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13. The Origins of World War I

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13. The Origins of World War I

France Since 1871 (HIST 276)

The traditional, diplomatic history of World War I is helpful in understanding how a series of hitherto improbable alliances come to be formed in the early years of the twentieth century. In the case of France and Russia, this involves a significant ideological compromise. Along with the history of imperial machinations, however, World War I should be understood in the context of the popular imagination and the growth of nationalist sentiment in Europe.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Tangled Maps of Empire: Diplomatic Origins of the First World War
07:24 - Chapter 2. A Delicate Balances: The Shifting Alliances of the Great Powers
19:26 - Chapter 3. The British Empire on the World Stage: Capabilities on the Continent
32:29 - Chapter 4. Mounting Tensions in Alsace-Lorraine: The Saverne Crisis
40:14 - Chapter 5. War Expectations and Enthusiasm

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2007.

New Thinking on the Origins of World War I

This summer marks the centennial of the outbreak of World War I, perhaps the most transformative war in history. While the wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars harnessed national populations to the war effort in a way not previously seen since the emergence of the modern states system, WWI combined the mobilization of both populations and industrial power, enhanced by technology, to produce a most lethal form of warfare. WWI also redrew the map of Europe and created the modern Middle East, as it led to the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Russian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, thereby unleashing nationalism the disruptive characteristics of which still plague us today. It also paved the way for the great ideological conflicts of the 20th century by unleashing the forces of state-based communism and fascism. To commemorate the outbreak of The Great War, FPRI and ROA will present a workshop offering presentations by three eminent scholars of the war. Michael Neiberg of the US Army War College will discuss the factors that led to the outbreak of the war. John Schindler of the US Naval War College will discuss the often overlooked role of Austria-Hungary in the war and the Eastern and Italian fronts. Kate Epstein of Rutgers University-Camden will discuss the role of pre-war British defense policy in the outbreak of the conflict. Mac Owens, editor of Orbis and professor at the Naval War College, will moderate the panel.
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HOW World War I Started: Crash Course World History 209

In which John Green teaches you about World War I and how it got started. Crash Course doesn't usually talk much about dates, but the way that things unfolded in July and August of 1914 are kind of important to understanding the Great War. You'll learn about Franz Ferdinand, Gavrilo Pincep, the Black Hand, and why the Serbian nationalists wanted to kill the poor Archduke. You'll also learn who mobilized first and who exactly started the war. Sort of. Actually there's no good answer to who started the war, but we give it a shot anyway.

You can directly support Crash Course at Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.

Causes of World War I



World War I had several causes, which are usually summed up by four MAIN causes (Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism). In this lecture, Tom Richey discusses each of the MAIN causes and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.

(01:23) Militarism - The Anglo-German Arms Race, H.M.S. Dreadnought
(06:27) Alliances - Bismarck's Alliance System, Triple Entente, Central Powers
(08:46) Imperialism - an international forum for national rivalries
(09:16) Nationalism - Serbian nationalism in the Austrian Empire
(13:10) Assassination - Some people add an A at the end for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand
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America in World War I: Crash Course US History #30

You can directly support Crash Course at Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.

In which John Green teaches you about American involvement in World War I, which at the time was called the Great War. They didn't know there was going to be a second one, though they probably should have guessed, 'cause this one didn't wrap up very neatly. So, the United States stayed out of World War I at first, because Americans were in an isolationist mood in the early 20th century. That didn't last though, as the affronts piled up and drew the US into the war. Spoiler alert: the Lusitania was sunk two years before we joined the war, so that wasn't the sole cause for our jumping in. It was part of it though, as was the Zimmerman telegram, unrestricted submarine warfare, and our affinity for the Brits. You'll learn the war's effects on the home front, some of Woodrow Wilson's XIV Points, and just how the war ended up expanding the power of the government in Americans' lives.

Subbable message!!!: Jared Richardson says, All true love is beautiful. Support your LGBT community.

Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The complex secret alliances of Europe led to World War I:
It took several years before Americans joined the war:
After the war, President Woodrow Wilson wanted to prevent a future World War, and promoted creating a League of Nations, established following the Treaty of Versailles:

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World War 2 Explained | Best WW2 Documentary | Part 1

World War II Documentary - The Second World War is the deadliest conflict in human history. From Pearl Harbour and The Rise of The Third Reich to The Battle of Britain and Operation Barbarossa, The Second World War spans vast lands and cultures. |Try two months of Skillshare for free: | This video specialises on the European front and delves into the international politics and battles of the time. Part 2 will focus on Pearl Harbour, Japan, China, North Africa and much more, concluding the series.

Try two months of Skillshare for free:

In the Second World War, every bond between man and man was to perish. Crimes were committed by the Germans under the Hitlerite domination to which they allowed themselves to be subjected which find no equal in scale and wickedness with any that have darkened the human record. The wholesale massacre by systematised processes of six or seven millions of men, women, and children in the German execution camps exceeds in horror the rough-and-ready butcheries of Genghis Khan, and in scale reduces them to pigmy proportions. Deliberate extermination of whole populations was contemplated and pursued by both Germany and Russia in the Eastern war. The hideous process of bombarding open cities from the air, once started by the Germans, was repaid twenty-fold by the ever-mounting power of the Allies and found its culmination in the use of the atomic bombs which obliterated Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Time Stamps:

Causes of The Second World War 2:10
Rise of The Third Reich 6:08
Hitler’s Vision 9:20
Failure of The International System 10:52
The Age of Strategy 13:20
Blitzkrieg 16:50
Poland 17:36
The Winter War 20:05
Scandinavia 21:28
Battle of France 22:16
Dunkirk 24:21
Britain Alone 26:14
Battle of Britain 27:25
The Blitz 32:31
Operation Barbarossa 33:30
Epilogue 39:34

The information in this video came from:
- A lecture series by Professor Thomas Childers, PhD
- The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich by William L. Shirer
- The Third Reich at War by Richard J. Evans
- The Second World War. Vol.I. The Gathering Storm by Winston S. Churchill
- The Second World War. Vol.2. Their Finest Hour by Winston S. Churchill

Other Videos:

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Genghis Khan and The Mongol Empire Explained In 8 Minutes:

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MUSIC AND VIDEO:


Intro and Outro Music by:


Intro Stock footage by:


Video music by:



The Life Guide is a channel dedicated to providing interesting and educational content about a range of political, philosophical, economic and historical topics. Whether you are interested in a simplified explanation of complicated modern ideas or detailed information on ancient civilizations and philosophical schools of thought, The Life Guide is the channel for you.
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The World at War HD (1080p) - Ep. 13 - Tough Old Gut: Italy (November 1942 – June 1944)

Emphasizes the difficult Italian Campaign beginning with Operation Torch in North Africa, the invasion of Sicily; Salerno, Anzio, Cassino; and the capture of Rome. Interviewees include General Mark Clark, Field Marshal Lord Harding, Bill Mauldin and Wynford Vaughan-Thomas.

A War To End All Wars - Home Front Propaganda I THE GREAT WAR - Week 13

The first weeks of war already took hundreds of thousands of lives and the daily struggle to survive in the trenches on the Western Front has nothing to do with the promised glory. Back home, propaganda is already working and grotesquely distorting the public's opinion about the war. While the British civilians feared a German invasion, some of the leading German scientists and intellectuals published the Manifesto Of The 93 in which they rallied for solidarity with the Germans. You can read the whole manifesto right here:

If you have questions about our show or about the team behind THE GREAT WAR, you should check out our new format OUT OF THE TRENCHES where Indy answers your questions:

» HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL?
You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work.You can also support us financially on Patreon:

Patreon is a platform for creators like us, that enables us to get monthly financial support from the community in exchange for cool perks.

» MORE HISTORY?
Check out our sister channel IT’S HISTORY:

» WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WORLD WAR I AND WHERE ELSE CAN I FIND YOU?
We’re offering background knowledge, news, a glimpse behind the scenes and much more on:
reddit:
Facebook:
Twitter:
Instagram:

» CAN I EMBED YOUR VIDEOS ON MY WEBSITE?
Of course, you can embed our videos on your website. We are happy if you show our channel to your friends, fellow students, classmates, professors, teachers or neighbours. Or just share our videos on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit etc.

We are also happy to get your feedback, criticism or ideas in the comments. If you have interesting historical questions, just post them and we will answer in our OUT OF THE TRENCHES videos. You can find a selection of answers to the most frequently asked questions here:

» CAN I SHOW YOUR VIDEOS IN CLASS?
Of course! Tell your teachers or professors about our channel and our videos. We’re happy if we can contribute with our videos. If you are a teacher and have questions about our show, you can get in contact with us on one of our social media presences.

» WHAT ARE YOUR SOURCES?
Videos: British Pathé
Pictures: Mostly Picture Alliance
Background Map:
Literature (excerpt):
Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. A Complete History, Holt Paperbacks, 2004.
Hart, Peter. The Great War. A Combat History of the First World War, Oxford University Press, 2013.
Hart, Peter. The Great War. 1914-1918, Profile Books, 2013.
Stone, Norman. World War One. A Short History, Penguin, 2008.
Keegan, John. The First World War, Vintage, 2000.
Hastings, Max. Catastrophe 1914. Europe Goes To War, Knopf, 2013.
Hirschfeld, Gerhard. Enzyklopädie Erster Weltkrieg, Schöningh Paderborn, 2004
Michalka, Wolfgang. Der Erste Weltkrieg. Wirkung, Wahrnehmung, Analyse, Seehamer Verlag GmbH, 2000
Leonhard, Jörn. Die Büchse der Pandora: Geschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, C.H. Beck, 2014

If you want to buy some of the books we use or recommend during our show, check out our Amazon Store:
NOTE: This store uses affiliate links which grant us a commission if you buy a product there.

» WHAT IS “THE GREAT WAR” PROJECT?
THE GREAT WAR covers the events exactly 100 years ago: The story of World War I in realtime. Featuring: The unique archive material of British Pathé. Indy Neidell takes you on a journey into the past to show you what really happened and how it all could spiral into more than four years of dire war. Subscribe to our channel and don’t miss our new episodes every Thursday.

» WHO IS REPLYING TO MY COMMENTS? AND WHO IS BEHIND THIS PROJECT?
Most of the comments are written by our social media manager Florian. He is posting links, facts and backstage material on our social media channels. But from time to time, Indy reads and answers comments with his personal account, too.

The Team responsible for THE GREAT WAR is even bigger:

- CREDITS -
Presented by : Indiana Neidell
Written by: Indiana Neidell
Director: David Voss
Director of Photography: Toni Steller
Sound: Toni Steller
Sound Design: Marc Glücks
Editing: Toni Steller & Ole-Sten Haufe
Research by: Indiana Neidell
Fact checking: Latoya Wild, Johanna Müssiger, Florian Wittig, David Voss

A Mediakraft Networks Original Channel
Based on a concept by Spartacus Olsson
Author: Indiana Neidell
Visual Concept: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson
Executive Producer: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson and Spartacus Olsson
Head of Production: Carolin Hengholt
Producer: David Voss
Social Media Manager: Florian Wittig

Contains licenced Material by British Pathé
All rights reserved - © Mediakraft Networks GmbH, 2014

Who Started World War I: Crash Course World History 210

In which John Green teaches you WHY World War I started. Or tries to anyway. With this kind of thing, it's kind of hard to assign blame to any one of the nations involved. Did the fault lie with Austria-Hungary? Germany? Russia? Julius Caesar? One thing we can say for sure is that you can't blame the United States of America for this one. Woohoo! Well, you can hardly blame the US.

You can directly support Crash Course at Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.

World War II in HD Colour: Victory in the Pacfic (Part 13/13)

The Americans wipe out Japan's air force through a strategy of island-hopping. As the Americans face the decision of what to do with mainland Japan, President Truman calls to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki with nuclear weapons. Japan had no choice but to surrender, and the Cold War begins.

World War II In HD Colour is a 13-episode television documentary series recounting the major events of World War II narrated by Robert Powell.
The show covers the Western Front, Eastern Front, North African Campaign and the Pacific War. It was on syndication in America on the Military Channel (now American Heroes Channel).
The series is in full colour, combining both original and colourised footage. It was made by World Media Rights in 2008/2009.
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2015 Ross Horning Lecture "Was World War One Inevitable?"

Margaret MacMillan was this year's keynote speaker for the Creighton University Department of History Ross Horning Lecture.
Margaret MacMillan is the Warden of St Antony’s College and a Professor of International History at the University of Oxford.
Her books include Women of the Raj; Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World, among others. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Senior Fellow of Massey College, University of Toronto, Honorary Fellow of Trinity College, University of Toronto and of St Hilda’s College, University of Oxford, and sits on the boards of the Mosaic Institute and the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, and the editorial boards of International History and First World War Studies.
In 2006 Professor MacMillan was invested as an Officer of the Order of Canada.

What Are The Chances of World War 3?

The first 1,000 people to sign up to Skillshare will get their first 2 months for free:

According to the New York Times, at least 108 million people have been killed in wars in the twentieth century. The First World War started in Europe and lasted more than 4 years from 1914 to 1918 with 7 million civilians and 10 million military personnel losing their lives. The Second World War lasted for 6 years from 1939 to 1945 with deaths ranging from 50 million to more than 80 million. Both of these wars were catastrophic, but could it happen again? That’s what we’ll find out, in this episode of The Infographics Show: What Are The Chances of World War 3?


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Gladiators of World War II - Waffen SS [E1/13]

I do not own, nor do I or intend to profit from this content whatsoever. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13

Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! Visit to buy a set for your home or classroom.

You can directly support Crash Course at Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.

In which John Green teaches you the history of Islam, including the revelation of the Qu'ran to Muhammad, the five pillars of Islam, how the Islamic empire got its start, the Rightly Guided Caliphs, and more. Learn about hadiths, Abu Bakr, and whether the Umma has anything to do with Uma Thurman (spoiler alert: it doesn't). Also, learn a little about the split between Sunni and Shia Muslims, and how to tell if this year's Ramadan is going to be difficult for your Muslim friends. Let's try to keep the flame wars out of this reasoned discussion.


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Total War Comes to the Fatherland: The German Home Front, 1914-1918 - Scott Stephenson

Dr. Scott Stephenson kicks off the 2017-18 John J. Pershing Great War Centennial Series with a presentation on the evolution of the German Empire, from a nation of wealth, unity, and resolve to one of despair and revolution in the aftermath of World War I.

The John J. Pershing Lecture Series is presented in partnership with the Command and General Staff College Foundation.

For more information about the National WWI Museum and Memorial visit
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World War II The Complete History Episode 01of13

First video of world war 2 for paper 1 lectures soon to follow
and we are soon going to start lecture for mains 2018 and Geography optional

Archdukes, Cynicism, and World War I: Crash Course World History #36

In which John Green teaches you about the war that was supposed to end all wars. Instead, it solved nothing and set the stage for the world to be back at war just a couple of decades later. As an added bonus, World War I changed the way people look at the world, and normalized cynicism and irony. John will teach you how the assassination of an Austrian Archduke kicked off a new kind of war that involved more nations and more people than any war that came before. New technology like machine guns, airplanes, tanks, and poison gas made the killing more efficient than ever. Trench warfare and modern weapons led to battles in which tens of thousands of soldiers were killed in a day, with no ground gained for either side. World War I washed away the last vestiges of 19th century Romanticism and paved the way for the 20th century modernism that we all know and find to be cold and off-putting. While there may not be much upside to WWI, at least it inspired George M. Cohan to write the awesome song, Over There.

Crash Course World History is now available on DVD!

Resources:

Over There by George M. Cohan performed by Bill Murray:

The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman:

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Ten Minute English and British History #13 - The First Scottish War of Independence.

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This episode covers the wake of Alexander III's death and Scotland's search for an heir. This led to Edward I of England's intervention and after his dominance was rejected by the Scottish, Edward sought to conquer instead. William Wallace and later King Robert the Bruce were the leaders of the Scottish resistance which eventually saw England defeated and Scotland remain independent.

Recommended books:

A. Barrell, Medieval Scotland (2000). A great overview of the period but its scope is much broader than this episode.

G. Barrow, Kingship and Unity: Scotland, 1100-1306 (2003). Much greater focus than the above.

M. Morris, A Great and Terrible King: Edward I and the forging of Britain (2008). For an overview of England and its aims during the Scottish Wars of Independence.

Ten Minute English and British History is a series of short, ten minute animated narrative documentaries that are designed as revision refreshers or simple introductions to a topic. Please note that these are not meant to be comprehensive and there's a lot of stuff I couldn't fit into the episodes that I would have liked to. Thank you for watching, though, it's always appreciated.

13 Hours That Saved Britain (Battle of Britain Documentary) | Timeline

Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free.

This documentary commemorates the Battle of Britain, paying tribute to those who ended Nazi intentions of gaining control of the British skies. 13 Hours That Saved Britain explores the events of 15th September 1940, which Churchill described as the 'crux of the battle'. Dramatic colour film footage of aerial combat combined with contemporary interviews will illustrate that the events of seventy years ago still resonate. A gripping account featuring the pilots who defended Britain in the summer of 1940 and the strong arm behind the shield, a nation united to defend its freedom and pave the way for eventual victory.

Content licensed from Espresso. Any queries, please contact us at: realstories@littledotstudios.com

Produced by ASA Productions

From the original documentary, 13 Hours That Saved Britain

Gladiators of World War II - SAS [E3/13]

I do not own, nor do I or intend to profit from this content whatsoever. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.

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