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History of Saudi Arabia (House of Saud)

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The History of Saudi Arabia (House of Saud)

History of Saudi Arabia (House of Saud history) Arabian history
Saudi Arabia documentary 2017
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Saudi Arabia, Muqrin bin Abdulaziz, Alwaleed bin Talal, King Salman, Saudi royal family, house of saud, saud, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Mohammed bin Salman, MBS, Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah, Middle East news, news, 2017, Saudi coup, saudi arabia arrests 11 princes, Saudi coup
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The Saudi Royal Family Documentary | The House of Saud BBC Documentary

This Saudi Arabia History documentary is about the saudi royal family. The House of Al Saud originates to the 18th century emir, Muhammad ibn Saud, who ruled Arabian Peninsula for over 300 years.
The modern House of Saud was established in 1932, when Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud, established the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as absolute monarch. His descendants are part of the royal family line and eligible to become rulers.
King Abd al-Aziz cemented alliances by marrying a daughter of every tribal chief in his realm, producing 45 legitimate sons and having at least 22 wives.

King Saud, who had 53 sons and at least 54 daughters. The descendents of King Abd al-Aziz now number in the thousands, many of whom hold important government positions.

Before his death, King Abd al-Aziz established a line of succession: Future kings were to be chosen from among his own sons, beginning with the oldest surviving son, Saud, and followed by the second oldest, Faisal. To date, five sons have ruled: Saud (1953-1964), Faisal (1964-1975), Khalid (1975-1982), Fahd (1982-2005), and Abdullah (2005-present). Several of his other sons currently serve in the highest levels of government: Salman, Nayef and Sultan - three of the famous Sudayri Seven, a close-knit group of seven sons born to a mother from the Sudayri tribe. But most of King Abd al-Aziz's sons are now in their eighties - King Abdullah is eighty-three - and the day will soon come when a Saudi king is chosen from the third generation of the Al Saud.

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House of Saud BBC Documentary 2018| BBC2 Saudi Arabia Documentary السعودية


House of Saud BBC Documentary 2018 Episode 1| BBC2 Saudi Arabia Documentary السعودية



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The Saudi Royal Family Documentary House of Saud Al Saud Family

This documentary is about the saudi royal family, also known as al saud family. It is the royal family ruling over saudi arabia.
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15 Things You Didn't Know About House Of Saud

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In this Alux.com video we'll try to answer the following questions:
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How rich is the House of Saud?
Who are the richest arabs?
How did the Arabs get so rich?
Who rules Saudi Arabia?
How much Oil is in the Middle East?
What is the House Of Saud?
Who is the richest member of House Of Saud?
Where does the name Saudi Arabia come from?
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How rich are these people?

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Ibn Saud: The First King of Saudi Arabia | Tooky History

Abdulaziz ibn Saud was a member of the Saudi family that took refuge in Kuwait. In this video you’ll learn how Ibn Saud rose to power and unified Arabia into a single country.

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The Saudi family were rulers of the city of Riyadh before it was captured by their rivals the Rashidis. The Saudis were forced to go into exile and after changing locations, they found themselves in Kuwait. Ibn Saud was 26 when he started his journey to power.
He started raiding with his cousins in the Rashidi territory and recaptured his home city of Riyadh. It took him three decades to take control of central Arabia and become the king of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

During this time, he developed a diplomatic relationship with the Great Britain who gave him weaponry and money to defeat the Rashidis. In his unification of Arabia, Ibn Saud was also helped by the Ikhwan, a military organization that were fighting for him.

In between two world wars, oil was found and Saudi Arabia went from one of the poorest to one of the richest countries in the world almost instantly.

Ibn Saud died at the age of 78, leaving behind almost 100 children and a unified Arabic state.

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History of Saudi Arabia (Abdul Aziz Bin Saud) Al Saud

History of Saudi Arabia (Abdul Aziz Bin Saud) Al Saud

Ibn Saud - Unification of Saudi Arabia

The Al-Saud family had been in exile since 1893 following the disintegration of the Second Saudi State and the rise of Jebel Shammar under the Al Rashid clan. In 1902, Ibn Saud recaptured Riyadh, the Al Saud dynasty's former capital.
to see the map click on this time [00:00]
He went on to subdue the rest of Nejd, Al-Hasa, Jebel Shammar, Asir, and Hejaz (location of the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina) between 1913 and 1926. The resultant polity was named the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz from 1927 until it was further consolidated with Al-Hasa and Qatif into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

The unification of Saudi Arabia was a military and political campaign, by which the various tribes, sheikhdoms, and emirates of most of the Arabian Peninsula were conquered by the House of Saud, or Al Saud, between 1902 and 1932, when the modern-day Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was proclaimed. Carried out under the charismatic Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, this process created what is sometimes referred to as the Third Saudi State, to differentiate it from the first and second states that existed under the Al Saud clan.

The Treaty of Darin or the Darin Pact (1915), was between the United Kingdom and Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (Ibn Saud) ruler of Nejd, The Treaty made the lands of the House of Saud a British protectorate and attempted to define its boundaries. The British aim of the treaty was to guarantee the sovereignty of Kuwait, Qatar and the Trucial States. Abdul-Aziz agreed not to attack these British protectorates, but gave no undertaking that he would not attack the Sharif of Mecca.

The Treaty of Jeddah (1927), superseded the Treaty of Darin (1915) and was signed on May 20, 1927, between King Abdul Aziz and the United Kingdom. It recognized the sovereignty of King Abdul Aziz over what was then known as the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd; these regions were unified into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. In return, King Abdul Aziz would hold back his forces from attacking and harassing neighboring British Protectorates.

WWI Arab Revolt: Al Saud - King of Saudi Arabia - Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

The Al-Saud family had been in exile since 1893 following the disintegration of the Second Saudi State and the rise of Jebel Shammar under the Al Rashid clan. In 1902, Ibn Saud recaptured Riyadh, the Al Saud dynasty's former capital. He went on to subdue the rest of Nejd, Al-Hasa, Jebel Shammar, Asir, and Hejaz (location of the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina) between 1913 and 1926. The resultant polity was named the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz from 1927 until it was further consolidated with Al-Hasa and Qatif into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

The Treaty of Darin, or the Darin Pact, of 1915 was between the United Kingdom and Abdul-Aziz Al Saud (Ibn Saud) ruler of Nejd, The Treaty made the lands of the House of Saud a British protectorate and attempted to define its boundaries. The British aim of the treaty was to guarantee the sovereignty of Kuwait, Qatar and the Trucial States. Abdul-Aziz agreed not to attack these British protectorates, but gave no undertaking that he would not attack the Sharif of Mecca.

The Treaty of Jeddah (1927), superseded the Treaty of Darin (1915) and was signed on May 20, 1927, between King Abdul Aziz and the United Kingdom. It recognized the sovereignty of King Abdul Aziz over what was then known as the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd; these regions were unified into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. In return, King Abdul Aziz would hold back his forces from attacking and harassing neighbouring British Protectorates.

Thumbnail Image: Bedouin Tohrat Arabs of the Peninsula of Sinai
Original steel engraving by W. H. Lizars. 1846. @

How Al Saud Hijacked Hijaz with the help of British- End of Ottoman Empire- History of Saudia

Full documentary link:
Before getting into the depths of matter, it is important to analyze the political scenario, in which Al Saud were able to take the throne of Hijaz (now known as Saudia Arabia. Before Al Saud, Hijaz was part of Ottoman Empire. Other parts of Ottoman Empire Included entire Middle East (Except Iran), North Africa and the rest. In 1914, last caliph of Ottoman Empire, Sultan Abdul Hameed Khan sent Wahab Pasha as the governor of Hijaz and the chief of Hijaz’s army. British feared, fighting the Ottomans directly could incite anti-British sentiments amongst the Muslims. Therefore, British sought help from two of the tribes of Hijaz.Thses tribes were, Al Saud and Sharif Hussain’s household. Al Saud belonged to Najd in Hijaz. They were trying to capture the throne of Hijaz since last 225 years. In 1790 they were successful in taking control of Makkah, Madina and Taif. In 1801 AD Abdul Aziz Al Saud attacked Najaf and Karbala in Iraq. About 15000 were martyred in Karbala and from 500 to 15000 were martyred in Najaf, by Al Saud. In these attacks, Al Saud stole many precious items from both cities. Apart from this they also murdered the visitors of the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussain a.s in Karbala. Al Saud banned Haj for Muslims of Ottoman Empire. Ottoman caliph Sultan Mehmud II (1808 – 1839 A.D) sent Ibrahim Pasha in 1818 AD who attacked Najd and destroyed the wahabi capital Darayya. Abdullah ibn Saud was then arrested and sent to Istanbul by Ibrahim. The, in 1880 AD, Al Saud regained power with the help of British Empire. Sharif Hussain’s family belonged to Mecca it held a lot importance for British. British deputed two of their spies with the task of training these tribes in Hijaz and also provided them with money along with the coaching. The famous spy of British history T.E Lawrence aka Lawrence of Arabia was in charge of Sharif Hussain’s family, while Captain William Shakespeare was looking after Al Saud. In 1918 with the help of Al Saud and Sharif Hussain. British were successful in finishing Ottoman Empire. After the collapse of Ottoman Empire, British had to choose one from the two helpers, for Hijaz, British chose Al Saud. It so happened that, soon after the collapse of Ottoman Empire, Shairf Hussain announced himself as the king of all Arab states. Whereas, British worked hard for about 100 years for ending Ottoman Empire, Because of this act, British lost faith in Sharif Hussain. Apart from this, Al Saud wer followers of the school of thought that considered rest of the Muslims as “Kafir” (non-believers). Therefore, the objection of dividing the Muslims Umah was much easier to achieve with the help of Al Saud. In the beginning Al Saud considered both Sunni and Shia as non-believers. Instead of asking for all arab countries, Al Saud only asked for Hijaz. Sharif Hussain was sent to Cyprus (in exile) and was banned from entering Hijaz again. He had four sons who assured Lawrence of Arabia of their loyalty, Eventually, Hijaz was given to Al Saud and sons of Sharif Hussain were given the rest of Arab states like Iraq, Syria and Jordan. Jordan was not a country at that time, but it was an area known as ‘trans-Jordan’ which was transformed into a country and given a son of Sharif Hussain. Sharif Hussain’s family could not govern Iraq and Syria due to civil wars, whereas the current ruler of Jorden, Abdullah is a descendant of Sharif Hussain and serving his western master sincerely, British announced the end of Ottoman Empire in 1918 A.D. Soon after become its rulers, Al Saud changed the name of Hijaz ( name since the time of Prophet Muhammad pbuh, in fact from the time of Prophet Ibrahim a.s) Hijaz was rename as ‘ Saudi-Arabia’. This name had two elements 1) Al Saud family and 2) Arab nationalism.

History of Saudi Arabia (Abdul Aziz Bin Saud) | Urdu / Hindi

The history of Saudi Arabia in its current form as a state began with its foundation in 1930 by Abdulaziz Al Saud, although the human history of the region extends as far as 20,000 years ago. The region has had a global impact twice in world history:

In the 7th century it became the cradle of Islam and the first center of the caliphate.[citation needed]
From the mid-20th century the discovery of vast oil deposits propelled it into a key economic and geo-political role.[citation needed]
At other times, the region existed in relative obscurity and isolation, although from the 7th century the cities of Mecca and Medina had the highest spiritual significance for the Muslim world, with Mecca becoming the destination for the Hajj pilgrimage, an obligation, at least once in a believer's lifetime, if at all possible.[1]

For much of the region's history a patchwork of tribal rulers controlled most of the area. The Al Saud (the Saudi royal family) emerged as minor tribal rulers in Najd in central Arabia. From the mid-18th century, imbued with the religious zeal of the Wahhabi Islamic movement, they became aggressively expansionist. Over the following 150 years, the extent of the Al Saud territory fluctuated. However, between 1902 and 1927, the Al Saud leader, Abdulaziz, carried out a series of wars of conquest which resulted in his establishing the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1930.
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The birth of Wahhabism and the house of Saud

This episode traces the roots of Daesh terrorism to the Wahhabi school of thought which was nurtured and advocated by the Saudi family and Western .

WHABISM ,WAHHABISM , The School of Ibn Taymiyyah - The Root of Terrorism WHABISM, ISIS ALLIES, OHIO , Wahhabi, OHIO ISIS, ,Isis rivendica lattacco al .

History of Saudi Arabia & Saud Family

In this Video we will discuss History of Modern Saudi Arabia and it's founder family called Saud Family.

Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is laid to rest | Mashable

Saudi Arabia's newly enthroned King Salman led prayers for King Abdullah in Riyadh ahead of his burial this afternoon.

King Abdullah died early on Friday at the age of 90 after nearly two decades in power.

State television aired images of the prayers ahead of his burial, which also showed people paying respects to King Salman.

King Abdullah's body was shrouded in a simple beige cloth in line with Islamic tradition.

King Salman has promised to continue the policies of his predecessors.


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1. Saudi Arabia: House of Saud, part 1

House of Saud

The House of Saud (Arabic: آل سعود‎ Āl Saʻūd) is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia. The family has thousands of members. It is composed of the descendants of Muhammad bin Saud and his brothers, though the ruling faction of the family is primarily led by the descendants of Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud.
The most influential member of the Royal family is the King of Saudi Arabia. The throne was designed to pass from one son of King Abdulaziz to another. His deputies, Salman and Muqrin, are also from the ruling House of Saud, and the king-appointed cabinet includes more members of the royal family. While the monarchy is hereditary now, future Saudi kings will be chosen by a committee of Saudi princes, in line with a 2006 Royal Decree.


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House of Saud A Family at War, Episode 2 of 3

THE HOUSE OF SAUD

by Jihan El Tahri
Produced by Christine Camdessus
© ARTE France - ALEGRIA PRODUCTIONS – BBC - STARLING. 2004
and © BBC / ARTE France – MMIV
WGBH?
DURATION: 116 MINS – 2 x 58MINS
VERSIONS AVAILABLE: FRENCH, ENGLISH
ARTE France – BBC - SVT– NMO – YLE - TV2 Denmark – WGBH (PBS Boston) – SBS Australia –
Through the history of the ruling Saud family, the film documents the precarious balance between Islam and modernity on which the survival of the oil producing Saudi state depends.
News and Doc Nominee for International Emmy Awards 2005
2005 : Banff World Media Festival - Banff (Canada) - Best History and Biography Programme

4.5 The Saudis and the Hashemites in the Arabian Peninsula

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Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud's Lifestyle ★ 2019

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Income, House, Cars, Luxurious Lifestyle & Net Worth 2018
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Demolishment of Jannat ul Baqi by Tyrant Al Saud in 1925 - A dejected & Forgotten History of Muslims

Before getting into the depths of matter, it is important to analyze the political scenario, in which Al Saud were able to take the throne of Hijaz (now known as Saudia Arabia. Before Al Saud, Hijaz was part of Ottoman Empire. Other parts of Ottoman Empire Included entire Middle East (Except Iran), North Africa and the rest. In 1914, last caliph of Ottoman Empire, Sultan Abdul Hameed Khan sent Wahab Pasha as the governor of Hijaz and the chief of Hijaz’s army. British feared, fighting the Ottomans directly could incite anti-British sentiments amongst the Muslims. Therefore, British sought help from two of the tribes of Hijaz.Thses tribes were, Al Saud and Sharif Hussain’s household. Al Saud belonged to Najd in Hijaz. They were trying to capture the throne of Hijaz since last 225 years. In 1790 they were successful in taking control of Makkah, Madina and Taif. In 1801 AD Abdul Aziz Al Saud attacked Najaf and Karbala in Iraq. About 15000 were martyred in Karbala and from 500 to 15000 were martyred in Najaf, by Al Saud. In these attacks, Al Saud stole many precious items from both cities. Apart from this they also murdered the visitors of the Holy Shrine of Imam Hussain a.s in Karbala. Al Saud banned Haj for Muslims of Ottoman Empire. Ottoman caliph Sultan Mehmud II (18008 – 1839 A.D) sent Ibrahim Pasha in 1818 AD who attacked Najd and destroyed the wahabi capital Darayya. Abdullah ibn Saud was then arrested and sent to Istanbul by Ibrahim. The, in 1880 AD, Al Saud regained power with the help of British Empire. Sharif Hussain’s family belonged to Mecca it held a lot importance for British. British deputed two of their spies with the task of training these tribes in Hijaz and also provided them with money along with the coaching. The famous spy of British history T.E Lawrence aka Lawrence of Arabia was in charge of Sharif Hussain’s family, while Captain William Shakespeare was looking after Al Saud. In 1918 with the help of Al Saud and Sharif Hussain. British were successful in finishing Ottoman Empire. After the collapse of Ottoman Empire, British had to choose one from the two helpers, for Hijaz, British chose Al Saud. It so happened that, soon after the collapse of Ottoman Empire, Shairf Hussain announced himself as the king of all Arab states. Whereas, British worked hard for about 100 years for ending Ottoman Empire, Because of this act, British lost faith in Sharif Hussain. Apart from this, Al Saud wer followers of the school of thought that considered rest of the Muslims as “Kafir” (non-believers). Therefore, the objection of dividing the Muslims Umah was much easier to achieve with the help of Al Saud. In the beginning Al Saud considered both Sunni and Shia as non-believers. Instead of asking for all arab countries, Al Saud only asked for Hijaz. Sharif Hussain was sent to Cyprus (in exile) and was banned from entering Hijaz again. He had four sons who assured Lawrence of Arabia of their loyalty, Eventually, Hijaz was given to Al Saud and sons of Sharif Hussain were given the rest of Arab states like Iraq, Syria and Jordan. Jordan was not a country at that time, but it was an area known as ‘trans-Jordan’ which was transformed into a country and given a son of Sharif Hussain. Sharif Hussain’s family could not govern Iraq and Syria due to civil wars, whereas the current ruler of Jorden, Abdullah is a descendant of Sharif Hussain and serving his western master sincerely, British announced the end of Ottoman Empire in 1918 A.D. Soon after become its rulers, Al Saud changed the name of Hijaz ( name since the time of Prophet Muhammad pbuh, in fact from the time of Prophet Ibrahim a.s) Hijaz was rename as ‘ Saudi-Arabia’. This name had two elements 1) Al Saud family and 2) Arab nationalism.

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