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Earth Science Systems

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The Earth System

This video describes the four main components of the Earth system (atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere), how matter is exchanged between the components, and how a change in some aspect of one part of the system will result in changes in other system components. We describe the Earth system in terms of reservoirs and flux between them and discuss how the movement of carbon occurs between system components.

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Earth Systems in 2 Minutes

The earth is a system of complex interactions.

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Earth Systems Science

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A brief overview to the area of Earth Systems Science where we will be looking at the different spheres that make up Earth as a complex adaptive system.

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Earth systems science is the interdisciplinary study of earth as a complex system, composed of multiple physical and biological process that interact within cycles or spheres to give rise to the overall state of the earth as an entire systems.

Of cause people have been studying earth for a long time, geologies study the formation of rocks, metrologies are interested in the atmosphere and so on,
With all of these different domains supported by the deep understanding of our physical environment that physics has built up over the past few centuries.

But it is only more recently that satellites have started to allow us to see earth as an entirety and human activity has begun to have a significant enough effect to alter earth systems making it increasingly important for us to be able to model and manage them.

From space we can view the net results of earths complex interactions and with high-tech sensors on land and in the ocean, we are getting an clear idea of its overall make up, from this researchers in different domains are discovering how their pieces of the puzzle are related to each other.

Earth systems science then tries to develop models that gives an integrated picture of how all these parts fit together, the first of these models is of earth as a systems in space with inputs and outputs of energy or radiation from the sun, with this energy being the primary factor in driving the dynamics process within the system.


As opposed to focusing on the static properties of earths individual components
Earth systems science instead takes a more dynamic view of the world, studying the ways energy and materials cycle through the different subsystems or what are called -spheres

Earths different sphere are largely defined by the different phases of mater they are composed of thus the atmosphere is composed of gasses, the hydrosphere of liquid water and the lithosphere solid minerals added to this is the biosphere
The sum of all biological material and processes.

Within each sphere a process called a cycles take place, for example in the lithosphere we have the rock cycle driven by the thermal energy within earth's interior that releases minerals through ocean ridges and volcanoes that are weathered as they cycle through earths crust and are eventual subducted returning to their origin



The hydro cycle driven by the thermal energy of the sun, cycles water between the earths surface and atmosphere through the process of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, this process helps to distribute moisture to support ecosystems at a variety of locations

The atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet that is held in place by gravity, it is the primary vehicle of temperature and climate regulation through the Cycle of carbon in and out of the atmosphere where it functions, through the green house effect to trap the suns heart.

The biosphere is the relatively thin layer of Earth's surface that supports all biological activity on earth. The biosphere is a system also characterized by the continuous cycling of matter and energy in the form of the flow of solar energy and nutrient mineral cycles.

Solar energy flows through the biosphere along a unidirectional path, as the suns energy is inputted through plant photosynthesis and process up through what are called trophic levels form primary producers to herbivores and on to predators and apex predators.

Along side the flow of energy through food webs it the cycling of mineral nutrients the core substances required for the construction of biological materials and processes, carbon, water, oxygen, nitrogen have been continuously cycled through the biosphere from one generation to the next for billions of years

These different spheres interact to create a unique state or ecosystem, an ecosystems is the combination of a community of biological organism and a particular physical environment with which they interact...

Earth System Science 1: Intro to ESS. Lecture 1. Introduction and the Scientific Method

UCI ESS 1: Introduction to Earth System Science (Fall 2013)
Lec 01. Introduction to Earth System Science -- Introduction and the Scientific Method --
View the complete course:

Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.

License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
Terms of Use:
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Description: Earth System Science covers the following topics: the origin and evolution of the Earth, atmosphere, oceans, perspective of biogeochemical cycles, energy use, and human impacts on the Earth system.

Recorded on September 27, 2013

Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie. Introduction to Earth System Science 1 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License. (
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Solar System Explained in Hindi - Geography for UPSC/SSC/CDS/LDC/State PCS

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Big Idea 3: Earth's Systems Interact

Observe the events that show how Earth works as a set of interconnected systems.
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Four Spheres Part 2 (Hydro and Atmo): Crash Course Kids #6.2

The second part of our two part tale of the puzzle that is Earth. In this episode, Sabrina talks about the Hydrosphere and the Atmosphere and what is contained in each one. Let's dive in!!!

This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

///Standards Used in This Video///
5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

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Credits...

Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
Host: Sabrina Cruz
Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
Writer: Ben Kessler
Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

Thought Cafe Team:
Stephanie Bailis
Cody Brown
Suzanna Brusikiewicz
Jonathan Corbiere
Nick Counter
Kelsey Heinrichs
Jack Kenedy
Corey MacDonald
Tyler Sammy
Nikkie Stinchcombe
James Tuer
Adam Winnik

How the Earth works (as seen from space) - All parts

How the Earth works
Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
Earth System 1. Hurricanes
Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
Earth System 6. Wild Fires
Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
Earth System 8. The Human Race

Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.


Video put together for the MSc in Environmental Technology at Imperial College London

Introduction to Earth Science

This HD dramatic video choreographed to powerful music introduces the viewer/student to the wonder of Earth Science. It is designed as a motivational trailer to be shown in classrooms by Earth Science and Physical Science teachers in middle, high school and college as a visual Introduction to the beauty and complexity of the planet Earth.

Music is Imperatrix Mundi by Jo Blankenburg

Please rate this video and feel free to comment. If you like it, please help me spread the word by posting links on your media websites. The more students who can enjoy these dramatic videos, the better!

To view all of my videos in Biology, Earth Science, Astronomy, Chemistry and Physics, subscribe to my channel at: I will be releasing new videos periodically.

I wish to thank all the quality video and music producers whose postings enabled me to assemble this video for educational use. To best enjoy this video, turn up your speakers. The music is very powerful and dramatic!

I can customize this video to add your name or school name at the end credits, for a very modest fee. If interested, email me at fsgregs@comcast.net

Until recently, you were able to download my videos for free from my other video storage site (vimeo.com). Recently, however, they began charging a significant membership fee to enable that feature, so I regret that downloading from there is no longer available. However, you can search for and obtain free download addons for your browser that will allow you to download my videos from either YouTube or Vimeo.

Four Spheres Part 1 (Geo and Bio): Crash Course Kids #6.1

In this episode of Crash Course Kids, Sabrina talks about two of the four spheres that make up our planet; The Geosphere and the Biosphere. What's in these spheres? How do they affect us? How do they fit into the puzzle that is Earth? All is contained within!

This first series is based on 5th grade science. We're super excited and hope you enjoy Crash Course Kids!

///Standards Used in This Video///
5-ESS2-1. Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. [Clarification Statement: Examples could include the influence of the ocean on ecosystems, landform shape, and climate; the influence of the atmosphere on landforms and ecosystems through weather and climate; and the influence of mountain ranges on winds and clouds in the atmosphere. The geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere are each a system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to the interactions of two systems at a time.]

Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
Crash Course Main Channel:
Facebook -
Twitter -
Tumblr -

Credits...

Executive Producers: John & Hank Green
Producer & Editor: Nicholas Jenkins
Cinematographer & Director: Michael Aranda
Host: Sabrina Cruz
Script Supervisor: Mickie Halpern
Writer: Ben Kessler
Consultant: Shelby Alinsky
Script Editor: Blake de Pastino

Thought Cafe Team:
Stephanie Bailis
Cody Brown
Suzanna Brusikiewicz
Jonathan Corbiere
Nick Counter
Kelsey Heinrichs
Jack Kenedy
Corey MacDonald
Tyler Sammy
Nikkie Stinchcombe
James Tuer
Adam Winnik
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What is Earth Science?

A quick look at the field of Earth Science, including the three main areas of study including astronomy, meteorology, and geology.

Earth 101 | National Geographic

Earth is the only planet known to maintain life. Find out the origins of our home planet and some of the key ingredients that help make this blue speck in space a unique global ecosystem.
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Earth 101 | National Geographic


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Physical Science 9.2a - The Earth Moon Sun System

The Earth Moon Sun System. The orbit of the moon around the earth, the orbit of the earth around the sun, and a discussion of the relative sizes and distances. From the Physical Science course by Derek Owens.

Earth System 1. Hurricanes

How the Earth works
Earth System 0. Earth from Space (Intro)
Earth System 1. Hurricanes
Earth System 2. Vapour in the Atmosphere
Earth System 3. Antarctica: the Polar Jet & the Antarctic Brine
Earth System 4. The Molten Rock
Earth System 5. Phytoplankton: the Sahara & the Amazon
Earth System 6. Wild Fires
Earth System 7. The power of the Sun
Earth System 8. The Human Race

Satellites enable us to provide consistent, long-term observations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Monitoring the Earth from space helps us understand how the Earth works and affects much of our daily lives. Monitoring conditions in space and solar flares from the sun help us understand how conditions in space affect the Earth.

Science - Solar system and its planets with animation - Hindi

The video teaches about solar system and its planets. It describes about different planets and explains about movement of earth.
It starts with a nice short animated story -- Live and Let Live, which can help you to know the solar system closely, watch:

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Cbse 4th CBSE SCIENCE I The Solar System | NCERT | CBSE Syllabus | Animated Video

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The Solar System | Class 4th CBSE SCIENCE | NCERT | CBSE Syllabus | Animated Video

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Earth Science Systems

After viewing this video, the viewer should be familiar with the interaction of the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere, and how events in one effect the others.

NASA | Earth Science Week | The Future of the Earth System

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Goddard's Dr. Sushel Unninayar discusses the future of earth systems and in particular the potential human health implications associated with global warming.



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Real World: Earth System Science

This NASA video segment introduces Earth System Science. Examples are provided that explain how systems are created by parts interconnecting with other parts to make a whole. Color animation and examples of systems model how they work. The use of graphs, charts, and drawings to communicate thinking is emphasized in this segment.

ESS2A - Earth Materials and Systems

In this video Paul Andersen describes the four major spheres on planet Earth. The geosphere makes up the mass of the planet and includes the major landforms. The hydrosphere is all of the water and the atmosphere is all of the gases. The biosphere exists where the others spheres interface. A K-12 teaching progression is also included.

Intro Music Atribution
Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav
Artist: CosmicD
Link to sound:
Creative Commons Atribution License

All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing:
File:Broccoli-tree.svg, n.d.
File:Clouds over the Atlantic Ocean.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Convection-snapshot.gif. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Diorite.jpg, n.d.
File:Earth Poster.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Endeavour Silhouette STS-130.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, May 9, 2013.
File:Iceberg with Hole Near Sanderson Hope 2007-07-28 2.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, April 13, 2013.
File:Loboc River.png. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Meteoritenfund Auf Wüstenpflaster.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Pangaea Continents.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Pinatubo Ash Plume 910612.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Rockcycle.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Seawifs Global Biosphere.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 3, 2013.
File:Shipot.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
File:Siltstone1.jpg, n.d.
File:The Earth Seen from Apollo 17.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 3, 2013.
File:Top of Atmosphere.jpg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, June 2, 2013.
File:Vostok Petit Data.svg. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Accessed June 3, 2013.
Offiikart. English: Recycle Logo, June 8, 2011. Own work.

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