayed on top
activity lifecycle when home button is pressed
activity lifecycle with example
activity lifecycle with fragment
activity lifecycle xamarin android
activity lifecycle.png
activity recreate life cycle
activity transition lifecycle
activity view lifecycle
android activity get lifecycle
android activity lifecycle best practices
android activity lifecycle definition
android activity lifecycle during orientation change

Путь к Single Activity Темирлан Кунтубаев, Chocolife


If you're an actor, or just someone who needs to memorize some lines of text real quick, check this flippin' awesome technique out. Don't ask me how it works, it just does! Memorize lines instantly, with no memorization techniques, no joke. It's a pretty awesome little hack. And it works!

This little app will also help you do the same thing:

To check out Lauren Tothero's YouTube channel and website (she's a professional actor):

Check out my book, Remember It! to learn more tips like this to help your memory!


Want to challenge your memory and train your brain daily with some fun games? Head to and start playing!

To hire me for speaking events or memory related projects, contact me at:

Music: Tom Misch (he's awesome).
Check out his stuff:

Follow me on Instagram (@nelzor) to see what I’m up to!

Thanks for watching!


My Gear (in case you’re interested):

Big Cinematic Camera:
Cinematic Lens #1 (wide angle):
Cinematic Lens #2 (macro):
Cinematic Lens #3 (zoom):
Cinematic Lens #3 (medium):
Go Pro:
Rode Mic:
Gorilla Pod:
Laptop: (but with more ram and disk space)
External Hard Drives:

RecyclerView OnClickListener (Best practice way)

This video is part of a course named SQLIte for Beginners 2019. It's free and available on my website:

In this video I show you the best practice way to attach an OnClickListener to a RecyclerView and determine what list item was clicked.

➤Learn to code like me:

➤Source Code:

1 Simple Trick to Become Fluent in English - the JAM Technique - How to Be a Confident Speaker

Learn how to become a FLUENT and CONFIDENT English speaker by spending just 10 minutes a day. This is the JAM technique.

For more FREE English lessons, SUBSCRIBE to this channel.

Hi and welcome back. In this
video, I’m going to teach you one
simple trick that you can use to
become a fluent English speaker
by spending just 10 minutes a
day. The best part about this is
that you don’t need a partner –
you can do this by yourself. This
is a technique that has worked
for many of my students and if
you do what I tell you in this
video, I guarantee that you will
become more fluent in English. So
what is this trick? Well, it’s a
technique known as JAM. Uh, no,
not that kind of jam. This is
actually a little fluency game
based on a show that airs on BBC
radio. The reason it’s called JAM
is because it’s short for Just A
Minute. This game has three
stages. So here’s how you play
it: You’re going to talk about a
topic for one minute. That is,
you’re going to give a speech
without any preparation. So you
just pick a topic - you can
either take general topics like
sports, hobbies, friends, books
etc. or you can choose a
question. For example, what is
your favorite mode of transport?
And once you have a topic, you
speak. Now when you do, there are
some rules: The first rule is
that you cannot stop speaking.
You must talk for the full
minute. If you have to pause to
catch your breath, it’s OK, but
you cannot pause for more than
three seconds. Even if you say
nonsense or you say something
unrelated to the topic it doesn’t
matter. You’re just going to keep
talking. So that’s rule number
one. Rule number two is you
cannot repeat the same ideas.
That means you can’t just say the
same things over and over and
over again – this isn’t
pronunciation practice – it’s
fluency development, so no
repetition of the same ideas. And
rule number three is no writing –
you cannot make any notes while
you are speaking, you must only
concentrate on speaking. These
are just the three rules. So to
begin, you need a timer, this can
be on your smartphone for
example. You start stage one by
starting the timer and you speak
until the one minute is reached.
I’m going to give you an example
of how to do this. I’m going to
take this question: “What is your
favorite mode of transport?” and
I’m going to speak for a minute
on this topic. Now I haven’t done
any preparation, so let’s see how
I do. OK, so what’s my favorite
mode of transport? I would have
to say that it’s the train.
That’s because um, actually, you
get to see a lot of nice scenery,
beautiful landscapes and things
like that. And you know, train
journeys generally tend to be
longer than other types of, or
rather, other modes of transport.
You can see I’m really struggling
for ideas but I can’t stop, I
have to keep going so I’m saying
whatever comes to mind, that’s no
problem. But back to the topic at
hand, yeah, train journeys
because they’re longer, they’re
more relaxing. And one last thing
I want to mention is that I’ve
had the opportunity to meet
interesting people and make
friends on many train journeys.
As a kid I used to ride the train
a lot with my family. We used to
go to lots of places by train and
it’s actually something that I
really enjoyed. Phew! That was
hard. But that’s OK. That’s the
whole point of this exercise.
That was stage one. Now we’re
going to move on to stage two.
Here’s where we’re really going
to start building our fluency.
The first part of stage two is
making notes – so you can use a
paper and pen now. And you’re
going to think back to the speech
that you just gave, and collect
ideas you came up with. In my
speech, I remember that I had
three ideas: The first was that
on train journeys, you get to see
a lot of beautiful scenery. The
second idea was that train
journeys are longer, so they’re
more relaxing. The third idea was
that you get to meet interesting
people and make friends. So once
you have these ideas down, you’re
going to repeat the exercise.
That means, you’re going to set
your timer for one minute and
you’re going to speak again on
the same topic, but now, you can
use your notes to guide you. You
will notice that this time, you
are actually able to speak more
fluently because you have some
good ideas on paper, and you will
be able to expand on your ideas
and give more information. Once
the timer hits one minute, you
stop. And we move on to stage
three. Just like in stage two,
you’re going to go to paper and
pen, but this time, you’re going
to add more ideas to your notes
based on your second speech. I
added some ideas like this. So
now – for one final time, you’re
going to speak again. This is
your final speech. So you set
your timer for one minute, you
use your notes and speak. I’m
going to give you my final speech
based on my notes so you can see
the difference.

Fragment to Fragment/Activity Communication - Android Studio Tutorial

In this video we will learn how to send data between two fragments. Since fragments should be modular, reusable components, the communication happens over an interface that the underlying activity implements. This way we can send data from a fragment to an activity and from there to another fragment either by calling a public method or by instantiating a new fragment and sending the values as arguments to it.

Example code:

❗ Subscribe to the channel:

⏯ Watch more tutorials:

㊙ Help translating the videos:

💚 Support the content:

💬 Join the Discord chat:

🎧 Audiobooks and podcasts for programmers:

👶 How to get started with Android development:

📣 Follow Coding in Flow on social media:





Number song 1-20 for children | Counting numbers | The Singing Walrus

The Singing Walrus presents Number song 1-20 for children - an upbeat chant that helps kids count the numbers 1-20. The kids all count from 1-20 together three times, each time counting faster than the previous. This is perfect for preschool aged children, and for young learners of ESL and EFL!

Buy this video from Sellfy (mp4):

Buy the song from iTunes:

Special thanks to the following Patreon contributors:

Mayu Sasaki

The Singing Walrus creates fun teaching materials, such as kids songs, educational games, nursery rhymes, and kindergarten worksheets (e.g. handwriting worksheets) for parents and teachers. Come and join our community on Facebook, or subscribe to our Youtube Channel!


**All illustration, animation, music, and voice work produced by The Singing Walrus

Windows 10 - File Management Tutorial - How To Organize Files and Folders in File Explorer on a PC

This tutorial covers the basics of how to organize your Windows 10 File Management system using File Explorer. File Explorer is an application built into Windows 10 that allows you to create, rename, edit, organize, delete, and modify files and folders. By mastering the concepts taught in this video, you will no longer have trouble located recently saved files, or remember where you last saved your documents. This tutorial is intended for beginners who want to learn more about the Windows operating system and how to properly manage the filing system.

Here is a full list of tutorial videos available on my channel:

Windows 10:
Perform Basic Mouse Operations
Create Folders
Explore the Windows 10 Desktop, Taskbar, and Start Menu
Select Multiple Files and Folders
Download a File From a Website
Use File Explorer to Access OneDrive and Upload Student Data Files
Capture an Image of the Entire Screen
Explore the Control Panel and the Settings App
Personalize the Desktop
Modify Screen Brightness and Resolution
Explore the Control Panel and the Settings App
Personalize the Desktop
Adjust the Sound
Plan the Organization of Files and Folders

Word 2016:
Create a New Document and Insert Text
Insert and Format Graphics
Insert and Modify Text Boxes
Create a Table
Format a Table
Present a Word Document Online
Create a Research Paper in MLA Format
Insert Footnotes in a Research Paper
Create Citations and a Bibliography
Save a Document
Correct Errors as You Type
How to Format a Document in APA Format
Convert Word Document to a PDF File
Microsoft Office Specialist Certification Exam Practice Study Guide
APA Format from Default Formatting
Table of Contents Tutorial
Format Paragraphs
Create a Custom Word Template
Preview and Print a Document
Change Document and Paragraph Layout

Excel 2016:
Create, Save, and Navigate an Excel Workbook
Enter Data in a Worksheet
How do you Export Access to Excel and Apply Conditional Formatting
Use Flash Fill, SUM, Average, Median, and MAX Functions and Formulas
Move Data and Rotate Text
Graph Data with a Pie Chart
Format a Pie Chart
MOS Prep - Basic Certification Exam Practice Study Guide
Change Fonts, Font Style, and Font Color
The NOW Function
Export Excel Spreadsheet to Access Table
The VLookup Function
The MIN or MINIMUM Function
Histogram Charts
Use the Sum Button to Sum a Range of Cells
Enter Formulas Using the Keyboard

Access 2016:
Identify Good Database Design
Create a Table and Define Fields in a Blank Desktop Database
The Primary Key
Import Excel Spreadsheet into Access
Create a Table in Design View
Modify the Structure of a Table
Create a Subform
MOS Prep - Basic Certification Exam Practice Study Guide
Add Existing Fields to a Form

PowerPoint 2016:
Create a New Presentation
Edit a Presentation in Normal View
Add Pictures to a Presentation
Format Numbered and Bulleted Lists
Customize Slide Backgrounds and Themes
Animate a Slide Show
Apply a Theme Used in Another Presentation
Search for and Download an Online Theme
Microsoft Office Specialist Exam Certification
Print and View a Presentation

Outlook 2016
Basic Tutorial

YouTube Analytics:
100 Subscribers
200 Subscribers
300 Subscribers
500 Subscribers

Computer Fundamentals:
Computer Case Types - Dell Inspiron AMD 3656
Printer Ports and Types
The Boot Up Process
How to Get Your Computer Questions Answered
Undo Your Mistakes on Windows 10 or Apple Mac
Routers vs. Modems
What is the Cloud? Storage as a Service
Types of Internet Services on Google Android or Apple iPhone
Browsing the Web
Why Use the Cloud?
Microsoft OneDrive - Creating Uploading Downloading and Syncing
Explain the Importance of File Management
Troubleshoot Common Computer Problems

Job Search Skills:
Values, Attitude, and Goals
Top 5 Job Search Websites
Prepare For Your Interview
Negotiating Your Salary

Video Requests:
Download GMetrix Test Preparation Software

Remember, the goal of my channel is for you to learn. You can request a video at any time in the comment section, and I will make the video for you. I will make tutorials and simulations and demos for whatever you'd like to learn in our class. So, I encourage you to make a request. I also YouTube Live Stream once a week to answer your questions!

Instructor A Morgan

ESL Teaching Strategies: #1 TPR or Total Physical Response (VIPKID)

Hello Everyone! This is #1 out of 10 in my ESL Teaching Strategies on TPR or Total Physical Response! We cover What it is, why we use it and how to use it in your own teaching! I model examples of online teaching that hopefully help you in your adventures to helping students learn English!

You are welcome to leave comments below and add to the content of this video! I appreciate you all and your positive energy! Happy Teaching!!

If you need help please email me:)
Referral Code: NANCY0002

Free Ebook for Online ESL Teachers:
Free Resources for Online ESL Teachers:

If you have started the application process, you can plug my code- NANCY0002 into your portal on the top right corner or email stating that Nancy Taylor ( code NANCY0002 referred you. I appreciate you taking the time to do so.

Stars 2 Apples Digital Rewards (My Favorite):

Some affiliate links are used, which means that I earn a small commission if you click the link and make a purchase.

Teaching Equipment:
Longitech Headset I have:
VIPKid Recommended #1:
VIPKid Recommended #2:

I use my built-in webcam on my IMac
Recommended Webcam:
Budget Friendly Webcam Option:

I use:
With an LED Lightbulb:

YouTube Equipment:
Canon Powershot G7X:
Recommended Newer Mark II:

DSLR- Canon 80D:
Portrait lens with background blur:
Cheaper Portrait Recommended:
Wide Lens that you can hold selfie style:
Professional Recommended all in one:

Soft boxes:
Recommended Ring Light:
Recommend Researching LED Adjustable Lights...

Microphone I use (Best when close to you):

Edited on Final Cut Pro

Other Links:
VIPKID Playlist:

VIPKID Brand Ambassador Videos:

Life of Riley
Creative Commons — Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported— CC BY-SA 3.0 Music provided by RoyalFreeSound

4 Things to Practice daily to Improve Communication Skills | Communication Tips | TalentSprint

What to do? How to do? How much to do? When we want to improve our communication skills these questions surely arise in our mind. This video will guide you with the essential 4 things to be followed to improve your communication skills. Best tips to improve English communication skills

Click the link below to know more on how to improve your communication skills.

#communicationskills #howtoimprovecommunicationskills #tipstoimprovecommunicationskills

Jumpstart your career with TalentSprint!

1.Take Subject wise Practice tests and All-India Mock Tests with Benchmarking, Feedback and Recommendations by Tia (A bot that has helped over 10,500 Students crack competitive exams).
2.Thrice a Week Problem-Solving Classes by Expert Trainer.
3.Trainer-Student Forum Access that provides a Highly interactive forum for instant doubt 4.Clearance & discussions with peers.
5.1 working Day Trainer Team Turnaround for Forum Queries.
Choose Your Preparation Method.

Online - Join and get a dashboard full of video lessons, ebooks, LIVE classes & other preparation material.
Pendrive - Delivered at your doorstep with a COD Option. A pocket classroom that helps you prepare on-the-go with no internet.
XP Centres - A classroom with a difference. This enhances your preparation and helps you explore more advanced forms.

Fast forward your career with TalentSprint!

1.Prepare with India’s Leading Trainers
2.Study on the go with 24/7 Digital Learning
3.Practice with All India Tests
4.Improve with Personalized feedback with TIA
5.Get 1000+ IT recruitment drives per Year.
6.Win with 5 times higher success rate.

For more information, Visit our website at

☛Subscribe here -
☛Facebook -

English Pronunciation Training | Improve Your Accent & Speak Clearly


In this lesson, I'll show you how to use the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to practice English pronunciation. If you learn and practice with the IPA, you will be able to pronounce any English word in the dictionary - even if you have never heard it before!

I have even made you a FREE WORKSHEET that you can download to help you study! Get it here:

Best wishes,

Read the full transcript to this video on my blog:

Get Grammarly Grammar Checker FREE!
English Listening practice - Try Audible for FREE!

Improve your English pronunciation and speaking skills by practicing with the mmmEnglish Imitation Technique!
(SERIES 1) Storytelling:
(SERIES 2) Describing people's personality and behaviour:

CONTACT mmmEnglish:

mmmEnglish Website:
Find me on Facebook:
Find me on Instagram:
Ladies Facebook Group
TweetMe on Twitter:


In this week's math education vlog, I share a fun, hands-on probability activity for middle school students that involves constructing an area model to serve as a visual representation of a scenario involving candy!

PDF Guide Download:

★ Want more FREE weekly math videos? Subscribe Now:

★★ Why Math? Download YOUR Free eBook and sign-up for our FREE weekly newsletter:

★★★ Learn More About Anthony:

Learning Standards (8th Grade Expressions and Equations):

Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models.

Understand that the probability of a chance event is a number between 0 and 1 that expresses the likelihood of the event occurring. Larger numbers indicate greater likelihood. A probability near 0 indicates an unlikely event, a probability around 1/2 indicates an event that is neither unlikely nor likely, and a probability near 1 indicates a likely event.

Develop a probability model and use it to find probabilities of events. Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies; if the agreement is not good, explain possible sources of the discrepancy.

What is a probability model?
How can I help my kids understand probability?
Where can I find free worksheets, acitivies, and lessons for middle school (7th and 8th grade) probability?

Video Icons: Icons provided free by

Music: Groovy Baby by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (


MashUp Math is a great free resource for math students, parents, and teachers. Our lessons are a great resource for struggling students, flipped classroom educators, and homeschool math students.




Our Mission: MashUp Math is our creative solution to reviving students' passion and interest for learning mathematics. As young educators, we know that all students learn math differently and that a one-size-fits-all approach is simply ineffective. The idea that the ability to understand mathematics is reserved for a select few did not sit well with us.

In addition to sharing free teacher resources (which are teacher created resources) in the form of teacher worksheets, we share new YouTube math videos every week that help math teachers and students to better understand mathematics and the common core. Our lessons can be aligned with the common core standards for common core math and are immensely popular with flipped learning educators and anyone experimenting with flipped classroom learning.

As educators, we know what it takes to be a super math teacher and that we can’t always do it alone. In addition to our cool math videos, we share articles, blogs, inspirational quotes, teacher math worksheets, and math worksheets. Whether you teach in the flipped classroom, operate in blended education or online blended learning, or are interested in finding cool math online, MashUp Math will have something for you!

Many students think of us as a math tutor online or as their on-demand online tutor. Others trust us for all things related to online math education—coming to use when they find themselves thinking “I don’t understand my homework assignment! and need some homework help!

It is also a part of our mission to make progressive steps in mathematics education. For one, our content is created with the goal of moving students from a fixed mindset to a growth mindset. We also aim to meet the unique needs of ESL math students and support math for girls as well.

Many of our users serve as a special education teacher and use our cool videos to support their special education students with special needs. Our free online math lessons are also high adaptable to your homeschool curriculum and should be added to your list of free homeschool resources.

We are also very involved in the edtech world and are very popular with Google Classroom educators, Math Games Classroom Educators, and teachers who support the use of iPad for education!

So if you could use some help with everyday math and are a student with a unique learning style or learning styles—like Visual Auditory Learning! Or if you’re tired of math games and are more interested in an easy-to-follow tutorial, check us out and learn math with us. No matter your school’s standards of learning, our YouTube Math Videos Lessons will work for you!

10 Best Practices for Developing Reliable Project Schedules

Jason Lee, of the US Government Accountability Office (GAO), is interviewed by Ramien Pierre as part of NASA’s Virtual PM Challenge. Lee discusses the recently published GAO Schedule Assessment Guide. The guide captures 10 best practices for developing project schedules, and maps each practice to one of the four characteristics of a reliable schedule, specifically that it is: (1) comprehensive, (2) well-constructed, (3) credible, and (4) controlled. The rest of the interview with Lee is available at:

Visit the NASA APPEL Website:

Documenting Children's Learning

Documenting how children are learning is an important activity for early childhood professionals to engage in on a regular basis. In e-clip #10, Judy Harris Helm of Best Practices, Inc. discusses why documentation is so critical and identifies some of the different purposes of documentation. Two preschool teachers and one toddler teacher describe the various ways they document as well as how they use documentation to help achieve different goals. When adults engage in a variety of documentation practices, it can help them to assess learning, reflect on and adjust their teaching practices, support children to revisit their own learning, communicate with families, and advocate for their program. See supporting materials and related videos at

Video Segments:
0:40 Documenting Children's Learning
1:14 Assessing Children's Learning
2:57 Revisiting Children's learning
4:25 Communicating with Families
5:23 Ensuring Informed and Reflective Teaching
7:45 Advocating for Developmentally Appropriate, Play Based Learning

Copyright 2016 by the Center for Early Childhood Education at Eastern Connecticut State University. This video may only be used for educational purposes.It may not be used for commercial purposes and may not be edited or adapted without written permission from the Center for Early Childhood Education.

How to write a good essay: Paraphrasing the question

Do you sometimes struggle to begin writing an essay when taking an exam? Good news! There is an important writing skill that will help you improve your essay introductions. This technique is called paraphrasing, and it means rewriting something using different words. In this lesson, I will teach you how to paraphrase successfully and how to change essay questions into your own words. These skills are very useful for university and high school students, as well as any students writing English proficiency exams like the TOEFL or IELTS.
WATCH NEXT: Essay Writing – 6 ways to compare:


Hi, there. My name is Emma, and in today's video I'm going to teach you something very important for if you're taking any type of test that has a writing component. So, if you are taking the IELTS, the TOEFL, the CELPIP, even just a university test, it can be any type of test, but if you're asked to write something like an essay or a paragraph, this video is for you. Okay? So I'm going to teach you a very important skill that will help improve your marks when it comes to writing on tests. So, let's get started.

So, I have here an essay question. This question is actually... I've seen it on the IELTS. You know, you have similar types of questions on the TOEFL, sometimes in university. The question is this: Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. Do you agree or disagree? Or maybe: To what extent do you agree or disagree? So, this is an example of a question you might be asked.

Now, a problem a lot of students have is in their answer to this question. They see this, and they think: Okay, education is the most important factor in the development of a country, yes, I agree. So then they... Or: I disagree, and they start writing. And what do they write? Usually the very first thing students will write is this: I agree that education is the single most important factor in the development of a country because... So, what is the problem with this? Is there any problem to start off your essay with something like this, or to start off your answer? There's a big problem. So I want you to take a moment and think: What could be the problem with starting your essay off with this sentence? Okay, well, if you noticed, you have here the word: education, education, is, is, the single most important, most important factor. If you notice, these are the same. They're the exact same, except for: I agree that and because. The student, here, has used the exact same wording that is in the question. So, if you do this on the IELTS-and many students do this, same with on the TOEFL-you actually will lose marks, and same with in university, because you're not showing your abilities; you're just copying what somebody else has said or what the essay question is.

So, in this video, I'm going to show you first off... First off, I'm going to tell you: Don't do this, don't copy. And I'm going to teach you ways in order to improve yourself and your answer by changing this wording. How can you change your introduction so it's different than what the question is? Okay? So, let's look at how to make these changes.

Okay, so what we are going to do in order to change the question into a proper answer that doesn't just copy the question, is we are going to paraphrase. So, the word here is: paraphrase. This might be a new word for you. What does it mean to paraphrase something? Well, when we paraphrase, it means we take a sentence that, you know... We take somebody else's sentence and we change it into our own words. Okay? So, we change the words of a sentence, we also change maybe the sentence structure, but we keep all the same meaning. Okay? So, the meaning from the sentence you copy, it stays the same, same meaning, but different words and different sentence structure. Okay? So it's in your words, but this other person's meaning.

So, we are going to paraphrase this example of a question into our own words. So, first we're going to look at how to do that using vocabulary and synonyms. So, we have here the same question: Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. How can we put this into new words or our own words that keep the same meaning? Well, we can use synonyms. So, this might be a new word for you, too. A synonym. Synonyms are words that have the same meaning, but are different words.



Check Also