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13. The Historical Jesus

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13. The Historical Jesus

Introduction to New Testament (RLST 152)

It is obvious that certain narratives in the New Testament contradict each other and cannot be woven into a historically coherent whole. How, then, do scholars construct who the historical Jesus was? There are several principles that historical Jesus researchers follow, which include considering data that 1) has multiple attestations and 2) is dissimilar to a text's theological tendencies as more likely to be historical. Using the modern methods of historical research, it becomes possible to construct a historical Jesus.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Contradictory Accounts in the New Testament
13:25 - Chapter 2. Finding History in the New Testament
26:27 - Chapter 3. Methods of Historical Jesus Research
47:53 - Chapter 4. Who Was the Historical Jesus?

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
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The Jesus of History versus the Christ of Faith

Sifting through centuries of mythmaking, Reza Aslan sheds new light on one of history’s most influential and enigmatic figures by examining Jesus within the context of the times in which he lived: the age of zealotry. Balancing the Jesus of the Gospels against historical sources, Aslan describes a man of peace who exhorted his followers to arm themselves; an exorcist and faith healer who urged his disciples to keep his identity secret; and the seditious “King of the Jews,” whose promise of liberation from Rome went unfulfilled in his lifetime. Aslan explores why the early Church preferred to promulgate an image of Jesus as a peaceful spiritual teacher rather than a politically conscious revolutionary and grapples with the riddle of how Jesus understood himself.
Speaker: Reza Aslan
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The Historical Jesus: Four Views

A round-table discussion on Jesus of Nazareth featuring Gabriele Boccaccini, Saeed Ahmed Khan, Charles Mabee and Robert M. Price. Moderated by Scott DeGregorio.
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Debate #13 The Historicity of Jesus with Dr Richard Carrier

Debate #13 in the debate series sponsored by Backyard Skeptics.com and the Huntington Beach Christian Toastmasters. Did Jesus exist as a real human? Did he do miracles that the Bible suggests? Or was he conjured up out of whole cloth? Ny opinion on this topic was changed during this debate. BG
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[official] Who was Jesus, Really? Searching for the Historical Jesus - William Lane Craig

- For the past two thousand years, Christians have claimed that Jesus is the Son of God. But over the years, critics have raised many challenges to these claims. Are the Biblical accounts of Jesus historically accurate? Has too much been corrupted over time or lost in translation? What do we make of the contradictions between gospels? Can we ignore the supernatural events in the gospels, especially Jesus' resurrection? Who did Jesus himself claim to be? Can we answer these questions with any certainty? Senior Scholar Dr. Peter Pazzaglini facilitates questions as Dr. William Lane Craig unpacks these controversial issues. Listen, and explore the debate surrounding the identity of a figure who has shaped the course of western civilization.

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The Missing Years of Jesus | National Geographic

Join historians as they attempt to solve one of the world's greatest biblical mysteries -- the missing years of Jesus.
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National Geographic

J.D. Crossan 2000 UNI lecture on the historical Jesus

William Lane Craig on the Historical Jesus - Interview 2001

- John Ankerberg Show (2001) - John Ankerberg interviews philosopher, theologian, and historian Dr. William Lane Craig on the historical Jesus of Nazareth. This interview was a response to ABC's Peter Jennings' 2001 episode The Search for Jesus.

To see this interview in parts:


William Lane Craig did another interview on the resurrection here:


We welcome your comments in the Reasonable Faith forums:

The Historical Jesus by Bart D. Ehrman: 13. Jesus & the Roman Rule

The Historical Jesus - 13

Prof. Robert Eisenman's university course on the historicity of Jesus.

Lecture 13 of 30
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The 3 Quests for the Historical Jesus

Over the centuries, numerous Bible scholars have suggested that the gospel accounts can't be trusted. These scholars argue that Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were written too long after the life of Jesus, and they came from communities of later Christians, not eyewitnesses.

According to these scholars, the gospels turned a real man into a false god. The Jesus portrayed in the gospels is not the historical Jesus but the Christ of faith, exalted and deified by later Christians.

This argument launched a series of quests to identify the real, historical Jesus--which to some, were quests to explain away his divinity.

The debate has evolved over time, and the movement contains four main phases driven by numerous scholars and works. In his course, Four Portraits, One Jesus, Dr. Mark Strauss explores each of these phases, examining their arguments and the people who proposed them. This video is adapted from Dr. Strauss' work.

LEARN MORE:

In Search of the Historical Jesus

Craig Blomberg, a specialist in the parables and the writings of Luke and Acts, discusses the historical Jesus. [8/2004] [Show ID: 8894]

Let There Be Light
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Lecture 13 - The Historical Jesus

Overview

It is obvious that certain narratives in the New Testament contradict each other and cannot be woven into a historically coherent whole. How, then, do scholars construct who the historical Jesus was? There are several principles that historical Jesus researchers follow, which include considering data that 1) has multiple attestations and 2) is dissimilar to a text's theological tendencies as more likely to be historical. Using the modern methods of historical research, it becomes possible to construct a historical Jesus.

Assignment

Ehrman, Bart D. The New Testament: A Historical Introduction to the Early Christian Writings, pp. 224-290

Four Facts about the Historical Jesus that Scholars Agree On | Abdu Murray | TAKE FIVE | RZIM

Jesus’s Resurrection isn’t just a hope, Abdu Murray says, it’s a historical event. Today on #EasterMonday, in day 1 of this week’s #TakeFive series, Abdu takes us through four facts that almost every historical scholar agrees happened to the historical Jesus.

You've invited to discuss the Take Five video series in RZIM Connect:

The Historical Jesus 13: Olivet Discourse

Did Jesus predict the destruction of the Temple in a.d. 70? Did he predict the end of the world? Learn about Jesus' Olivet Discourse and discover what he said about false Christs, persecution, the abomination of desolation, and the coming of the son of man.

Course Notes:

This is lecture 13 of 16 from The Historical Jesus: What the Bible Says about the Life of Christ.

This class will help you answer the question: Who is Jesus? Join Sean Finnegan as he teaches through the Gospels to help you understand the biblical life of Christ. This class will inspire you to love Jesus, teach you to follow Jesus, help you to understand Jesus, and empower you to navigate the Gospels on your own.

For more information about this class or to access other lectures and articles by Sean Finnegan, visit
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The Historical Jesus

Dr Maeve Louise Heaney takes an inspired look at the historical Jesus - what can we know about Jesus of the 1st century in our time? What did Jesus look like? What does Jesus do? Transcript:

Thank you: Dr Maeve Louise Heaney

The Pagan and Jewish Sources for the Historical Jesus | Casual Historian

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Historical Jesus 1/13

Historical Jesus vs. Biblical Jesus

The Historical Jesus - Ben Witherington

Part 1 of the series Tell Me The Stories Of Jesus

Top 5 Non Christian Sources Attesting to The Historical Jesus

So... one of the biggest questions people from all viewpoints are asking... Was Jesus Real? or Was Jesus a Real Historical Person? From the Zeitgeist movie to the current four horsemen of Atheism, many seem to be embracing the view that Jesus never existed. The claim has made it's way from anyone's social media to the highest level of journalism, with few true scholars getting a voice. So Let's examine this claim together and reason together, to see if we cannot THiNK through this most important of issues!

2:07 Source #1: Tacitus
3:18 Source #2: Pliny The Younger
4:36 Source #3: Josephus
7:35 Source #4: The Babylonian Talmud
8:28 Source #5: Lucian
10:55 Closing thoughts from Dr. Bart Ehrman

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