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Lecture 4. Doublets and Contradictions, Seams and Sources

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Lecture 4. Doublets and Contradictions, Seams and Sources

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture continues the discussion on Genesis, including the familiar accounts of Cain and Abel, the Flood and Noahide covenant. The story of Cain and Abel expresses the notion of the God-endowed sanctity of human life and a universal moral law governing the world. Examination of the contradictions and doublets in the flood story leads to a discussion of the complex composition and authorship of the Pentateuch. These features as well as anachronisms challenge traditional religious convictions of Moses as the author of the first five books of the Bible.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Taming of Enkidu in The Epic of Gilgamesh
05:44 - The Story of Enkidu as Parallel to the Second Story of Creation in Genesis
21:29 - Major Themes in the Story of Cain and Abel
24:02 - Comparing Mesopotamian, Semitic and Israelite Flood Stories
35:32 - Contradictions and Doublets in the Flood Story in Genesis 6-9
42:42 - Implications of the Repetitions and Contradictions throughout the Bible

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

04. Doublets and Contradictions, Seams and Sources: Genesis 5-11 and the Historical-Critical Method

Overview

This lecture continues the discussion on Genesis, including the familiar accounts of Cain and Abel, the Flood and Noahide covenant. The story of Cain and Abel expresses the notion of the God-endowed sanctity of human life and a universal moral law governing the world. Examination of the contradictions and doublets in the flood story leads to a discussion of the complex composition and authorship of the Pentateuch. These features as well as anachronisms challenge traditional religious convictions of Moses as the author of the first five books of the Bible.

Assignment

Bible: Introduction to the Torah, (JSB pp. 1-7); Gen 5-11

Habel, Norman. Literary Criticism of the Old Testament. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971. pp. 1-42

For Section Discussion:
(1) Gen 1-3
(2) Boyarin, Daniel. Behold Israel According to the Flesh and Different Eves. In Carnal Israel. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. pp. 31-46, 77-106
(3) Pagels, Elaine. Adam, Eve and the Serpent. New York: Random House, 1988. pp. 57-77
(4) Trible, Phyllis. Depatriarchalizing in Biblical Interpretation. In JAAR 41. pp. 30-48
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Lecture 3. The Hebrew Bible in Its Ancient Near Eastern Setting: Genesis 1-4 in Context

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

In the first of a series of lectures on the book of Genesis, the basic elements of biblical monotheism are compared with Ancient Near Eastern texts to show a non-mythological, non-theogonic conception of the deity, a new conception of the purpose and meaning of human life, nature, magic and myth, sin and evil, ethics (including the universal moral law) and history. The two creation stories are explored and the work of Nahum Sarna is introduced.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Creation Story in Enuma Elish
12:44 - Chapter 2. The Creation Stories in Genesis
28:30 - Chapter 3. Creation as God Imposing Order on the World
38:17 - Allusion to and Resonances of Ancient Near Eastern Themes

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

00:00 - Chapter 1. One Who Wrestles: The Significance of Jacob's Name Change
03:04 - Chapter 2. The 12 Sons of Jacob: Joseph and His Brothers
10:06 - Chapter 3. Exodus: Sequel to Genesis and Myth of Origins for a Nation
21:14 - Chapter 4. Moses's Legendary Birth Story and Early Life
26:43 - Chapter 5. Descriptions of God in the Bible
38:39 - Chapter 6. Smith's Convergence and Divergence Model

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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Lecture 9. The Priestly Legacy: Cult and Sacrifice, Purity and Holiness in Leviticus and Numbers

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

In this lecture, the Priestly source (P) found primarily in Leviticus and Numbers is introduced. The symbolism of the sacrificial cult and purity system, the differences between moral and ritual impurity, as well as holiness and purity are explained within the Priestly context. The concept of holiness and imitatio dei, or human imitation of God, is explained.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction to the Israelite Sanctuary
09:19 - Chapter 2. The Priestly Conceptions of Holiness and Time
13:36 - Chapter 3. Holiness, Purity, Moral and Ritual Impurity
23:30 - Chapter 4. Ritual Purification, Sacrifices and Offerings, and Imitatio Dei
29:13 - Chapter 5. Moral Impurity, Defiling the Land and Purification
42:34 - Chapter 6. Dietary Law and the Holiness Code

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Errors, Contradictions, Anachronisms and Abnormalities in the "Bibles" series - Part 1

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Lecture 4, "But, Lord, He Stinketh!": Marco Pino's The Resurrection of Lazarus

Marco Pino was the most important painter in southern Italy during the later Renaissance. We examine his career and have a thorough look at this little-known but superb work, focusing on how he presents a frequently painted Gospel story of doubt and salvation.

Lesson 4 - Joshua 1 & 2

The Lord’s choice for the supreme human authority over Israel after Moses’ death was Joshua.

How do you know if historical sources contradict each other?

How to identify contradiction between historical sources.

Further details:

Contradictions in the OT explained pt II

Contradictions in the OT explained pt II
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Lecture 10. Biblical Law: The Three Legal Corpora of JE (Exodus), P (Leviticus and Numbers) and D

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture introduces biblical law in a comparative approach that identifies similarities and differences between Israelite law and other Ancient Near Eastern legal traditions, such as the Code of Hammurabi. Distinctive features of Israelite law are explained as flowing from the claim of divine authorship.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Initiation of God's Laws, Rules and Ordinances at Sinai
03:38 - Chapter 2. The Decalogues
11:42 - Chapter 3. Biblical Law in Comparison with Ancient Near East Legal Collections
29:58 - Chapter 4. Radical, Characteristic Features of Israelite Law
40:17 - Chapter 5. Reversing the Code: Sanctity of Human Life

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Bible Contradictions

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Lecture 5. Critical Approaches to the Bible: Introduction to Genesis 12-50

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture introduces the modern critical study of the Bible, including source theories and Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis, as well as form criticism and tradition criticism. The main characteristics of each biblical source (J, E, P, and D) according to classic source theory are explained. This lecture also raises the question of the historical accuracy of the Bible and the relation of archaeology to the biblical record.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and Characteristics of Biblical Sources
16:05 - Chapter 2. The Purpose of Literary, Source and Historical Criticism
27:15 - Chapter 3. The Generations of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs
34:42 - Chapter 4. Critical Methodology Used in Biblical Scholarship

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Lecture 14. The Deuteronomistic History: Response to Catastrophe (1 and 2 Kings)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

The tension between covenant theology, emphasizing the conditional Mosaic convenant from Mt. Sinai, and royal theology emphasizing the unconditional covenant with David in his palace on Mt. Zion, is traced. Following Solomon's death, the united kingdom separated into a northern and a southern kingdom (named Israel and Judah respectively), the former falling to the Assyrians in 722 and the latter to the Babylonians in 586. Analysis of the Deuteronomistic School's response to these historical crises and subsequent exile to Babylonia is evidenced through redaction criticism.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Uncompromising Honesty of the Story of David
10:29 - Chapter 2. Tensions in Kings I and II
31:21 - Chapter 3. The Separation of the Kingdom Following Solomon's Death
42:10 - Chapter 4. Historiosophy of the Deuteronomistic School

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Lecture 8. Exodus: From Egypt to Sinai (Exodus 5-24, 32; Numbers)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture traces the account of the Exodus (and the origin of the Passover festival as a historicization of older nature festivals) and Israel's liberation from bondage under Pharaoh. The story reaches its climax with the covenant concluded between God and Israel through Moses at Sinai. Drawing heavily on the work of Jon Levenson, the lecture examines Ancient Near Eastern parallels to the Sinaitic covenant and describes the divine-human relationship (an intersection of law and love) that the covenant seeks to express.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Passover as a Historicization of Earlier Ritual Practices
06:51 - Chapter 2. The Exodus as a Paradigm for Collective Salvation
19:59 - Chapter 3. The Mosaic Covenant between God and Israel at Sinai
39:15 - Chapter 4. Patience with the Israelites: Towards the Promised Land

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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Divine Law: A Tale of Two Concepts (and Three Responses)

On March 3, 2014, Christine Hayes, Weis Professor of Religious Studies in Classical Judaica at Yale University, was a featured speaker at the Center for the Study of World Religions.

Old Testament Survey 4

God supplies their needs and leads the Israelites to Mt Sinai, where He gives Moses the Law.

Lecture 6, "To Paint the Way the Spartans Spoke": Gavin Hamilton's The Death of Lucretia

Gavin Hamilton, a gifted Scotsman working in Rome, was an art dealer, excavator, tour guide, and pioneer neoclassical painter. His scene of a virtuous woman and her resolute avengers, taken from Livy's history of the earliest days of Rome, was a model for later artists in its blunt eloquence.

The Bible in University Education: Rabbi Dr. Shmuly Yanklowitz interviews Prof. Christine Hayes

Rabbi Dr. Shmuly Yanklowitz ( President & Dean of Valley Beit Midrash ( interviews Professor Christine Hayes of Yale University ( about studying the Bible in a university setting.

For podcasts of Valley Beit Midrash lectures, visit:



Lecture 3: Old Testament Introduction - Dr. Bill Barrick

The Master's Seminary -

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