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Intro to Chemistry, Basic Concepts - Periodic Table, Elements, Metric System & Unit Conversion

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Intro to Chemistry, Basic Concepts - Periodic Table, Elements, Metric System & Unit Conversion

This online chemistry video tutorial provides a basic overview / introduction of common concepts taught in high school regular, honors, and ap chemistry as well as college general chemistry. This video contains plenty of notes, examples, equations / formulas and practice problems.

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Here is a list of topics:
1. Periodic Table of Elements - Groups and Periods
2. Alkali Metals - Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr - Reactivity with water
3. Alkaline Earth Metals - 2 Valence Electrons
3. Transition Metals vs Inner Transition Metals - Lanthanides & Actinides
4. Valence Electrons, Core Electrons, and Ion Charges
5. Chalcogens, Halogens, Noble Gases, Representative Elements
6. Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids - Electronegativity vs Electropositive Elements
7. Properties of Metals - Electrical Conductivity, Heat, Malleable, and Ductile
8. Allotropes of Carbon - Graphite and Diamond
9. Diatomic Molecules - H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, and I2
10. Cations vs Anions - Positive and Negatively Charged Ions
11. Ionic Bonding vs Covalent Bonds - Polar and Nonpolar
12. Transfer vs Sharing of Electrons
13. Electrostatic Force vs Strong Nuclear Force
14. Atomic Structure and the Nucleus of the atom
15. Subatomic Particles - Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
16. Mass Number, Atomic Number, Average Atomic Mass of Isotopes, and Relative Percent Abundance Calculation
17. Atoms, Molecules, Ionic, Covalent & Molecular Compounds
18. Pure Substances vs Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Mixtures
19. Unit Conversion - Dimensional Analysis - feet, meters, yards, miles, kilometers, inches, centimeters - Metric System Conversion Chart - pico, nano, mega, kilo, tera, giga, milli, micro, centi, deci.
20. Density Conversion Problems - Water Displacement
21. Properties of Elements Quiz
22. Noble precious metals, liquid metal, physical states of matter
23. Significant Figures - Rules - Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division, Counting and Rounding
24. Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds With Transition Metals and Polyatomic Ions
25. Nomenclature For Molecular / Covalent Compounds - Prefixes - Mono, Di, Tri, Tetra, Penta, Hexa, Hepta, Octa, Nona, and Deca
26. Naming Binary Acid Compounds - Acid Nomenclature and Writing Formulas - ate, ite, ide, ic, ous, and hydro
27. Balancing Chemical Equations
28. Single Replacement Reactions - Oxidation and Reduction
29. Combination and Decomposition Reactions
30. Balancing Combustion Reactions
31. Identifying the Oxidizing and Reducing agents
32. Calculating the Oxidation state / number of an element
33. Double Replacement Reactions
34. Acid Base Neutralization Reactions and Net Ionic Equations
35. Precipitation Reactions, Spectator Ions, and Total Ionic Equation
36. Activity Series For Single Displacement Reactions
37. Predicting the Products of Chemical Reactions
38. Solubility Rules for Double Replacement Reactions
39. Grams to Moles to Atoms to Molecules Stoichiometry / Conversion
40. Molar Mass Calculations - Atomic Mass and Formula Weight
41. Mass Percent of Element in a Compound Formula / Equation
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Intro to Chemistry, Basic Concepts Periodic Table, Elements, Metric System & Unit Conversion

Main article: Chemical history

Chemistry developed from alchemy, has been practiced thousands of years ago as in China, Europe and India.
A symbol of Red Flower Cross. The figure depicts the 7 planets that lie above according to alchemy, and the mysterious slogan around: V.I.T.R.I.O.L

The alchemy department studies matter, but the alchemist's world is based on practical experience and the formula derives from practice and not on scientific research. Their goal was a substance called the Philosophical Stone that transforms substances like lead into gold. Alchemists have conducted many experiments to find this substance and through which they have developed many devices that are still used today in chemical engineering.

However, no alchemist found the philosophical stone and in the 17th century, the alchemist's working methods were changed by scientific methods. Part of the alchemist's knowledge is being used by chemists, who work on rational conclusions based on what they observe but not on the idea of ​​turning lead into gold
A chemical lab with a template often uses a variety of glassware in the laboratory. However, these glassware are not central to chemistry, and many of the chemical (as well as industrial / application) experiments are performed without these tools.

A chemical reaction is the conversion of some substance into one or more different substances. [8] The basis of such chemical transformation is the rearrangement of electrons in chemical bonds between atoms. It can be symbolically described through a chemical equation, the focus of which is placed on atoms. The number of atoms on the left and right side in the equation for a chemical transformation is equal. (When the number of atoms on both sides is uneven, conversion is called nuclear reaction or radioactive decay). The type of chemical reaction a substance can experience and the accompanying energy change follows certain certain rules, called chemical laws.
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02 - Learn Unit Conversions, Metric System & Scientific Notation in Chemistry & Physics

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Here we discuss fundamental concepts in chemistry and physics that involve units and unit conversion. We introduce the concept of a conversion factor for units, the metric system prefixes, and how to use scientific notation.
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Periodic Table Explained: Introduction

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Introduction video on the periodic table being explained to chemistry school & science students . The video explains how there are 92 naturally occurring elements, one for each kind of atom, and how they are arranged into a table according to their relative weights.

The expanded table is shown, and how this is abbreviated into the common Periodic Table. The division between metals, semi-metals and non-metals is discussed, with notable examples.
It also shows how the elements are arranged in rows and groups, the latter containing elements with similar properties, like members of a family.

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About Atomic School:
Atomic School supports the teaching of Atomic Theory to primary school & science students .
We provide lesson plans, hands-on classroom resources, demonstration equipment, quizzes and a Teacher's Manual to primary school teachers. Animated videos that clearly explain the scientific ideas supports learning by both teachers and students.

Our work has been verified by science education researchers at the University of Southern Queensland, Dr Jenny Donovan and Dr Carole Haeusler, who confirm that primary students are capable of learning much more complex scientific concepts than previously thought, and crucially, that they love it. Students run to class!

The program has been trialed in Australian schools as well as schools in the Philippines, Iran and India. It is conducted as holiday workshops at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, the Queensland Museum as well as the World Science Festival.
It has attracted wide media interest, including TV, radio and print, and the research data has been presented at prestigious American Education Research Association and Australian Science Education Research Association conferences.

Atomic Theory underlies all the other sciences- genetics, electronics, nanotechnology, engineering and astronomy- so an early understanding will set them up for a more successful learning sequence for all their science subjects, and support their mastery of mathematics as well. We also have extension programs that cover Biology, Physics and Astronomy to an equal depth.



About Ian Stuart (Email: ian.douglas.stuart@gmail.com):
The founder of Atomic School, Ian Stuart, taught Chemistry and Physics for 25 years at senior levels before he realized that his 8-year old son, Tom, could understand Atomic Theory at a much deeper level than he expected. After visiting Tom's class at school, he discovered that his peers could also grasp the abstract scientific concepts, as well as apply it usefully to the real world.

Ian then developed a program to teach the advanced concepts of high school Chemistry, Physics and Biology to students 10 years younger than they normally would. He found that this engaged their interest in modern science early, and sustained it through to high school and beyond. It also sets them up for future success in their academic and career paths.

Ian has a Bachelor's Degree in Chemistry from the University of Queensland and a Master's degree in Electrochemistry from the University of Melbourne.




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Video transcript:
In the first video we saw that all the things in the world are made of incredibly tiny particles called atoms. And also that there are 92 different kinds of them. Most things have more than one type of atom in them, but when we do find something containing just one kind of atom, we call it an element. A nugget of gold is an element because it's made of only gold atoms.
The atoms are too small to see with our eyes, even using a good microscope, but if we could zoom in with a magnification of a billion times we could see the individual gold atoms. Each kind of atom had a shorthand way of writing it, called its symbol, using either one or two letters. The symbol for gold is Au, taken from the ancient Latin word it, aurum. The symbol Au could refer to either a single gold atom, or the element gold consisting of many gold atoms.
Scientists have made a list of all the types of atoms, starting with the lightest, hydrogen, followed by the next lightest, helium. Just heavier than these are lithium and beryllium. We could give each element a number showing its place in this list. Hydrogen's number would be 1 as it is the first in the list, helium's would be 2, and so on. Here are the first 20 elements in the list, starting with the lightest, hydrogen, and going all the way to the heaviest, uranium. Since there are 92 elements in the list, uranium's number must be 92
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Chemistry 101 - The Periodic Table

In this video we will learn all about the Periodic Table. We will learn:
1. The history of the modern periodic table
2. The properties of some of the chemical families on the periodic table
3. How the periodic table can be used to predict properties of elements according to patterns and trends

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Intro to Chem

Review of Basic Chem, Part I

Basic Chemistry Concepts Part I

Chemistry for General Biology students. This video covers the nature of matter, elements, atomic structure and what those sneaky electrons do. AND as a bonus, I cover Lewis dot diagrams, which most of you won't see in your Gen Bio class but they will help you SO MUCH you'll wonder how you've lived without them!

Part II is here:

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Chemistry 101 - Foundations of Chemistry

In this video we learn some of the fundamental concepts of chemistry:
1. S.I. units and how to use dimensional analysis to convert within the metric system
2. Uncertainty and that there are rules to determine which digits are significant in a reported quantitative observation
3. How to calculate the density of an object using the formula d = m/v
4. Matter can be organized as mixtures or pure substances
5. Mixtures can be organized as homogeneous or heterogeneous
6. Pure substances can be organized as elements or compounds.
7. The difference between a physical change and a chemical change

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Intro to CHem

Converting Units With Conversion Factors

This video focuses on converting units of measurement with conversion factors. It explains how to convert units of length, time, capacity, volume, area, mass, speed / velocity, and density which is useful for students taking chemistry, math, or physics. This tutorial contains plenty of examples and practice problems.

Metric System Made Easy!


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Here is a list of topics:
1. Common Conversion Factors of Length, Time, & Capacity / Volume
2. How to convert centimeters to meters - cm to m
3. Converting milliliters to Liters - mL to L
4. kilometers to centimeters - km to cm
5. Milliliters to Cubic Meters - mL to m^3
6. One step vs two step conversion practice problems
7. Multi-step dimensional analysis problems
8. meters per second to kilometers per hour - m/s to km/h
9. miles per hour to meters per second - mph to m/s or mi/hr to m/s
10. grams per milliliter to kilograms per cubic meter - g/ml to kg/m^3
11. how to convert square feet to square yards - ft^2 to yd^2
12. converting square centimeters to square meters - cm^2 to m^2
13. cubic yards to cubic feet - yd^3 to ft^3
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01 - Introduction To Chemistry - Online Chemistry Course - Learn Chemistry & Solve Problems

This is just a few minutes of a complete course.
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In this lesson the student will be introduced to the core concepts of chemistry 1.

The Periodic Table: Crash Course Chemistry #4

Hank gives us a tour of the most important table ever, including the life story of the obsessive man who championed it, Dmitri Mendeleev. The periodic table of elements is a concise, information-dense catalog of all of the different sorts of atoms in the universe, and it has a wealth of information to tell us if we can learn to read it.

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Table of Contents
Dmitri Mendeleev - 0:45
Mendeleev's Organization of the Periodic Table - 2:31
Relationships in the Periodic Table - 5:03
Why Mendeleev Stood Out from his Colleagues - 7:09
How the Periodic Table Could be Improved - 8:28

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Chemistry 101 Introduction

Take a captivating tour through God´s chemical world. This 4 DVD set contains 19 individual, 20-45 minute segments examining the world of chemistry and the periodic table of the elements. Included on the fourth disc is a printable (PDF) guidebook with quizzes covering the material presented in each segment and a one-year highschool course booklet.

Chemistry - Introduction (3 of 10) The Periodic Table

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In this video I will introduce you to the periodic table.

Introduction to chemistry | Atoms, compounds, and ions | Chemistry | Khan Academy

A big picture view of chemistry and why it is fascinating. How chemistry relates to math and other sciences.

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Khan Academy is a nonprofit organization with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. We offer quizzes, questions, instructional videos, and articles on a range of academic subjects, including math, biology, chemistry, physics, history, economics, finance, grammar, preschool learning, and more. We provide teachers with tools and data so they can help their students develop the skills, habits, and mindsets for success in school and beyond. Khan Academy has been translated into dozens of languages, and 15 million people around the globe learn on Khan Academy every month. As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, we would love your help! Donate or volunteer today!

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The periodic table - classification of elements | Chemistry | Khan Academy

Common terms describing the ways elements are classified in the periodic table. Created by Jay.

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Chemistry on Khan Academy: Did you know that everything is made out of chemicals? Chemistry is the study of matter: its composition, properties, and reactivity. This material roughly covers a first-year high school or college course, and a good understanding of algebra is helpful.

About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content.

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How To Memorize The Periodic Table Through Practice!

This chemistry video tutorial explains how to memorize the periodic table of the elements. It gives you plenty of examples and practice problems.

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Chemistry Conversions Chart - Density, Volume, Grams to Moles, Examples & Practice Problems

This general chemistry video tutorial shows you how to perform unit conversion and dimensional analysis. It contains a chart filled with common and important conversion factors for length / distance, area, volume, mass / weight, and pressure. This video contains plenty of notes, formulas / equations, examples and practice problems. This video provides a nice lesson / basic intro into the word of conversions / dimensional analysis within college & high school chemistry.

Here is a list of topics:
1. College Chemistry Conversion Chart - Dimensional Analysis
2. Conversion Factors - Km to m, cm to m, g to mg, miles to feet, miles to km, in to ft, in to cm, ft to yd, kpa to atm, torr to atm, mm hg to atm, kj to kcal, cal to j, ml to L, and nm to m.
3. Temperature Conversions - Fahrenheit to Celsius to Kelvin
4. Understanding Conversion Factors that are Squared and Cubed
5. One step Conversion Practice Problems
6. Double Conversion Examples
7. Multi Step Conversion Problems with Speed and Velocity - meters per second to miles per hour and kilometers per hour to feet per second.
8. Word Problem Conversions - Density and Volume - g/ml, kg/m3, etc.
9. Word Problems with Gallons, Ounces, Liters, Gasoline & Density of Gold
10. English System and Metric Conversions With Scientific Notation Step by Step
11. torr to atom conversions - atmospheric pressure
12. Gas Laws - STP - Mole to Liter Conversions
13. Grams to Moles and Moles to Grams Conversions Made Easy
14. Moles to Atoms Unit Conversion
15. Converting Grams to Atoms and Molecules Worksheet & Answers
16. Moles to Molecules and Atoms to Grams Conversions
17. Liters to Moles and Grams at STP For Gases
18. Heat Conversions - Calories and Joules
19. Stoichiometry - Mole to Mole and Gram to Gram Conversions Using Balanced Chemical Combustion Reaction / Equation

PERIODIC TABLE

Periodic table is one sub chapter in subject DGC10013 inorganic and physical , chemistry. The modern periodic table (PT) is based on Moseley's Periodic Table. It is impossible to remember 107 elements in PT but the study is on arrangement of element in particular group and period.

Periodic Table Basics

In this video I cover several periodic table basics that will help you read and use the periodic table.
The periodic table has a large amount of information about each element.
I cover,
Finding the number of protons
The chemical symbol
The number of electrons
The number of nutrons
Finding the atomic mass
The elements family and a few more tricks.
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What happens when you mix sodium and water?
Hint: It involves fire.

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