What is Earth Science?
A quick look at the field of Earth Science, including the three main areas of study including astronomy, meteorology, and geology.
Hey there! My name is Mike Sammartano. I'm an educator, instructional designer, and technologist. I spent 15 years teaching astronomy, oceanography, geology, environmental science and meteorology to students in middle and high school. On my channel, you will mostly find videos which explore these topics, along with a handful of instructional technology tutorials. Thanks for watching, and please feel free to connect with me with any suggestions for new videos, comments, or just to say hi!
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Earth Science: Lecture 1 - Introduction to Earth Science
Additional videos to watch before Lecture 2:
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7) You are here video:
This is the first video I have recorded in quite some time. I apologize for the excess uhm and uhh sounds. Those should be worked out in time!
Earth Science: Crash Course History of Science #20
It's Earth Science time!!!! In this field, natural philosophers were asking questions like, what’s up with fossils? Are they the remains of extinct organisms? Or are they so-called “sports of nature”—rocks that just happen to look like living things but don’t /mean/ anything? And most importantly, how old is… everything?
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[Why series] Earth Science Episode 2 - Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Plate Boundaries
[Why series] Earth Science Episode 2
Volcanoes, Earthquakes, and Plate Boundaries
The Earth’s crust is located below the ground on which we live. Deeper still within the Earth, awesome powers are at work. Just think: the ground on which we live is alive and moving. And the forces that move the ground we live on are the forces behind volcanoes and earthquakes. Today we will be examining natural phenomena created by forces below the crust: volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
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10 Mysterious Places On Earth Scientists Are Still Trying To Understand
The most mysterious and strange places on Earth are sometimes hard to understand even by scientists. A lot of things about the world aren't well known but there are still some theories going around.
The tools needed to solve some of life's biggest mysteries are relatively new, and it's going to take scientists some time to comb through all of the mysteries. When it comes to the inexplicably strange and surreal places out there, they can sometimes leave us feeling like there's no logical answer as to why they exist.
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10 Unbelievable Things Found Deep In The Woods
10 Companies Who Made 1 Huge Mistake Which Infuriated Everyone!
Back to these mysterious places. Take the Namibian Fairy Circles as an example. Located in Africa's Namib Desert, these circles vary vastly in diameter, but they also span an area of over 1,000 miles.
While locals believe them to be the footprints of gods who once walked across the desert, scientists have been trying to make sense of them for decades. One theory involves sand termites, but experts can't seem to agree on that being the cause.
Then there's the confusion surrounding the Naga Fireballs. This name was given to the tiny orbs of fire that seem to lift out of the Mekong River in Thailand every October and May. People are so fascinated by this phenomenon that there's an entire festival dedicated to their ascension.
If you want to learn more about the places that are baffling experts everywhere, check out this video!
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9 Incredible Science Facts You Probably Didn't Learn At School
Common scientific facts you won't believe are real
How well did you perform at school? Were you among the best students or in the outsiders team? It doesn't really matter, because they probably didn't teach these science facts at school. Be ready to be amazed!
01:49 How deep is the sea?
03:29 The journey at the speed of light
04:17 How high can we build?
06:38 What organism lives the longest?
08:38 Five places on Earth you should avoid
09:33 Marie Sklodowska Curie
Breathtaking journey to the centre of the Earth
- 20 m - The roots of a camel thorn
- 40 m - The deepest pool in the world
- 60 m - Ancient underground cities
- 105 m - The deepest underground station in the world. By the way, do you know where it is located? Leave your answer in the comments down below!
- 1370 m - Permafrost in Yakutia
- 1642 m - The depth of lake Baikal
- 4500 m - Tautona gold mine
- 6700 m - Fossilized algae
- 12262 m - The deepest well in the world
- 70000 m - The end of the Earth's crust
- 6 381 000 m - The distance to the Earth's core
What organism lives the longest?
Do you know the answer to this question? Leave it in the comment section below. And no, it is not a turtle :)
- Mayfly only lives for a day
- Flies live for approximately 17 days
- Honey bees live for 4 weeks
- Bed bugs (oh these creatures!) live for 6 months
- Octopus lives for 3 years
- Rabbits live for 12 years
- Lions can live up to 20 years old
- Rhinoceros live for 40 years
- Elephants live for 80 years (average human life)
- Japanese spider-crab lives for 100 years
- Bowhead whale lives for 200 years
- Torriropsis Nutricula jellyfish is the only thing on Earth that lives forever!
The explosion of Supernova
According to the leading scientists, two stars will collide in the constellation cygnus. As a result, a supernova will occur, and a huge amount of energy will be ejected into space. It will be brighter that the light from a majority of stars in the galaxy. The consequences will be visible to the naked eye from the earth's surface. It will take place in 2022.
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Solar System 101 | National Geographic
How many planets are in the solar system? How did it form in the Milky Way galaxy? Learn facts about the solar system’s genesis, plus its planets, moons, and asteroids.
#NationalGeographic #SolarSystem #Educational
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National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible.
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Solar System 101 | National Geographic
Everything You Need to Know About Planet Earth
Planet Earth is this solid thing you are standing on right now. In your everyday life you don't really waste a thought about how amazing this is. A giant, ancient, hot rock. How did it come into existence and how big is it really? You will be surprised. The ground you are standing on is just a very, very small part of the big picture.
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Everything You Need to Know About Planet Earth
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100 Greatest discoveries Earth science
The History of Earth - How Our Planet Formed - Full Documentary HD
In the very beginning of earth's history, this planet was a giant, red hot, roiling, boiling sea of molten rock - a magma ocean. The heat had been generated by the repeated high speed collisions of much smaller bodies of space rocks that continually clumped together as they collided to form this planet. As the collisions tapered off the earth began to cool, forming a thin crust on its surface. As the cooling continued, water vapor began to escape and condense in the earth's early atmosphere. Clouds formed and storms raged, raining more and more water down on the primitive earth, cooling the surface further until it was flooded with water, forming the seas.
It is theorized that the true age of the earth is about 4.6 billion years old, formed at about the same time as the rest of our solar system. The oldest rocks geologists have been able to find are 3.9 billion years old. Using radiometric dating methods to determine the age of rocks means scientists have to rely on when the rock was initially formed (as in - when its internal minerals first cooled). In the infancy of our home planet the entire earth was molten rock - a magma ocean.
Since we can only measure as far back in time as we had solid rock on this planet, we are limited in how we can measure the real age of the earth. Due to the forces of plate tectonics, our planet is also a very dynamic one; new mountains forming, old ones wearing down, volcanoes melting and reshaping new crust. The continual changing and reshaping of the earth's surface that involves the melting down and reconstructing of old rock has pretty much eliminated most of the original rocks that came with earth when it was newly formed. So the age is a theoretical age.
When Did Life on Earth Begin?
Scientists are still trying to unravel one of the greatest mysteries of earth: When did life first appear and how did it happen? It is estimated that the first life forms on earth were primitive, one-celled creatures that appeared about 3 billion years ago. That's pretty much all there was for about the next two billion years. Then suddenly those single celled organisms began to evolve into multicellular organisms. Then an unprecedented profusion of life in incredibly complex forms began to fill the oceans. Some crawled from the seas and took residence on land, perhaps to escape predators in the ocean. A cascading chain of new and increasingly differentiated forms of life appeared all over the planet, only to be virtually annihilated by an unexplained mass extinction. It would be the first of several mass extinctions in Earth's history.
Scientists have been looking increasingly to space to explain these mass extinctions that have been happening almost like clockwork since the beginning of living time. Perhaps we've been getting periodically belted by more space rocks (ie. asteroids), or the collision of neutron stars happening too close for comfort? Each time a mass extinction occurred, life found a way to come back from the brink. Life has tenaciously clung to this small blue planet for the last three billion years. Scientists are finding new cues as to how life first began on earth in some really interesting places - the deep ocean.
Earth Science for Kids - Solar System, Weather, Fossils, Volcanoes & More
Earth Science for Kids is the fun way to learn important facts about earth science and prepare for tests. Take a fascinating journey to the Super Science Station to learn about the Solar System, weather and the water cycle, types of rocks, properties of minerals, volcanoes and plate tectonics, and renewable energy. For gifted preschool learners to kids in junior high, all ages will enjoy this learning adventure. Clear explanations and humor make this video perfect for the classroom and home. Created along with teachers to meet state testing standards.
Click below to jump to any part of the program:
00:05 Introduction to Earth Science
01:18 The Solar System
08:37 Weather and the Water Cycle
13:22 Sedimentary Rocks
15:40 Igneous & Metamorphic Rocks
18:35 The Pet Rocks Song
26:50 Plate Tectonics
29:36 Weather & Erosion
35:16 Energy & Resources
41:18 Practice Test Download
41:57 Question 1 - Planets
42:53 Question 2 - Solar System
43:27 Question 3 - Day & Night
45:00 Question 4 - Water Cycle
45:39 Question 5 - Air Currents
47:01 Question 6 - Rock Layers
47:44 Question 7 - Fossils
48:50 Question 8 - Mohs Hardness Scale
50:21 Question 9 - Forming Mountains
51:18 Question 10 - Plate Movement
52:00 Question 11 - Moving Water
52:56 Question 12 - Arch Shaping
54:11 Question 13 - Resource Types
55:13 Question 14 - Water Conservation
56:21 Question 15 - Energy Conservation
Earth Sciences at Cambridge
#earthsciences #resultsday #naturalsciences
A brief look at the Earth Sciences course, part of the Natural Sciences Tripos at the University of Cambridge. How to apply:
UPCAT & DOST Examination Reviewer (EARTH SCIENCE)
UPCAT and DOST Examination Reviewer for Earth Science
Both of this examination are time pressured so limited time is provided to answer every question.
Common Questions were gathered with some reference from the K-12 Earth Science Module:
a. The Universe and the Solar System
b. Earth System
c. Minerals and Rocks
EARTH SCIENCE QUESTIONS
1. Which is not a characteristic of a mineral?
a. Naturally occurring
c. Definite chemical composition
2. What is the source of igneous rocks?
a. Surface deposits of fine materials
b. Crystallization from molten magma
c. Pressure from the lithosphere
d. Application of both heat and pressure
3. It is the property of some minerals to break along parallel repetitive planes of weakness to form smooth surfaces.
4. What is the most abundant element on the Earth’s crust?
5 Which of the following mineral is the hardest?
6. This type of rock have layered appearance that is produced by exposure to heat and pressure.
7. It is the layer of the atmosphere that where absorption of dangerous UV radiation takes place.
8. It is the layer of the atmosphere that where most meteors burn up.
9. A boundary between outer core and inner core.
b. Gutenberg Discontinuity
d. None of the above
10. What kind of cloud occur in broad layers and often cover the whole sky?
11. Which of the following describes bathypelagic zone in the ocean?
a. No presence of light
b. Enough sunlight to support photosynthesis
c. Extends as far as 3000 feet below
d. Weak water pressure
12. Which of the following is not true?
a. Earth rotate prograde
b. All planets are located at regular intervals from the Sun
c. Inner terrestrial planets have thin or no atmosphere
d. Jovian planets rotate slower because they are larger in size
13. What explains the accelerating expansion of the universe?
a. Existence of dark energy
b. Existence of dark matter
c. Existence of baryonic matter
d. Existence of anti-particle
14. What would happen if a star with the same size of the Sun dies?
a. It explodes into a black hole
b. It would become a red supergiant
c. It would undergo a planetary nebula phase.
d. All of its density would be concentrated resulting to the creation of neutron star
15. What element is produced when hydrogen atoms are fused through thermonuclear reactions?
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Introduction to Earth Science
This HD dramatic video choreographed to powerful music introduces the viewer/student to the wonder of Earth Science. It is designed as a motivational trailer to be shown in classrooms by Earth Science and Physical Science teachers in middle, high school and college as a visual Introduction to the beauty and complexity of the planet Earth.
Music is Imperatrix Mundi by Jo Blankenburg
Please rate this video and feel free to comment. If you like it, please help me spread the word by posting links on your media websites. The more students who can enjoy these dramatic videos, the better!
To view all of my videos in Biology, Earth Science, Astronomy, Chemistry and Physics, subscribe to my channel at: I will be releasing new videos periodically.
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Until recently, you were able to download my videos for free from my other video storage site (vimeo.com). Recently, however, they began charging a significant membership fee to enable that feature, so I regret that downloading from there is no longer available. However, you can search for and obtain free download addons for your browser that will allow you to download my videos from either YouTube or Vimeo.
Structure Of The Earth | The Dr. Binocs Show | Educational Videos For Kids
Learn about the Structure Of The Earth with Dr. Binocs.
Hey kids! Did you know that our planet Earth is made up of three distinct layers? And that each of these layers have their own distinct properties? Join Dr. Binocs as he takes you through the journey inside the Earth and explains about the structure of the Earth.
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Layers of the Earth | #aumsum
Layers of Earth.
Many years ago, when Earth was formed, it was very hot.
Rains and thunderstorms cooled the outer portion and different life forms started originating on the earth.
The outer cool layer on which we live is called Crust.
Earth's crust is covered with landforms, air and water.
After crust, the next layer is Mantle.
Mantle is the layer below the crust. Mantle is very hot. Mantle consists of rocks in molten form.
The Core is located just below the Mantle.
Core is divided into two parts, outer core and inner core.
The outer core is in liquid state.
The inner core is in solid state.
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Naked Science - Birth of the Earth
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How did the Earth evolve to support life.
Our planet now supports a huge diversity of living creatures requiring very special conditions, but what was the series of events that brought this unique set of conditions together? What did it take to make a world that would support human life? Naked Science takes an imaginary ‘human’ time traveller on a journey back to the moment of formation of our solar system. We meet the scientists who are carrying out their own detective work, uncovering the clues around the world today into what our planet was like 4 and a half billion years ago.
Our journey begins with the astonishing story of how a giant cloud of interstellar dust and gas collapsed to form the sun and planets. We discover that the intense heat of the early Earth created a molten iron core. This generated a magnetic shield around our planet that protects us, to this day, from the sun’s deadliest particles.
Many of the features we take for granted on our living planet were forged in the most violent event in our planet’s history. Early in its life, the Earth collided with another planet. Planetary Scientist Robin Canup has modelled the impact using supercomputers. She reveals that the resulting fireball was so energetic it melted the Earth and created the moon. This dramatic impact gave us our tides and seasons.
We wouldn’t have life today without water. But where our water came from is a mystery that has long puzzled scientists. At a NASA research laboratory, Michael Zolensky studies a recently discovered meteorite that supports the view that water came from space.
For the first half of its history the Earth had an atmosphere of methane and carbon dioxide we would find impossible to breathe. One clue as to how the earth acquired its oxygen can be found in Australia. Shark Bay in Western Australia is home to strange bacterial mounds called stromatolites. The bacteria in these objects are pumping out oxygen. A few hundred miles away geologist Martin Van Kranendonk shows us a fossil stromatolite, the world’s oldest fossil. The evidence suggests that these strange objects are responsible for creating the air we breathe.
Earth Science: Lecture 11 - Volcanoes
Explosive eruption video: bit.ly/2Ehky2B
aa lava flow video: bit.ly/2IkSRtt
cinder cone video: bit.ly/2SHtfMj
volcano types video: bit.ly/2IlScIl
pyroclastic flow video: bit.ly/2gue9V2
Stephen Hawking’s 7 Predictions of Earth’s Demise in the Next 200 Years
What will happen to our planet in the next 200 years? The most famous scientist since Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, who has made profound and inspiring discoveries, predicted an extremely dark and pessimistic future to the Earth and its inhabitants. Here are some of Hawking’s most terrifying predictions on how and when our world will meet its demise.
Since scientists started toying with genetically engineered viruses to treat human illnesses, they’ve also discovered other possible uses for them. Nowadays, pharmacists are even combining several deadly viruses into a single shot and doing some weird stuff with DNA mixing.
Hawking was a firm believer in extraterrestrial life, and he was convinced that they will eventually invade our planet. And no, unfortunately, they probably won’t come in peace. In his final work, A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation, completed just two weeks before he died, Hawking predicted that our universe will eventually fade into darkness as all the stars run out of energy.
Although Hawking's life basically depended on artificial intelligence, he didn't trust it at all. He once said that it might just be “the worst invention in the history of our civilization” because it’ll probably replace humans altogether.
Hawking added that global warming will make the conditions on Earth similar to those on Venus. To save ourselves from problems like overpopulation (and the scarcity of resources that comes with it), pandemics, and pollution, we have to discover new worlds and become a multi-planetary species.
Diamond Ortiz - Crock Pot
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Francis Preve- Stranger Danger
Genetically modified vaccines will backfire on us. 1:04
Aliens will invade our planet. 2:36
The Universe will come to an end. 3:52
Robots will replace humans. 4:21
Nuclear weapons will destroy humanity. 5:32
We'll need to find another planet to live on. 6:03
The Earth will combust into a ball of fire. 9:17
-We still don't fully understand the long-term damage genetically engineered vaccine concoctions might have.
-Chances are that cosmic beings will find our floating rock in space and they’ll most likely want to either destroy us or study us like lab rats.
-Hawking predicted that our universe will eventually fade into darkness as all the stars run out of energy.
-The scientist believed that artificial intelligence could eventually outsmart and outperform humans or, worse, decide to get rid of us.
-The development of militarized technology and weapons of mass destruction could lead us to disastrous consequences, which would mean the end of our world.
-According to Hawking, we have to find another planet to live on within the next 100 years. Otherwise, we’ll die out as a species because Earth has already reached “the point of no return”.
-Global warming will make the conditions on Earth similar to those on Venus. The average temperature will be about 480°F. Our planet will burst into flames in less than 600 years.
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Planets of Our Solar System | All about Sun, Moon, Stars & Constellations | Science by Periwinkle
Our Solar System
The sun is a huge ball of hot, glowing gases.
Its the only star in our solar system.
The hottest part of the sun is its center or the core.
Lets learn about our Solar System, The Sun, Moon, Stars & Constellations in this video.
2:13 Planets of Solar System
6:04 Man Made Satellites
7:02 Phases of the Moon
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