Mission to Mars: Future MEGAPROJECTS
NASA’s three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040.
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NASA’s three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040 proves that not all mega-projects are earthbound. Step one is for Lockheed Martin to complete the $20 billion Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle. It will be the first modern spacecraft capable of carrying humans beyond where the International Space Station currently exists in low earth orbit, to reach asteroids and—eventually—the Red Planet. For these trips, astronauts will need a vehicle that can support them for extended periods of time, while protecting them and their equipment from radiation, extreme temperatures, and micrometeoroid strikes.
But the NASA/Lockheed collaboration has competition. SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has grabbed headlines with his announcement that its Dragon 2 spacecraft will fly two private citizens on a five day trip around the moon and back. The target launch for the mission is 2018. Although that timeline may be overly optimistic given that SpaceX has not yet flown a single manned mission, NASA—in a statement—praised its industry partner for “reaching higher,” and vowed to work closely with SpaceX to ensure it safely “returns the launch of astronauts to U.S. soil.”
For his part, in deference to his company’s close partnership with the American space agency, Musk said he’s willing to bump the two space tourists—who’ve already paid a significant deposit—to a later flight. NASA always has first priority...So if NASA decides to have the first mission of this nature be a NASA mission, then of course NASA would take priority.
But regardless of who gets around the moon first, the big prize is Mars. 75,000,000 km from Earth, it’s 195x farther than the moon.
To study the effects on the human body of spending months in space, astronauts Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko spent over 11 months living on the ISS. Kelly actually grew two inches during his prolonged time in microgravity. He shrunk back to his normal height two days after returning to earth.
NASA is also using Mars Mission simulations—in which research subjects spend months together in Hawaii isolated from the outside world—to figure out the best way to handle the unique psychological burdens of the long journey.
And that’s where the mission to Mars starts to run into serious challenges. One look at the Orion and Dragon crafts reveals that even if the scientists and engineers get everything else right about the journey, there simply is not enough room for multiple human beings to live together for a nine month each-way trip to Mars—unless the mission is to drive the astronauts completely insane.
NASA’s going to tackle this problem in the next decade by capturing an asteroid and placing it in orbit around the moon, and then docking with it and collecting samples. This mission will be a test run for longer trips away from Earth, deep space walking techniques, and Solar Electric Propulsion, all of which will need to be perfected before any human mission to Mars can move forward.
NASA calls the third and final phase of putting astronauts on Mars Earth Independent. Thanks to successful missions like the Curiosity rover, we’ve already begun to learn a ton about potential exploration zones. The next NASA rover is scheduled to touch down in 2020, and will have company. Europe, China, India, the United Arab Emirates, and SpaceX all plan on taking advantage of the summer 2020 launch window—when the planets will be at their shortest distances from one another—to deliver rovers and orbiters to the Red Planet.
The 2020 rover will help NASA figure out the entry, descent, and landing techniques needed to get down to the Martian surface from orbit, and to learn what’s needed to live off the land.
NASA is also planning a round-trip robotic mission that will return to Earth with samples sometime in the late 2020’s.
But to make that defining moment in human history happen, when a human foot steps down on Martian soil, NASA will have to overcome two massive challenges that could make this one of the most expensive megaprojects in human history: designing a spacecraft that can support a survivable trip to Mars and back, and designing a propulsion system that can deliver that craft, and then bring it home.
Mars 2020: The Next Mission to Mars
In 2020, NASA will send a new rover to the Martian surface with one of its objectives to search for evidence of ancient life on the planet. I made this clip as a correspondent for Bill Nye Saves the World on Netflix.
Touring the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) in Pasadena was an awesome experience. I didn't think we were going to get into the control room but we got lucky. Some of the greatest moments in the history of space exploration have taken place there. They have a giant vacuum chamber where they can take the rover down to the atmospheric pressure on Mars (roughly .01x Earth's atmosphere) and test all of the devices to make sure there are no electrical discharges due to the reduced pressure. I also enjoyed seeing how the rocks will be cored and stored in tubes and deposited on the Martian surface awaiting pickup by the following mission.
Images courtesy of NASA.
Filmed by Raquel Nuno from 3:30 onwards.
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Upcoming ISRO all Mega Projects
THIS VIDEO ABOUT ISRO'S ALL UPCOMING MISSIONS.
2.CHANDRAYAAN - 3
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Future of Space Travel: 2017-2050 - Short Documentary Video
The future of space travel is bright! Explore how humanity will send man and machine to nearby planets and interstellar worlds by 2050. By the middle of the century, our species will have made great strides and be ready to push on through the final frontier.
This short documentary on future space travel will take a look at a likely manned Mars mission in the 2030s as well as the potential to visit the moon in the 2020s. If you're interested in topics like the history of space exploration, check out my other videos on the Technology: Past, Present and Future channel.
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The World's Future MEGAPROJECTS (2015-2030's)
The Making of "Mission to Mars"
The Making of Mission to Mars
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MARS [NEW!!!]Constellation(DEFUNCT)/SLS : Manned Mission to Mars/ SLS ARCHITECTURE
How Project Constellation would have taken Man to Mars by the 2030's.
\This video features the ORION MPCV, Ares I , Ares V ,
the NTR cargo transfer vehicles and the NTR Mars transfer vehicles.\
No copyright infringment intended. Outer Space is for all humanity.
The Original Mars Direct Plan:
Credits : John Frassanito & Associates for NASA.
2018 Elon Musk Gives Updates on Mission to Mars
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2018 Elon Musk Gives Updates on Mission to Mars!
In this conference Elon Musk gives very detailed updates on space x and there on going mission to mars. Elon musk believes he will be able to start colonizing people to mars in the next couple of years!
NASA | Exploration Mission-1 – Pushing Farther Into Deep Space
In the next eight minutes, you’ll experience a twenty-five-and-a-half-day mission from roll-out to recovery of the first integrated flight test of NASA’s Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System rocket, launching from the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This uncrewed mission will be the first in a planned series of exploration missions beyond the moon, signaling what astronauts who dare to operate in deep space will experience on future flights.
The Mars Project! Von Braun's Ideas for a Mars Mission. Collaboration with Vintage Space
In a special two part episode, Fraser collaborates with space historian Amy Shira Teitel at Vintage Space to investigate what spaceflight advances could have happened. Amy looks at the lost Apollo Missions, while Fraser talks about Werhner Von Braun’s “Mars Project”.
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Our Future In Space (CE 2017 - 10000)
This is a video I put together depicting a timeline of humanity's (and other life's) expansion into space and my predicted dates of certain milestones. The timeline starts in the year C.E. 2017 (the year I uploaded this video) and has the last event around the year 10000.
I also added in some clips showing scenes of space travel at the end of the video.
So... sit back, relax, and enjoy this depiction of our future in space!
Stronger Faster Braver - Two Steps From Hell
Ocean Princess - Thomas Bergersen
None Shall Live - Two Steps From Hell
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James Webb Space Telescope:
Lunar Space Tourism:
Manned Mars Mission:
Manned Jupiter Mission:
Galactic Expansion/Space Colonization:
Type 3 Civilizations:
Manned missions to Mars will happen by 2030.
A collection of both governments and private companies are developing plans to send manned missions to Mars. Here are the 5 most interesting missions planning to send astronauts to Mars.
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TOP 5 FUTURE MISSIONS OF ISRO
From the Mars Orbit Mission (Mangalyaan) to launching 20 satellites through a single rocket, ISRO has made great strides. Its success has been unprecedented.
Even companies like Google have chosen ISRO to launch its satellites.
In this video, we will look at 5 future missions of ISRO.
Lockheed Martin Reveals Its Plan To Send Humans To Mars
Lockheed Martin and NASA have teamed up. Together, the 2 companies aim to build Mars Base Camp, the first Mars space station.
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जाने चन्द्रयान 2 के बाद प्रस्तावित इसरो के मिशनों के बारे में || ISRO upcoming Future Space Missions
Hello friends in this video we will talk about isro upcoming Future Space missions and projects. this include shukrayaan,mangalyaan2, Chandrayaan 3, Gaganyaan,nisar,adityal1 and many more.
Nuclear Propulsion for Manned Mars Missions | NASA Documentary | 1968
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This 1968 film – originally titled as Nuclear Propulsion in Space – is a vintage documentary produced by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in cooperation with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). The film details Project NERVA, an American rocket program, started in 1963, to develop a thermal nuclear propulsion system for use on long-range (lunar and interplanetary) manned space missions.
The documentary explains why the United States needed to develop the nuclear-powered rocket for deep space explorations and how the nuclear engine works. It shows authentic footage of the 1950s research in New Mexico to determine the feasibility of nuclear energy in rocket propulsion, development of engine technology via the NERVA project and engine testing. It also illustrates a combination of nuclear and chemical rocket stages that might be used in a future manned mission to Mars.
Please note, this documentary was produced in the year before the first moon landing of the Apollo 11 mission in 1969. As the narrator states, Landing men on the Moon will be a truly great achievement but only the beginning of a new era in space exploration. No one can predict the exact missions that will follow in the years and decades ahead but the most exciting possibilities will require the acceleration and deceleration of very heavy loads such as the maneuvering of large Earth-orbiting spacecraft, the transportation of large amounts of equipment and supplies to the lunar surface and the sending of heavy spacecraft to the planets. Today's missions are being accomplished with rockets that burn chemical fuels but chemical fuels are heavy and the coast of putting each pound into Earth orbit is very high. Nuclear rockets when perfected can provide the same propulsion energy with less overall weight. They will expand our ability to explore space.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND / CONTEXT
Project NERVA (acronym for Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application), was a joint program of NASA and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) managed by the Space Nuclear Propulsion Office (SNPO) at the Nuclear Rocket Development Station in Jackass Flats, Nevada. The goal of the NERVA program was to take the graphite-based nuclear reactor built at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory under the Rover program, which had begun in 1955, and create a functioning rocket engine.
The NERVA and Rover programs ran in parallel and were considered by the NASA, AEC and SNPO to be highly successful programs from a technological standpoint. NERVA demonstrated that nuclear thermal rocket engines were a feasible and reliable tool for space exploration, and at the end of 1968 SNPO certified that the latest NERVA engine, the NRX/XE, met the requirements for a human mission to Mars.
The plan was to use a NERVA engine as the third stage of the Saturn V rocket and plausibly get to Mars by 1978 and even use this engine as the work-horse to establish a large lunar colony by 1981. These plans were canceled in 1972 once President Nixon came into office and decided that the Saturn V and the Apollo program were no longer needed to prove US technological superiority in the space race with the Soviet Union. Without the Saturn V, there was no way to place the heavy nuclear engine into space, even though once there it would dramatically out-perform any chemical rocket (the nuclear-enhanced Saturn V would carry two to three times more payload into space than the chemical version).
How it works:
A nuclear thermal rocket is a proposed spacecraft propulsion technology. In a nuclear thermal rocket a working fluid, usually liquid hydrogen, is heated to a high temperature in a nuclear reactor, and then expands through a rocket nozzle to create thrust. In this kind of thermal rocket, the nuclear reactor's energy replaces the chemical energy of the propellant's reactive chemicals in a chemical rocket. The thermal heater / inert propellant paradigm as opposed to the reactive propellants of chemical rockets turns out to produce a superior effective exhaust velocity, and therefore a superior propulsive efficiency, with specific impulses on the order of twice that of chemical engines. The overall gross lift-off mass of a nuclear rocket is about half that of a chemical rocket, and hence when used as an upper stage it roughly doubles or triples the payload carried to orbit.
For more information about Project NERVA, see:
Nuclear Propulsion for Manned Mars Missions | NASA Documentary | 1968
Test the latest spacecraft for future trips to Mars 🚀
NASA's Journey to Mars, Explained!
Elon is going to talk about his new Mar Colonization plan in a few days, I made this video so that we all have a better understanding of NASA's Mars plan and how it will stack up against SpaceX. Huge Respect for NASA, the plan is detailed and grounded, a lot of feasibility issues (health-related) is being tested thoroughly by NASA throughout the plan. Really appreciate it.
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Mission Proposal 2015:
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The 5 Most Exciting Upcoming Space Missions
The 5 Most Exciting Upcoming Space Missions. Space - the final frontier. Ever since Neil Armstrong took his famous first step on the moon, many of us have wanted to claim the cosmos for our very own. As space travel technology advances, that fantasy is drawing closer and closer to reality. With that in mind, let’s count down the top five most exciting upcoming space missions.
Number 5, Mars 2020.
NASA’s Mars Exploration Program is planning a new Mars Rover launch in 2020. The to-do list for the Mars Rover includes the following. First, demonstrate the viability of developing technologies to justify possible human exploration of Mars in the future. Second, collect rock and soil samples for possible return to Earth. Third, look for past signs of life on Mars.
Number 4, New Horizons Kuiper Belt.
I don’t know about the rest of you, but my memories of studying our solar system in science class centered on the awesome distance of Pluto from our sun. It was the furthest known object in the solar system at the time, and was assumed to be out of humans’ reach. No more.
Following its historic, first-ever fly-by of Pluto in 2015, NASA’s New Horizons mission got the green light to fly onward to an object even deeper in the Kuiper Belt. This ancient object is a minor planet known as 2014 MU69. Located a whopping 1 billion miles further from our sun than Pluto, 2014 MU69 is going to be the furthest object ever encountered by any spacecraft in the history of space travel. It is one of the earliest building blocks of our solar system, and New Horizon’s planned rendezvous with it is slated for January 1st, 2019.
Number 3, ARM - Asteroid Redirect Mission.
Since the premise of an asteroid hitting Earth and wiping us out has been the basis of many a science-fiction movie, it only makes sense that we study these objects more closely. Such is the case with the third entry in our list. NASA is developing its first ever robotic mission to visit a large, near-earth asteroid and collect a multi-ton boulder from its surface and then redirect it into a stable orbit around the moon. Once there, our astronauts can explore it and return with samples for study sometime in the 2020s. While the Trump administration has stripped the funding for this mission’s launch, NASA insists that the research to enable ARM is moving forward to ensure this mission’s success when the money does become available; without the overpaid actors and cheesy lines from a Hollywood production, of course.
Number 2, The James Webb Space Telescope.
Think the resolution on your new TV is impressive? Well, hold on to your remote. The James Webb Space Telescope is part of NASA’s Next Generation Space Telescope program. This program was developed in coordination with the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, as well as the men and women of NASA.
The telescope has a long history. Originating in 1996 under the name Next Generation Space Telescope, it was renamed in 2002 after NASA’s second administrator ever, James E. Webb. He was known for his key role in the Apollo program and establishing scientific research as a core activity for NASA during his tenure there from 1961 to 1968.
The telescope itself is scheduled to launch in 2019 and will offer unprecedented resolution and range. Its main goal will involve observing some of the most distant events and objects in the universe, such as the formation of the first galaxies. Other goals are to explore the formation of stars and planets, as well as offer direct imaging of exoplanets and novas.
Number 1, The Falcon Heavy Rocket.
Think NASA has a monopoly on everything space and space travel? Think again. Our number one aligns itself with one of the most recognizable corporate faces in the world: Elon Musk. Yes, the founder of PayPal and Tesla Motors also has SpaceX. And every indication points to his longing to boldly go where no man has gone before.
After having great success with their Falcon 9 rocket, SpaceX is close to completing development of their new rocket, the Falcon Heavy. At first, the Falcon Heavy Rocket will mostly fly unmanned missions to launch payloads into near-Earth orbit. However, it was designed from the start to be able to carry human crews long distances, and Musk has been clear that his main objective with the rocket, and SpaceX as a whole, is to send humans to Mars.
For that reason, the maiden launch of the Falcon Heavy Rocket takes the crown for the most exciting upcoming space mission. The launch is currently scheduled for the first quarter of 2018. It is meant to act as a demo mission and will launch Musk’s personal, midnight cherry Tesla Roadster into a Mars transfer orbit.
10 Fascinating NASA Future Missions for Space Exploration
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