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Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

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Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

00:00 - Chapter 1. One Who Wrestles: The Significance of Jacob's Name Change
03:04 - Chapter 2. The 12 Sons of Jacob: Joseph and His Brothers
10:06 - Chapter 3. Exodus: Sequel to Genesis and Myth of Origins for a Nation
21:14 - Chapter 4. Moses's Legendary Birth Story and Early Life
26:43 - Chapter 5. Descriptions of God in the Bible
38:39 - Chapter 6. Smith's Convergence and Divergence Model

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

07. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Overview

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

Resources

Handout: Cannanite Religion [PDF] -

Assignment

Bible:
(1) Gen 12-Ex 4; Introduction to Exodus (JSB pp. 102-107)
(2) Historical and Geographical Background to the Bible (JSB pp. 2048-2052)
(3) Inner-Biblical Interpretation (JSB pp. 1829-1835)

Optional:
Goldstein, Rebecca. Looking Back at Lot's Wife. In Out of the Garden: Women Writers on the Bible, eds., Christina Buchmann and Celina Spiegel. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. pp. 3-12

For Section Discussion:
(1) Gen 22
(2) Auerbach, Eric. Odysseus' Scar. In Mimesis. pp. 1-26
(3) Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981. pp. 3-22, 47-62, 178-189
(4) Greenstein, Edward L. and Alex Preminger, eds. The Binding of Isaac. In The Hebrew Bible in Literary Criticism. New York: Unger, 1986. pp. 261-270
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Lecture 8. Exodus: From Egypt to Sinai (Exodus 5-24, 32; Numbers)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture traces the account of the Exodus (and the origin of the Passover festival as a historicization of older nature festivals) and Israel's liberation from bondage under Pharaoh. The story reaches its climax with the covenant concluded between God and Israel through Moses at Sinai. Drawing heavily on the work of Jon Levenson, the lecture examines Ancient Near Eastern parallels to the Sinaitic covenant and describes the divine-human relationship (an intersection of law and love) that the covenant seeks to express.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Passover as a Historicization of Earlier Ritual Practices
06:51 - Chapter 2. The Exodus as a Paradigm for Collective Salvation
19:59 - Chapter 3. The Mosaic Covenant between God and Israel at Sinai
39:15 - Chapter 4. Patience with the Israelites: Towards the Promised Land

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

The Exodus from Egypt, a Lecture with Dr. James Hoffmeier

James Hoffmeier is an Egyptologist and Archaeologist who currently teaches Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History and Archaeology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Hoffmeier lived in Egypt from birth until the age of sixteen and later went to Wheaton College to earn his Bachelor of Arts. He completed both his Masters and Doctorate degrees at the University of Toronto.
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Lecture - Dr James Hoffmeier - Egyptologist

This is from The Lanier Library Lecture Series titled The Exodus In Light Of Recent Archaeological And Geological Work In North Sinai by Dr James Hoffmeier given May 21, 2011.

The Israelite sojourn and exodus from Egypt has been the subject of scholarly interest and investigation since the dawn of Egyptology two centuries ago. Since no direct archaeological evidence has been discovered to confirm the biblical tradition, some scholars in recent decades have questioned the historicity of these events despite their being a centerpiece of biblical history and the foundation of Jewish religion. In this lecture, background information from ancient Egypt will be reviewed that will show aspects of the Exodus narratives to be indeed authentic. The lecture will also focus on new geological and archaeological data from the work of the North Sinai Archaeological Project, which James Hoffmeier directed. This project included survey and excavation work at Tell el-Borg just east of the Suez Canal. When the results of this exciting work are combined with other recent and ongoing excavations in North Sinai, a compelling picture emerges about the route of the exodus and the location of the Re(e)d Sea.

The Lanier Theological Library is an exciting new resource for all students and scholars of the Bible. The LTL is a research library and is open to everyone who will use it responsibly. Within the library, you will find a comprehensive collection of books, periodicals, historical documents and artifacts with topics ranging from Church History and Biblical Studies to Egyptology and Linguistics. The LTL regularly hosts events with noted authors, guest lecturers, and researchers who will challenge you both academically and spiritually. Come to the Lanier Theological Library and find serious tools for serious study.

For more info on this:

Exodus from Egypt to Israel

Joseph grew up in a dessert to become a leader in a castle. Moses grew up in a castle to be a leader in the dessert. This video we see the connection to both of them and the Exodus from Egypt.

Exodus 1:1-6:1 Sh'mot
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9. Egypt and the Era of the Israelite Judges

The Israelite nation gradually established itself in Canaan during a period of significant international conflict between Egypt and the Hittites, culminating in the Battle of Qadesh in 1276 b.c. The mention of the Apiru by the Phoenicians, as well as the reference to Israel in the so-called Israel Stele of Meremptah, all point to a significant Israelite population in Canaan during the latter part of the second millenium b.c. According to the biblical chronology, this would coorelate with the era of the charismatic leaders in Israel generally known as the 'judges.' For more free resources, please visit

Brad C. Sparks - Egyptian Text Parallels to the Exodus: The Egyptology Literature

UCSD EXODUS CONFERENCE
Out of Egypt: Israel's Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination
May 31 -- June 1, 2013

Qualcomm Institute @ Calit2 Auditorium, University of California, San Diego.

Lesson 5 - Exodus 4

In the person of Moses, God chooses a reluctant prophet who tries again and again to get out of being chosen.

THE REAL MOSES and the fake exodus pt 7 of 7.

THE EXODUS VS THE EXPULSION ,MOSES VS AHMOSES,
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Joseph and The Exodus

Dr. David Neiman explores the historicity of the Biblical accounts of Joseph and the Exodus from Egypt. 

Joseph rises to the position of “Tzafnat Pa’aneakh” after successfully helping the Pharaoh of Egypt with his economic plans. Under Joseph’s guidance all land became the property of Pharaoh. 

A new Pharaoh comes to power who does not favor the Israelites. They are enslaved and forced to build the storage cities of Pithom and Ramses. These cities were arsenals for the armies of Egypt. Under Seti I and Ramses the II, Egypt was on the warpath.

Ramses II was defeated at the battle of Kadesh by the Hittites. The loss of the largest Bronze Age army in history weakened Egypt and that vulnerability created the conditions in which the Israelite flight from Egypt could occur.

Evidence for the Exodus? An Egyptologist's Perspective - Interview with Dr. Maggie Bryson

Perhaps no story is more central to the Hebrew Bible than the Exodus from Egypt. The historicity of the event spoken of in the Bible has long been debated, though many still consider the matter to be quite certain. We are very fortunate to be joined by Dr. Maggi Bryson, a brilliant Egyptologist, who will share her perspective on this controversial topic.

For a recent publication on studies concerning the Exodus, see Thomas Levy, et al. (eds.), Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience (2015 edition) [

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For general information and sources relating to the Ancient Near East, we recommend these websites:
ABZU - (collection of free and open-access data)
University of Chicago Oriental Institute - (great collection of free books and articles)
Livius.org - (general encyclopedia on the ancient world)
ETCSL - (Sumerian literature)
ORACC - (collection of projects relating to Mesopotamia)
EPSD - (Online Sumerian dictionary)
CDLI - (Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative)

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Music: Brak Bnei Original Composition (
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The Exodus from Egypt, a Lecture with Dr James Hoffmeier

James Hoffmeier is an Egyptologist and Archaeologist who currently teaches Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History and Archaeology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Hoffmeier lived in Egypt from birth until the age of sixteen and later went to Wheaton College to earn his Bachelor of Arts. He completed both his Masters and Doctorate degrees at the University of Toronto.

Moses 2

Chronological Bible Survey
The Old Testament
Moses 2

Exodus 1. Israel in Egypt

Commentary on Exodus 1 and the bondage under which the Israelites suffered. This is part of a larger series that will be listed at under Video Classes. These lectures are designed for the online class on the Pentateuch at South Florida Bible College & Theological Seminary.
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Did the Exodus Happen? | History of the Jewish People Episode 3

Did the Exodus Happen? The answer is more complex than just a yes or no.

Support this channel on Patreon


Sources & Affiliate Liniks
The Bible as History by Werner Keller

Testament: The Bible and History by John Romer

Ancient Israel: What do We Know and How Do We Know It? by Lester L. Grabb

The Origin of the Jews by Steven Weitzman

The Old Testament Documents by Walter C. Kaiser Jr.

Israel & the Nations by F.F. Bruce

We may now know which Egyptian pharaoh challenged Moses by Jean-Pierre Isbouts


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Genesis and exodus camedy

The Ancient History of Moses

In this groundbreaking work, the authors re-examine humanity's most enduring account of bondage, emancipation and freedom. The Great Exodus is the story of how one man, empowered by divine epiphany, brought the mighty ancient kingdom of Egypt to itsknees. For thousands of years, this story has bolstered the faithful of three major religions, though little historical data confirms it. So the question must be asked: Did it ever really happen?

Roberts, a historian and theologian and Ward, an archaeologist, Egyptologist and anthropologist, dig deeply into historical records to answer the most vexing questions.

Thanks to EPIC Voyagers, please visit the website here

Moses, Joshua and Judges: Ancient History & Archaeology of Middle East

Based on articles by Bob Porter looking at the archaeology of the late Early Bronze Age to the early Late Bronze Age. He works towards reconciling Old Testament and Historical/ Archeological traditions. He covers Exodus at end of Old Kingdom to the Conquest at end of Early Bronze III. Part 1: Egypt and Part 2: Canaan. (Talk 7 Oct 2017)

Lecture 15. Hebrew Prophecy: The Non-Literary Prophets

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture concludes the discussion of the Deuteronomistic historian's efforts to show that idolatry and associated sins lead to God's wrath and periods of trouble. The remainder of the lecture is an introduction to the phenomenon of Israelite prophecy which included ecstatic prophecy and prophetic guilds. The non-literary prophets of the historical books of the Bible and their various roles (as God's zealot; as conscience of the king) are examined.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Concluding Remarks about the Deuteronomistic Historian
08:33 - Chapter 2. Introduction to the Phenomenon of Israelite Prophecy
21:25 - Chapter 3. Roles Played by Prophets: Yes Men Versus True Prophets
28:20 - Chapter 4. Roles Played by Prophets: God's Zealots, Kingmakers, King-Breakers and Miracle Workers
43:01 - Chapter 5. Roles Played by Prophets: Conscience of the King

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

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