How Does the Coronavirus Affect Kids? | COVID 19 and Children
COVID 19 and Children - How Does the Coronavirus Affect Kids? | COVID-19
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There has been little media coverage about COVID 19 in children, and one of the reasons is because COVID-19 is less prevalent and less severe in children. The case fatality rate of COVID-19 in the pediatric population is also less compared to the adult population.
As a result, there are many misconceptions about COVID 19 in children. So in this video, let’s breakdown what we do know. And I’ll try to best answer some of the most commonly asked questions when it comes to COVID in children.
Are children immune to COVID-19?
No, children are not immune to COVID-19, which is why states have shut down schools.
Children do have a relatively lower chance of getting COVID-19 compared to adults. While about 22% of the United States population are children less than the age of 18 years old, only about 2% of patients with COVID-19 infection are children. About 90 percent of cases are the results of household and community exposure, the other 10 percent of cases were associated with travel.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19 in children?
In most cases, symptoms of children with COVID-19 are similar to those of adults, which can include fever, cough, shortness of breath, nasal congestion or running nose, sore throat, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, fatigue, headache, myalgia, and poor feeding or low appetite.
However, children are less likely to present with typical COVID-19 symptoms. In one CDC report, 73% of pediatric patients had symptoms of fever, cough, or shortness of breath compared with 93% of adults age 18 to 64 years who had these symptoms during the same time.
Most of the children with COVID-19 were asymptomatic or had mild or moderate symptoms. In a large study of 2143 pediatric patients in China, the data showed:
- 4% of patients were asymptomatic (no clinical symptoms with normal chest imaging)
- 51% had mild symptoms (fever, cough, fatigue, and myalgia)
- 39% had moderate symptoms (pneumonia with symptoms or subclinical cases with abnormal chest imaging)
- 5% of cases are severe (dyspnea, hypoxia, or central cyanosis)
- Less than 1% of cases are critical (acute respiratory distress syndrome [ARDS], shock, respiratory failure, or multi-organ dysfunction)
There are symptoms and complications of COVID-19 that are more specific to children. One of the more severe complications is something called multi-system inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). MIS-C can present with persistent fever, inflammation, and evidence of single or multi-organ dysfunction (shock, respiratory, cardiac, gastrointestinal, renal, or neurologic disorder). Some children with MIS-C may present with symptoms of Kawasaki disease, which can present with fevers, red eyes, body rashes, a sore throat, swollen hands and feet, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, red & dry, cracked lips, and a “strawberry” tongue.
While the links between COVID-19 and MIS-C are unclear and are generally rare, dozens of children in New York City and Europe have been identified with MIS-C since the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic, and 3 deaths have occurred in NYC.
Dr. Mike Hansen, MD
Internal Medicine | Pulmonary Disease | Critical Care Medicine
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Recognizing Day to Day Signs and Symptoms of Coronavirus
DAY TO DAY SYMPTOMS OF COVID-19
Before proceeding, please note that this general overview is compiled for initial self-assessment only and may vary for each individual. If you're not feeling well, you should immediately consult a medical practitioner to have an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of COVID-19.
The typical daily symptoms are concluded from the study of 138 patients at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University and another study involving 135 patients from Jinyintan Hospital and 56 patients from Wuhan Pulmonary Hospital.
These symptoms are broken down into:
DAY 1 TO DAY 2
The beginning symptoms are similar to the common cold with a mild sore throat and neither having a fever nor feeling tired. Patients can still consume food and drink as usual.
The patient's throats start to feel a bit painful. Body temperature reads at around 36.5° celsius. Although it's uncommon, other symptoms like mild nausea, vomiting or mild diarrhea are possible to set in.
Throat pain becomes more serious. Other symptoms like feeling weak and joint pain start to manifest. The patient may show a temperature reading between 36.5° to 37° celsius.
DAY 5 TO 6
Mild fever starts. The patients show a temperature reading above 37.2° celsius. The second most common symptom, dry cough, also appears. Dyspnea or breathing difficulty may occur occasionally. Most patients in this stage are easily feeling tired. Other symptoms remain about the same. These four symptoms are among the top five key indications of COVID-19 according to the final report of the initial outbreak conducted by the joint mission of China and WHO.
The patients that haven't started recovering by day 7 get more serious coughs and breathing difficulty. Fever can get higher up to 38° celsius. Patients may develop further headache and body pain or worsening diarrhea if there’s any. Many patients are admitted to the hospital at this stage.
DAY 8 TO 9
On the 8th day, the symptoms are likely to be worsened for the patient who has coexisting medical conditions. Severe shortness of breath becomes more frequent. Temperature reading goes well above 38°. In one of the studies, day 9 is the average time when Sepsis starts to affect 40% of the patients.
DAY 10 TO 11
Doctors are ordering imaging tests like chest x-ray to capture the severity of respiratory distress in patients. Patients are having loss of appetite and may be facing abdominal pain. The condition also needs immediate treatment in ICU.
DAY 12 TO 14
For the survivors, the symptoms can be well-managed at this point. Fever tends to get better and breathing difficulties may start to cease on day 13. But Some patients may still be affected by mild cough even after hospital discharge.
DAY 15 TO 16
Day 15 is the opposite condition for the rest of the minority patients . The fragile group must prepare for the possibility of acute cardiac injury or kidney injury.
DAY 17 TO 19
COVID-19 fatality cases happen at around day 18. Before the time, vulnerable patients may develop a secondary infection caused by a new pathogen in the lower respiratory tract. The severe condition may then lead to a blood coagulation and ischemia.
DAY 20 TO 22
The surviving patients are recovered completely from the disease and are discharged from the hospital.
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Children and COVID-19
Our UF Health physicians are here to address common concerns surrounding COVID-19 and your child's safety.
If you have a question that you want answered about COVID-19 and children in a future video, please email us at:
How does COVID-19 affect children and can they pass on the virus?
Coronavirus is generally considered by scientists as an extremely infectious disease, however, different age groups may spread the virus more than others. According to new research, children play a far smaller role in transmitting the virus than adults, and there is no evidence that young kids can spread COVID-19 at all. With this in mind, Switzerland has announced it will allow children under ten to visit and come into contact with their grandparents again, with the Federal Office of Public Health claiming children pose no risk to the elderly but said contact should be kept brief.
Contact tracing conducted by the WHO has found children under 10 did not spread coronavirus, however, this does not mean that they cannot spread COVID-19. Contact tracing means to interview infected people to find out who they have been in touch with, in order to map the spread of the virus.
The study, conducted by the Royal College of Paediatricians and Child Health, found the evidence consistently demonstrates reduced infection and infectivity of children in the transmission chain.
This week, it was discovered a nine-year-old boy who contracted the virus in Eastern France did not pass the virus on despite coming into contact with more than 170 people.
Read more: Half-term coronavirus warning to parents amid fears kids could pick up bug -
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How does COVID-19 affect children?
We ask Professor Robert Booy how COVID-19 affects children?
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Coronavirus: How does COVID-19 affect children (and what is Kawasaki disease)? | 7NEWS
While kids also seem much less likely to catch the novel coronavirus than flu, in the United States, news has been spreading of a new inflammatory illness in children linked to COVID-19.
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7NEWS combines the trusted and powerful news brands including Sunrise, The Morning Show, The Daily Edition, The Latest, and 7NEWS.com.au, delivering unique, engaging and continuous coverage on the issues that matter most to Australians. Watch 7NEWS nightly at 6pm and weekdays at 11:30am and 4pm on Channel 7 and 7plus.
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Does coronavirus affect children differently?
Covid-19, the disease caused by the Sars-Cov-2 coronavirus appears to have largely spared young children. Most hospitalisations and deaths are among older adults and those with chronic illnesses, like diabetes, asthma, hypertension etc. However, clinicians in the US and Europe are investigating the possible link of a deadly inflammatory syndrome with coronavirus disease. Watch the full video for more.
How the coronavirus pandemic affects parents of special needs children
The COVID-19 pandemic has given parents an entirely new set of challenges in how to entertain and educate their children while in quarantine.
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How will this situation affect our children? Coronavirus Outbreak Answers | COVID-19 in Context
How will this situation affect our children? Coronavirus Outbreak Answers | COVID-19 in Context. Chief Wellness Officer and Professor of Psychiatry at UC Davis Dr. Peter Yellowlees answers your mental health questions.
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Pediatrician describes how COVID-19 affects children
We spoke with pediatrician to learn more at how COVID-19 affects children and what he is seeing when it comes to pediatrics cases of the virus.
When to Seek Care for COVID-19 Symptoms | Cincinnati Children's
Are you concerned that your child might be showing signs of COVID-19?
Well, I know it can be scary any time that your little one is not feeling well.
Here's when to seek medical care:
If your child is experiencing shortness of breath, it is vital that you visit an emergency room immediately.
For common symptoms like coughing, body aches, fever or a sore throat, contact your child's primary care physician for a phone consultation and next steps.
If your child does not have a primary care physician, or access to their regular doctor, you can use the CincyKids Health Connect app to talk to a Cincinnati Children's provider using video visit technology.
Providers may ask questions about travel or contact with a person who has tested positive for COVID-19.
If your child's symptoms are minor and do not meet the testing criteria, guidance will be given for in-home monitoring and follow-up instructions.
Change the outcome together with Cincinnati Children's.
How does the coronavirus affect children?
The debate over re-opening schools continues and there are still a lot of questions about how the virus could affect children. What experts say here.
Coronavirus in Tamil | Dr. V Ramasubramanian | Apollo Hospitals
Know more about Coronavirus in Tamil by Dr. V Ramasubramanian from Apollo Hospitals, Chennai. Dr. V Ramasubramanian is a senior consultant in the Department of infectious disease and tropical medicine.
How to Talk to Kids About the Coronavirus
News of the coronavirus COVID-19 is everywhere, from the front page of all the papers to the playground at school. Many parents are wondering how to bring up the epidemic in a way that will be reassuring and not make kids more worried than they already may be. Here is some advice Jamie Howard, PhD, Clinical Psychologist at the Child Mind Institute.
Jamie Howard is a senior clinical psychologist in the Anxiety Disorders Center; and Director of Trauma and Resilience Service at the Child Mind Institute:
Coronavirus Pandemic Update 68: Kawasaki Disease; Minority Groups & COVID-19
COVID-19 Update 68 with critical care specialist and pulmonologist Roger Seheult, MD of
A Kawasaki disease like syndrome has been reported in growing numbers of children in a variety of communities including New York and parts of Europe. Dr. Seheult reviews what we know about Kawasaki disease and its possible connection to endothelial/vascular damage from COVID-19. A recent CDC report on racial and ethnic differences in the severity of coronavirus infection and possible explanations are also discussed.
Links referenced in this video:
Johns Hopkins -
CBS News -
Some previous videos from this series (visit MedCram.com for the full series):
-Coronavirus Pandemic Update 67: COVID-19 Blood Clots - Race, Blood Types, & Von Willebrand Factor
-Coronavirus Pandemic Update 66: ACE-Inhibitors and ARBs - Hypertension Medications with COVID-19
-Coronavirus Pandemic Update 65: COVID-19 and Oxidative Stress (Prevention & Risk Factors)
-Coronavirus Pandemic Update 64: Remdesivir COVID-19 Treatment Update
-Coronavirus Pandemic Update 63: Is COVID-19 a Disease of the Endothelium (Blood Vessels and Clots)?
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 62: Treatment with Famotidine (Pepcid)?
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 61: Blood Clots & Strokes in COVID-19; ACE-2 Receptor; Oxidative Stress
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 60: Hydroxychloroquine Update; NYC Data; How Widespread is COVID-19?
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 59: Dr. Seheult's Daily Regimen (Vitamin D, C, Zinc, Quercetin, NAC)
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 58: Testing; Causes of Hypoxemia in COVID-19 (V/Q vs Shunt vs Diffusion)
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 57: Remdesivir Treatment Update and Can Far-UVC Disinfect Public Spaces?
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 56: What is “Forest Bathing” & Can It Boost Immunity Against Viruses?
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 55: How COVID-19 Infection Attacks The Immune System & Differs From HIV:
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 54: COVID-19 Antibody vs. PCR Testing; When to Relax Social Distancing?:
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 53: Anticoagulation; Can Mechanical Ventilation Make COVID 19 Worse?:
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 52: Ivermectin Treatment; Does COVID-19 Attack Hemoglobin?:
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 51: State by State Projections; Ultrasound to Diagnose COVID19 Pneumonia:
- Coronavirus Pandemic Update 50: Dip in Daily New Deaths; Research on Natural Killer Cells & COVID-19:
- How Coronavirus Kills: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) & Treatment:
Many other videos on COVID-19 (coronavirus outbreak, corona virus symptoms, influenza, Kawasaki disease, coronavirus epidemic, coronavirus updates,) and other medical topics (ECG Interpretation, strokes, thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, hypercoagulation, hypertension, anticoagulation, DKA, acute kidney injury, influenza, measles, mechanical ventilation, etc.) at MedCam.com
Speaker: Roger Seheult, MD
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UN chief on the effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children (16 April 2020)
António Guterres (UN Secretary-General) on the effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children (16 April 2020)
As the COVID-19 pandemic spreads across the globe, we are seeing an alarming pattern.
The poorest and most vulnerable members of society are being hardest hit, both by the pandemic and the response.
I am especially concerned about the well-being of the world’s children.
Thankfully, children have so far been largely spared from the most severe symptoms of the disease.
But their lives are being totally upended.
I appeal to families everywhere, and leaders at all levels: protect our children.
Today we are launching a report that highlights the risks they face.
Almost all students are now out of school.
Some schools are offering distance learning, but this is not available to all.
Children in countries with slow and expensive Internet services are severely disadvantaged.
A staggering 310 million schoolchildren – nearly half of the world’s total – rely on school for a regular source of daily nutrition.
Even before Covid-19 the world faced unacceptable rates of childhood malnutrition and stunting.
With children out of school, their communities in lockdown and a global recession biting deeper, family stress levels are rising.
Children are both victims and witnesses of domestic violence and abuse.
With schools closed, an important early warning mechanism is missing.
There is also a danger that girls will drop out of school, leading to an increase in teenage pregnancies.
And we must not ignore the growing risks children are facing as they spend more time online.
This can leave children vulnerable to online sexual exploitation and grooming.
A lack of face-to-face contact with friends and partners may lead to heightened risk-taking such as sending sexualized images.
And increased and unstructured time online may expose children to potentially harmful and violent content as well as greater risk of cyberbullying.
Governments and parents all have a role in keeping children safe.
Social media companies have a special responsibility to protect the vulnerable.
Reduced household income will force poor families to cut back on essential health and food expenditures, particularly affecting children, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers.
Polio vaccination campaigns have been suspended.
Measles immunization campaigns have stopped in at least 23 countries.
And as health services become overwhelmed, sick children are less able to access care.
With the global recession gathering pace, there could be hundreds of thousands additional child deaths in 2020.
These are just some of the findings of the report we are issuing today.
Its conclusion is clear.
We must act now on each of these threats to our children.
Leaders must do everything in their power to cushion the impact of the pandemic.
What started as a public health emergency has snowballed into a formidable test for the global promise to leave no one behind.
The report urges governments and donors to prioritize education for all children.
It recommends they provide economic assistance, including cash transfers, to low-income families and minimize disruptions to social and healthcare services for children.
We must also prioritize the most vulnerable – children in conflict situations; child refugees and displaced persons; children living with disabilities.
Finally, we must commit to building back better by using the recovery from COVID-19 to pursue a more sustainable and inclusive economy and society in line with the Sustainable Development Goals.
With the pandemic placing so many of the world’s children in jeopardy,
I reiterate my urgent appeal: let us protect our children and safeguard their well-being.
COVID-19 Response United Nations website:
COVID-19: Impact on Eye Health
Dr. Gareth Lema shares information on COVID-19 and eye health.
CDC issues warning on mysterious COVID-19-linked syndrome that affects children
The CDC is warning doctors and health care professionals across the country of an inflammatory syndrome that could be linked to COVID-19 infection.
Webinar Series on Management of COVID-19 in Children
COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect children across the world. In order to improve care of children with COVID-19, we have developed a series of Webinars covering various aspects - epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, management, MIS-C, infection prevention and control. This webinar series has been developed by experts from medical institutions across India. The initiative was coordinated by the Department of Pediatrics, AIIMS, New Delhi, supported by the WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO).
**COVID-19** a visual summary of the new coronavirus pandemic
Information to make this video was obtained and collated from the following resources: UpToDate, CDC, WHO and journal articles from the Lancet and NEJM.
The World health organisation (WHO) has declared COVID-19 a pandemic. COVID 19 stands for coronavirus disease 2019 and is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in people and many different species of animals including cats and bats. Common human coronavirus typically causes an upper respiratory tract infection, like the common cold. Most people get infected with one or more of these viruses at some point in their lives. The human coronavirus infection typically resolves on its own with basic rest while feeling miserable.
Rarely, the coronaviruses that infect animals can evolve and become a new human coronavirus which then infect and spread between people. Important examples include severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus or SARS in 2003 and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus also known MERS in 2012