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Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

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Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

00:00 - Chapter 1. One Who Wrestles: The Significance of Jacob's Name Change
03:04 - Chapter 2. The 12 Sons of Jacob: Joseph and His Brothers
10:06 - Chapter 3. Exodus: Sequel to Genesis and Myth of Origins for a Nation
21:14 - Chapter 4. Moses's Legendary Birth Story and Early Life
26:43 - Chapter 5. Descriptions of God in the Bible
38:39 - Chapter 6. Smith's Convergence and Divergence Model

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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07. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4)

Overview

The book of Genesis concludes with the story of Joseph and the descent of the 12 tribes into Egypt, setting the stage for the Exodus in which God is seen as redeemer and liberator. Moses is the first in a line of apostolic (messenger) prophets and Yahwism is initiated. Mark Smith's thesis describing the emergence of Israelite religion through a process of convergence and divergence is presented as an alternative to the evolutionary-revolutionary dichotomy presented in Lecture 2.

Resources

Handout: Cannanite Religion [PDF] -

Assignment

Bible:
(1) Gen 12-Ex 4; Introduction to Exodus (JSB pp. 102-107)
(2) Historical and Geographical Background to the Bible (JSB pp. 2048-2052)
(3) Inner-Biblical Interpretation (JSB pp. 1829-1835)

Optional:
Goldstein, Rebecca. Looking Back at Lot's Wife. In Out of the Garden: Women Writers on the Bible, eds., Christina Buchmann and Celina Spiegel. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. pp. 3-12

For Section Discussion:
(1) Gen 22
(2) Auerbach, Eric. Odysseus' Scar. In Mimesis. pp. 1-26
(3) Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981. pp. 3-22, 47-62, 178-189
(4) Greenstein, Edward L. and Alex Preminger, eds. The Binding of Isaac. In The Hebrew Bible in Literary Criticism. New York: Unger, 1986. pp. 261-270
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Lecture 8. Exodus: From Egypt to Sinai (Exodus 5-24, 32; Numbers)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture traces the account of the Exodus (and the origin of the Passover festival as a historicization of older nature festivals) and Israel's liberation from bondage under Pharaoh. The story reaches its climax with the covenant concluded between God and Israel through Moses at Sinai. Drawing heavily on the work of Jon Levenson, the lecture examines Ancient Near Eastern parallels to the Sinaitic covenant and describes the divine-human relationship (an intersection of law and love) that the covenant seeks to express.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Passover as a Historicization of Earlier Ritual Practices
06:51 - Chapter 2. The Exodus as a Paradigm for Collective Salvation
19:59 - Chapter 3. The Mosaic Covenant between God and Israel at Sinai
39:15 - Chapter 4. Patience with the Israelites: Towards the Promised Land

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.
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Dr. Christine Hayes on the origins of Yahweh

In this live stream I review some of the lecture of Dr. Christine Hayes on the YaleCourses YouTube channel titled Lecture 7. Israel in Egypt: Moses and the Beginning of Yahwism (Genesis 37- Exodus 4) found here:

Christine Hayes
Robert F. and Patricia Ross Weis Professor of Religious Studies
Field of Interest:
Early Mediterranean and West Asian Religions, Judaic Studies

B.A. summa cum laude Harvard University;
M.A. and Ph.D. U.C. Berkeley

Christine Hayes is Robert F. and Patricia R. Weis Professor of Religious Studies in Classical Judaica. Before joining the Yale faculty in 1996, she was Assistant Professor of Hebrew Studies in the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University for three years. Her published works include several books and many articles in Vetus Testamentum, The Journal for the Study of Judaism, The Harvard Theological Review, and various scholarly anthologies.

Hayes’s most recent book, What’s Divine about Divine Law? Early Perspectives, received the 2015 National Jewish Book Award in Scholarship, a 2016 PROSE award for best book in Theology and Religious Studies from the American Publishers Association, and the 2016 Jordan Schnitzer Award from the Association of Jewish Studies. Her other scholarly monographs are Between the Babylonian and Palestinian Talmuds (recipient of the 1997 Salo Baron prize for a first book in Jewish thought and literature) and Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud (a 2003 National Jewish Book Award finalist). She has authored two introductory volumes (The Emergence of Judaism [2010] and Introduction to the Bible [2012]). Edited works include Jewish Law and its Interactions with other Legal Systems (2014) and a Cambridge Companion to Judaism and Law (2017) as well as forthcoming volumes on rabbinic culture and history.

Hayes is active in professional and academic organizations, serving for many years as an editor of the Encyclopedia for the Bible and its Reception (EBR) and for 4 years as co-editor of the Association for Jewish Studies Review. She is the current Vice President for Program for the Association of Jewish Studies.

At Yale, Hayes offers undergraduate courses on the literature and history of the biblical and talmudic periods (including “Introduction to the Bible” which can be viewed on line at as well as advanced text courses and graduate-only seminars. In 2005, Hayes was awarded the Sidonie Miskimin Clauss Prize for Teaching Excellence in the Humanities. She has served as the Director of Undergraduate Studies for the Department of Religious Studies as well as for the Program in Judaic Studies. Recent university service includes the Committee on Yale College Education and the Committee on Majors, Chair of the Department of Religious Studies (2011-2015) and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Religious Studies (current).
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The Exodus By The Ancient Egyptians - Dr. Galit Dayan

This lecture will reveal new findings from ancient Egyptian texts (from only a year ago!) - that will connect the Bible story to the Egyptian history and will prove that the exodus was not only a major event in Judaism but that it was a major event in the history and in the theology of the ancient Egyptian themselves. This lecture will bring a new perspective about the chronology of the story, the identification of Moses, the plagues and how it is connected to Abraham and his descendants. For more information on this talk, please see Dr. Dayan's article in Eretz

Currently Dr. Dayan is a Professor at the IDC teaching Organizational Behavior, at the Business school. She is also an active member at We Power a nonprofit Organization that empower women’s to lead in the political world and at the Public arena and participate in different committee at the Knesset that promotes women’s right and is part of the Tony Blair Foundation Face to Faith as an Advisory Board Member in the Israeli Desk. Dr. Dayan holds a Ph.D. in Egyptology from The Hebrew University in Jerusalem, where she graduated Summa Cum Laude and received the Bernhard Bloomfield Award for her dissertation. Dr. Dayan is an expert of the ancient Egyptian language teaching at the department of Egyptology at the Hebrew university the hieroglyphics inscriptions 1990-1998. Her fields of expertise the Exodus and El Amarna Period, and works currently on new exciting findings on the exodus story. Dr. Dayan also holds a certificate in Organizational Development from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. From 1992-1998, Dr. Dayan served as a lecturer at the Egyptology Department at the Hebrew University.

Brad C. Sparks - Egyptian Text Parallels to the Exodus: The Egyptology Literature

UCSD EXODUS CONFERENCE
Out of Egypt: Israel's Exodus Between Text and Memory, History and Imagination
May 31 -- June 1, 2013

Qualcomm Institute @ Calit2 Auditorium, University of California, San Diego.

The Exodus from Egypt, a Lecture with Dr. James Hoffmeier

James Hoffmeier is an Egyptologist and Archaeologist who currently teaches Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History and Archaeology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Hoffmeier lived in Egypt from birth until the age of sixteen and later went to Wheaton College to earn his Bachelor of Arts. He completed both his Masters and Doctorate degrees at the University of Toronto.

4. Judaism in the First Century

Introduction to New Testament (RLST 152)

Of the four kingdoms that arose after Alexander's death, those of the Seleucids and the Ptolemies are most pertinent to an understanding of the New Testament. Especially important is the rule of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who forced the issue of Hellenism in Jerusalem by profaning the temple. Jews were not alike in their reaction to Hellenization, but a revolt arose under the leadership of the Mattathias and his sons, who would rule in the Hasmonean Dynasty. After the spread of Roman rule, the Judea was under client kings and procurators until the Jewish War and the destruction of the temple in 70 CE. Revolt was only one Jewish response to foreign rule; another was apocalypticism, as we see in Daniel and also in the Jesus' teaching and the early Christian movement.

00:00 - Chapter 1. After Alexander: The Seleucids and the Ptolemies
07:02 - Chapter 2. The Jews, Hellenization, and the Maccabean Revolt
21:46 - Chapter 3. The Prophecy of Daniel
36:40 - Chapter 4. The Jewish War and the Destruction of the Temple

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Spring 2009.

The Real-World story of Israel and the Exodus of Moses

The Real-World Story depicting the true origins of the map of Israel and Philistine Palestine, including the parting of the Red Sea water, the crossing of the Red Sea, the enigma of Egypt, the Exodus of Moses and the Israelites, and the true meaning of the Passover Story.

Exodus: From slavery to nationhood: J-TV Jewish History Crash Course #8

The next video in our Crash Course in Jewish history delves into the formation of the Jewish people in Egypt - from slavery to freedom and nationhood. Featuring historian and author Ken Spiro.
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7. Joseph and the Hyksos Pharaohs

When Joseph was sold as a slave into Egypt by his envious brothers, the region of Lower Egypt was dominated by the Hyksos pharaohs, the so-called Shepherd Kings, who were Semitic in background. This may partially explain why Joseph was eventually installed as vizier to one of these pharaohs, after his prediction of 'plenty' followed by 'famine.' The story of Joseph remains one of the Bible's most beloved accounts, and his lecture endeavors to understand the narrative in light of its historical context. For more free resources, please visit

The Truth about Passover, Moses, and the Exodus from Egypt - Rav Dror

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You, my dear friend, are one of these beautiful
souls. You are trapped in this world of physicaliy
and you are looking for His Mercy to be completely
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Lecture 2. The Hebrew Bible in Its Ancient Near Eastern Setting: Biblical Religion in Context

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

In this lecture, the Hebrew Bible is understood against the background of Ancient Near Eastern culture. Drawing from and critiquing the work of Yehezkel Kaufmann, the lecture compares the religion of the Hebrew Bible with the cultures of the Ancient Near East. Two models of development are discussed: an evolutionary model of development in which the Hebrew Bible is continuous with Ancient Near Eastern culture and a revolutionary model of development in which the Israelite religion is radically discontinuous with Ancient Near Eastern culture. At stake in this debate is whether the religion of the Hebrew Bible is really the religion of ancient Israel.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Bible as a Product of Religious and Cultural Revolution
08:16 - Chapter 2. Kaufman's Characterization of Pagan Religion
22:16 - Chapter 3. Kaufman's Characterization of One Sovereign God
35:13 - Chapter 4. Continuity or Radical Break?

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

Archaeology and Israel in Egypt

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Archaeology has uncovered fascinating evidence that confirms the existence of Israelites in Egypt.  Dr. George Sparks then explains various theories as archaeologists continue to search for explanations of the biblical narrative. We now have evidence from archaeology that Israel was in Egypt.

Exodus 1. Israel in Egypt

Commentary on Exodus 1 and the bondage under which the Israelites suffered. This is part of a larger series that will be listed at under Video Classes. These lectures are designed for the online class on the Pentateuch at South Florida Bible College & Theological Seminary.
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Lecture 5. Critical Approaches to the Bible: Introduction to Genesis 12-50

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture introduces the modern critical study of the Bible, including source theories and Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis, as well as form criticism and tradition criticism. The main characteristics of each biblical source (J, E, P, and D) according to classic source theory are explained. This lecture also raises the question of the historical accuracy of the Bible and the relation of archaeology to the biblical record.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Wellhausen's Documentary Hypothesis and Characteristics of Biblical Sources
16:05 - Chapter 2. The Purpose of Literary, Source and Historical Criticism
27:15 - Chapter 3. The Generations of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs
34:42 - Chapter 4. Critical Methodology Used in Biblical Scholarship

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

The Exodus from Egypt, a Lecture with Dr James Hoffmeier

James Hoffmeier is an Egyptologist and Archaeologist who currently teaches Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern History and Archaeology at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Hoffmeier lived in Egypt from birth until the age of sixteen and later went to Wheaton College to earn his Bachelor of Arts. He completed both his Masters and Doctorate degrees at the University of Toronto.

Lecture 4. Doublets and Contradictions, Seams and Sources

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture continues the discussion on Genesis, including the familiar accounts of Cain and Abel, the Flood and Noahide covenant. The story of Cain and Abel expresses the notion of the God-endowed sanctity of human life and a universal moral law governing the world. Examination of the contradictions and doublets in the flood story leads to a discussion of the complex composition and authorship of the Pentateuch. These features as well as anachronisms challenge traditional religious convictions of Moses as the author of the first five books of the Bible.

00:00 - Chapter 1. The Taming of Enkidu in The Epic of Gilgamesh
05:44 - The Story of Enkidu as Parallel to the Second Story of Creation in Genesis
21:29 - Major Themes in the Story of Cain and Abel
24:02 - Comparing Mesopotamian, Semitic and Israelite Flood Stories
35:32 - Contradictions and Doublets in the Flood Story in Genesis 6-9
42:42 - Implications of the Repetitions and Contradictions throughout the Bible

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

The Joseph Story Distinguished Lecture

The Heritage Foundation’s Edwin Meese III Center for Legal and Judicial Studies is honored to announce that Fifth Circuit Judge Edith Jones will deliver our twelfth Joseph Story Distinguished Lecture.

Lecture 6. Biblical Narrative: The Stories of the Patriarchs (Genesis 12-36)

Introduction to the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) (RLST 145) with Christine Hayes

This lecture continues with a review of scholarly views on the historical accuracy of the Bible. The narratives of the patriarchs and matriarchs are introduced and the covenant between Abraham and God--which ultimately leads to the formation of a nation--is explained. Central themes of the patriarchal stories include: God's call to Abraham, God's promise of a blessed and fruitful nation, threats to this promise (including the story of the binding of Isaac for sacrifice). Finally, after a significant character transformation, the third patriarch Jacob becomes Yisrael (he who struggles with God).

00:00 - Chapter 1. Scholarly Opinion on the Historical Accuracy of the Bible
13:05 - Chapter 2. Divine Command and Divine Promise: Truths Freed from the Burden of Historicity
20:06 - Chapter 3. The Covenant between God and Abraham
25:38 - Chapter 4. The Story of Isaac
39:12 - chapter 5. Jacob the Trickster

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2006.

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