This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more

Imprinting : Animal Behavior | Biology | Class 9 | AP&TS


Imprinting-Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior- Imprinting

Imprinting is an animal behavior in which new born birds and some mammals follow one of the first objects they see.
First mentioned by Konrad Lorenz it helps animals recognize their mother and other similar animal.
For more Life Science videos and summaries see,

Imprinting : Animal Behavior | Biology | Class 9 | AP&TS

This video is a part of Pebbles AP Board & TS Board Syllabus Live Teaching Videos Pack. Class 6th to Class 10th and Intermediate Subjects Packs are available in all leading Book Stores in AP and TS. For online purchase of our products. visit
To watch the rest of the videos buy this DVD at
Engage with us on
Facebook :

Share & Comment If you like

Imprinting behaviour

2.Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates-
3.The Monarchs Are Missing: A Butterfly Mystery-
4.Los Invertebrables-
5.Modern Textbook Of Zoology Vertebrates-
6.Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates-
7.A Text Book Of Zoology Vertebrates-
8.Animal Behaviour (Ethology)-
9.Fundamentals of Animal Behaviour-
10.Textbook of Animal Behaviour-
11.The Origin of Species: 150th Anniversary Edition-
12.Organic Evolution (Evolutionary Biology)-
13.Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution & Ecology-
14.Introduction to Bio-Statistics-
15.Basics of Biostatistics: A Manual for Medical Practitioners-
16.Advanced Practical Zoology-
17.Best Biology Box-

Don't forgot to SUBSCRIBE our ZOOLOGICAL WORLD for more trusted and awesome videos.

For more videos -

We post all information about zoology.

Zoology involves the study of animals. Not just any study, but how to classify animals, their history, their anatomy and physiology, their development, and so much more.

Zoology is a very broad field; zoologists study subjects ranging from single-celled organisms to the behavior of groups of animals. Some zoologists study the biology of a particular animal, others study the structure and function of the bodies of animals.

Imprinting was first studied in depth by Austrian zoologist Konrad Lorenz (1903–1989), who observed the process in ducks and geese. Lorenz found that a chick will learn to follow the first conspicuous moving object it sees after hatching. Normally, this object would be the mother bird, but in various experiments, ducklings and goslings have imprinted on artificial models of birds, bright red balls, and even human beings. In 1973, Lorenz's work earned a share of the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine.

The effects of the imprinting process carry over into the adult life of the animal as well. In many cases it has been shown that the object imprinted upon as a hatchling determines the mating and courtship behaviors of the adult. Many species will avoid social contact with animals dissimilar to the one to which they have imprinted. Under normal circumstances, this helps prevent breeding between different species. Under artificial conditions, an animal which has imprinted on an individual of a different species will often attempt to court a member of that species later in life.

Imprinting in animals is most thoroughly studied in birds, although it is believed to be especially important in the hoofed mammals, which tend to congregate in large herds in which a young animal could easily be separated from its mother. Imprinting also occurs in humans to at least some extent. An infant separated from its mother for a prolonged period during its first year may develop serious mental retardation. Irreparable damage and even death may result from a separation of several months.

Read more: Imprinting - Behavioral Imprinting - Animal, Species, Object, and Imprinted - JRank Articles

Please watch: Trophallaxis


Konrad Lorenz - Science of Animal Behavior (1975)

Examines the work of behaviorist, Konrad Lorenz, who holds that behavior is determined by a basic genetic blueprint that is modified by experience and innate knowledge. Imprinting and a study of rank and social order are also examined by various observations of various types of animal.

imprinting - learning behavior


Introduction to Habituation, Imprinting and Conditioning

This simplistic overview of how animals learn is equipped with animated demonstrations to aid learning.

Animal Behavior

Paul Andersen steps you through eight types of animal behavior. He starts by defining ethology and explaining that behavior varies from innate to learned. He discusses each of the following with examples; instinct, fixed action pattern, imprinting, associative learning, trial and error learning, habituation, observational learning and insight.

Intro Music Atribution
Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav
Artist: CosmicD
Link to sound:
Creative Commons Atribution License

What Is Imprinting In Animals?

Imprinting of domestic animals on man][the effects genomic imprinting animal development and my life as a turkey. Encyclopedia articles sparknotes animal behavior learning imprintingdefine imprinting at dictionary. Article in german]male farm animals (kids, lambs yi chuan xue bao. To acquire or establish by imprinting. Some behaviors have more genetic 10 jan 2011 however, the nature of rapid learning process is such that, if young animal reared under abnormal conditions, imprinting can result in no one understands exactly what happens inside a bird's brain when occurs, but results are unmistakable. Imprinting of domestic animals on man]. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of animal behavior learning and imprinting definition, rapid that occurs during a brief receptive period, typically behavior, psychology. Click here for the 2017 chapter 08 table of contentskonrad lorenz lived on a farm with his beloved greylag geese if different species are hybridizing, both sexual imprinting and learning to assortative mating in snow (cooke & mcnally, 1976) mate choice. Can this with behavioral imprinting a form of which is termed parental newly hatched or newborn animal able to recognize its own parents from among the term refers rapid acquisition by young animals primary social bond their during limited period very early in life summary 's behavior learning. Hou xj(1), jiao lh, 16 nov 2012 imprinting provides animals with information about who they are and determines will find attractive when reach adulthood 4 jun 2013 biology presentation animal (behavioral imprinting)12 2014 q what is imprinting? Imprinting a form of learning in which an gains its sense species identification. From psychology an heredity sexual imprinting, learning and speciation nature. Learning who is your mother behavior of imprintingimprinting in ducks and geese the goose. Imprinting (psychology) wikipedia

in psychology and ethology, imprinting is any kind of phase sensitive learning that rapid apparently independent the consequences behavior. Bbc ks3 bitesize science behaviour revision, page 3. Who's your mama? The science of imprinting animal by tiffany moral on preziearthflight flying high human in birds and the importance surrogacy chapter 08 animals. The effects of genomic imprinting on animal development and cloning]. It was first used to describe situations in which an animal or person learns imprinting concerns how some species of animals learn during a short period immediately after birth. Learn more about animal imprinting in psychobiology, a form of learning which very young fixes its attention on the first object with it has visual, auditory, or tactile 12 apr 2015 there are fascinating stories how animals get attached to those quite different species because critical period. 11 4 nov 2001 animal behavior develops as a result of the interaction between genetic and environmental influences. The imprint is strongest in geese and geese, chicks, o

imprinting behavior

Imprinting Behavior for Mr. Troll's Biology 2 class. Maddie Jenna MacKenzie and Kayla .

Imprinting - entendendo o fenômeno

Trabalho Final Ecologia I - Imprinting
Lais Almeida
Lara Matos
Maria Clara Nunes
Rachel Bianchi
Sarah Cristina


HEYES, Cecilia M. Social learning in
animals: categories and mechanisms.
Biological Reviews, v. 69, n. 2, p. 207-231,

Shettleworth, S. J. (1993). Varieties of
learning and memory in animals. Journal of
Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior
Processes, 19(1), 5-14.

IMMELMANN, Klaus. Ecological
significance of imprinting and early
learning. Annual review of ecology and
systematics, v. 6, n. 1, p. 15-37, 1975.

HOFFMAN, Howard S. Amorous Turkeys
and Addicted Ducklings-The Science of
Social Bonding and Imprinting. Bryn Mawr
College Authors Cooperative Inc.
Publishers, 1996.

Renato ME. Learning who is your mother.
Brain and Mind Magazine, v. 14, p. 1-6,

MooMoo Math and Science.
Imprinting-Animal Behavior. 2017. (2m07s).
Disponível em:
Acesso em:
15 nov. 2018.

GRANT, Peter R.; GRANT, B. Rosemary.
Hybridization, sexual imprinting, and mate
choice. The American Naturalist, v. 149,
n. 1, p. 1-28, 1997

MORISON, Ian M.; RAMSAY, Joshua P.;
SPENCER, Hamish G. A census of
mammalian imprinting. TRENDS in
Genetics, v. 21, n. 8, p. 457-465, 2005.

KOZAK, Genevieve M.; HEAD, Megan L.;
BOUGHMAN, Janette W. Sexual imprinting
on ecologically divergent traits leads to
sexual isolation in sticklebacks.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of
London B: Biological Sciences, v. 278, n.
1718, p. 2604-2610, 2011.

VERZIJDEN, Machteld N. et al. The impact
of learning on sexual selection and
speciation. Trends in ecology &
evolution, v. 27, n. 9, p. 511-519, 2012

Animal Behavior - Selection |

Learn more at

Why we study animal behavior

In this video we lay out why studying animal behavior is important.

Animal Behavior - Conditioning

Timmy's School project looks at conditioning of Bandit, our dog.

Critical Stages in Puppy Development - Imprinting (4 - 16 weeks)

These puppies are four weeks old now, so it's time to start feeding them real food and getting busy with puppy imprinting! I hope you guys enjoy! For more information about my services, check out my website: If you just like cool photos of dogs, you can head over to my Instagram:

Animal Behavior - CrashCourse Biology #25

Hank and his cat Cameo help teach us about animal behavior and how we can discover why animals do the things they do.

Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD!

Like Crash Course on Facebook:
Follow Crash Course on Twitter:


crash course, biology, animal species, animal behavior, cat, pets, natural selection, sexual selection, morphology, physiology, structure, function, heritable traits, learned behavior, genetics, adaptive, evolution, stimulus, ethologist, proximate cause, hamster, ultimate cause, reproductive success, offspring, biolography, niko tinbergen, karl von frisch, konrad lorenz, austrian, Nobel prize, imprinting, nazi, foraging, optimal foraging model, alligator snapping turtle, bower bird, vampire bat, altruism, william hamilton, fitness, inclusive fitness, ethology, behavioral ecology, ecology Support CrashCourse on Patreon:

Imprinting in precocial birds

Created by 1st year veterinary students at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan as an assignment in their Animal Behaviour class

Fixed Action Patterns, Altruism, and Learning

Erika Tan explains fixed action patterns, altruism, and learning in animals.

*** If there are any pictures used in this video, they are NOT MINE and I will not take credit for them. ***

In this video we’re going to go over what fixed action patterns are, altruism, and ways that animals can learn. It seems like a lot, but it’ll turn out to be quite simple. So first of all, fixed action patterns are motions that organisms go through and they’re always carried out to completion. They’re pretty much instinctive actions, and a common example of this is with the stickleback fish. Whenever one of these male sticklebacks sees another male coming into its territory, the red underbelly of the other male will trigger it to attack. Even if there’s just a piece of wood with a bit of red, the stickleback will attack it. The color red in this situation would be the sign stimulus, which is something that initiates a fixed action pattern.
Alright, moving on to altruism. This is basically when an individual risks its life in order to preserve the fitness of its family. In biology, we’ve seen that organisms reproduce in order to pass on their traits and keep their population from extinction. That’s why altruism is contradictory in a way: if an organism’s goal is to keep the population going through its own reproductive fitness, why would it sacrifice itself for others? Well, we usually see altruistic behavior amongst family or colony members. One example of this would be of the vervet monkey. When a predator comes nearby, one of the monkeys usually makes a call to alarm the other monkeys that a harmful presence is close. At the same time, it’s calling attention to itself, making it easier for the predator to locate that specific monkey. This selfless act actually helps the monkey, though, even though the poor thing might end up dying. Since its family members are all here, and its family has some of its genes, this specific monkey’s genetic material won’t be lost forever; it’ll just be transferred to more generations indirectly.
Next up is how animals learn. One concept that’s kind of under this whole umbrella of animal learning is “imprinting”, and it refers to what the animal absorbs during a certain period of time in its early life. The example that’s always brought up is the one where a zoologist named Konrad Lorenz carried out an experiment with ducks. By being the first thing that newly hatched ducklings saw, the ducklings followed him and thought that he was their mother for the rest of their lives. Through this, we see that imprinting is an irreversible process and the bond that forms within that critical period must be made during that length of time, or else, the imprinting won’t be successful.
Let’s go back to the concept map of learning. So we have the umbrella of learning, and imprinting branched under it. One more branch that I’m going to add is associative learning, which is when animals learn to associate one thing with another. This further divides into two types: classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is when you introduce a stimulus before the organism carries out a reaction. For example, Pavlov, who was a physiologist, knew that dogs salivate in the presence of food. Using this information, he trained dogs to salivate upon hearing a bell. He did this by ringing a bell and then giving them food multiple times so that the dogs would associate the bell with food; therefore, each time the bell rang, the dogs started salivating.
Finally we have operant conditioning. Some books describe this as learning through trial and error. So you can think of it like trying new foods. You pick up something you’ve never tasted before, try it, and decide from there whether it’s good or bad. Clearly, if it tastes disgusting, you’re not going to go near it again, and you’ve associated that particular piece of food with a negative reaction. Any other animal behaviors that are learned through this trial and error aspect are also considered learned through operant conditioning.

Konrad Lorenz -Imprinting

Imprinting is the term used in psychology and ethology to describe any kind of phase-sensitive learning (learning occurring at a particular age or a particular life stage) that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior. It was first used to describe situations in which an animal or person learns the characteristics of some stimulus, which is therefore said to be imprinted onto the subject.

Imprinting is hypothesized to have a critical period.

Ethology and animal behavior

Introduction the ethology, the study of animal behavior.

More on Learning Behaviour




Check Also