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Mission to Mars: Future MEGAPROJECTS


Mission to Mars: Future MEGAPROJECTS

NASA’s three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040.
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Electro Sketch by Kevin MacLeod
Decisions by Kevin MacLeod
Deep Space by Audionautix
Voyeur by Jingle Punks
All tracks from the YouTube Audio Library

Concept, written, narrated, and produced by Bryce Plank
Video editing and effects by Robin West

Future spacecraft animation by MoonMan Pictures:

NASA’s three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040 proves that not all mega-projects are earthbound. Step one is for Lockheed Martin to complete the $20 billion Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle. It will be the first modern spacecraft capable of carrying humans beyond where the International Space Station currently exists in low earth orbit, to reach asteroids and—eventually—the Red Planet. For these trips, astronauts will need a vehicle that can support them for extended periods of time, while protecting them and their equipment from radiation, extreme temperatures, and micrometeoroid strikes.

But the NASA/Lockheed collaboration has competition. SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has grabbed headlines with his announcement that its Dragon 2 spacecraft will fly two private citizens on a five day trip around the moon and back. The target launch for the mission is 2018. Although that timeline may be overly optimistic given that SpaceX has not yet flown a single manned mission, NASA—in a statement—praised its industry partner for “reaching higher,” and vowed to work closely with SpaceX to ensure it safely “returns the launch of astronauts to U.S. soil.”

For his part, in deference to his company’s close partnership with the American space agency, Musk said he’s willing to bump the two space tourists—who’ve already paid a significant deposit—to a later flight. NASA always has first priority...So if NASA decides to have the first mission of this nature be a NASA mission, then of course NASA would take priority.

But regardless of who gets around the moon first, the big prize is Mars. 75,000,000 km from Earth, it’s 195x farther than the moon.

To study the effects on the human body of spending months in space, astronauts Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko spent over 11 months living on the ISS. Kelly actually grew two inches during his prolonged time in microgravity. He shrunk back to his normal height two days after returning to earth.

NASA is also using Mars Mission simulations—in which research subjects spend months together in Hawaii isolated from the outside world—to figure out the best way to handle the unique psychological burdens of the long journey.

And that’s where the mission to Mars starts to run into serious challenges. One look at the Orion and Dragon crafts reveals that even if the scientists and engineers get everything else right about the journey, there simply is not enough room for multiple human beings to live together for a nine month each-way trip to Mars—unless the mission is to drive the astronauts completely insane.

NASA’s going to tackle this problem in the next decade by capturing an asteroid and placing it in orbit around the moon, and then docking with it and collecting samples. This mission will be a test run for longer trips away from Earth, deep space walking techniques, and Solar Electric Propulsion, all of which will need to be perfected before any human mission to Mars can move forward.

NASA calls the third and final phase of putting astronauts on Mars Earth Independent. Thanks to successful missions like the Curiosity rover, we’ve already begun to learn a ton about potential exploration zones. The next NASA rover is scheduled to touch down in 2020, and will have company. Europe, China, India, the United Arab Emirates, and SpaceX all plan on taking advantage of the summer 2020 launch window—when the planets will be at their shortest distances from one another—to deliver rovers and orbiters to the Red Planet.

The 2020 rover will help NASA figure out the entry, descent, and landing techniques needed to get down to the Martian surface from orbit, and to learn what’s needed to live off the land.

NASA is also planning a round-trip robotic mission that will return to Earth with samples sometime in the late 2020’s.

But to make that defining moment in human history happen, when a human foot steps down on Martian soil, NASA will have to overcome two massive challenges that could make this one of the most expensive megaprojects in human history: designing a spacecraft that can support a survivable trip to Mars and back, and designing a propulsion system that can deliver that craft, and then bring it home.

Mars 2020: The Next Mission to Mars

In 2020, NASA will send a new rover to the Martian surface with one of its objectives to search for evidence of ancient life on the planet. I made this clip as a correspondent for Bill Nye Saves the World on Netflix.

Touring the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) in Pasadena was an awesome experience. I didn't think we were going to get into the control room but we got lucky. Some of the greatest moments in the history of space exploration have taken place there. They have a giant vacuum chamber where they can take the rover down to the atmospheric pressure on Mars (roughly .01x Earth's atmosphere) and test all of the devices to make sure there are no electrical discharges due to the reduced pressure. I also enjoyed seeing how the rocks will be cored and stored in tubes and deposited on the Martian surface awaiting pickup by the following mission.

Images courtesy of NASA.

Filmed by Raquel Nuno from 3:30 onwards.

Music: Serene Story 2

Watch Elon Musk Reveal SpaceX's Most Detailed Plans To Colonize Mars

Elon Musk wants to build a metropolis on Mars starting in 2024.

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TOP 7 FUTURE Space Missions

The world is not ending but we are slowly branching into the cosmos to ensure humanity's survival. These missions will be the first steps towards space colonization.

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7. Lunar Gateway

6. Martian Moons

5. Psyche



2. Artemis

1. Mars SpaceX

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Mission to Mars: Future MEGAPROJECTS

NASA's three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040. Subscribe to TDC for more videos like this: Facebook:

How To get to Mars is a clip from the IMAX documentary Roving Mars from 2006. This is an edited short version. My photos: DVD.

NASA doesn't always get it right from the original images of the moon landing being erased to the horrible Vangaurd explosion fail. Subscribe to Talltanic 5. Explorer.

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan (Mars-craft, from Sanskrit: मंगल mangala, Mars and यान yāna, craft, vehicle), is a space probe orbiting Mars since.

The World's Future MEGAPROJECTS: 2019-2040's (Season 2 - Complete)

A documentary on eight of the most ambitious mega-projects currently under development around the world, featuring: Istanbul's building boom (Turkey); the Mission to put a human on Mars; the effort to develop Lagos (Nigeria); Africa's unprecedented clean energy opportunity; the project to probe the nearest Earth-like exoplanet; Atlanta's stadium of the future (Georgia, United States); India's effort to modernize its highways; and China's unprecedented One Belt One Road, New Silk Road initiative.

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Europe and Russia's mission to Mars

The ExoMars mission blasted off seven months ago abord a Russian rocket from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

After its 56-million kilometre journey, the Schiaparelli lander separated from the spacecraft Trace Gas Orbiter and started a three-day descent to the surface.

Its primary aim on the red planet is to search for signs of past and present life by examining trace gases, such as methane.

Scientists believe that methane, a chemical strongly linked to life on Earth, could stem from micro…

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SpaceX to Mars: Awe-Inspiring Video Shows Vision for Red Planet Exploration

The private spaceflight company has bold goals of reaching the Red Planet with reusable rocketry. In this just released animation, their vision includes a new two stage rocket and a spaceship/habitat that can land on Mars. They also unveil an on-orbit fuel re-supply and possible terraforming. -- Read more on

Credit: SpaceX



#megaprojects #isro #isromission #chandrayan #isroindia

Mars Orbiter Mission 2
Mars Orbiter Mission 2 (MOM 2), also called Mangalyaan 2, is India's second interplanetary mission planned for launch to Mars by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). As per some reports emerged, the mission was to be an orbiter to Mars proposed for 2024. However, in a recorded interview in October 2019, the VSSC director has indicated the inclusion of a lander and rover. The orbiter will use aerobraking to lower its initial apoapsis and enter into an orbit more suitable for observations.

Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft intended to be the formative spacecraft of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme. The spacecraft is being designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with rendezvous and docking capability. In its maiden crewed mission, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)'s largely autonomous 3.7-tonne (8,200 lb) capsule will orbit the Earth at 400 km (250 mi) altitude for up to seven days with a two or three-person crew on board. The crewed vehicle is planned to be launched on ISRO's GSLV Mk III in December 2021

Chandrayaan 3
Chandrayaan 3 is a planned third lunar exploration mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation.
Following Chandrayaan 2 where a snag in the communication led to subsequent failure of soft landing attempt after a successful orbital insertion, another lunar mission for demonstrating soft landing was proposed. Chandrayaan-3 will be a mission repeat of Chandrayaan 2 and will only include a lander and a rover similar to that of Chandrayaan-2 and will not have an orbiter. Realization within the schedule will make ISRO world's fourth space agency to conduct soft lunar landing after administration of former USSR, NASA, and CNSA.

Based on the success of Chandrayaan and the Mangalyaan, ISRO has been studying the feasibility of future interplanetary missions to Mars and Venus, the closest planetary neighbors to Earth. The mission concept to Venus was first presented at a Tirupati space meet in 2012. The Government of India, in its budget for 2017–18 gave the Department of Space a 23% increase. Under the space sciences section, the budget mentions provisions for Mars Orbiter Mission II and Mission to Venus, and following the 2017–18 request for grants, it was authorized to complete preliminary studies. From 2016 to 2017, ISRO collaborated with JAXA to study the Venus atmosphere using signals from the Akatsuki in a radio occultation experiment.

Aditya-L1 is the first Indian Solar Coronagraph spacecraft mission to study solar corona in visible and near IR bands. It is expected to be launched by April 2020.

What Awaits Us in the Future | 2025

The World's Future Megaprojects - 2019 - 2025

With the world getting better and better every second the quest for perfection is at its limit and beyond. The quest of perfection is getting insatiable and there are some insanely big and ambitious projects underway. Here are the mega projects which promise to further enhance the world we currently live in.

With the growth and expansion of the world’s economies there are plenty of large-scale investment projects that are under development currently. Most of these megaprojects of the future consisting of roads bridges skyscrapers airports and tunnels involve massive investment and use of superior technology. The cost of these large projects can run into billions of dollars and the greatest challenge for developing some of these spectacular projects can be to acquire adequate funding. These new methods of transport and infrastructure around different cities have opened up new possibilities for trade and commerce and paved the way for globalization. Let’s take a look at some of the megaprojects of the future here.

Engineering projects around the globe keep getting bigger and more ambitious. there are structures being designed and built that will dwarf anything that has come before. Plans are on the drawing board for projects so huge – not only in scale but in their implications for society – they’re almost beyond imagination. This Future Megaprojects that eyes the largest construction projects ever imagined – 'Extreme Engineering'Megastructures.

Jeddah tower - world's tallest building - kingdom Tower

airbus a380 plus - largest passenger aircraft in the world

Flying taxis in dubai

Chinese large modular space station | China space station

Beijing Daxing international airport - biggest airport in the world

Masdar City united arab emirates

Dubailand theme park - world largest amusement park

James Webb Space Telescope

Jubail 2 - world largest civil engineering project saudi arabia


Future Earth a new web series about space and the future of humanity and our place in the Cosmos. Explore our planet its biodiversity and other planets in our solar system like Mars. Take a journey beyond our own world to other galaxies and explore the surface of exoplanets. The series is shot in 4K and 8K HDR. There will also be VR virtual reality extra scenes content available as well with ASMR ambisonic audio.

New Patreon page!!

Besides having 3 - 5$ tiers on my Patreon page I will have free content and downloads as well. I want my Patreon to be accessible to everyone. I love what I am doing and I love sharing my art with you guys.
You can download posters and the soundtrack of the series (2 tracks - Full only for Patreons) from my Patreon page at

Produced by Gala Media.

Directed by Jennifer Athena Galatis
Animated by JAG
Additional animations by Savagerus and Musicolab
Opening titles design by DuneFilm
Music by Jennifer Athena Galatis.
Observatories and radio telescope footage by ESO


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NASA's Mars 2020 Mission | Everything You Need To Know

NASA’s Mars 2020 Mission & Perseverance Rover

This is Mars as viewed on NASA's awesome web-based portal, Mars Trek.
And this point here is the Jezero Crater, where NASA's Mars 2020 Mission will take place.
The launch window for the mission is between July 17th and August 5th of this year and centers around the Perseverance Rover.
The Perseverance is nearly identical to the Curiosity Rover except for redesigned wheels.
Reusing Curiosity’s design makes sense because Curiosity is an engineering marvel and saves NASA a lot of money in development costs.
Aside from the redesigned wheels, Perseverance also has a unique set of instruments needed for the mission.
The Mars 2020 Mission is just a part of NASA's overarching Mars Exploration Program.
The program has four key science Goals, in which the Perseverance will play a significant role in their achievement.
The first goal is to determine whether life ever existed on the planet, and this is why the Jezero Crater was chosen to be the site.
The crater may have contained a large 800-foot lake connected to rivers.
To help achieve this goal, the Perseverance is equipped with three amazing instruments.
- The Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry or PIXL.
- The Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals or SHERLOC.
- And the SuperCam.
PIXL is an X-ray Spectrometer, which allows Perseverance to detect signs of biofilm made by microbes that may have lived on the planet long ago when the climate was warmer.
At just 10 lbs, it is 50 times lighter than the typical lab spectrometer used for the same purpose.
SHERLOC also has a spectrometer, but it uses an ultraviolet laser to determine the chemical makeup of surfaces.
Last but not least is the SuperCam, which examines rocks and soils with a camera, laser, and spectrometers to seek organic compounds.
It can identify the chemical and mineral makeup of targets as small as a pencil point from a distance of more than 7 meters!
The second goal is to characterize the climate of Mars.
The rover will perform astrobiological investigations using the Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer or MEDA.
MEDA will continuously measure the characteristics of the Martian atmosphere, including the direction and wind speed, temperature, and humidity, and also measures the amount and size of dust particles.
Dust storms can block out the sun for weeks every seven to 10 years, there are enormous dust storms that cover the entire planet.
And the data collected from MEDA will help predict weather conditions that the first astronauts will face and the eventual colonists.
The third goal is to Characterize the Geology of Mars by studying the rock record.
It will do this using the Radar Imager for Mars' Subsurface Experiment or RIMFAX.
RIMFAX uses radar waves to uncover what lies beneath the Martian surface, capable of detecting ice or salty brines.
Additionally, the rover will use its percussive coring drill to collect rock samples and place them in sealed tubes.
The samples will eventually be placed on the planet's surface and possibly be collected on a future mars mission to be returned to Earth for further study.
Learning the Geology of Mars is foundational knowledge that is important for future colonists.
Lastly, the fourth goal of the Mars 2020 mission is to Prepare for Human Exploration.
The Perseverance has four sub-objectives for this goal, but we are going to zero in on the Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment or MOXIE.
MOXIE is an experiment that aims to demonstrate the ability to produce oxygen from the Martian Atmosphere.
This is critical for two apparent reasons as astronauts and colonists need oxygen to breathe and it can be used as propellant for return trips back to Earth.
The MOXIE takes the Mars atmosphere and heats it up to 800 degrees Celsius, which allows the oxygen to be separated from the Carbon dioxide.
If this experiment is successful, NASA may send a dedicated mission to produce Oxygen on Mars, which would lay the groundwork for human missions and a colony.
So, all the instruments on the Perseverance are astonishing in their own right but to top it off, the rover is equipped with a helicopter.
If successful, the idea is for future Mars rover missions to be outfitted with drones that can scan the surrounding area for interesting objects and places for the rover to explore.
NASA has a long succession of successful Mars rover missions going back 23 years.
Hopefully, the Perseverance continues the succession of successful Mars rovers.
And hopefully, through its discoveries and experiments, it paves the way for the human missions to come.

10 Upcoming Missions from ISRO | इसरो के 10 नए आने वाले प्रोजेक्ट्स

Hello top 10 Hindi followers, ISRO has initiated many projects and many have became successful .Today in this video we are talking abut some of the main upcoming projects of ISRO. These projects also include the travel towards the sun. Some other projects also include the project towards other planet and also moon Mission. So make sure to share this video with friends and family who want to know about the missions of Indian space research organization. #ISRO

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SpaceX Manned Mars Mission Plan

The ambitious concept involves a mid-orbit refuel and ship-based solar array.

MARS [NEW!!!]Constellation(DEFUNCT)/SLS : Manned Mission to Mars/ SLS ARCHITECTURE

How Project Constellation would have taken Man to Mars by the 2030's.

This video features the ORION MPCV, Ares I , Ares V ,
the NTR cargo transfer vehicles and the NTR Mars transfer vehicles.

No copyright infringment intended. Outer Space is for all humanity.

The Original Mars Direct Plan:

Credits : John Frassanito & Associates for NASA.

Manned missions to Mars will happen by 2030.

A collection of both governments and private companies are developing plans to send manned missions to Mars. Here are the 5 most interesting missions planning to send astronauts to Mars.



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Mars in 2015 and Future Missions

It has been quite the year for Mars. Following NASA's study indicating that there may be flowing streams of salty water, the red planet continues to intrigue. Dipti Kapadia takes a look at the mission to Mars being mounted by the United Arab Emirates. Photo: UAE Mars Program.

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Exclusive look inside Mars 2020 mission

NASA has big plans for Martian exploration with Mars 2020. Only on “CBS This Morning,” Jan Crawford take a behind-the-scenes look at the assembly room of the mission in Pasadena, California.

Future of Space Travel: 2017-2050 - Short Documentary Video

The future of space travel is bright! Explore how humanity will send man and machine to nearby planets and interstellar worlds by 2050. By the middle of the century, our species will have made great strides and be ready to push on through the final frontier.

This short documentary on future space travel will take a look at a likely manned Mars mission in the 2030s as well as the potential to visit the moon in the 2020s. If you're interested in topics like the history of space exploration, check out my other videos on the Technology: Past, Present and Future channel.

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Music: Flight Hymn by Ross Bugden (unmodified)

NASA Overcomes a Major Challenge for Human Mars Mission

NASA can safely transport humans to Mars now.

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More details about this patent are available here -

Harsh space radiation environment poses a major hurdle for deep space exploration for space exploration beyond low Earth orbit (LEO).

Usually space vehicles are constructed from Aluminum and Titanium based materials for their strength and lightness.

Materials like Aluminium and Titanium are poor at shielding harmful radiation in space (such as cosmic rays, ions from sun etc.).
Further, these materials are known to cause secondary radiation
which is also harmful to humans.

A recent patent reveals that NASA plans to use hydrogen as a shielding material. Hydrogen does not easily break down.

NASA has invented a cryogenic vessel that is formed in the shape of a shell that surrounds the crew capsule. This cryogenic vessel is filled with hydrogen. Hydrogen is maintained at a very low temperature such that hydrogen freezes into a liquid and solid.

The crew enters the protected shell via a bore in the center. This bore is covered by a conventional radiation shield such as polyethylene.

The cryogenic vessel provides a radiation shield to astronauts in DEEP space. Radiation protection for astronauts is critical for the future of human space flight.

This invention will enable NASA to consider longer human space missions, such as Human mission to Mars.



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