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Basic Japanese Civil Law | TokyoTechX on edX


Lecture 4: Fusing Capitalist Economics with Communist Politics: China and Vietnam

In this lecture, Prof. Shapiro discusses China and Vietnam as the two most successful examples of capitalist authoritarian regimes that have emerged in the post-communist era. He talks about causal drivers of growth in both countries, the reform era in China before the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, the sequencing debate of political and economic change, on why we should rethink modernization theory and expectations for the future of democracy in China.

Inside the mind of a master procrastinator | Tim Urban

Tim Urban knows that procrastination doesn't make sense, but he's never been able to shake his habit of waiting until the last minute to get things done. In this hilarious and insightful talk, Urban takes us on a journey through YouTube binges, Wikipedia rabbit holes and bouts of staring out the window -- and encourages us to think harder about what we're really procrastinating on, before we run out of time.

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Getting Married in Japan as Foreigners

Gaijin means foreigner in Japanese. Although I was born and raised in Japan, you can tell by my face I am very much a Gaijin.
As foreigners from the United States we had to first get permission to get married from the US government at the US Embassy in Tokyo. The second step required us to travel to Maebashi City Hall to fill out the marriage certificate (Kon in Todoke). Maebashi is where Eli was born and has residency. The marriage process for foreigners was relatively simple, except it was all in Japanese.
We decided to have a ceremony and reception at Lake Nojiriko. This location was chosen by Eli for its sentimental significance. Eli spent a lot of time here with his family and friends and considers this place to be his home in Japan. It was the perfect location to share this special day with our family and friends.

Basic Japanese Civil Law | TokyoTechX on edX

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This course teaches Japanese law covering the legal system and basic concepts. Starting with the study of concepts common to many countries, such as sovereignty, constitution, separation of three rights, basic human rights and personal security. Furthermore, it covers current issues in Japan, for example, those faced in daily life from a legal perspective based upon laws and related methods. By studying Japanese law, you learn about the relationship between law and contemporary Japanese culture and society, and then can compare it to other countries’ law.

Topics covered are sovereignty, separation of powers, basic principles of the constitution, principles of contract freedom (laws' socioeconomic activity promotion functionality), meaning of property rights (relativization of absolute principles of ownership by aging society and commons), tort and contract comparison, accident and tort law, characteristics of Japanese family law, international marriage divorce and child protection, learning of labor-related law and reform of Japanese-style employment and way of working, court as dispute resolution system, and the Japanese court system.

Culture and Law: The East Asian Perspective | WasedaX on edX

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In most western culture, personal identification is based on an individual, whereas in East Asia, the family registry system has been used as a way of identifying individuals.

“Confucianism” is one of common ethical values in East Asia. Confucian values put much emphasis on an individual’s moral obligation to the family members.

In this course, we will cover three themes. We will begin with identifying how Confucian moral and legal reasoning have evolved, unique aspect of the role of apology in East Asia. The course also introduces the notion of Legal Orientalism and argues against the theory by presenting cases related to the advanced notion of anticipatory repudiation in China, a transfer pricing case in Japan, and Inter-Korea business law in Korea.

Students and researchers who are interested in introduction to East Asian societies, conflict resolution, negotiation studies, as well as contemporary legal cases in China, Japan, and South Korea are welcomed to join the course and discussions.

What to Know About Japan's Legal System

In this episode of The Langley Esquire Series, Timothy Langley explains Japan's legal system and addresses questions such as these:

What is a bengoshi?
How are bengoshi in Japan different from lawyers overseas?
What kind of legal training do bengoshi undergo?
Why is the mindset of bengoshi different?
What are the options for conflict resolution in Japan?
How do I select the option that best protects my interests?

And more details on the ins and outs of the legal system and bengoshi in Japan.

More on Langley Esquire:

Disclaimer: Timothy Langley is not a registered Japanese bengoshi, and therefore not authorized to give advice on matters of Japanese law. Please disregard anything said in this video that suggests otherwise.

2014/1/17 Japan-US Comparative Contract Law 講演会

Keio University Law School  
2014/1/17 Japan-US Comparative Contract Law 講演会
【Global Legal Profession and IBA】

High Conflict in Law: An Introduction | NewcastleX on edX

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Are you familiar with ‘high-conflict’ behaviours? What are they, and how can you effectively work with high-conflict people? Learn about high-conflict behaviours through this introductory course co-developed by the world-leading experts, Bill Eddy and Megan Hunter, co-founders of the High Conflict Institute in the U.S, and Tania Sourdin, Head of School and Dean at Newcastle Law School in Australia.

In this course, we will explore high-conflict behaviours and provide you with some strategies and skills for handling them in legal disputes and business settings. Guided by real-world examples, you will gain an understanding of the causes and impacts of high-conflict behaviour, and learn effective responses in high-conflict situations. The course will assist you in further developing your skills in conflict resolution and problem-solving.

This course is aimed at anyone who may encounter high-conflict behaviours in a wide range of situations, particularly in a business or legal setting, including:

Lawyers or students studying law
Business owners
HR professionals
Health and medical practitioners.

Science and Engineering Ethics 科学技術倫理 | TokyoTechX on edX

About Video
Learn both traditional and aspirational ethics in science and engineering to improve human well-being. 本科目は、「志向倫理」を重視する、新しいタイプの科学技術倫理に関する最初のMOOCである。

About this course
Want to learn how to identify and solve every day ethical issues in engineering and science? If yes, this is the course for you! Ethics plays an integral role when it comes to engineering and science practice. This course teaches traditional preventive ethics but emphasizes aspirational ethics.

The learning objectives of this course are as follows:

To recognize the significant social and environmental impact of engineering/scientific solutions.
To apply a practical seven-step ethical guide to real-world cases.
To critique, analyze, and develop best ethical solutions across micro- to meta- levels toward real-world problems.
To understand how one behaves in an organization professionally as an ethical engineer.


1. 科学技術が人間社会や環境に与える影響を吟味することにより、技術者が重視すべき価値について理解し、これを共有しようとする態度を育成する。

2. 科学技術者が直面する可能性のある具体的な倫理問題の検討を通して、倫理的意思決定のための具体的な方法(セブン・ステップ・ガイド)を修得する。

3. 倫理的な科学技術者が、社会の福利に貢献できるだけでなく、自らの「よく生きること(well-being)」を維持し、高めることができることを理解する。

4. 具体的な事例の検討を通して、組織のなかで技術者がいかに行動すべきかを理解する。

5. 具体的な事例を分析するスキルを修得する。

Please note that English slides will be available within the course.

What you'll learn
The social and environmental impact engineering has on society
Aspirational ethics and preventive ethics
Values which scientists and engineers share
A method for ethical decision making
Case analysis skills


Japanese Legal System #11 mpeg4 aac

This is a video recorded lecture on the Japanese Legal System #1 part one.
The topic of #1 is on the History and Formation of Japanese Legal System. You can see #1 part two on the separate youtube screen.

Understanding Japanese Law


Anthony Lojac is the founder of Lojac International ( In this video he discusses the Japanese legal system.

Tiered system
Shift toward US model
Rules-based vs. case-based

Reforming Japan's justice system - 04 Dec 08

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Japan's legal system has come under increasing scrutiny following the exposure of several miscarriages of justice.
But there are signs of change as ordinary citizens sit with judges to adjudicate criminal cases.
Al Jazeera's Tony Cheng reports from Tokyo.

At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives. We bring topics to light that often go under-reported, listening to all sides of the story and giving a 'voice to the voiceless.'
Reaching more than 270 million households in over 140 countries across the globe, our viewers trust Al Jazeera English to keep them informed, inspired, and entertained.
Our impartial, fact-based reporting wins worldwide praise and respect. It is our unique brand of journalism that the world has come to rely on.
We are reshaping global media and constantly working to strengthen our reputation as one of the world's most respected news and current affairs channels.

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Japan’s Judicial System – What’s the Verdict? (Law Across The Sea)

Asian Comparative and International Law. Guest is Mark A. Levin, Professor of Law and Director of the Pacific-Asian Legal Studies Program at the William S. Richardson School of Law of The University of Hawaii. Professor Levin has been teaching Japanese law at the Richardson School of Law for over 20 years, covering a range of topics including history, constitutional law, legal education and careers, business transactions, and criminal justice. The School of Law’s unique Pacific-Asian Legal Studies Program provides law students with the opportunity to take general Asian comparative and international law courses or choose from specialized courses on Chinese, Japanese, Korean, or other Pacific ­Asian topics and takes advantage of Hawaii and the Law School’s global position and environment. Professor Levin will discuss the present day Japan judicial system, how Japanese social values are reflected in its court system and judgments, prospects for change, and comparisons with the U.S. judicial system.

ThinkTech Hawaii streams live on the Internet from 11:00 am to 5:00 pm every weekday afternoon, Hawaii Time, then streaming earlier shows through the night. Check us out any time for great content and great community.

Our vision is to be a leader in shaping a more vital and thriving Hawaii as the foundation for future generations. Our mission is to be the leading digital media platform raising pubic awareness and promoting civic engagement in Hawaii.

The Supreme Court: Japanese Politics 101

With increasing international scrutiny of the Japanese judiciary system due to recent mega scandals, such as the Carlos Ghosn case, attention has shifted to the tenets of legal order in Japan.

What's the role of the Supreme Court and how does it stand in Japan's hierarchy of political power?

Join Timothy Langley and Michael Cucek as they discuss the essentials of Japanese Politics.

Subscribe to the Langley Esquire YouTube channel for more weekly videos!

To learn more about Langley Esquire, visit our website:

More information can be found at the following sources:


Tim: Hi, everyone. Welcome back to Japanese Politics 101. In this series, we talk about what makes up Japanese politics from the top all the way to the bottom. And Michael, we have been remised in mentioning or if in failing to mention the Japanese judiciary, including the Supreme Court.

Michael: Yeah, why was it that we didn't talk about the judiciary?

Tim: The foundation of Japanese politics isn't there one of those blocks, a big block...

Michael: Like a branch of government?

Tim: Yes! Like the judiciary, the entire judiciary: the Supreme Court. Why has that escaped our attention?

Michael: Well it's because it's more of a twig than a branch. As there is a stansible separation of powers, with the diet as the legislative branch, the cabinet as a whole is the executive branch, the Prime Minister isn't the chief executive (he's just in charge of the cabinet) and then there supposed to be a third branch of government, the judiciary. Now. it's there. There are people who work in it and they have courts and they have trials and they have procedures, but it is decidedly a vestigial and a very underdeveloped part of the Japanese political edifice.

Tim: Right, they don't even have original jurisdiction on matters of constitutional questions.

Michael: Well, they do and they don't. The constitution of Japan was written very quickly. We can be entirely honest, it was written by Americans in about a week. They had a few days and they were pulling off books off the shelves in German and French from what was left of the library of Tokyo University and pouring through and trying to figure out what they wanted to do. And then they got ideas from the US. So, the editing job wasn't terribly good and that has left a lot of holes into which in this case, the judicial branch is falling. One of the primary statements in the Constitution is that the diet is the supreme organ of power and a little bit later on, in article 81, it then says the Supreme Court has the ability to judge the constitutionality of any ordinance, regulation, piece of legislation. Those two things cannot both be true: the diet cannot be the ultimate unassailable power and there can be judicial review. And rather than fight for themselves, the judges have chosen. On occasion, when they were given a question that's hard, they will just simply say that's a a political question. It's not our business. Is it constitutional to have the self-defense forces? That's the Suzuki case. Well, that's a political question, not our problem. Is the presence of the United States forces here in Japan a violation of there shall be no material in Japan, Article 9 of the Constitution. This is not a question we can answer, that's up to our elected representatives. At the top, the Supreme Court, 15 justices appointed by the Prime Minister, except the Chief Justice who is ostensibly appointed by the Emperor. There are only two positions that are officially appointed by the Emperor: Prime Minister and head of the Supreme Court. Those 15 justices, if you look at the the Supreme Court website and you try to figure out what they did last year, you would be appalled. In 2016, if you look at the records, interestingly the decisions are all translated into English so you can just look them up if you don't even speak Japanese and you're an English speaker, there was in 2016 at least on the website there is one grand bench, 15 justices, decision and then they split up into what they call petit benches of five justices each to deal with something that is not an absolute constitutional question. And so there were about 35 decisions but only one of them was of the entire bench and each year the number of times that all of the justices deliver a definitive statement of the Supreme Court is less than a handful. You say: why do you have it if they decide so few questions. What's the point of this? And indeed that's part...

Full Transcript available here:

Journalism Learning Labs: Saunders, Journalism and Justice: Legal Reporting in Japan

Tina Saunders: Director of Temple University Law School, Japan Campus

Japanese PM Abe wants to revise pacifist Constitution

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says he wants to put a revised Constitution into force in 2020.
With more on this and other news in East Asia.... we turn to Ro Aram.
Aram... This is the first time Abe has laid out a clear timetable for a revision to the country's pacifist Constitution. Could you run us through the details of his proposals?

Yes Mark... The Japanese Prime Minister said acknowledging the existence of the country's Self Defense Forces should be done now to finally end all doubt about its legality.
The remarks were made in a video message delivered at a celebration of the charter's 70th anniversary on Wednesday.
A possible revision to Article 9 remains a divisive topic among the Japanese public.
It calls for the complete renunciation of war and cements Japan's postwar identity.
Abe's wish to amend it has been criticized by some Japanese people and neighboring South Korea and China, as a revision could allow Japan to engage in war.
However, Abe has previously said he wants to maintain the philosophy of pacifism and only change Article Nine to mention the SDF's existence.
His proposals were met with protests from Japan's major opposition parties, who said that Abe is threatening the fundamental principles of the Constitution.

Civil Liberties in Times of Crisis: Japanese Internment and America Today

In celebration of Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, University of Pennsylvania Law Professor Kermit Roosevelt is joined by Karen Korematsu, founder of the Fred T. Korematsu Institute and daughter of the civil rights activist, to discuss Roosevelt’s latest novel, Allegiance. Jess Bravin, Supreme Court correspondent for The Wall Street Journal, moderates.

Revisions to the Japanese Constitution with Prof. Frank S. Ravitch, MSU Law

In this follow-up interview IAFOR Asian Conference on Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences (ACP) Conference Co-Chair Prof. Dexter Da Silva speaks with Prof. Frank S. Ravitch of Michigan State University College of Law and further explores the issues and challenges surrounding the Japanese Constitution and also discusses with Prof. Ravitch his increasing involvement with IAFOR and our academic conferences.

Frank S. Ravitch is Professor of Law and the Walter H. Stowers Chair in Law and Religion at the Michigan State University College of Law, and Director of the Kyoto, Japan Summer Program. He is the author of several books: Marketing Intelligent Design: Law And The Creationist Agenda (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2011); Masters Of Illusion: The Supreme CourtAndThe Religion Clauses (NYU Press 2007);LawAnd Religion,A Reader:Cases,Concepts,AndTheory,2nd Ed. (West 2008) (First Ed. 2004); Employment Discrimination Law (Prentice Hall 2005) (with Pamela Sumners and Janis McDonald); and School Prayer And Discrimination:The Civil Rights Of Religious Minorities And Dissenters (Northeastern University Press, 1999 & paperback edition 2001). Professor Ravitch has also published a number of law review articles addressing U.S. and Japanese constitutional law, law & religion, and civil rights law in leading journals. Moreover, he has written a number of amicus briefs addressing constitutional issues to the United States Supreme Court.

Prof. Ravitch was a Featured Presenter at The Asian Conference on Ethics, Religion & Philosophy 2015 (ACERP2015) in Osaka, Japan where he presented on Japanese constitutional revision.

For more information please visit our website:

The differences between the Japanese and American justice systems

Former Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn has been arrested and charged in Japan for under reporting his income. His treatment while in custody has shocked some in the west. Motoko Rich, Tokyo Bureau Chief for the New York Times, joins Squawk Box to explain the differences between the Japanese and United States justice systems.

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The Japanese justice system (Kansai Rider Japan Motovlog 77)

I tell a story I heard about the unfairness of the Japanese justice system.

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Intro/Outro music: Will and Time- Covenant

Cam- Gopro 4 silver
Mic- Olympus Me52W or Sena SMH10/GP10
Helmet- Shoei XR1100



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