Why Aircraft Carriers and Submarines are Nuclear Powered
Aircraft Carriers and Submarines are the most expensive and sophisticated machines a nation can posess in its arsenal, though, their capabilities would be limited without nuclear energy.
Video courtesy Huntington Ingalls Industries/Released
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Cities at Sea: How Aircraft Carriers Work
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Animation by Josh Sherrington and Jorrit van Ginnkel (
Sound by Graham Haerther (
Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster
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Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
How Aircraft Carriers Work?
How Aircraft Carrier Work - Cities at Sea: How Supercarrier Work - When the U.S. Navy really needs to impress people, it flies them out to one of its super aircraft carriers. Standing 20 stories above the water and stretching 1,092 feet (333 meters) from bow to stern (about as long as the 77-story Chrysler Building is tall), the sheer bulk of these ships is awe-inspiring. But the really amazing thing about a supercarrier isn't its size; it's the intense scene on its flight deck. When the crew is in full swing, it can launch or land a plane every 25 seconds -- all in a fraction of the space available on a typical landing strip.
In this article, we'll find out what the U.S. Navy's modern Nimitz-class aircraft carriers are all about. We'll learn what's on the different decks, take a look at the amazing machines that help launch and land aircraft, and find out a little about daily life on these enormous floating bases. As we'll see, the modern aircraft carrier is one of the most amazing vehicles ever created.
¬At its most basic level, an aircraft carrier is simply a ship outfitted with a flight deck -- a runway area for launching and landing airplanes. This concept dates back almost as far as airplanes themselves.
LIFE ON AN AIRCRAFT CARRIER
The modern supercarrier is widely referred to as a city at sea. With between 5,000 and 6,000 people working, relaxing, eating and sleeping onboard for months at a time, this is certainly accurate. But it's not at all like any city you would find on dry land.
For starters, most residents have little opportunity to see the outside world. The flight deck, hangar and fantail all have wonderful views of the sea and sky, but they are so hectic and dangerous that only a handful of people are allowed access during normal operations.
The top levels of the island are safe enough, but sensitive operations and limited space means you can't have a lot of people coming and going. A sailor who works below deck might go for weeks without ever seeing daylight.
Throughout the ship, conditions are much more cramped than in a normal city. To get from place to place, personnel have to scale nearly vertical steps and squeeze past each other in narrow corridors. The berthing compartments (sleeping quarters) are extremely tight. Enlisted personnel share a compartment with about 60 other people, all sleeping in single bunks, generally called racks, crammed together in stacks of three.
Each person gets a small stowage bin and upright locker for clothes and personal belongings, and everybody in the compartment shares a bathroom and a small common area with a television hooked up to one of the carrier's satellite dishes. Officers enjoy more space and finer furnishings, but their space is limited, too. Everybody onboard has to get used to tight quarters.
Jobs are highly varied, just like in a normal city. Approximately 2,500 men and women form the air wing, the people who actually fly and maintain the aircraft. Another 3,000 or so people make up the ship's company, which keeps all parts of the carrier running smoothly -- this includes everything from washing dishes and preparing meals to handling weaponry and maintaining the nuclear reactors.
The ship has everything its residents need to live, even if it's not as comfortably as they would like. There are multiple galleys (kitchens) and mess halls onboard, which collectively serve as many as 18,000 meals a day. The ship also has a sizable laundry facility, dentist and doctor's offices, various stores and a bank of telephones where personnel can talk to their families via satellite.
Life onboard an aircraft carrier is undeniably difficult and exhausting, but it can also be exhilarating, especially for the men and women up on the flight deck, flying and bringing in planes on a tiny patch of runway. Good or bad, it's like no other place on earth.
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How Supercarrier Aircraft Catapults Work
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A look at the steam catapults and hydraulic arresting systems that are used on Nimitz-class aircraft carriers.
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All military footage by the United States Navy and Department of Defense
“Formula Rossa Achterbahn @Ferrari World in Abu Dhabi” by Lukas Meier
Still Image Attributions:
“Aircraft carrier HMS Argus in the later 1920s” by the U.S. Navy
“HMS Ark Royal h85716” by the United Kingdom Government
“Samuel Pierpont Langley catapult and houseboat 1903” by unknown
“Hawker Hurricane launched from CAM ship c1941” by Lt. J.A. Hampton
“HMS Bermuda aircraft” by William Berwick Reid
“HMS Triumph 1950” by the U.S. Navy
“Lt. Scott Ryan inspects the jet blast deflectors” by Chad R. Erdmann
“A catapult shooter signals for the launch of an F/A-18C Hornet” by Patrick M. Bonafede
“Improved Fresnal Lens Optical Landing System (IFLOLS)” by Kris White
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Aircraft Carrier Operations: Aboard a Floating City at Sea
USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) is the seventh Nimitz-class nuclear-powered supercarrier in the United States Navy.
Providing a ready force supporting security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific, USS John C. Stennis is operating as part of the Great Green Fleet on a regularly scheduled 7th Fleet deployment.
Video includes: F/A-18 Super Hornets landings, F/A-18 launches during a Maritime Counter SOF exercise, flight deck operations at sea, aircraft in the hangar bay, Sailors perform their duties as the ship gets underway, replenishment at sea with USNS Ranier and USNS Wally Schirra, refueling-at-sea with USS Stockdale and footages from the repair shop.
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Credits: MC2 Eric Melone, MC3 Luke Moyer, MCSN Zachary Wolfe, MC3 Kenneth Rodriguez Santiago. Additional editing: AiirSource
What Would It Take To Sink USS Gerald R Ford Aircraft Carrier?
The USS Gerald Ford is the world's largest and most advanced aircraft carrier, a groundbreaking ship the likes of which has never been seen in human history. Over 1,000 feet (337m) in length, and displacing 100,000 tons, it is the largest warship ever built by man. But is the Ford truly unsinkable as some claim, and if not, what would it take? Hello, and welcome to another episode of The Infographics Show- today we're taking a look at what it would take to sink the USS Gerald Ford.
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Can Severe Weather Sink an Aircraft Carrier? - 3D Animation
Nobody wants to face the wrath of nature, even an entity as mighty as a navy fleet with an aircraft carrier, though there have been instances in the past where fleets have been stuck in crazy storms and typhoons.
The question is, can severe weather be it a hurricane or a typhoon sink an entity as massive as an aircraft carrier?
Let’s find out.
Aircraft carriers have an average full load water displacement of 100 thousand tonnes, they are as long as three football fields with the flight deck as high 60 feet above water.
They are built to handle just about any weather on the rough seas. Hurricanes or Typhoons are not something unheard of & these carriers are designed keeping everything in mind, after all they are worth a billion dollars.
These vessels stay afloat as long as the water integrity of the structure is maintained. And that is ensured by an engineering design called the Compartmentalization.
It is a technique to protect ships, aerospace vehicles, traffic tunnels, buildings, their vital machinery, from water and fire.
Massive structures are sub-divided into compartments and different divisions are locked down in case of floods or fire to curb it from spreading & keep the rest of the structure safe.
The technique of compartmentalization was invented by the Chinese during the Han and the Song dynasties & it got pretty popular with the sailors across the world via the Indian and Arab sea merchants.
Navy’s contain the latest weather data via the weather satellites. They are fast enough to dodge and outrun any hurricane. These vessels have a very high deck. Approx. 60 feet above water, most waves don’t reach there. In a sea state of 9 which is termed as very rough, the waves go as high as 46 feet.
Sinking is highly unlikely.
Small boats might get toppled over but aircraft carriers are long & strong enough to cut through multiple waves. Still they are vulnerable to being hit from the rogue waves on the sides.
Having said that, it’s never a good idea to get stuck in a storm, it may cause severe damage to the ship and the communication equipment. Visibility gets poor.
It would be stupid to undermine how rough nature can get. Nothing stands tall before nature.
In the year 1944 a US navy fleet got stuck in the center of a typhoon called Cobra which had 100 mph winds, high waves and torrential rain it capsized three destroyers, damaging nine battleships, over 100 aircrafts were wrecked & washed overboard.
The aircraft carrier Monterey had to combat a serious fire on board caused by a colliding plane with a ruptured the fuel tank;
To avoid all this, during storms, all the planes are generally removed from the deck, taken down in the hangar bay, all the exterior doors are sealed to avoid any water to get in.
Guys, this is pretty much it for now, there will be several videos on aircraft carriers in future on this channel. Simply, because they are so cool.
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Life on an aircraft carrier
50 Insane Aircraft Carrier Facts That Will Shock You
I bet you didn't know these surprising facts about Aircraft Carriers! Today we're going to take a look at 50 facts about aircraft carriers, you didn't know!
The aircraft carrier- mightiest weapon in any navy's arsenal and uncontested ruler of the high seas. Hello, and welcome to another episode of The Infographics Show- today we're taking a look at the evolution, history, and some things you might never have known in 50 Surprising Facts About Aircraft Carriers.
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Aircraft Carrier of the Future?
The Aircraft Carrier became one of the greatest advancements in the Navy's history, giving the US Navy a great advantage against war opponents. But what technological advancements could come to an already incredible weapon by 2070? Check out today's video about the future of the Aircraft Carrier.
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How to Build an Aircraft Carrier
What does it take to make these giant floating cities? A lot of money and steel, that's for sure!
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The Intricate Skill That Goes Into Landing a Fighter Jet
Landing on an aircraft carrier's 300-feet runway seems like an impossible task. To slow down the landing plane, a series of arresting wires catch the jet's wheels and help bring it to a stop.
From the Series: Carriers at War: Strike Force Arabian Gulf
Why Living On An Aircraft Carrier Sucks
We've shown you what living on a submarine is like, and why it totally sucks, but today we wanted to take a look at another kind of living situation that could suck possibly worse than living on a sub. We're going to show you what it's like living on a US aircraft carrier and why it's almost like living in prison. Do you think you would be able to handle duties aboard an aircraft carrier as part of the US Navy?
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When An Aircraft Carrier Goes To War | Forces TV
We had the chance to join the USS Theodore Roosevelt in the Gulf as it launched its planes on operations against the Islamic State terror group in Syria. It's exactly the type of operation Britains twin aircraft carriers, HMS Queen Elizabeth and HMS Prince of Wales, could perform when they enter service in the next few years...
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How Angled Flight Decks Revolutionized Aircraft Carrier Flight Decks
The main innovation of the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier was the angled-flight deck. This enabled multiple planes to land and take-off faster, and at the same time.
From the Series: Inside Mighty Machines: Aircraft Carrier