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How One Fire Set Humanity Back 1,000 Years.

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How a Monumental Fire Held Back Humanity by 1,000 Years

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The Library of Alexandria - The Crime That Set Human Civilization Back 1,000 Years

The burning of the Library of Alexandria in Ancient Egypt ranks among the worst crimes committed against humanity in known history. Lost scientific research including physics and anatomy and medicine, as well as knowledge and documentation of culture and history is widely believed to have set human civilization back significantly. Carl Sagan himself stated that the burning of the library of Alexandria likely set humanity back 1,000 years.
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What If The Library Of Alexandria Was Never Destroyed?

What If The Library Of Alexandria Was Never Destroyed?
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The library of Alexandria was located in Alexandria Egypt. It was one of the biggest and most important libraries in the world. It was the focal point of knowledge and learning during ancient times. It’s a common belief that the library of Alexandria was destroyed once, but that is actually false. The library gradually deteriorated over the course of hundreds of years. But regardless of how long it took to actually destroy the library completely, there are those who believe that ancient knowledge and artifacts could have been destroyed during its demise. So what if the library of Alexandria was never destroyed? That’s the question we’re asking right now on life’s biggest questions.

#lbq #whatif #alexandria

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What really happened to the Library of Alexandria? - Elizabeth Cox

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2,300 years ago, the rulers of Alexandria set out to fulfill a very audacious goal: to collect all the knowledge in the world under one roof. In its prime, the Library of Alexandria housed an unprecedented number of scrolls and attracted some of the Greek world’s greatest minds. But by the end of the 5th century CE, it had vanished. Elizabeth Cox details the rise and fall of this great building.

Lesson by Elizabeth Cox, directed by Inna Phillimore.

Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Bev Millar, Rishi Pasham, Jhuval, SookKwan Loong, Daniel Day, Nick Johnson, Bruno Pinho, Javier Aldavaz, Rodrigo Carballo, Marc Veale, Boytsov Ilya, maxi kobi einy, Misaki Sato, Craig Sheldon, Andrew Bosco, Catherine Sverko, Nik Maier, Mark Morris, Tamás Drávai, Adi V, Peter Liu, Leora Allen, Hiroshi Uchiyama, Michal Salman, Julie Cummings-Debrot, Gilly, Ka-Hei Law, Maya Toll, Aleksandar Srbinovski, Ricardo Rendon Cepeda, Renhe Ji, Andrés Melo Gámez, Tim Leistikow, Moonlight, Shawar Khan, Chris , Megan Douglas, Barbara Smalley, Filip Dabrowski, Joe Giamartino, Clair Chen, Vik Nagjee, Karen Goepen-Wee, Della Palacios, and Bah Becerra.
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Lost Treasure of the Alexandria Library - Ancient Mysteries - Full Documentary

The Royal Library of Alexandria, or Ancient Library of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt, was probably the largest, and certainly the most famous, of the libraries of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and functioned as a major center of scholarship, at least until the time of Rome's conquest of Egypt, and probably for many centuries thereafter.

Generally thought to have been founded at the beginning of the third century BC, the library was conceived and opened either during the reign of Ptolemy I Soter or during the reign of his son Ptolemy II. Plutarch (AD 46120) wrote that during his visit to Alexandria in 48 BC, Julius Caesar might have accidentally burned the library when he set fire to his own ships to frustrate Achillas' attempt to limit his ability to communicate by sea. According to Plutarch's account, this fire spread to the docks and then to the library.

However, this version of events is not confirmed in contemporary accounts of Caesar's visit. In fact, it has been reasonably established that segments of its collection were partially destroyed on several occasions before and after the first century BC. A modern myth (no older than the late eighteenth century) attributes the destruction to Coptic Christian Archbishop Theophilus of Alexandria in 391, who called for the destruction of the Serapeum; but in fact there was no connection between the library and the Serapeum and some historians of late antiquity do not take the claim seriously. Another version of the story, not recorded till the thirteenth century, blames the Muslim sacking of Alexandria in 642.

Intended both as a commemoration and an emulation of the original, the Bibliotheca Alexandrina was inaugurated in 2002 near the site of the old library.

Saving Central Library: Remembering the Fire and Recovery

October 2018 marks the 25th anniversary of the LA Central Library reopening after a catastrophic fire in 1986. Three people who were there share their memories of the fire and the effort to recover and rebuild.

CARTA: Human-Climate Interactions and Evolution: Past and Future

(Visit: This symposium presents varied perspectives from earth scientists, ecologists, and paleoanthropologists on how climate may have shaped human evolution, as well as the prospects for the future of world climate, ecosystems, and our species. Elizabeth Hadly begins with a discussion about A Tipping Point: Using the Past to Forecast Our Future, followed by Naomi Oreskes on Human Impacts: Will We Survive the Future?, and Veerabhadran Ramanathan on Climate Change Mitigation: In Pursuit of the Common Good. Recorded on 05/15/2015. Series: CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny [7/2015] [Science] [Show ID: 29685]

burning of the Library of Alexandria

Did 1,000 years of history destroyed? Yes.Coins are one Proof. Must See to believe.

I start with showing that reading a coins date is harder to prove then one might expect. I will show and prove that history has left clues that will lead you to the conclusion that we are being told lie after lie in a desperate effort to hide something big.

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5 रोजमर्रा की चीजों से एलर्जी | Allergies from 5 Common Things

????कभी-कभी आपको एलर्जी उन चीजों से भी हो सकती है जिनके बारे में कभी आपने सोचा भी ना हो जैसे कि ठंड सेल फोन पानी इत्यादि आइए जानते हैं वह कौनसी सबसे आम चीजें हैं जिनसे आपको खतरनाक एलर्जी हो सकती है और यहां तक कि आपकी जान भी जा सकती है

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????एक आग जिसने इंसानों को 1000 साल पीछे धकेल दिया | How One FIRE Set Humanity Back 1000 Years


????कैसे कर दी चीन ने पृथ्वी की गति धीमी | How China Slowed Down the Earth's Rotation Speed


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यह 6 जहरीली चीजें हम अक्सर खाते हैं | 6 Poisonous Food That We Eat Daily

???? रोजमर्रा के खाने की ऐसी बहुत सारी चीजें हैं जिनको अगर अधिक मात्रा में खाया जाए तो वह जहरीली हो जाती है बहुत बार हम ना जानते हुए भी ऐसी चीजें खाते रहते हैं जो हमें पता नहीं होता कि हमारी सेहत के लिए हानिकारक है इस वीडियो में आपको मैं कुछ ऐसी खाने की चीजों के बारे में बता रहा हूं जिनका अत्यधिक सेवन आपकी सेहत के लिए हानिकारक हो सकता है और कभी-कभी जानलेवा भी

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????कैसे कर दी चीन ने पृथ्वी की गति धीमी | How China Slowed Down the Earth's Rotation Speed


????भारतीय टैटूस वाले हॉलीवुड सितारे | Hollywood Stars with Indian Tattoos


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Library Fire

CARTA: Ancient DNA and Human Evolution – Prehistoric Human Biology as Inferred from Dental Calculus

(Visit: Christina Warinner (Univ of Oklahoma) explains how emerging ancient dental calculus research is changing the way we investigate the human past and how this is leading to a deeper understanding of human biology and evolution. Series: CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny [Science] [Show ID: 30976]

A closer look inside Alexandria Library

Alexandria Library is one of the hall marks of Egypt's coastal city. It was was built around Two hundred and eighty five B-C, and houses over 2 million books. In 2002, a second modern library was constructed close to the location of the old Library. CGTN's Yasser Hakim toured the Library of Alexandria and filed in this report.

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Evidence of earliest human massacre 10,000 years ago found in Kenya

The earliest evidence of human massacre can be traced back to 10,000 years ago, thanks to a new archaeological discovery in the semi-desert site of Nataruk, near Lake Turkana in Kenya.

The researchers found a set of human skeletons bearing traces of fatal injury, suggesting a mass murder 10,000 years ago when prehistoric man was not yet settled.

It points to a horrific scene, that ended the lives of a group of 27 men, children and even heavily pregnant women, who were battered and stabbed se…
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The Ancient Library of Alexandria • Hassan M. Eltaher

Resurrecting the Ancient Library of Alexandria.
Hassan Eltaher discusses the considerable cultural and historical project of reviving Egypt's ancient library at Alexandria.
The Library of Congress, 2012/10/02.

The fire of 1834 - stories from Parliament

Discover the story of the fire of 1834 that destroyed almost all of the original Palace of Westminster.

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Humanity only has Around 1,000 Years Left on Earth

Hawking Predicts
How's that Mars mission going?
BEC CREW 16 NOV 2016
Physicist Stephen Hawking has warned humanity that we probably only have about 1,000 years left on Earth, and the only thing that could save us from certain extinction is setting up colonies elsewhere in the Solar System.

[W]e must ... continue to go into space for the future of humanity, Hawking said in a lecture at the University of Cambridge this week. I don’t think we will survive another 1,000 years without escaping beyond our fragile planet.
The fate of humanity appears to have been weighing heavily on Hawking of late - he’s also recently cautioned that artificial intelligence (AI) will be either the best, or the worst, thing ever to happen to humanity.

Given that humans are prone to making the same mistakes over and over again - even though we’re obsessed with our own history and should know better - Hawking suspects that powerful autonomous weapons” could have serious consequences for humanity.

As Heather Saul from The Independent reports, Hawking has estimated that self-sustaining human colonies on Mars are not going to be a viable option for another 100 years or so, which means we need to be very careful in the coming decades.

Without even taking into account the potentially devastating effects of climate change, global pandemics brought on by antibiotic resistance, and nuclear capabilities of warring nations, we could soon be sparring with the kinds of enemies we’re not even close to knowing how to deal with.

Late last year, Hawking added his name to a coalition of more than 20,000 researchers and experts, including Elon Musk, Steve Wozniak, and Noam Chomsky, calling for a ban on anyone developing autonomous weapons that can fire on targets without human intervention.

As the founders of OpenAI, Musk’s new research initiative dedicated to the ethics of artificial intelligence, said last year, our robots are perfectly submissive now, but what happens when we remove one too many restrictions?
What happens when you make them so perfect, they’re just like humans, but better, just like we've always wanted?

AI systems today have impressive but narrow capabilities, the founders said.

It seems that we'll keep whittling away at their constraints, and in the extreme case they will reach human performance on virtually every intellectual task. It's hard to fathom how much human-level AI could benefit society, and it's equally hard to imagine how much it could damage society if built or used incorrectly.

And that’s not even the half of it.

Imagine we’re dealing with unruly robots that are so much smarter and so much stronger than us, and suddenly, we get the announcement - aliens have picked up on the signals we’ve been blasting out into the Universe and made contract.

Great news, right? Well, think about it for a minute. In the coming decades, Earth and humanity isn’t going to look so crash-hot.

We’ll be struggling to mitigate the effects of climate change, which means we'll be running out of land to grow crops, our coasts will be disappearing, and anything edible in the sea is probably being cooked by the rapidly rising temperatures.

If the aliens are aggressive, they’ll see a weakened enemy with a habitable planet that’s ripe for the taking. And even if they’re non-aggressive, we humans certainly are, so we’ll probably try to get a share of what they’ve got, and oops: alien wars.

As Hawking says in his new online film, Stephen Hawking’s Favourite Places, I am more convinced than ever that we are not alone, but if the aliens are finding us, they will be vastly more powerful and may not see us as any more valuable than we see bacteria.

Clearly, we need a back-up plan, which is why Hawking's 1,000-year deadline to destruction comes with a caveat - we might be able to survive our mistakes if we have somewhere else in the Solar System to jettison ourselves to.

That all might sound pretty dire, but Hawking says we still have a whole lot to feel optimistic about, describing 2016 as a glorious time to be alive and doing research into theoretical physics.

While John Oliver might disagree that there's anything good about 2016 at all, Hawking says we need to Remember to look up at the stars and not down at your feet.

Try to make sense of what you see, wonder about what makes the Universe exist. Be curious, he told students at the Cambridge lecture. However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do and succeed at. It matters that you don’t just give up.
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Alexandria Library : Egypt Tours :

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The Royal Library of Alexandria, or Ancient Library of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. It was dedicated to the Muses, the nine goddesses of the arts.[1] It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty and functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction in the 3rd century BC until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC. With collections of works, lecture halls, meeting rooms, and gardens, the library was part of a larger research institution called the Musaeum of Alexandria, where many of the most famous thinkers of the ancient world studied.

The library was created by Ptolemy I Soter, who was a Macedonian general and the successor of Alexander the Great.Most of the books were kept as papyrus scrolls, and though it is unknown how many such scrolls were housed at any given time, their combined value was incalculable.

The library is famous for having been burned, resulting in the loss of many scrolls and books, and has become a symbol of the destruction of cultural knowledge. A few sources differ on who is responsible for the destruction and when it occurred. Although there is a mythology of the burning of the Library at Alexandria, the library may have suffered several fires or acts of destruction over many years. Possible occasions for the partial or complete destruction of the Library of Alexandria include a fire set by Julius Caesar in 48 BC, an attack by Aurelian in the AD 270s, and the decree of Coptic Pope Theophilus in AD 391.

After the main library was fully destroyed, ancient scholars used a daughter library in a temple known as the Serapeum, located in another part of the city. According to Socrates of Constantinople, Coptic Pope Theophilus destroyed the Serapeum in AD 391.

Alexandria Over Day Trip From Cairo :
Meet with your tour leader & Tour Guide to start Alexandria sightseeing visiting: The Catacombs, The Pompey's Pillar, Alexandria Library, View Alexandria Cornish & The Citadel of QaitBay .

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- Entrance Fees To : Cata Compass , Alexandria Library and the Citadel of QaitBay .
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