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History of Saudi Arabia (House of Saud)


The Saudi Royal Family Explained

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How Powerful Is Saudi Arabia?
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For the first time in over 30 years, the royal family executed one of their own for firing into a crowd. What power does the family have?

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PBS: The House of Saud

The New York Times: Saudi Arabia Executes a Prince in a Fatal Shooting

The Guardian: WikiLeaks cables: Saudi princes throw parties boasting drink, drugs and sex

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NowThis World is dedicated to bringing you topical explainers about the world around you. Each week we’ll be exploring current stories in international news, by examining the facts, providing historical context, and outlining the key players involved. We’ll also highlight powerful countries, ideologies, influential leaders, and ongoing global conflicts that are shaping the current landscape of the international community across the globe today.

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Written by: Jennie Butler
Edited by: Alex Estevez
Produced by: Cailyn Bradley, Semany Gashaw & Lauren Ellis

Saudi Arabian & Hashemite (Jordanian) Royal Family Trees

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Chart/Narration: Matt Baker
Editing: @Jack Rackam
Intro animation & maps: @Al Muqaddimah
Intro music: Lord of the Land by Kevin MacLeod and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution license 4.0. Available from

Saudi crackdown: King Salman's brother and nephew detained

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has reportedly detained high-profile members of the royal family.
That includes former crown prince Mohammed bin Nayef, as well as Prince Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the younger brother of the Saudi King.
Reports suggest that they have both been accused of treason.
Saudi guards have also arrested one of Mohammed Bin Nayef's brothers.
They are now likely under threat of life imprisonment or possible execution.
Both could have been rivals to Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman for the throne when King Salman dies.

Al Jazeera’s Jamal Elshayyal explains what these detentions mean for the kingdom and their impact on Saudi politics.
We are also joined by Khalil Jahshan, the executive director of Arab Center Washington, DC.

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#SaudiArabia #MohammedBinSalman #MohammedBinNayef

Inside Saudi Arabia's gilded prison at Riyadh Ritz-Carlton - BBC News

Dozens of prominent Saudi figures are being held at Riyadh's Ritz-Carlton hotel. Many names are still secret, but the list is said to comprise at least 11 princes. It is part of an anti-corruption drive by the young Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman.
The BBC's Lyse Doucet was the first journalist to be allowed inside the hotel. She was given access by Saudi authorities.

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Five things about Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman - BBC News

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has consolidated his hold on power with a major purge of the country's political and business leadership.
BBC News looks at this and other key moves that the heir has made since his rise to power in the ultra-conservative kingdom.

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Ceremonial Reception of Mohammed Bin Salman, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, at Rashtrapati Bhavan

President Kovind accords a Ceremonial Reception to Mohammed Bin Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia at Rashtrapati Bhavan

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Is Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince consolidating power? | Inside Story

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman has had a controversial rise to power, and he appears to be tightening his grip even further.
Media reports suggest at least 20 Princes, officials and army officers have been arrested in the Kingdom's latest purge.
They include former Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Nayef and the King's last-surviving full brother, Prince Ahmed bin Abdulaziz.
The Saudi government hasn't officially responded to reports that the princes were accused of a coup plot.
In just three years, Mohammed Bin Salman has silenced nearly all voices of dissent at home, with critics jailed, even killed.

So, what are the implications of this crackdown?

Presenter: Jonah Hull

Roxane Farmanfamaian - Lecturer on Middle East Politics at the University of Cambridge.
David Hearst - Editor in Chief of the online publication Middle East Eye
Ali Al-Ahmed - Director of the Gulf Affairs Institute and a former Saudi political prisoner.

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#AlJazeeraEnglish #SaudiArabia #MBS

Interview - H.H Prince Waleed Naser Al- Saud, President, Saudi Arabia Restaurant & Cafes Association

A game of thrones in Saudi Arabia (Who will be the next king?)

As the fictional Game of Thrones launches its third season a different game of intrigue is unfolding in Saudi Arabia. In this report we take a look at the history of the Saudi dynasty and its key pillars. We ask important questions, who will be the third in line once King Abdullah passes away? As the second generation princes, who have ruled the country for most of its 80 year history, are now few in numbers, its likely that a third generation prince will enter the game of thrones. A critical evolution in the House of Saud. This new chance will further divide the ongoing divisions rivalries in the Saudi dynasty. It will also put uncertainty on a key pillar, unity among the leadership.


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How this young prince seized power in Saudi Arabia

MBS is transforming Saudi Arabia and the Middle East.

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Mohammad bin Salman was designated as Saudi Arabia's new crown prince in June 2017. Since then, he has rapidly consolidated power and led Saudi Arabia towards some progressive reforms, such as granting women the right to drive. He also has plans to privatize certain segments of the economy, with the goal of reducing Saudi Arabia's economic dependency on oil. These changes, along with a suppression of Saudi Arabia's religious Right, could potentially begin to destabilize one of the Middle East's most powerful nations.

Listen to this episode of Worldly – Vox's weekly podcast on the most important foreign policy and national security stories in the world – for more context on MBS' shakeup: is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out

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PM Modi & Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed Bin Salman at a Joint Press Meet

PM Shri Narendra Modi & Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed Bin Salman at a Joint Press Meet in Hyderabad House, New Delhi : 20.02.2019

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Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman arrives in India

Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman arrives in New Delhi for his two-day visit to India, with his business mission under threat of being overshadowed by soaring tensions between India and Pakistan. The crown prince, who wants to persuade the world's fastest growing major economy to consume more Saudi oil, is greeted at the airport by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Mattis hosts Saudi Crown Prince at Pentagon

(16 Mar 2017) US Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis hosted and roundtable meeting at the Pentagon Thursday with Saudi Arabia's Deputy Crown Prince and Minister of Defense.
The Pentagon visit followed a White House meeting between Prince Mohammad bin Salman and President Trump on Tuesday.
In opening remarks before the meeting, Secretary Mattis said the U.S.-Saudi relationship has held firm through good times and bad over many decades. And he thanked the 31-year-old leader for his vigorous leadership and willingness to broaden and deepen Saudi Arabia's support for common efforts.
For his part, the Crown Prince said his nation is on the front line facing very serious dangers in the region and the world.
He listed Iran and extremist organizations as the top challenges Saudi Arabia faces but said his country is very optimistic under the leadership of President Trump.
During the White House meeting earlier in the week, Trump reportedly emphasized the need to normalize relations between the US and Saudi Arabia, which had soured in recent years over Saudi objections to the Iran nuclear deal, reached by the Obama administration.

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Who is Mohammed bin Salman al Saud?

He’s the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and first in line to the throne. So who is 32-year-old Mohammed bin Salman al Saud?






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Saudi Women, Unveiled

A 60 Minutes team returns from Saudi Arabia and talks about how the society is changing,
especially for women

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60 Minutes, the most successful television broadcast in history. Offering hard-hitting investigative reports, interviews, feature segments and profiles of people in the news, the broadcast began in 1968 and is still a hit, 50 seasons later, regularly making Nielsen's Top 10. 60 Minutes has won more Emmy Awards than any other primetime broadcast, including a special Lifetime Achievement Emmy. It has also won every major broadcast journalism award over its tenure, including 20 Peabody and 18 DuPont Columbia University awards for excellence in television broadcasting. Other distinguished awards won multiple times include the George Polk, RTNDA Edward R. Murrow, Investigative Reporters and Editors, RFK Journalism, Sigma Delta Chi and Gerald Loeb Awards for Distinguished Business and Financial Reporting. 60 Minutes premiered on CBS Sept. 24, 1968. Jeff Fager is the program's executive producer. The correspondents and contributors of 60 Minutes are Bill Whitaker, Steve Kroft, Lara Logan, Scott Pelley, Lesley Stahl, Anderson Cooper, Sharyn Alfonsi, Jon Wertheim, Norah O'Donnell and Oprah Winfrey. 60 Minutes airs Sundays at 7 p.m. ET/PT. Check your local listings.

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Begins Official Visit to India

Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said in New Delhi that terrorism is a common concern and his country would cooperate with India in combating terrorism and extremism.
On a visit to New Delhi, Prince Salman said Wednesday that there were potential opportunities for investment of $ 100 billion in India.
His trip to New Delhi has coincided with spiraling tensions between India and Pakistan in the wake of a terror attack that killed 40 paramilitaries in Indian Kashmir.

15 Things You Didn't Know About House Of Saud

15 Things You Didn't Know About House Of Saud | SUBSCRIBE to ALUX:
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In this video we'll try to answer the following questions:
How rich is the Al Saud Family?
How rich is the House of Saud?
Who are the richest arabs?
How did the Arabs get so rich?
Who rules Saudi Arabia?
How much Oil is in the Middle East?
What is the House Of Saud?
Who is the richest member of House Of Saud?
Where does the name Saudi Arabia come from?
Who are the richest Royals in the World?
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King Saud Meets Iraqi Prince (1957)

Unissued / Unused

Title - 'Saud meets Iraqi Prince'.

Crown Prince Abdul Illah of Iraq and King Saud of Saudi Arabia. Washington DC, United States of America (USA).

MS Blair House. Various shots Prince Regent and King Saud walking through doorway. Various shots of King Saud and Crown Prince Abdul Illah talking. CU's Arabs. Various shots of the two men.

Cataloguer's note: American commentary.
FILM ID:2854.01



British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 136,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1984. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website.

President Reagan's Meetings with King Fahd of Saudi Arabia on February 11, 1985

Full Title: State Visit of Saudi Arabia. Various cut shots of arrival ceremony on South Lawn, Photo Opportunity with King Fahd in the Oval Office, President Reagan Meeting with Saudi delegation in Cabinet Room on February 11, 1985

Creator(s): President (1981-1989 : Reagan). White House Television Office. 1/20/1981-1/20/1989 (Most Recent)
Series: Video Recordings, 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989
Collection: Records of the White House Television Office (WHTV) (Reagan Administration), 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989

Transcript: N/A

Production Date: 2/11/1985

Access Restriction(s):Unrestricted
Use Restriction(s):Unrestricted

Contact(s): Ronald Reagan Library (LP-RR), 40 Presidential Drive, Simi Valley, CA 93065-0600
Phone: 800-410-8354, Fax: 805-577-4074, Email:

National Archives Identifier:75717650

King Salman’s palace coup and the Saudi royal politics

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Just a few days ago King Salman of Saudi Arabia passed a series of royal decrees meant to smoothen the transition of power from the second-generation princes to the third-generation princes. Salman will be the last king of the second generation as he replaced his half-brother Muqrin bin Abdulaziz with Muhammad bin Nayef as Crown Prince. Furthermore, Salman’s favourite son, Muhammad bin Salman, was appointed as the new Deputy Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. These and a dozen more cabinet and governmental changes were publicly announced in the early morning hours of 29th April.

At first glance, most of the decisions make sense, as the country was bound to shift from the second generation to the third generation. However a closer look at the events reveals that underneath the reforms, King Salman had ulterior motives, including the strengthening of his own clan, the next generation of Sudairis.

In a country where change is often slow and discreet, this reshuffling of the Saudi leadership is nothing less than groundbreaking. Some might even call it revolutionary while others might call it a palace coup within the House of Saud.

Decisions Kevin MacLeod (
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0

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