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Didier's update - 15 July 2019

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H E PAUL KAGAME AHATA IBIBAZO ABAYOBOZI BAGATITIRA KUBERA KUBURA IBYO BASUBIZA

Johny Johny Oui Papa - Comptine pour bébé | HeyKids

Les plus belles chansons pour bébé avec animation 3D: Johny Johny Oui Papa + 39 min de comptines pour les petites

Abonnez-vous maintenant!


Téléchargez notre nouvelle appli mobile! Disponible sur Google Play▶ et App Store ▶

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0:06 Johny Johny Oui Papa
1:34 A Ram Sam Sam:
3:31 Un Éléphant Qui Se Balançait:
5:05 Cinq Canetons:
6:50 Lave tes mains:
8:39 Ah Les Crocodiles:
11:16 Mon Âne:
13:03 Si tu as d'la joie au coeur:
14:16 Joyeux Anniversaire:
15:55 Au Clair de la Lune:
17:59 Le Fermier Dans Son Pré:
19:25 Une Poule Sur Un Mur:
21:03 Bingo:
23:46 Alouette, gentille alouette:
26:03 Frère Jacques:
27:52 Pirouette Cacahuète:
29:46 La mère Michel:
31:29 Promenons Nous Dans Les Bois:
33:40 Il Était Un Petit Navire:
37:12 Dans La Ferme de Mathurin:

Johny Johny Oui Papa - paroles
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Johnny, Johnny
Oui papa
Manges-tu sucre ?
Non papa
Est-ce que tu mens ?
Non papa
Ouvre ta bouche
Ha, ha, ha

Johny Johny Oui Papa:
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Johny Johny Yes Papa:
Johny Johny Ja Papa:
Джонні, Джонні:
Джонни, Джонни:
Johny Johny sì Papà:
Johny Johny Si Papa:

HeyKids.fr - Chansons et comptines bébé
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© 2018 Vveee Media Limited.
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Panel Discussion - Mark C. Fishman

Frank Lampard salary: How much will Chelsea legend earn as club's new manager?

Chelsea are expected to approach Derby in pursuit of talks with Rams manager Frank Lampard after confirming the exit of Maurizio Sarri as head coach. Italian Sarri guided the Blues to the Europa League title and third place in the Premier League after joining from Napoli last summer. The former Serie A coach of the year endured an uneven season at Chelsea, including criticism for his style of play. His authority came into question after a controversial incident in which goalkeeper Kepa appeared to refuse to leave the pitch when Sarri tried to replace him during the Carabao Cup final. Former favourite Lampard, who guided Derby to the Championship playoff final in his first season as a manager, is the obvious choice to take over and would be a popular choice with fans.How much would Frank Lampard earn at Chelsea? Chelsea would have to pay Derby £4m in compensation for Lampard. They are likely to view that as small change given the fee of more than £8m they paid for striker Gonzalo Higuain’s loan from Juventus for the second half of last season.  That figure will also be covered by the £5m reportedly paid by Serie A champions Juventus to secure the services of Sarri. As early as 2008, Lampard was offered a then-record £140,000-per-week to stay at Chelsea amid rumoured interest from European giants including AC Milan. He is likely to have taken a substantial pay cut to join Championship Derby, who operate on a much smaller and more constrained budget than clubs in the top flight. When he agreed to move to London last summer, reports in Italy suggested departing boss Sarri’s salary was more than £5m. Lampard is likely to expect similar recompense should he enter negotiations to take over at a club where he became a hero during a 13-year stay. He was unlucky not to make a winning return to Stamford Bridge when his Derby team scored twice in the opening half-hour during a thrilling Carabao Cup match last season. Derby defenders Fikayo Tomori and Richard Keogh both netted own goals as both sides registered twice before Cesc Fabregas hit the winner. Speaking about the reception he received from Chelsea fans during the match, Lampard admitted: It happened through the game and at the end of the game and I really appreciated it. “To be able to say thank you and to get that reaction as the opposition manager isn't normal.”  Asked whether he had ambitions to coach Chelsea, Lampard told Sky: “If I was good enough, it was right, they wanted me and it was at the right time. “Whether you’re a Chelsea man or not, Chelsea’s one of the pinnacle jobs in football. They’re one of the top clubs in Europa and the world now - and in England with what they’ve done there in the last 15 years. “I don’t want to throw myself in and say, ‘I’m the next Chelsea boss’ because it might be a different route for me. But of course, the dream would be to manage Chelsea one day.” Chelsea will want to appoint a new manager before the start of pre-season training in early July. Direct
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D&CO Valérie Damidot 2018-05-14 (épisode 1) Sonia

D&CO - Sonia
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Diffusé sur 6ter le lundi 14 mai 2018 à 15:25 - Durée : 48 min

Sonia, 39 ans, réside avec ses deux enfants dans une maison de 80 m² dont elle est devenue propriétaire en 2004. Eddy, 36 ans, vit aujourd'hui à ses côtés. Ses deux petites filles viennent agrandir la famille un week-end sur deux… Mais à six dans la maison, chaque mètre carré compte ! À la demande du couple, Valérie Damidot et son équipe vont optimiser l'espace dans trois pièces et en revoir toute la décoration !

Recouvert de lambris foncé des murs au plafond et envahi par un mobilier trop imposant, l'aménagement du salon/salle à manger est à repenser entièrement. Sonia et Eddy souhaitent que cet espace gagne en luminosité et devienne plus chaleureux.
La cuisine a elle aussi besoin d'être remise au goût du jour… Sonia a opté pour un ton aubergine afin de dynamiser l'ambiance de ce petit espace dont elle a la quasi exclusivité.
La chambre des filles d'Eddy, Alhiya, 7 ans, et Alhyssa, 6 ans, est une petite pièce sans charme encombrée par des meubles en trop grand nombre : lits superposés, armoire, bureau, bibliothèque… Et côté déco, c'est le grand désert ! L'équipe D&CO a carte blanche pour créer un univers agréable pour les fillettes mais aussi pour les autres membres de la famille qui utiliseront cette pièce comme un bureau.

JOURNAL PREMYE OKAZYON AVEC CARAIBE FM..LE/08/08/2019. BOB C KASE MET NAN MEN CHANM DEPITE A.

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Wall Street Greed: Financial Crises Since 3500 BCE (CC)

Notes for Economics

In this video, we explore the the history of 19th-century thought and apply it to an analysis financial crises from Sumerian times to the present age. The take-away is that these economic booms and busts have continued to occur and reoccur over the millenia. Therefore, to sketch the profound changes of economic cycles we turn to some of the more esoteric economic thought to explore the subject in the context of multi-millenial Cultural and Empire Cycles all the way down to the more conventional Business Cycle.
To accomplish this task, we review the economic, social, political, and cultural thoughts of polymaths such as Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Johann von Goethe, John Ruskin, Benjamin Diraeli, Rudolf Steiner, and others and incorporate their own words into our in-depth discussion. Through this approach, we demonstrate that in respect to the most recent economic crisis, 1. This time is NOT different, and 2. These cycles of multiple interweaving lengths extend back throughout human history as far as we can measure.

WARNING: This is an esoteric approach to the understanding of economic cycles. First, we explore the economic thought and observations of a group of polymaths from the past and present centuries. Then, we apply their ideas to trace the rise and fall of economies at the level of Empire Cycles down to the more mundane but shorter Business Cycle.

Living Universe | Journey To Another Stars - Documentary 4K

The Earth is Not Alone:
LIVING UNIVERSE is an interstellar adventure that seeks to answer the most profound question of all: are we alone? Based on the latest scientific knowledge, we will take a journey to a planet beyond our solar system in search of life.

We ask the world's leading space scientists what we might find if we travel to a neighboring star system. Recent breakthroughs have proven that every star we see in the sky is orbited by at least one planet, many similar to our own Earth. How do we get to these exoplanets? Once there, what will we find? And what will it mean for humanity when we discover we are not alone?

Our speculative journey through space is set a hundred years in the future - when we have the technology to journey well beyond our solar system. On this first expedition, our star ship Aurora will be piloted not by astronauts, but by the artificial intelligence (A.I.) we call Artemis. We imagine how Artemis travels through space, on its 25-year journey, at one fifth of the speed of light. Its objective is Minerva B, a planet much like our own, with an atmosphere, temperature and liquid water that appears a likely candidate to contain life.

With spectacular special effects we will reach and explore a new planet as we seek to answer the most profound question of all: are we alone in the universe? Our guides on this journey are narrator Dr Karl Kruszelnicki and as the voice of our AI, Artemis, real-life astrophysicist, Professor Tamara Davis.

Inspired and informed by our rapidly developing knowledge of far-off worlds, our best scientists - including NASA engineers, astrophysicists and astronomers - we will discover that this amazing journey is not only possible, it is inevitable. To venture into distant space is our destiny.

LIVING UNIVERSE captures a pivotal moment in the human story. A film full of insight and inspiration certain to thrill anyone who dreams of distant worlds, or have ever wondered why are we here?

Have you ever wondered that someone like you, sitting less than a mile away, in some other universe, exists? The possibility in itself seems frightening as well as astonishing.

From breaking news and intriguing historical documentaries to conspiracy theories, classified NASA files and UFO's. We provide you with material that the government doesn't want you to see. The Insomnia team comes up with a promise. To keep up with the same, the team now brings to us a documentary that aims to change your perspective Of another existence, of another possibility, as today, the scientists now believe there may really be the presence of a parallel universe - and in fact, also believe that there may be an infinite number of parallel universes, and where we live today just happens to be only one of them and many of these other parallel universes come with different laws of physics as well.

These other universes that we are talking about not only contain space, time and strange forms of exotic matter but to surprise you, Some of them may even contain you, only maybe in a slightly different form. The thought itself is quite intriguing and scary on the same hand. The basis of this theory is as we know it the idea that parallel universes are constantly spinning off from reality that we humans know of. Though generally ignored at the time, that theory has gone on to become not just a popular topic of study among respected physicists, but the inspiration for such popular films, television shows, and books as Star Trek and The Golden Compass. according to the sources.

The video soon progresses into the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), that is now changing everything, as some say that the remarkable images reveal the true shape of the universe through baby pictures of the same from the time when it was 4 hundred thousand years old, looking so back in time, when there wasn't even the formation of galaxies yet. The WMAP is catching the very first signs of creation as it is officially tagged with measuring radiation that is left over from Big Bang. And now scientists have devised an experiment to find the overall true shape of the universe. The WMAP hence shows that the universe is flat. From here arises the possibility of more mind boggling parallel universe that are of the level-2 type and is made up of giant cosmic soap bubbles that float in hyperspace. Each of these bubbles within it has a whole universe. Now, the question that arises is that - Do we all live in a giant cosmic bubble?

Journey to another stars
finding lives on other planets

DIALOGUE with TAIMUR SHAMIL on Peace building and counter terrorism -PTV World

Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:



00:02:58 1 Development
00:04:42 2 Design
00:04:51 2.1 Overview
00:06:22 2.1.1 Improvements
00:09:55 2.2 Engines
00:13:12 2.3 Armament
00:19:58 2.4 Stealth and signatures
00:20:06 2.4.1 Radar
00:22:13 2.4.2 Acoustics
00:23:45 2.5 Cockpit
00:25:20 2.6 Sensors and avionics
00:30:23 2.7 Helmet-mounted display system
00:34:01 2.8 Maintenance
00:37:14 3 Operational history
00:37:24 3.1 Testing
00:46:48 3.2 Training
00:50:06 3.3 Basing plans for future U.S. F-35s
00:52:20 3.4 Combat use
00:53:28 4 Procurement and international participation
00:57:53 5 Variants
00:58:08 5.1 F-35A
01:00:47 5.2 F-35B
01:02:16 5.2.1 Australia
01:03:50 5.2.2 Italy
01:04:13 5.2.3 United Kingdom
01:06:47 5.2.4 United States
01:11:14 5.3 F-35C
01:17:17 5.4 Other versions
01:17:25 5.4.1 F-35I
01:19:39 5.4.2 CF-35
01:20:36 5.4.3 F-35D
01:20:54 6 Operators
01:21:03 6.1 F-35A
01:24:36 6.2 F-35B
01:26:42 6.3 F-35C
01:27:39 7 Accidents
01:30:51 8 Specifications (F-35A)
01:35:45 9 Appearances in media
01:35:54 10 See also



Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio:

Other Wikipedia audio articles at:

Upload your own Wikipedia articles through:

Speaking Rate: 0.8859112822198413
Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D


I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.
- Socrates


SUMMARY
=======
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters. The fifth-generation combat aircraft is designed to perform ground-attack and air-superiority missions. It has three main models: the F-35A conventional takeoff and landing (CTOL) variant, the F-35B short take-off and vertical-landing (STOVL) variant, and the F-35C carrier-based catapult-assisted take-off but arrested recovery (CATOBAR) variant. The F-35 descends from the Lockheed Martin X-35, the winning design of the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program. It is built by Lockheed Martin and many subcontractors, including Northrop Grumman, Pratt & Whitney, and BAE Systems.
The United States principally funds F-35 development, with additional funding from other NATO members and close U.S. allies, including the United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Canada, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Turkey. These funders generally receive subcontracts to manufacture components for the aircraft; for example, Turkey is the sole supplier of several F-35 parts. Several other countries have ordered, or are considering ordering, the aircraft.
As the largest and most expensive military program ever, the F-35 became the subject of much scrutiny and criticism in the U.S. and in other countries. In 2013 and 2014, critics argued that the plane was plagued with design flaws, with many blaming the procurement process in which Lockheed was allowed to design, test, and produce the F-35 all at the same time, instead of identifying and fixing defects before firing up its production line. By 2014, the program was $163 billion over budget [and] seven years behind schedule. Critics also contend that the program's high sunk costs and political momentum make it too big to kill.The F-35 first flew on 15 December 2006. In July 2015, the United States Marines declared its first squadron of F-35B fighters ready for deployment. However, the DOD-based durability testing indicated the service life of early-production F-35B aircraft is well under the expected 8,000 flight hours, and may be as low as 2,100 flight hours. Lot 9 and later aircraft include design changes but service life testing has yet to occur. The U.S. Air Force declared its first squadron of F-35As ready for deployment in August 2016. The U.S. Navy declared its first F-35Cs ready in February 2019. In 2018, the F-35 made its combat debut with the Israeli Air Force.The U.S. plans to buy 2,663 F-35s, which will provide the bulk of the crewed tactical airpower of the U.S. Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps in coming decades. Deliveries of the F-35 for the U.S. military are scheduled until 2037 with a projected service life up to ...
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The World's 100 Most Handsome Faces of 2016

Also don't forget the check out The World's 100 Most Beautiful Faces of 2016 --

EDUM Media presents The World's 100 Most Handsome Faces of 2016 We must admit the video for 2016 list is published pretty much late. Because our editor had personal matters to work out, almost 5 months later the video is finally done. We sincerely apologize for that. Many of you might be wondering who are the ones behind this list and how the selection was made. For the record 9 pop culture enthusiasts across 7 continents had several months of assessment basing upon the factors of global beauty standards, star quality and aesthetic appeal which started July 2016, ended late November 2016. The official list, which was determined by the combined votes of each jury members was divulge among the panel on December 21, 2016.

For 2016 list 47 countries and territories are represented featured faces of various professions. We aim to have a much wider field of names in the years to come.

Tracks used

Top 100 to 61 - Rizamin by KeshYou
Top 60 to 21 - Elven Land by Derek Fiechter
Top 20 to 1 - Vision by Tybercore

We don't own anything. Credits go the respective owners. Thanks so much.

This list along with The World's 100 Most Beautiful Faces 2016, were decided solely by our resident panel from different fields and corners of the world. It will be our pleasure to hear your thoughts about our list. Please feel free to get involved.

Credits to all the photographers who captured those pics. Those are all from public domain. Thus, we don't own anything. Thanks so much.

The complete list in ascending order:

100.Engin Akyürek (Turkey)
99.Juan Martín del Potro (Argentina)
98.Prince Carl Philip (Sweden)
97.Dan Carter (New Zealand)
96.Jonathan Rhys Meyers (Ireland)
95.Idris Elba (Ghana/Sierra Leone/England)
94.Mixhalis Xatzigiannis (Cyprus)
93.Pietro Boselli (Italy)
92.Mohamad Bash (Syria)
91.David Beckham (England)
90.Tolga Sarıtaş (Turkey)
89.Gabriel Coronel (Venezuela)
88.Marco Mengoni (Italy)
87.Horacio Pancheri (Argentina)
86.Ivan Urgant (Russia)
85.Nikolaj Coster-Waldau (Denmark)
84.Seçkin Özdemir (Turkey)
83.Omar Avila (Cuba)
82.Ian Veneracion (Philippines)
81.Buğra Gülsoy (Turkey)
80.Hamid Fadaei (Iran)
79.Chris Pine (United States)
78.Faydee (Lebanon/Australia)
77.Alex Pettyfer (England)
76.Cristiano Ronaldo (Portugal)
75.Erick Elías (Mexico)
74.Onur Tuna (Turkey)
73.Gerard Piqué (Spain)
72.Michael Fassbender (Germany/Ireland)
71.Nathan Owens (United States)
70.Gerard Butler (Scotland)
69.Néjib Belhassen (Tunisia)
68.Niko Kranjčar (Croatia)
67.David Gandy (England)
66.Emmad Irfani (Pakistan)
65.Jared Leto (United States)
64.Daniil Strakhov (Russia)
63.Said Karmouz (Algeria)
62.Richard Armitage (England)
61.Johannes Huebl (Germany)
60.Camille Lacourt (France)
59.Rob Evans (Northern Ireland)
58.Cristián Arriagada (Chile)
57.Atesh Salih (Germany/Turkey/Nigeria)
56.Wentworth Miller (United States/England)
55.Pedro Soltz (Brazil)
54.José Pablo Minor (Mexico)
53.Alexander Uloom (Iraq)
52.Scott Eastwood (United States)
51.Travis Fimmel (Australia)
50.George Clooney (United States)
49.Adam Levine (United States)
48.Jon Kortajarena (Spain)
47.Quincy Brown (United States)
46.Yoann Gourcuff (France)
45.Adam Ayash (Lebanon/United States)
44.Ricky Whittle (England)
43.Varun Dhawan (India)
42.Fehérvári Gábor Alfréd (Hungary)
41.Alexis Papas (Albania/Greece)
40.Aitor Ocio (Spain)
39.Francisco Lachowski (Brazil)
38.Chace Crawford (United States)
37.Matthew Daddario (United States)
36.Cağlar Ertuğrul (Turkey)
35.Toni Qattan (Jordan)
34.Hrithik Roshan (India)
33.Max George (England)
32.Antonio Lujak (Croatia)
31.Carlos Ferro (Mexico)
30.Gianluca Ginoble (Italy)
29.Alex Sparrow (Russia)
28.Armie Hammer (United States)
27.Muzammil Ibrahim (India)
26.Josh Duhamel (United States)
25.Alexander Skarsgård (Sweden)
24.Ferran Calderon (Spain)
23.Toni Mahfud (Syria/Germany)
22.Farid Qasanov (Azerbaijan)
21.Nacer Chadli (Morocco/Belgium)
20.Alain-Fabien Delon Jr. (France)
19.Djebril Didier Zonga (Central African Republic)
18.Matt Bomer (United States)
17.Diego Boneta (Mexico)
16.Burak Çelik (Turkey)
15.Fawad Afzal Khan (Pakistan/India)
14.Lee Kholafai (Iran/United States)
13.Maxi Iglesias (Spain)
12.Gökhan Keser (Turkey)
11.Ian Somerhalder (United States)
10.Lucas Malvacini (Brazil)
09.Zayn Malik (England/Pakistan)
08.Boris Kodjoe (Germany/Ghana/Austria)
07.Rodrigo Guirao Díaz (Argentina)
06.Imran Abbas Naqvi (Pakistan)
05.Çağatay Ulusoy (Turkey)
04.Kostas Martakis (Greece)
03.Eliran Biton (Israel)
02.Henry Cavill (England/Jersey)
01.Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ (Turkey)

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KYLIAN MBAPPÉ - WikiVidi Documentary

Kylian Mbappé Lottin is a French professional footballer who plays as a forward for Ligue 1 club Paris Saint-Germain and the France national team. At the age of 19, he has been labelled the best young player in the world, and has been projected as the future best player in the world. Mbappé came into prominence at an early age, starring for the youth academy at Bondy before gaining a move to Monaco, where he made his professional debut in 2015, aged 16. Mbappé then quickly established himself as a regular goalscorer for the first team in the 2016–17 season, as he helped the club gain their first Ligue 1 title in seventeen years. A year later, he transferred to Paris Saint-Germain for €180 million, making him the most expensive teenager, and the world's second-most expensive player. In his debut season in the French capital, Mbappé featured heavily as the club captured a domestic treble of Ligue 1, Coupe de France, and Coupe de la Ligue. Mbappé made his senior debut for France in 201...


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Shortcuts to chapters:
00:01:38 Early life
00:02:14 Early career
00:02:52 2015–16 season
00:04:05 2016–17 season
00:06:39 2017–18 season (loan)
00:08:09 2018–19 season
00:09:49 International career
00:10:52 2018 World Cup
00:12:10 Style of play
00:14:25 Personal life
00:15:11 Media and sponsorship
____________________________________


Copyright WikiVidi.
Licensed under Creative Commons.
Wikipedia link:
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TROY DEENEY - WikiVidi Documentary

Troy Matthew Deeney is an English professional footballer who plays for and captains Premier League club Watford. He plays as a striker. Deeney started his professional career at Walsall. He spent a brief spell on loan with Southern League Premier Division club Halesowen Town during the 2006–07 season. He transferred to Championship club Watford in 2010 and captained the team to promotion to the Premier League in the 2014–15 season....


____________________________________
Shortcuts to chapters:
00:00:39 Early and personal life
00:01:55 Walsall
00:03:48 2010–2012: Making the breakthrough
00:05:30 2012–2015: Prolific scoring form
00:08:49 2015–present: Premier League years
____________________________________


Copyright WikiVidi.
Licensed under Creative Commons.
Wikipedia link:

United States campaigns in World War I | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:



00:01:07 1 Cambrai, 20 November – 7 December 1917
00:02:16 2 Somme Defensive, 21 March – 6 April 1918
00:04:12 3 Lys, 9–27 April 1918
00:05:48 4 Aisne, 27 May – 5 June 1918
00:07:39 5 Montdidier-Noyon, 9–13 June 1918
00:08:33 6 Champagne-Marne, 15–18 July 1918
00:11:18 7 Aisne-Marne, 18 July – 6 August 1918
00:17:46 8 Somme Offensive, 8 August – 11 November 1918
00:20:26 9 Oise-Aisne, 18 August – 11 November 1918
00:22:50 10 Ypres-Lys, 19 August – 11 November 1918
00:24:34 11 St. Mihiel, 12–16 September 1918
00:30:04 12 Meuse-Argonne, 26 September – 11 November 1918
00:38:51 13 Vittorio Veneto, 24 October – 4 November 1918
00:39:36 14 See also
00:40:01 15 Further reading
00:40:25 16 Notes



Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio:

Other Wikipedia audio articles at:

Upload your own Wikipedia articles through:

Speaking Rate: 0.9756873318025387
Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C


I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.
- Socrates


SUMMARY
=======
This article is about the United States campaigns in World War I. American entry into World War I in early April 1917 resulted in the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Western Front, under General John J. Pershing, being engaged in 13 campaigns, during the period 1917–18, for which campaign streamers were designated. The streamer uses the colors of the World War I Victory Medal ribbon which had a red center with a rainbow on each side of the center stripe and a purple edge. The double rainbow symbolizes the dawn of a new era and the calm which follows the storm.
The details above and following are taken from The Army Flag and Its Streamers, a pamphlet which was originally prepared in 1964 by the Office of the Chief of Military History, in cooperation with the Office of the Chief of Information and the U.S. Army Exhibit Unit, to provide general summaries of each of the campaign ribbons authorized to be displayed on the Army flag. It was subsequently updated by the Center of Military History to add the campaigns from Vietnam.

French national football team | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:



00:02:46 1 History
00:19:12 2 Home stadium
00:21:59 3 Team image
00:22:08 3.1 Media coverage
00:23:22 3.2 Kits and crest
00:26:12 3.2.1 Kit suppliers
00:26:20 3.2.2 Kit deals
00:26:28 3.3 Nickname
00:27:23 3.4 Representation of multi-ethnic France
00:33:25 4 Coaching staff
00:33:38 5 Players
00:33:46 5.1 Current squad
00:34:11 5.2 Recent call-ups
00:34:37 6 Results and fixtures
00:34:46 6.1 2018
00:34:55 6.2 2019
00:35:04 7 Competitive record
00:35:21 7.1 FIFA World Cup record
00:36:55 7.2 UEFA European Championship record
00:37:48 7.3 FIFA Confederations Cup record
00:38:34 7.4 UEFA Nations League record
00:38:44 7.5 Minor tournaments
00:39:03 8 Honours
00:40:01 8.1 Minor titles
00:40:41 9 Statistics
00:40:51 9.1 Most capped players
00:41:05 9.2 Top goalscorers
00:41:20 9.3 Managers
00:41:38 10 See also



Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio:

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There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
- Socrates



SUMMARY
=======
The France national football team (French: Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus (The Blues). The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.
France play home matches at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, Paris, and the manager is Didier Deschamps. They have won two FIFA World Cups, two UEFA European Championships, two FIFA Confederations Cups and one Olympic tournament. France experienced much of its success in four major eras: in the 1950s, 1980s, late 1990s/early 2000s, and mid/late 2010s, respectively, which resulted in numerous major honours. France was one of the four European teams that participated in the inaugural World Cup in 1930 and, although having been eliminated in the qualification stage six times, is one of only three teams that have entered every World Cup qualifying cycle.In 1958, the team, led by Raymond Kopa and Just Fontaine, finished in third place at the FIFA World Cup. In 1984, France, led by Ballon d'Or winner Michel Platini, won UEFA Euro 1984 and Football at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Under the captaincy of Didier Deschamps and three-time FIFA World Player of the Year Zinedine Zidane, France won the FIFA World Cup in 1998. Two years later, the team triumphed at UEFA Euro 2000. France won the FIFA Confederations Cup in 2001 and 2003, and reached the 2006 FIFA World Cup final, which it lost 5–3 on penalties to Italy. The team also reached the final of UEFA Euro 2016, where they lost 1–0 to Portugal in extra time. France won the 2018 FIFA World Cup, defeating Croatia 4–2 in the final match on 15 July 2018. This was the second time they had won the tournament after winning it on home soil in 1998.
France was the first national team that has won the three most important men’s titles recognized by FIFA: the World Cup, the Confederations Cup, and the Olympic tournament after victory in the Confederations Cup in 2001. Since 2001, Argentina (after the 2004 Olympics) and Brazil (after the 2016 Olympics) are the other two national teams that have won these three titles. They have also won their respective continental championship (Copa América for Argentina and Brazil, and UEFA European Championship for France).
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Major League Soccer | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
Major League Soccer


00:02:10 1 Competition format
00:03:54 1.1 Other competitions
00:05:39 2 Teams
00:06:45 2.1 Current
00:06:53 2.2 Future
00:07:01 2.3 Defunct
00:07:09 2.4 Timeline
00:07:21 3 History
00:07:48 3.1 Establishment
00:11:17 3.2 Resurgence
00:13:22 3.3 Arrival of Designated Players
00:15:40 3.4 2013–present
00:21:44 4 League championships
00:22:14 5 Organization
00:22:23 5.1 Ownership
00:24:57 5.2 League executives
00:25:27 5.3 Player acquisition and salaries
00:29:33 5.4 Youth development
00:31:47 5.5 Stadiums
00:38:05 5.6 Profitability and revenues
00:42:12 5.7 Rules and officials
00:43:14 5.8 Team names
00:44:28 6 Media coverage
00:44:37 6.1 United States
00:46:21 6.2 Canada
00:47:37 6.3 International
00:49:33 6.4 Video games
00:50:09 7 Player records
00:50:30 7.1 Player records (active)
00:50:49 8 MLS awards



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Learning by listening is a great way to:
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The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.
- Socrates



SUMMARY
=======
Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by U.S. Soccer that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada, and constitutes one of the major professional sports leagues in both countries. The league comprises 23 teams—20 in the U.S. and 3 in Canada. The regular season runs from March to October, with each team playing 34 games; the team with the best record is awarded the Supporters' Shield. Twelve teams compete in the postseason MLS Cup Playoffs through November and December, culminating in the championship game, the MLS Cup. MLS teams play in domestic competitions against teams from other divisions in the U.S. Open Cup and in the Canadian Championship. MLS teams also compete against continental rivals in the CONCACAF Champions League.Major League Soccer was founded in 1993 as part of the United States' successful bid to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The first season took place in 1996 with ten teams. MLS experienced financial and operational struggles in its first few years: the league lost millions of dollars, teams played in mostly empty American football stadiums, and two teams folded in 2002. Since then, MLS has expanded to 23 teams, soccer-specific stadiums have proliferated around the league, average attendance exceeds that of the National Hockey League (NHL) and National Basketball Association (NBA), the Designated Player Rule allows teams to sign star players such as David Beckham, MLS secured national TV contracts, and the league is now profitable.Instead of operating as an association of independently owned teams, MLS is a single entity in which each team is owned by the league's investors. The investor-operators control their teams as owners control teams in other leagues, and are commonly (but inaccurately) referred to as the team's owners. The league has a fixed membership like most sports leagues in the United States and Canada, which makes it one of the world's few soccer leagues that does not use promotion and relegation, a practice that is uncommon in the two countries. MLS headquarters is located in New York City.

Timeline of English football | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
Timeline of English football


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Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at:


You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through:




The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.
- Socrates



SUMMARY
=======
1840s – 1850s – 1860s – 1870s – 1880s – 1890s – 1900s – 1910s – 1920s – 1930s – 1940s – 1950s – 1960s – 1970s – 1980s – 1990s – 2000s

Lyon | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:



00:02:47 1 History
00:02:56 1.1 Ancient Lyon
00:05:55 1.2 Modern Lyon
00:10:14 2 Geography
00:12:28 2.1 Climate
00:14:02 3 Administration
00:18:06 3.1 Mayors
00:18:15 4 Culture
00:21:48 4.1 UNESCO World Heritage Site
00:23:14 4.2 Gastronomy
00:25:19 4.3 Sport
00:28:01 4.4 Street art
00:28:31 5 Economy
00:32:01 6 Demographics
00:32:27 7 Main sights
00:32:36 7.1 Antiquity
00:33:04 7.2 Middle Ages and Renaissance
00:34:28 7.3 17th and 18th centuries
00:36:08 7.4 19th century and modern city
00:37:39 7.5 Museums
00:40:12 7.6 Parks and gardens
00:41:34 8 Education
00:41:43 8.1 Universities and tertiary education
00:44:21 8.2 Primary and secondary schools
00:45:17 8.3 Supplementary education
00:46:00 9 Transport
00:51:50 10 International relations
00:52:11 10.1 Sister cities
00:52:22 11 See also



Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio:

Other Wikipedia audio articles at:

Upload your own Wikipedia articles through:

Speaking Rate: 0.7844461164278254
Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C


I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.
- Socrates


SUMMARY
=======
Lyon (UK: , US: , traditionally spelled in English Lyons and in this case alternatively pronounced ; French: Lyon [ljɔ̃] (listen); Arpitan: Liyon [ʎjɔ̃]) is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. It is located in the country's east-central part at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about 470 km (292 mi) south from Paris, 320 km (199 mi) north from Marseille and 56 km (35 mi) northeast from Saint-Étienne. Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais.
Lyon had a population of 513,275 in 2015. It is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The Lyon metropolitan area had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest urban area in France. The city is known for its cuisine and gastronomy, and historical and architectural landmarks; part of it is a registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematograph. It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights.
Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, the International Agency for Research on Cancer and Euronews. According to the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute, Lyon is considered a Beta city, as of 2018. It ranked second in France and 40th globally in Mercer's 2019 liveability rankings.

List of Solar System bodies formerly regarded as planets | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:



00:03:32 1 History
00:04:55 1.1 Babylon
00:06:06 1.2 Greco-Roman astronomy
00:09:47 1.3 India
00:10:52 1.4 Medieval Muslim astronomy
00:11:29 1.5 European Renaissance
00:12:29 1.6 19th century
00:13:21 1.7 20th century
00:15:10 1.8 21st century
00:16:45 1.8.1 Extrasolar planets
00:20:34 1.8.2 2006 IAU definition of planet
00:23:17 1.9 Objects formerly considered planets
00:23:51 2 Mythology and naming
00:30:22 3 Formation
00:33:01 4 Solar System
00:34:41 4.1 Planetary attributes
00:34:49 5 Exoplanets
00:38:24 6 Planetary-mass objects
00:39:16 6.1 Dwarf planets
00:39:51 6.2 Rogue planets
00:40:20 6.3 Sub-brown dwarfs
00:41:23 6.4 Former stars
00:41:54 6.5 Satellite planets and belt planets
00:42:29 6.6 Captured planets
00:43:10 7 Attributes
00:43:36 7.1 Dynamic characteristics
00:43:45 7.1.1 Orbit
00:46:40 7.1.2 Axial tilt
00:47:58 7.1.3 Rotation
00:49:34 7.1.4 Orbital clearing
00:50:28 7.2 Physical characteristics
00:50:37 7.2.1 Mass
00:52:09 7.2.2 Internal differentiation
00:53:08 7.2.3 Atmosphere
00:54:40 7.2.4 Magnetosphere
00:56:41 7.3 Secondary characteristics
00:58:07 8 See also



Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio:

Other Wikipedia audio articles at:

Upload your own Wikipedia articles through:

Speaking Rate: 0.9789796522933616
Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C


I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.
- Socrates


SUMMARY
=======
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.The term planet is ancient, with ties to history, astrology, science, mythology, and religion. Five planets in the Solar System are visible to the naked eye. These were regarded by many early cultures as divine, or as emissaries of deities. As scientific knowledge advanced, human perception of the planets changed, incorporating a number of disparate objects. In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) officially adopted a resolution defining planets within the Solar System. This definition is controversial because it excludes many objects of planetary mass based on where or what they orbit. Although eight of the planetary bodies discovered before 1950 remain planets under the modern definition, some celestial bodies, such as Ceres, Pallas, Juno and Vesta (each an object in the solar asteroid belt), and Pluto (the first trans-Neptunian object discovered), that were once considered planets by the scientific community, are no longer viewed as such.
The planets were thought by Ptolemy to orbit Earth in deferent and epicycle motions. Although the idea that the planets orbited the Sun had been suggested many times, it was not until the 17th century that this view was supported by evidence from the first telescopic astronomical observations, performed by Galileo Galilei. About the same time, by careful analysis of pre-telescopic observational data collected by Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler found the planets' orbits were elliptical rather than circular. As observational tools improved, astronomers saw that, like Earth, each of the planets rotated around an axis tilted with respect to its orbital pole, and some shared such features as ice caps and seasons. Since the dawn of the Space Age, close observation by space probes has found that Earth and the other planets share characteristics such as volcanism, hurricanes, tectonics, and even hydrology.
Planets are generally divided into two main types: large low-density giant planets, and smaller rocky terrestrials. There are eight planets in the Solar System. In order of increasing distance from the Sun, they are the four terrestrials, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, then the four giant planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Six of the planets are orbited by one or more natural satellites.
Several thousands of planets around other stars (extrasolar planets or exoplanets) have been discovered in the Milky Way. As ...

Alfred Russel Wallace | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:



00:03:37 1 Biography
00:03:46 1.1 Early life
00:08:37 1.2 Exploration and study of the natural world
00:14:13 1.3 Return to England, marriage and children
00:16:15 1.4 Financial struggles
00:17:59 1.5 Social activism
00:22:42 1.6 Further scientific work
00:24:10 1.7 Death
00:25:29 2 Theory of evolution
00:25:39 2.1 Early evolutionary thinking
00:31:03 2.2 Natural selection and Darwin
00:38:55 2.2.1 Defence of Darwin and his ideas
00:40:16 2.2.2 Differences between Darwin's and Wallace's ideas on natural selection
00:42:33 2.2.3 Warning coloration and sexual selection
00:44:59 2.2.4 Wallace effect
00:46:35 2.3 Application of theory to humans, and role of teleology in evolution
00:50:43 2.4 Assessment of Wallace's role in history of evolutionary theory
00:53:52 3 Other scientific contributions
00:54:03 3.1 Biogeography and ecology
00:58:58 3.2 Environmental issues
01:02:38 3.3 Astrobiology
01:04:35 4 Other contributions
01:04:44 4.1 Poetry
01:06:56 5 Controversies
01:07:05 5.1 Spiritualism
01:15:09 5.2 Flat Earth wager
01:16:36 5.3 Anti-vaccination campaign
01:19:20 6 Legacy and historical perception
01:22:44 7 Awards, honours, and memorials
01:24:35 8 Writings by Wallace
01:25:38 8.1 Selected books
01:27:19 8.2 Selected papers
01:29:59 9 Bird specimens collected by Wallace
01:30:10 10 See also
01:30:29 11 Further reading



Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
- increases imagination and understanding
- improves your listening skills
- improves your own spoken accent
- learn while on the move
- reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio:

Other Wikipedia audio articles at:

Upload your own Wikipedia articles through:

Speaking Rate: 0.8997522565361964
Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E


I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.
- Socrates


SUMMARY
=======
Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 1823 – 7 November 1913) was a British naturalist, explorer, geographer, anthropologist, and biologist. He is best known for independently conceiving the theory of evolution through natural selection; his paper on the subject was jointly published with some of Charles Darwin's writings in 1858. This prompted Darwin to publish his own ideas in On the Origin of Species. Wallace did extensive fieldwork, first in the Amazon River basin and then in the Malay Archipelago, where he identified the faunal divide now termed the Wallace Line, which separates the Indonesian archipelago into two distinct parts: a western portion in which the animals are largely of Asian origin, and an eastern portion where the fauna reflect Australasia.
He was considered the 19th century's leading expert on the geographical distribution of animal species and is sometimes called the father of biogeography. Wallace was one of the leading evolutionary thinkers of the 19th century and made many other contributions to the development of evolutionary theory besides being co-discoverer of natural selection. These included the concept of warning colouration in animals, and the Wallace effect, a hypothesis on how natural selection could contribute to speciation by encouraging the development of barriers against hybridisation. Wallace's 1904 book Man's Place in the Universe was the first serious attempt by a biologist to evaluate the likelihood of life on other planets. He was also one of the first scientists to write a serious exploration of the subject of whether there was life on Mars.Wallace was strongly attracted to unconventional ideas (such as evolution). His advocacy of spiritualism and his belief in a non-material origin for the higher mental faculties of humans strained his relationship with some members of the scientific establishment.
Aside from scientific work, he was a social activist who was critical of what he considered to be an unjust social and economic system (capitalism) in 19th-century Britain. His interest in natural history resulted in his being one of the first prominent scientists to raise concerns over the environmental impact of human activity. He was also a prolific author who wrote on both scientific and social issues; his account of his adventures and observations during his explorations in Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysi ...

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