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Here's What It Took to Put Humans on the Moon | Compilation

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Here's What It Took to Put Humans on the Moon | Compilation

2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing and we're doing something big. On Wednesday, July 17th, SciShow is launching its first-ever documentary episode!
To freshen up your Apollo knowledge, here is a good dive into the science and engineering that put people on the moon.

Hosts: Hank Green, Caitlin Hofmeister, Reid Reimers

Project Mercury: The First Americans in Space


Wernher von Braun: From Nazis to NASA


Knitting to the Moon!


What We Learned from the Apollo 1 Fire


4 Important Lessons from the Apollo 11 Moon Landing



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Restored Apollo 11 Moonwalk - Original NASA EVA Mission Video - Walking on the Moon

Original Mission Video as aired in July 1969 depicting the Apollo 11 astronauts conducting several tasks during extravehicular activity (EVA) operations on the surface of the moon. The EVA lasted approximately 2.5 hours with all scientific activities being completed satisfactorily. The Apollo 11 (EVA) began at 10:39:33 p.m. EDT on July 20, 1969 when Astronaut Neil Armstrong emerged from the spacecraft first. While descending, he released the Modularized Equipment Stowage Assembly on the Lunar Module's descent stage. A camera on this module provided live television coverage of man's first step on the Moon. On this, their one and only EVA, the astronauts had a great deal to do in a short time. During this first visit to the Moon, the astronauts remained within about 100 meters of the lunar module, collected about 47 pounds of samples, and deployed four experiments. After spending approximately 2 hours and 31 minutes on the surface, the astronauts ended the EVA at 1:11:13 a.m. EDT on July 21.
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Why Astronauts Were Almost Trapped On The Moon Forever (Apollo 11 Landing)

The Apollo 11 mission to the moon is one of the most intense stories of survival. The whole trip was nearly a disaster, and somehow the astronauts managed to make their way back to earth and not get trapped on the moon or die in space! Watch here to see how they made it out alive!

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How the Sun and Moon Can Influence the Human System | Sadhguru

Sadhguru looks at how the human system can be influenced by the solar and lunar cycles. He speaks of how once a person lives through 1008 lunar cycles, an individual's bond with the planet is largely broken, and with very little assistance, such an individual can go beyond the cycles of birth and death.

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Transcript:

Sadhguru: Oh. How they affect the system and what are the different ways it’s impacting us… you go into the detail, it’ll take too long - we’re already late for dinner. So (Laughs), the very process of our birth is connected to these cycles. You know that clearly the feminine cycles and our birth is very directly connected. Apart from that, this twelve-and-a-quarter, somewhere between eleven-and-three-fourths to twelve-and-a-quarter is one solar cycle - it varies a little bit. If you complete seven cycles of the solar system… If you complete seven solar cycles, you will complete one-thousand-and-eight lunar cycles. That is, if you live for eighty-four years and three months, you would have completed seven solar cycles and one-thousand-and-eight lunar cycles. If you just manage to live that long… (Laughs) I may be encouraging (a) lot of rubbish now. (Laughter)

If you just manage to live to complete seven solar cycles and one-thousand-and-eight lunar cycles, then you can break a certain bond with the earth. Your bond with the planet is broken largely. And very easily, with very little assistance, even if you know nothing about anything, with very little assistance, you can go beyond the cycles of birth and death. Because your bond with the planet and the material of the planet, the memory of which you carry within you and the memory of you - the material also carries; you will break that bond. Once this bond is broken, then the work that needs to be done is very simple. When people say the salt of the earth, it has more meaning than most people understand. You are the salt of the earth. This whole body is just a small blob which has just popped out of this planet - everything you know as myself today. I know you talked about soul and everything. That’s all… Because you came from North India, right. Yes?

Time 68:38

In Southern India, we’ve beaten that thing out of people. (Laughter) We’ve been working on them for last thirty years and we’ve… nobody utters the word “soul” anymore - at least in front of me. (Laughter) So (Laughs), what you call as myself right now is just a little blob of earth which just splashes out and falls back and this keeps happening because there is a bond between the planet and you. The energies that you refer to as myself and the material which has become the manifestation of yourself, these two things have gotten linked. It’s a very deep… It’s a very profound relationship. But if you complete seven cycles of the sun and… Not ‘and,’ along with that you complete one-thousand-and-eight lunar cycles, then your bond with the planet is largely broken. From there on, it becomes very simple. With a very small push, it could be done.

So, if you have not done anything right, all you have to do is torment the world with eighty-four years of you (Few Laugh) and… Because ultimately it’s only the result that matters. It once happened. A priest from Alabama died. Anybody from Alabama? I can change the state if there is somebody here. (Laughter) He died and went to the Pearly Gates. Saint Peter was interviewing people, checking their documents and their records, and letting them in or sending them out was happening. Right in front of the priest was a man with a yellow shirt, black dots - black polka dots on a yellow shirt, a leather jacket and skin-tight pants, cigarette dangling from his lips (Pauses) and coolers. (Gestures) So when his turn came, Saint Peter asked him, “Who are you?” He said, “I’m a taxi driver from Vegas.” Then very carefully Peter checked his records and he said, “Welcome,” and he asked one of the angels to come, give him a silken robe and a golden stick to assist him and angels escorted him and took him away.

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Astronauts left poop on the moon. We should go get it.

What astronaut diapers can teach us about the origins of life.
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Astronauts landed on the moon for the first time 50 years ago, and they left a bunch of stuff up there — including their poop. Scientists want to know: Is there anything alive in there?

Our poop is over 50 percent bacteria, and we don’t know if any of that bacteria can survive in the moon’s inhospitable environment. But if we go back to check it out, that poop could answer some big scientific questions — including how life started in the broader universe.

Brian’s full article on moon poop:

Here’s a full list of all the stuff astronauts have left on the moon:

A 2016 paper detailing the bacteria in our poop:

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Let's get humans back on the moon

What does the future hold for the moon, Earth's closest cosmic neighbor? CNET's science editor Jackson Ryan launches into the coming decades in lunar exploration, from putting the first woman on the moon to our first lunar bases and our journey onward, to Mars.

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We Are Going

We are going to the Moon, to stay, by 2024. And this is how.

Special thanks to William Shatner for lending his voice to this project.

About NASA's Moon to Mars plans:

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Can I See The Stuff Astronauts Left On The Moon?

Astronauts left over a hundred items on the moon's surface. But are today's telescopes powerful enough to see what's there?

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10 Unusual Things Humans Have Left On The Moon

Here are 10 unusual things humans have left on the moon.

When people travel they often pick up souvenirs to take home with them, but in the case of astronauts journeying to the moon it’s the leaving of items that’s become the norm.

Here are 10 of the more unusual objects that stayed behind.

Number 10. Goodwill messages. Located close to the boot print from the Apollo 11 mission  is a silver dollar sized disc containing messages from over 70 nations. The disc left behind was created long before the age of compact digital storage, so making all the words fit required the use of letters thinner than a strand of human hair. 

Number 9. Gold Olive branch. The tree’s bough has long been a symbol of peace, and leaving a gold replica of one behind was intended as a wish for harmony among all mankind. Neil Armstrong placed it on the lunar surface in 1969. 

Number 8. Golf balls. In his final moments on the moon, Alan Shepard outfitted a soil-sample taking device with a golf club head and knocked two balls miles into the distance. Some have criticized his swing, but defenders of the astronaut point out that space suits are bulky and hard to move around in. 

Number 7. Family photo. For over 40 years, a picture of Charles Duke with his wife and children has been sitting on the moon. It’s covered in plastic and inscribed with the words, “this is the family of astronaut Duke from planet Earth. Landed on the moon, April 1972”. 

Number 6. Alumni Association charter. Thanks to Apollo 15’s crew, the University of Michigan Alumni Association has an official outpost on the moon. All three of the men graduated from the institution, and when they went to space they brought along – and left - a document that makes the satellite a legit chapter locale.

Number 5. Falcon feather. Galileo theorized that in the absence of gravity objects of differing mass would fall at like rates. That idea was tested out on the moon using a falcon feather and a hammer, and it turned out that Galileo was right. The feather, which came from the Air Force Academy’s mascot, did not make it back to Earth. 

Number 4. Oregon lava. Per request, a sliver of rock from the Pacific Northwest was given a new, lunar home. When a friend of astronaut Jim Irwin asked if he’d mind taking the solidified lava to the moon, Irwin was happy to comply. 



Number 3. Human waste. Getting to the moon isn’t the only tricky part of space travel. Returning home is a difficult task as well, and to make sure all goes well, a lot of excess weight has to be removed from the craft before the journey can begin. Among the commonly abandoned items is human waste. 
What do you think is the most unique item left on the moon’s surface? Number 2. Boots. Special ones are needed for wandering around on the moon, and once that’s done, the footwear just isn’t needed anymore. Thus, they’re abandoned to compensate for the extra weight of all of the rocks and samples being carried back.

Number 1. Flags. The US has left 6 of them there, and over the decades they’ve been subjected to days of endless sunshine, freezing temperatures, sweltering heat, and ultraviolet rays. Surprisingly, it appears that most have survived the harsh conditions.

Moon Landing: Historic recovery of Apollo 11 astronauts

The crew of the USS Hornet had just finished a tour of duty destroying mines in Vietnam and when it got the call in early June of 1969.

It was a totally different assignment that would put them face to face with history -- the recovery of the Apollo 11 astronauts once they returned from their mission to the moon.

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Why Russia Did Not Put a Man on the Moon - The Secret Soviet Moon Rocket

It’s probably the most well known peacetime battle between the USA and the Soviet Union, in both technological and ideological terms of the 20th century.

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Although the USA won the race to the moon, if you’d been a betting person from the mid 1950’s to 1960’s, the chances are that you would have thought the Soviet Union had a very good chance of getting there first.

So why didn’t Russia put a man on the moon?

At the time the soviets were leading the space race, they had already started with the launch of Sputnik, then launched several probes to the moon, including one in 1959 that orbited and taken photos of the far side and By 1961 they were the first to put a man in to space.

So when Kennedy made his now famous “We choose to go to the moon” speech in 1962 to rally public support, Khrushchev’s response was silence, neither confirming nor denying that they had a plan for a manned moon mission.

But at the time Khrushchev wasn’t really interested in competing with the US over the moon, he was more interested ICBM’s the Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles for the strategic rocket forces.
But there were others that had harboured plans for manned mission for a long time, these included the man whose name was a state secret and the most powerful man outside the Kremlin when it came to space.

He was Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, outside the inner circle of the top space scientists he was known only as the “Chief Designer” or by his first 2 initials SP, because the Soviet leadership feared that the western powers would send agents to assassinate him........


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We Are NASA

We’ve taken giant leaps and left our mark in the heavens. Now we’re building the next chapter, returning to the Moon to stay, and preparing to go beyond. We are NASA – and after 60 years, we’re just getting started. Special thanks to Mike Rowe for the voiceover work.

This video is available for download from NASA's Image and Video Library:
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NASA Aims to Land Astronauts Back on Moon in 5 Years

On behalf of the President, Vice President Mike Pence directed NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine to accelerate the agency’s lunar exploration plans during a National Space Council meeting held at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama, March 26. Administrator Bridenstine said NASA accepts the challenge to land humans on the Moon in 2024. For more information, visit:

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Amending the Budget to Support Humans on the Moon in 2024 on This Week @NASA – May 17, 2019

Amending the budget to support humans on the Moon in 2024, what may be causing possible Moonquakes, and a virtual flight over an area of scientific interest on Mars … a few of the stories to tell you about – This Week at NASA!

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Why Astronauts left a reflector on the Moon! (ft. MinutePhysics) - Smarter Every Day 73

There's poop on the moon? MinutePhysics Explains!
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How Did Apollo Astronauts Learn to Land on the Moon?

Landing on the Moon demanded astronauts learn a completely unique set of skills, skills they practiced and perfected in the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle.

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Discussing our Accelerated Return of Humans to the Moon on This Week @NASA – April 5, 2019

Accelerating a human return to the Moon, wrapping up testing of our Space Launch System rocket engines, and Curiosity captures eclipses on Mars … a few of the stories to tell you about – This Week at NASA!

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The Crazy Things Astronauts Did to Survive the First Moon Landing | Apollo

NASA’s first astronauts were pushed to dangerous and deadly extremes while training to survive on the Moon.

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Apollo 11's Scariest Moments: Perils of the 1st Manned Moon Landing

“Most people knew that going to the moon was risky. Some outside of Mission Control, listening to the tense communication between the astronauts and Houston, understood what some of the urgency meant. But few, very few, knew the scope of the dangers that the crew faced. These were no longer theoretical; they were being played out in space at that very moment.”

50 Years Ago: Armstrong Survives Training Crash

“One of the most difficult tasks to accomplish President John F. Kennedy’s goal of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth was the actual lunar landing. Astronauts used several tools to train for the landing, and possibly the most critical was the LLRV and its successor the Lunar Landing Training Vehicle (LLTV).”

Vomit Comet: Training Flights for Astronauts

“In 1957, astronauts began training on planes that simulate weightlessness by making roller-coaster-like maneuvers in the air. The simulation makes some passengers nauseous, which inspired the nickname Vomit Comet.””
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The path to the moon traced a dangerous line of risk and reward. In a race against time, the Apollo Program challenged our scientific capabilities and redefined the boundaries of humanity. To celebrate NASA’s 60 years of exploration, Seeker is going back in time to relive each Apollo mission, taking viewers on a ride to an entirely new world.

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Astronauts falling on the moon

How Astronauts Put on Space Suits

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Photos of our time with the space suit here:

We've all seen NASA's white space suit that astronauts have been wearing since the Apollo missions. But what does an astronaut wear underneath that iconic suit's shell? We visit NASA to learn about all the essentials of extravehicular space wear, all the way down to the emergency diapers.

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