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South Pole Telescope Camera


South Pole Telescope Camera

A new camera for the South Pole Telescope, called SPT-3G, will aid scientists in creating the deepest, most sensitive map yet of the cosmic microwave background, allowing them to peer more closely into the era of the universe just after the Big Bang.

Next-gen camera for the South Pole Telescope gathers data on early universe

Deep in Antarctica, at the southernmost point on our planet, sits a 33-foot telescope designed for a single purpose: to make images of the oldest light in the universe. The South Pole Telescope, specially designed to measure the “cosmic microwave background,” has opened its third-generation camera, which is more sensitive by nearly an order of magnitude. Its data can give us clues on everything from dark energy to the physics of the Big Bang to locating the most massive clusters of galaxies in the universe.

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South Pole Telescope Commute

Join scientists as they walk 1km from their Antarctic home station to work on the South Pole Telescope.

The South Pole Telescope recently received an ultra-sensitive camera that will study the universe

The South Pole Telescope recently received an ultra-sensitive camera that will study the universe

Scientists have just gained a valuable tool in their quest to understand the cosmic microwave background radiation that persists since the early days of the universe. The South Pole telescope recently received an ultra-sensitive camera that will study the cosmic microwave background at an extreme level of detail. Its 16,000 detectors ten times more than a previous experiment can detect minute changes in temperature when they receive light, helping them to collect the ancient microwave energy virtually ubiquitous in the universe but difficult to detect with conventional methods.

The study will take several years, and is only feasible in places like Antarctica due to the great elevation in two miles of ice and exceptionally dry weather conditions. However, the potential findings are huge. They could help you understand some of the most mysterious aspects of the universe, including dark energy, neutrino particles and gravitational waves. It could also detect some of the early giant galaxies where the first stars appeared, and could help find previously unconfirmed particles. In total, the SPT could expand or even challenge humanity's understanding of how the universe works.

South Pole Telescope - Video Learning -

The South Pole Telescope is a 10 metre diameter telescope located at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica. The telescope is designed for observations in the microwave, millimeter-wave, and submillimeter-wave regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, with the particular design goal of measuring the faint, diffuse emission from the cosmic microwave background . The first major survey with the SPT–designed to find distant, massive, clusters of galaxies through their interaction with the CMB, with the goal of constraining the dark energy equation of state–was completed in October 2011. In early 2012, a new camera was installed on the SPT with even greater sensitivity and the capability to measure the polarization of incoming light. This camera is designed to measure the so-called B-mode or curl component of the polarized CMB, leading to constraints on the mass of the neutrino and the energy scale of inflation.

The SPT collaboration is made up of over a dozen institutions, including the University of Chicago, the University of California-Berkeley, Case Western Reserve University, Harvard/Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, the University of Colorado-Boulder, McGill University, The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of California at Davis, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Argonne National Laboratory, and the National Institute for Standards and Technology. It is funded by the National Science Foundation.

The South Pole is the premier observing site in the world for millimeter-wavelength observations. The Pole's high altitude means the atmosphere is thin, and the extreme cold keeps the amount of water vapor in the air low. This is particularly important for observing at millimeter wavelengths, where incoming signals can be absorbed by water vapor, and where water vapor emits radiation that can be confused with astronomical signals. Because the sun does not rise and set daily, the atmosphere at the pole is particularly stable. Further, there is no interference from the sun in the millimeter range during the months of polar night.

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Science Bulletins: The Cosmic Microwave Background—A New View from the South Pole

The icy South Pole desert is a harsh and desolate landscape in which few life-forms can flourish. But the extreme cold and isolation are perfect for astronomical observations. Taking advantage of the severe conditions, scientists are using the new South Pole Telescope—the largest ever deployed in Antarctica—to observe the oldest light in the Universe, the cosmic microwave background (CMB).

Related Links:

South Pole Telescope

Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago

National Science Foundation: Office of Polar Programs (OPP)

UCLA: Cosmic Microwave Background

NASA Science: The Big Bang

Telescope at the South Pole (BICEP-3) - Deep Sky Videos

Denis Barkats and friends show us the BICEP-3 telescope at the South Pole. More Denis videos from Antarctica:
More telescope videos on Deep Sky Videos:

Video also features Kimmy Wu and Jimmy Grayson.
Denis filmed these during the Summer 2015-2016.
He is based at Harvard University.

Deep Sky Videos website:
More about the astronomers in our videos:

Made possible by:
The University of Nottingham
and The University of Sheffield.

Video by Brady Haran (this one was filmed by Denis)
Extra editing by James Hennessy

North Pole Web Cam 2015

The North Pole Web Cam was deployed on an ice floe at the North Pole in Summer 2015 as part of the North Pole Environmental Observatory.

Lightsaber fights at the South Pole Telescope!

Today we check out the South Pole Telescope and take some pretty cool pictures with some cool props (definitely lightsabers 😝)


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*I am currently living and working at the South Pole Station through the United States Antarctic Program. I am not down here as a filmmaker or photographer, but instead work in the Housing and Dining department. All of these videos are being made during my free time and not during working hours. We are very busy down here keeping the station running at maximum efficiency, but I have managed to find some free time to make these short movies!*

photos taken from the South Pole Telescope, Nibiru

photos taken from the South Pole Telescope, Nibiru

South Pole Telescope

Recent facilities such as the South Pole Telescope (SPT), the Herschel Space Observatory, and the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) have opened a window to the millimeter (mm) sky and revealed a unique and unprecedented view of the dusty Universe. In a 2500 square degree cosmological survey, SPT has systematically identified a large number of high-redshift strongly gravitationally lensed starburst galaxies. We have completed a unique spectroscopic redshift survey with ALMA, targeting carbon monoxide line emission in these sources. We have obtained spectroscopic redshifts for 82 sources, with a median of z=3.9. This sample comprises 70% of the total spectroscopically confirmed starburst and extends into the epoch of re-ionization. We are undertaking a comprehensive and systematic followup campaign to use these 'cosmic magnifying glasses' to study the physical conditions and chemical evolution of the dust-obscured universe in unprecedented detail, using ionized carbon, carbon monoxide, and water. These sources are also part of an Early Release Science Program with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), due to launch in less than a year. Combined, these images taken with ALMA and JWST will be the most detailed study of the redshift 7 Universe, less than 800 million years after the Big Bang.

Lunar South Pole 16-17 April 2016

Changes in the lunar south pole's illumination from one night to the next as recorded with a 150mm Skywatcher Maksutov and ASI224 camera.


South Pole Telescope - Antarctica - 2008
NASA censorship on this planet(NIBIRU)Since 2008 No more Images)
NIBIRU Special Telescope - NASA

The Moving Stars of the Southern Hemisphere

I present a short time-lapse video montage showing the motion of the southern hemisphere sky.

The video shows four views looking in each direction, demonstrating how the sky moves down under, in directions opposite to what northern hemisphere residents are used to. Stars still rise in the east and set in the west, but they rise moving at an angle to the left and set at an angle to the right. Looking north to the seasonal constellations, stars move from right to left, as the southern Sun does in the day. Looking to the south, to the south celestial pole and circumpolar stars, the sky turns clockwise around a rather blank area of sky. There is no prominent south star.

For those who wonder why I used a fish-eye lens, it was for a very good reason. Though a rectilinear lens would have provided a flat horizon, it would have also distorted the star tails into elongated ellipses due to the inherent distortion of such lenses. The fish-eye preserves a more natural appearance to the sky and its motion.

I shot the time-lapse sequences over four nights in April 2016, at the annual OzSky Star Party, held near Coonabarabran, NSW, Australia. I used a Canon 6D and Canon 15mm full-frame fish-eye lens at f/2.8, taking about 450 frames for each sequence, each frame being a 45 second exposure at ISO 5000.

I processed the images with Adobe Camera Raw and LRTimelapse, and created the frames for the star trail movies and stacked still images using the Advanced Stacker Plus actions from

Music is by Adi Goldstein / / with Broadcast license.

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CITA 821: Cosmological Constraints from Clusters Discovered by the South Pole Telescope

Title: Cosmological Constraints from Clusters Discovered by the South Pole Telescope
Speaker: Lindsey Bleem (Argonne National Lab)
Date: 2018-05-31

Collage of 2017 EHT Array Observatories and Data Centers

Collage of video footage from eight observatories and two data centers that participated in the acquisition and initial processing (correlation) of Event Horizon Telescope data in 2017.

Production credit: NSF

1) Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA), Cerro Chajnantor, Chile
2) Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX), Cerro Chajnantor, Chile
Credit: European Southern Observatory (ESO)
3) IRAM 30-meter Telescope (IRAM), Pico Veleta, Spain
Credit: Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM)
4) James Clark Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), Maunakea, Hawaii, USA
Credit: East Asian Observatory/William Montgomerie, JCMT
5) Large Millimeter Telescope Alfonso Serrano (LMT), Sierra Negra, Mexico
Credit: INAOE Archives, LMT
6) South Pole Telescope (SPT), South Pole Station, Antarctica
Credit: Junham Kim (University of Arizona), Robert Schwarz
7) Submillimeter Array (SMA), Maunakea, Hawaii, USA
Credit: Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithosonian
8) Submillimeter Telescope (SMT), Mount Graham, Arizona, USA
Credit: Bob Demers (University of Arizona), ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)

Data Centers:
1) Max-Planck-Institute for Radio Astronomy, Bonn, Germany
Credit: Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Helge Rottmann, Efthalia Traianou
2) MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, Massachusetts, USA
Credit: Bryce Vickmark , MIT Haystack Observatory

TELESCOPE MOON: Huge Structures On The Moon South Pole

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Telescopes at the South Pole - Abby Crites - 4/15/16

A first-hand account of the unique telescope operating at the South Pole for studying leftover radiation from the Big Bang. Lecture: 02:10; Lecture Q&A: 24:47; Panel Q&A: 31:33

Date: April 15, 2016
Lecturer: Dr. Abby Crites
Title: Astronomy from the Bottom of the Earth: Telescopes at the South Pole
Abstract: The South Pole represents a unique environment for studying the evolution of the Universe. Its extreme cold, dark skies, and isolation from humans optimize it for certain types of instruments and studies. I will present my experiences working at the Pole on the South Pole Telescope, an instrument designed to investigate the nature of the Big Bang. Additionally, I'll discuss other science efforts at the Pole, including IceCube, a photodetector array embedded in the ice used to study neutrinos.

Event Photos:
Echo360 Two-Pane Video Stream:
Thumbnail Image Credit: South Pole Telescope

TELESCOPE: We See Well Moon's North Pole, Aug 26, 2018

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Polar Alignment Tutorial - Southern Hemisphere

In this video I'll show you exactly how to do your polar alignment process if you're in the Southern Hemisphere. Since there's no North Star to align to, this can make things a bit more complicated! However, using the Sigma Octans stars will allow us to do our alignment without too much hassle!

For more information on Star Trackers, please visit my website:

If you want to learn more about tracking in the Southern Hemisphere, especially for the solar eclipse, check out this video:



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