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NATURE | Born Wild: The First Days of Life | Lion Cubs | PBS

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Warthog Thrown Cheetah In The Air To Save Baby - Crocodile, Tiger, Rhino vs Lion - Who Is The Boss?

Warthog Thrown Cheetah In The Air To Save Baby - Crocodile vsTiger, Anaconda, Rhino vs Lion - Who Is The Boss?

National Zoo Lioness Naba Welcomes Lion Cubs

The Smithsonian's National Zoo's Great Cats team celebrated the arrival of its first litter of African lion cubs in four years. On Jan. 24, the Zoo's 10-year-old lion Nababiep gave birth to three cubs—two surviving—in an eight hour period. These cubs are the third litter for Nababiep and the fourth for 8-year-old father, Luke.
Animal care staff watched Nababiep give birth via a closed-circuit webcam and continue to monitor the family's behavior. The first cub was born at 3:58 a.m. and appeared active and healthy. Five hours later at 8:51 a.m., Nababiep delivered her second cub, but it was stillborn. The third cub was born at 11:24 a.m. and appeared active and healthy. It is not uncommon for animals, in this case a lion, to have some healthy and one or more stillborn cubs in the same litter. Nababiep and her two cubs have been under close observation throughout the weekend by the Zoo's animal care team. They appear to be nursing, moving and vocalizing well, so keepers have not needed to intervene.

The first few days of a lion cub's life are very fragile, said Rebecca Stites, an animal keeper at the Great Cats exhibit. Naba continues to prove that she has great maternal instincts, so the best course of action is for us to allow her to care for and bond with her cubs. We have every indication that she will successfully raise these cubs just as she did her previous litter. (Note: Nababiep gave birth to one cub in May 2010 that lived for 48 hours.)

The mortality rate for lion cubs (including those that are younger than a year) in captivity in 2009 was about 30 percent, compared to a 67 percent mortality rate for cubs in the wild. Animal care staff are cautiously optimistic that the cubs will thrive and are giving Nababiep the solitude she needs to care for her young.

The Zoo received a recommendation to breed the lions from the Association of Zoos and Aquariums' Species Survival Plan for African lions. An SSP matches individual animals across the country for breeding in order to maintain a healthy, genetically diverse and self-sustaining population. About one month after Luke bred with Nababiep, he and her 9-year-old sister Shera also bred. Animal care staff are closely monitoring Shera and suspect she is pregnant based on her physical changes and weight gain, among other cues. Keepers gradually separated Nababiep from Luke and Shera to give Nababiep the privacy she needs to emulate the natural process. As Shera's expected delivery date draws near, animal care staff will separate her from Luke as well. In the wild, female lions will typically leave the pride for a secure area and give birth alone. A lioness may wait up to six weeks before introducing her cubs to the rest of the pride.
The formation of prides makes lions unique among the great cats, many of which are solitary animals. Hunting, disease and habitat loss have contributed to a decline in the population of African lions, which are considered a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

One of the best parts of this job is seeing all of our planning and preparation come to fruition, said Kristen Clark, an animal keeper at the Great Cats exhibit. In 2010, we had a remarkable opportunity to watch seven cubs grow, master husbandry training, and go on to other zoos to contribute to their breeding programs. To watch this litter follow in their siblings' footsteps will be incredibly exciting and rewarding.

Nababiep's cubs will not be on exhibit until late spring, which will give the Zoo's animal keepers and veterinary team time to examine them. However, National Zoo visitors can see 5-month-old Sumatran tiger cubs Bandar and Sukacita on exhibit every day that weather permits staff to give them outdoor access.

To follow the Zoo's progress in caring for the cubs, check for news on the Zoo's Instagram, Twitter and Facebook.
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World First at Ukutula - First ever lion cubs born from Artificial Insemination WORLDWIDE

First Ever Lion Cubs Born through Artificial Insemination Worldwide

A lioness at the Ukutula Conservation Center (UCC) and Biobank, in the North West Province, South Africa, has given birth to two cubs conceived via non-surgical artificial insemination (AI), using fresh semen collected from an adult male lion at the same facility. These are the first ever lion cubs to be born by means of artificial insemination – a world first achievement.

Mr Willi Jacobs, owner of Ukutula and founder of the UCC & Biobank, and Dr Isabel Callealta, proudly confirmed the birth of the cubs on Saturday, 25th August 2018. The artificial insemination was done by Dr Isabel Callealta, a qualified veterinarian from Spain and PhD candidate at the University of Pretoria (UP).

This achievement is part of a research study by a team of scientists from the UP on the reproductive physiology of the female African lion (Panthera leo), and the development of artificial insemination protocols for this species, which could be used as a baseline for other endangered large wild felids.

Ukutula is honored to have been able to provide an advanced scientific facility as well as the required animals for this exciting research. We are grateful to the team of scientists who have worked relentlessly in pursuit of this key element in preserving future generations. There can be little doubt that wildlife conservation through education and ethical scientific research is the only realistic and long-term solution for our planetʼs conservation challenges and dwindling wildlife populations.
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The Ukutula Game Reserve 100% supports the IUCN's ONE-PLAN-APPROACH to Species Conservation and Animal Breeding Principals. Ukutula's mission: Conservation through Research & Education. At the UKUTULA Game Reserve and Ukutula Conservation Center (UCC), South Africa - the focus is on providing Conservation SOLUTIONS to ensure the long-term survival of our planet's endangered wildlife species.

The UCC & Biobank (located on the Ukutula Game Reserve), is an independent and sustainable world-class research and education facility, specialising in lion and other predator research and genetic preservation of endangered wildlife species.

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Drone & Go-Pro footage © by Willi Jacobs
Filmed & Produced by UMBULI Productions
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Copyright © 2018 Ukutula & UMBULI Productions. All Rights Reserved.

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