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Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

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Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

00:00 - Chapter 1. One Who Wrestles: The Significance of Jacob's Name Change
03:04 - Chapter 2. The 12 Sons of Jacob: Joseph and His Brothers
10:06 - Chapter 3. Exodus: Sequel to Genesis and Myth of Origins for a Nation
21:14 - Chapter 4. Moses's Legendary Birth Story and Early Life
26:43 - Chapter 5. Descriptions of God in the Bible
38:39 - Chapter 6. Smith's Convergence and Divergence Model

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

07. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Overview

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

Resources

Handout: Cannanite Religion [PDF] -

Assignment

Bible:
(1) Gen 12-Ex 4; Introduction to Exodus (JSB pp. 102-107)
(2) Historical and Geographical Background to the Bible (JSB pp. 2048-2052)
(3) Inner-Biblical Interpretation (JSB pp. 1829-1835)

Optional:
Goldstein, Rebecca. Looking Back at Lot's Wife. In Out of the Garden: Women Writers on the Bible, eds., Christina Buchmann and Celina Spiegel. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. pp. 3-12

For Section Discussion:
(1) Gen 22
(2) Auerbach, Eric. Odysseus' Scar. In Mimesis. pp. 1-26
(3) Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981. pp. 3-22, 47-62, 178-189
(4) Greenstein, Edward L. and Alex Preminger, eds. The Binding of Isaac. In The Hebrew Bible in Literary Criticism. New York: Unger, 1986. pp. 261-270
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Lecture 8. Exodus: From Egypt to Sinai (Exodus 5-24, 32; Numbers)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture traces the account of the Exodus (and the origin of the Passover festival as a historicization of older nature festivals) and Israel's liberation from bondage under Pharaoh. The story reaches its climax with the covenant concluded between God and Israel through Moses at Sinai. Drawing heavily on the work of Jon Levenson, the lecture examines Ancient Near Eastern parallels to the Sinaitic covenant and describes the divine-human relationship (an intersection of law and love) that the covenant seeks to express.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Passover as a Historicization of Earlier Ritual Practices
06:51 - Chapter 2. The Exodus as a Paradigm for Collective Salvation
19:59 - Chapter 3. The Mosaic Covenant between God and Israel at Sinai
39:15 - Chapter 4. Patience with the Israelites: Towards the Promised Land

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

The Exodus from Egypt, a Lecture with Dr. James Hoffmeier

James Hoffmeier is an Egyptologist and Archaeologist who currently teaches Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History and Archaeology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Hoffmeier lived in Egypt from birth until the age of sixteen and later went to Wheaton College to earn his Bachelor of Arts. He completed both his Masters and Doctorate degrees at the University of Toronto.
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9. Egypt and the Era of the Israelite Judges

The Israelite nation gradually established itself in Canaan during a period of significant international conflict between Egypt and the Hittites, culminating in the Battle of Qadesh in 1276 b.c. The mention of the Apiru by the Phoenicians, as well as the reference to Israel in the so-called Israel Stele of Meremptah, all point to a significant Israelite population in Canaan during the latter part of the second millenium b.c. According to the biblical chronology, this would coorelate with the era of the charismatic leaders in Israel generally known as the 'judges.' For more free resources, please visit

Joseph and The Exodus

Dr. David Neiman explores the historicity of the Biblical accounts of Joseph and the Exodus from Egypt. 

Joseph rises to the position of “Tzafnat Pa’aneakh” after successfully helping the Pharaoh of Egypt with his economic plans. Under Joseph’s guidance all land became the property of Pharaoh. 

A new Pharaoh comes to power who does not favor the Israelites. They are enslaved and forced to build the storage cities of Pithom and Ramses. These cities were arsenals for the armies of Egypt. Under Seti I and Ramses the II, Egypt was on the warpath.

Ramses II was defeated at the battle of Kadesh by the Hittites. The loss of the largest Bronze Age army in history weakened Egypt and that vulnerability created the conditions in which the Israelite flight from Egypt could occur.
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Evidence for the Exodus? An Egyptologist's Perspective - Interview with Dr. Maggie Bryson

Perhaps no story is more central to the Hebrew Bible than the Exodus from Egypt. The historicity of the event spoken of in the Bible has long been debated, though many still consider the matter to be quite certain. We are very fortunate to be joined by Dr. Maggi Bryson, a brilliant Egyptologist, who will share her perspective on this controversial topic.

For a recent publication on studies concerning the Exodus, see Thomas Levy, et al. (eds.), Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience (2015 edition) [

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For general information and sources relating to the Ancient Near East, we recommend these websites:
ABZU - (collection of free and open-access data)
University of Chicago Oriental Institute - (great collection of free books and articles)
Livius.org - (general encyclopedia on the ancient world)
ETCSL - (Sumerian literature)
ORACC - (collection of projects relating to Mesopotamia)
EPSD - (Online Sumerian dictionary)
CDLI - (Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative)

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Music: Brak Bnei Original Composition (

PROOF THAT THE ISRAELITES WERE IN ANCIENT EGYPT

Archaeology and Israel in Egypt

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Archaeology has uncovered fascinating evidence that confirms the existence of Israelites in Egypt.  Dr. George Sparks then explains various theories as archaeologists continue to search for explanations of the biblical narrative. We now have evidence from archaeology that Israel was in Egypt.

Archeology of Ancient Israel: Patriarchs, Exodus & Conquest - Lecture 1 - Prof. Israel Finkelstein

World leading archeologist, professor Israel Finkelstein explores the relationship modern archeological research and the historicity of biblical narratives on the origins of ancient Israel.
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Moses and Yahwism

Israel's Egyptian Captivity and Exodus: Archaeological and Historical Evidence (#2)

Israel's exodus from Egypt and Egyptian captivity are examined in Archaeological and Historical Evidence for the Bible, class #2. Archaeology demonstrates 'Habiru or Hebrew Asiatics were in Egypt at the time specified in the Bible, making bricks for the city of Pi-Ramesses. The unanimous testimony to Israel's Egyptian captivity and exodus are strong historical evidence for their facticity. The suzerain-vassal treaty format found in the Pentateuch strongly supports its Mosaic authorship. Furthermore, Hebrew inscriptional evidence from Sinai 347, 357 support Pharaoh's decree to murder the Hebrew children; Sinai 361 refers to Moses by name and Israel's slavery; and Sinai 375a refers to Ahisamach (Exodus 31:6; 35:34; 38:23), whose son Aholiab was one of the two primary metalworkers and craftsmen who built Israel’s tabernacle. The evidence compels leading Egyptologists to recognize the historical reality of Israel's captivity and exodus. This video is from a Bible college class taught by Thomas Ross at the Mukwonago Baptist Bible Institute; see the FaithSaves website and/or your bookstore for Prof. Ross's book on this subject or for more information.
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Academy Biblical Studies: Exodus

Chaplaincy Nevada Online Academy
Course Biblical Studies-Exodus Summary
Chaplain Todd

Lecture 10. Biblical Law: The Three Legal Corpora of JE (Exodus), P (Leviticus and Numbers) and D

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture introduces biblical law in a comparative approach that identifies similarities and differences between Israelite law and other Ancient Near Eastern legal traditions, such as the Code of Hammurabi. Distinctive features of Israelite law are explained as flowing from the claim of divine authorship.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Initiation of God's Laws, Rules and Ordinances at Sinai
03:38 - Chapter 2. The Decalogues
11:42 - Chapter 3. Biblical Law in Comparison with Ancient Near East Legal Collections
29:58 - Chapter 4. Radical, Characteristic Features of Israelite Law
40:17 - Chapter 5. Reversing the Code: Sanctity of Human Life

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Susan Hollis - Out of Egypt: Did Israel's Exodus Include Tales?

UCSD EXODUS CONFERENCE
Out of Egypt: Israel's Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination
May 31 -- June 1, 2013

Qualcomm Institute @ Calit2 Auditorium, University of California, San Diego.
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Exodus 1. Israel in Egypt

Commentary on Exodus 1 and the bondage under which the Israelites suffered. This is part of a larger series that will be listed at under Video Classes. These lectures are designed for the online class on the Pentateuch at South Florida Bible College & Theological Seminary.

Lecture - Dr James Hoffmeier - Egyptologist

This is from The Lanier Library Lecture Series titled The Exodus In Light Of Recent Archaeological And Geological Work In North Sinai by Dr James Hoffmeier given May 21, 2011.

The Israelite sojourn and exodus from Egypt has been the subject of scholarly interest and investigation since the dawn of Egyptology two centuries ago. Since no direct archaeological evidence has been discovered to confirm the biblical tradition, some scholars in recent decades have questioned the historicity of these events despite their being a centerpiece of biblical history and the foundation of Jewish religion. In this lecture, background information from ancient Egypt will be reviewed that will show aspects of the Exodus narratives to be indeed authentic. The lecture will also focus on new geological and archaeological data from the work of the North Sinai Archaeological Project, which James Hoffmeier directed. This project included survey and excavation work at Tell el-Borg just east of the Suez Canal. When the results of this exciting work are combined with other recent and ongoing excavations in North Sinai, a compelling picture emerges about the route of the exodus and the location of the Re(e)d Sea.

The Lanier Theological Library is an exciting new resource for all students and scholars of the Bible. The LTL is a research library and is open to everyone who will use it responsibly. Within the library, you will find a comprehensive collection of books, periodicals, historical documents and artifacts with topics ranging from Church History and Biblical Studies to Egyptology and Linguistics. The LTL regularly hosts events with noted authors, guest lecturers, and researchers who will challenge you both academically and spiritually. Come to the Lanier Theological Library and find serious tools for serious study.

For more info on this:

Lost Egyptian Records of the Exodus

This video develops a possible explanation for why there is no mention of Moses, or the Exodus, in any of the many Egyptian records that have been found so far.
You may also be interested in some of my other YouTube videos: The Secrets of Abraham, The Garden of Eden Decoded, “The Logical Route of the Exodus,” and “Loopholes in the Ten Commandments.”

How long was Israel in Egypt before the Exodus according to the Bible?

Solution to the 400 Year Problem...i.e. how long was Israel in Egypt before the Exodus.

(Excuse my voice, i had a horse throat when I made this...)

Exodus Welcome and Introductions

UCSD EXODUS CONFERENCE
Out of Egypt: Israel's Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination
May 31 -- June 1, 2013

Qualcomm Institute @ Calit2 Auditorium, University of California, San Diego.

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