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The 9/11 Decade : The Intelligence War | Al Jazeera World


Gaza Lives On | Al Jazeera World

Since 2007, most of the approximately 1.5 million Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip have suffered gravely from an intensified land, air and sea blockade imposed by Israel.

The blockade, deemed illegal by the United Nations, was implemented after Hamas, a Palestinian faction labelled a terrorist organisation by Tel Aviv, took control over the territory and ousted Fatah officials from power in the battle of Gaza.

After more than two decades of tight sanctions and even though Israel eased the restrictions on non-military goods in 2010, the blockade continues to take a heavy toll on Gaza's civilian population, with many essential and basic goods banned from being exported or imported. This has led to rampant poverty and a massive unemployment rate in Gaza.

But Gaza once had thriving economy and was a major exporter of key staple foods, including fruits and vegetables, to countries across the world. Israel's policies since the occupation, however, have forced the vast majority of Gazans to rely on foreign humanitarian aid for survival.

According to the UN, about one-third of Gaza's arable land and 85 per cent of its fishing waters are totally or partially inaccessible due to the Israeli blockade.

Abu Anwar Jahjouh, who has worked as a corn seller for the past 15 years and lives in the Shati refugee camp in Gaza, says it is a daily struggle to scrape out a living: Back in the 1960s, we used to export oranges. Ships would come from Turkey, Spain, Germany and all of Europe. We used to export oranges, lemons, clementines and grapefruits. But those ships stopped coming to Gaza after 1967. No one comes to Gaza anymore. We can't export anything. That's why we started selling corn here on the beach. We sell anything.

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Talk to Al Jazeera - Richard Falk - 27 Dec 09 - Part 1

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Professor Richard Falk describes himself as an American Jew, but it is his support of Palestinian rights that has earned him the profile and abuse that is threatening to overshadow five decades of achievements as a lawyer, an academic and an author. One year after Israel's war on Gaza, Al Jazeera talks to the UN special rapporteur on Palestine and asks him about his views on that war, the impact of the Obama presidency and the future of the peace process.

At Al Jazeera English, we focus on people and events that affect people's lives. We bring topics to light that often go under-reported, listening to all sides of the story and giving a 'voice to the voiceless.'
Reaching more than 270 million households in over 140 countries across the globe, our viewers trust Al Jazeera English to keep them informed, inspired, and entertained.
Our impartial, fact-based reporting wins worldwide praise and respect. It is our unique brand of journalism that the world has come to rely on.
We are reshaping global media and constantly working to strengthen our reputation as one of the world's most respected news and current affairs channels.

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What Lies Ahead for Saudi Arabia? - 2/21/19

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has sought to diversify the state’s economy and promote the kingdom as open and forward-looking. Yet, recent events, including the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and increased attention on Saudi involvement in the Yemeni Civil War, have undermined this effort. American Enterprise Institute scholar Karen E. Young and journalist Hassan Hassan will unpack Saudi Arabia’s current sociopolitical and economic climate.

???????? Should Tony Blair be punished for the Iraq War? | UpFront

More than a decade after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the country continues to become increasingly unstable. On Sunday, nearly 300 people were killed in the worst bombing since the invasion began.

Led by the United States with the support of the British, the war paved the way for a violent insurgency and a sectarian conflict that continues today. Various estimates put the civilian death toll between 150,000 to more than 300,000.

The criticism surrounding the government's decision to get involved in the Iraq war led to a seven year inquiry by former civil servant John Chilcot, which was released earlier this week.

The long-awaited Chilcot Report found that the British decision was based on flawed intelligence and the invasion went badly wrong. While the report stopped short of calling former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair a liar, Chilcot said that claims about Weapons of Mass Destruction were presented with a certainty that was not justified.

So is Blair to blame for the Iraq war and its fallout? And should he and former US President George W Bush, the war's other primary architect, be punished for their involvement?

In this special episode of UpFront, we debate the Iraq Inquiry with two former members of Blair's inner circle, Clare Short and John McTernan.

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Gregory Gause: The Khashoggi Killing and the Future of Saudi-American Relations

The Khashoggi Killing and the Future of Saudi-American Relations

Gregory Gause, Professor of International Affairs and Head of the International Affairs Department at the Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University

Previously, Gause was on the faculties of the University of Vermont (1995 – 2014) and Columbia University (1987 – 1995) and was Fellow for Arab and Islamic Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York (1993 – 1994). During the 2009-10 academic year he was Kuwait Foundation Visiting Professor of International Affairs at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. In spring 2009 Gause was a Fulbright Scholar at the American University in Kuwait.

Gause’s research focuses on the international politics of the Middle East, particularly the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf. He has published three books, most recently The International Relations of the Persian Gulf. His articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Middle East Journal, Security Studies, Washington Quarterly, and in other journals and edited volumes.

Gause received his Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University in 1987 and his B.A. from St. Joseph’s University in Philadelphia in 1980. He studied Arabic at the American University in Cairo (1982 – 1983) and Middlebury College (1984).

Co-sponsored by the Middle Eastern Studies and the John Sloan Dickey Center for International Understanding.

Recorded on January 22, 2019 at Dartmouth College

Rumsfeld and Powell call for military spending increase

APTN - Washington, DC, February 5, 2002
1. Various shots of Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld testifying before Senate Armed Services Committee

POOL - Washington, DC, Feb 5, 2002
2. SOUNDBITE: Donald Rumsfeld, U-S Defence Secretary:
Now, through the prism of September 11, we can see that our challenge is not simply to fix the underfunding of the past, but it's to accomplish several difficult missions at once. One is to win the world-wide war on terror, second is to restore the capabilities by making delayed investments in procurement, people and modernization. And third is to prepare for the future by transforming the defense establishment to fit the 21st century.

3. Cutaways of Rumsfeld speaking

4. SOUNDBITE Donald Rumsfeld, U-S Defence Secretary:
Our adversaries are watching what we do, they're studying how we have been successfully attacked, how we are responding and how we may be vulnerable in the future. And we stand still at our peril.

5. Cutaway of Rumsfeld testifying
6. Wide shot of Secretary of State Colin Powell before Senate Foreign Relations Committee
7. Closer shot of Powell testifying
8. Cutaway of committee members
9. SOUNDBITE Colin Powell, U-S Secretary of State
Whether he finds one way or the other on this issue, the reality is that they will be treated humanely according to the precepts of the convention because that's the kind of people we are. We treat people well, we treat people humanely, and you can be sure that's what is happening with the detainees at Guantanamo and all others who are in the custody of the United States Armed Forces or other parts of the United States government.
10. Cutaway of committee members
11. Wide shot of committee hearing room during Powell's testimony


U-S Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld was on Capitol Hill Tuesday, promoting the administration's (USD) 379 billion budget plan to the Senate Armed Services Committee.

Rumsfeld said the biggest military spending increase in two decades is needed to prepare U-S troops for future wars, even as they fight today's battle against terrorism.

He said those tasks are made harder because the Pentagon also needs to rebuild after what he called a decade of overuse and underfunding.

And the Defence Secretary warned, America's enemies are watching how Congress and the administration choose to defend the nation.

Meanwhile, testifying before another congressional committee, Secretary of State Colin Powell said President Bush will decide soon whether the Geneva Conventions should apply to al-Qaida and Taliban fighters detained at the Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Powell insisted that whatever the decision, the detainees will be treated humanely.

Rumsfeld and Powell were appearing before the committees to woo support for the budget plan President Bush submitted to Congress on Monday.

For the fiscal year starting October 1st, the plan would add (USD) 48 billion in budget authority to the Pentagon's spending.

Bush would add more each succeeding year, reaching (USD) 451 billion in spending authority for 2007.

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Heraldo Muñoz, Getting Away with Murder: Benazir Bhutto's Assassination and... | Talks at Google

Getting Away with Murder: Benazir Bhutto's Assassination and the Politics of Pakistan

On November 7, 2013, the New York Times reported that Pakistan's former military ruler, Pervez Musharraf, was freed on bail after six months under house arrest. Musharraf is now free to travel, but he still faces several charges, including at least one in connection with the 2007 assassination of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, and his role in the government has caused significant tension in US-Pakistan relations since Bhutto's death. No one knows more about this story, and the events surrounding Bhutto's assassination, than the man who led the special investigation of the circumstances surrounding her death, U.N. diplomat Heraldo Muñoz.

In his new book, Getting Away with Murder, Muñoz delivers a riveting narrative of the days leading up to Bhutto's assassination and the hours immediately following the event, and places it in the context of the uneasy alliance between the US and Pakistan that has developed in the years since 9/11. This is the first time this story has been told in its entirety and by one of the people most intimately acquainted with the details. Heraldo Muñoz will be available for interviews in early December in New York and DC, presenting reporters with a rare opportunity to speak to him directly about his involvement and get his opinions of what lies ahead with respect to Musharraf's fate and the fate of international diplomacy in the region.

USC CREATE: Michael Chertoff - Former Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security

CREATE Distinguished Speaker Series (Q&A Moderated by Erroll Southers)

As Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security from 2005 to 2009, Mr. Chertoff led the country in blocking would-be terrorists from crossing our borders or implementing their plans if they were already in the country. He also transformed FEMA into an effective organization following Hurricane Katrina. His greatest successes have earned few headlines -- because the important news is what didn't happen.

At Chertoff Group, Mr. Chertoff provides high-level strategic counsel to corporate and government leaders on a broad range of security issues, from risk identification and prevention to preparedness, response and recovery. Risk management has become the CEO's concern, he says. We help our clients develop comprehensive strategies to manage risk without building barriers that get in the way of carrying on their business.

Before heading up the Department of Homeland Security, Mr. Chertoff served as a federal judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Earlier, during more than a decade as a federal prosecutor, he investigated and prosecuted cases of political corruption, organized crime, corporate fraud and terrorism -- including the investigation of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Mr. Chertoff is a magna cum laude graduate of Harvard College (1975) and Harvard Law School (1978). From 1979-1980 he served as a clerk to Supreme Court Justice William Brennan, Jr.

In addition to his role at Chertoff Group, Mr. Chertoff is also senior of counsel at Covington & Burling LLP, and a member of the firm's White Collar Defense and Investigations practice group.

Dow Has Worst One-Day Drop Of All Time As New Fed Chair Sworn In | NBC Nightly News

The Dow plunged below 25,000 today, wiping out this year’s gains and marking the second straight day of losses.
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Dow Has Worst One-Day Drop Of All Time As New Fed Chair Sworn In | NBC Nightly News

America Kicks Off The Holiday Season | NBC Nightly News

Whether braving the cold at the high-security Macy’s parade or cooking dinner for hurricane victims, Americans took a day to to celebrate Thanksgiving and the official start to the holiday season.
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America Kicks Off The Holiday Season | NBC Nightly News

Celebrating Ramadan at the White House

The President hosts an Iftar dinner celebrating Ramadan in the State Dining Room.

White House Summit to Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) Follow-on Process

Update on White House Summit to Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) Follow-on Process briefing with Sarah Sewall, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights at the Foreign Press Center in Washington, D.C. on July 8, 2015. A full transcript is available at

Rep. McMorris Rodgers: Tax Cuts Clearly Positive For US Economy | CNBC

We want people to pursue their dreams and that was our goal with this bill, says Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.), talking about the benefits of tax cuts, and closing loopholes within the tax package.
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Rep. McMorris Rodgers: Tax Cuts Clearly Positive For US Economy | CNBC

Richard A. Falk

Richard Anderson Falk (born November 13, 1930) is an American professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University, and has been described as 'a critical analyst of the role of international law in global politics'. He is the author or co-author of 20 books and the editor or co-editor of another 20 volumes, In 2008, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) appointed Falk to a six-year term as a United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967. During his term as special rapporteur he was criticized by the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon for harm[ing] the credibility of the United Nations, the Human Rights Council, and its independent experts. Ban Ki-moon endorsed British and Canadian condemnations for his attribution of the 15 April 2013 Boston terrorist attack to “the American global domination project” and “Tel Aviv”, noting his endorsement of a virulently antisemitic book and support of 9/11 conspiracy theorists. The Palestinian Authority sought to remove Falk on the grounds that he was a “partisan of Hamas”.

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Noam Chomsky's views on 9/11

Noam Chomsky's views on 9/11

Ron Paul's Texas Straight Talk 11/25/13: Can Karzai Save Us?

Can Karzai Save Us?
by Ron Paul

After a year of talks over the post-2014 US military presence in Afghanistan, the US administration announced last week that a new agreement had finally been reached. Under the deal worked out with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, the US would keep thousands of troops on nine military bases for at least the next ten years.

It is clear that the Obama Administration badly wants this deal. Karzai, sensing this, even demanded that the US president send a personal letter promising that the US would respect the dignity of the Afghan people if it were allowed to remain in the country. It was strange to see the US president go to such lengths for a deal that would mean billions more US dollars to Karzai and his cronies, and a US military that would continue to prop up the regime in Kabul.

Just as the deal was announced by Secretary of State John Kerry and ready to sign, however, Karzai did an abrupt about-face. No signed deal until after the next presidential elections in the spring, he announced to a gathering of tribal elders, much to the further embarrassment and dismay of the US side. The US administration had demanded a signed deal by December. What may happen next is anybody's guess. The US threatens to pull out completely if the deal is not signed by the end of this year.

Karzai should be wary of his actions. It may become unhealthy for him. The US has a bad reputation for not looking kindly on puppet dictators who demand independence from us.

Yet Karzai's behavior may have the unintended benefit of saving the US government from its own worst interventionist instincts. The US desire to continue its military presence in Afghanistan -- with up to 10,000 troops -- is largely about keeping up the false impression that the Afghan war, the longest in US history, has not been a total, catastrophic failure. Maintaining a heavy US presence delays that realization, and with it the inevitable conclusion that so many lives have been lost and wasted in vain. It is a bitter pill that this president, who called Afghanistan the good war, would rather not have to swallow.

The administration has argued that US troops must remain in Afghanistan to continue the fight against al-Qaeda. But al-Qaeda has virtually disappeared from Afghanistan. What remains is the Taliban and the various tribes that have been involved in a power struggle ever since the Soviets left almost a quarter of a century ago. In other words, twelve years later we are back to the starting point in Afghanistan.

Where has al-Qaeda gone if not in Afghanistan? They have branched out to other areas where opportunity has been provided by US intervention. Iraq had no al-Qaeda presence before the 2003 US invasion. Now al-Qaeda and its affiliates have turned Iraq into a bloodbath, where thousands are killed and wounded every month. The latest fertile ground for al-Qaeda and its allies is Syria, where they have found that US support, weapons, and intelligence is going to their side in the ongoing war to overthrow the Syrian government.

In fact, much of the US government's desire for an ongoing military presence in Afghanistan has to do with keeping money flowing to the military industrial complex. Maintaining nine US military bases in Afghanistan and providing military aid and training to Afghan forces will consume billions of dollars over the next decade. The military contractors are all too willing to continue to enrich themselves at the expense of the productive sectors of the US economy.

Addressing Afghan tribal elders last week, Karzai is reported to have expressed disappointment with US assistance thus far: I demand tanks from them, and they give us pickup trucks, which I can get myself from Japan... I don't trust the U.S., and the U.S. doesn't trust me.

Let us hope that Karzai sticks to his game with Washington. Let the Obama administration have no choice but to walk away from this twelve-year nightmare. Then we can finally just march out.

Al-Qaeda | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:

00:03:12 1 Organization
00:05:46 1.1 Leadership
00:05:55 1.1.1 Osama bin Laden (1988 – May 2011)
00:06:37 1.1.2 After May 2011
00:09:00 1.2 Command structure
00:12:36 1.3 Field operatives
00:13:48 1.4 Insurgent forces
00:14:57 1.5 Financing
00:17:07 1.5.1 Allegations of Qatari support
00:22:03 2 Strategy
00:26:20 3 Name
00:28:42 4 Ideology
00:30:58 5 Religious compatibility
00:32:11 6 History
00:32:47 6.1 Jihad in Afghanistan
00:36:18 6.2 Expanding operations
00:38:27 6.3 Gulf War and the start of US enmity
00:39:48 6.4 Sudan
00:42:44 6.5 Refuge in Afghanistan
00:46:07 6.6 Call for global Salafi jihadism
00:47:12 6.7 Fatwas
00:48:58 6.8 Iraq
00:51:11 6.9 Somalia and Yemen
00:54:05 6.10 United States operations
00:57:29 6.11 Death of Osama bin Laden
00:59:48 6.12 Syria
01:02:10 6.13 India
01:03:47 7 Attacks
01:04:21 7.1 1992
01:05:41 7.2 Late 1990s
01:07:19 7.3 September 11 attacks
01:09:47 8 Designation as a terrorist group
01:10:05 9 War on Terror
01:13:45 10 Activities
01:13:54 10.1 Africa
01:15:54 10.2 Europe
01:18:23 10.3 Arab world
01:20:34 10.4 Kashmir
01:28:03 10.5 Internet
01:30:28 10.5.1 Online communications
01:30:53 10.6 Aviation network
01:31:56 10.7 Involvement in military conflicts
01:32:16 11 Alleged CIA involvement
01:36:03 12 Alleged Saudi and Emirati involvement
01:36:50 13 Alleged Pakistani involvement
01:37:11 14 Broader influence
01:37:39 15 Criticism
01:41:07 15.1 Other criticisms
01:42:57 16 See also

Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

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I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.
- Socrates

Al-Qaeda (; Arabic: القاعدة‎ al-Qāʿidah, IPA: [ælqɑːʕɪdɐ], translation: The Base, The Foundation or The Database, alternatively spelled al-Qaida and al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988 by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and several other Arab volunteers during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.Al-Qaeda operates as a network of Islamic extremists and Salafist jihadists. The organization has been designated as a terrorist group by the United Nations Security Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, India, and various other countries (see below). Al-Qaeda has mounted attacks on non-military and military targets in various countries, including the 1998 United States embassy bombings, the September 11 attacks, and the 2002 Bali bombings. The United States government responded to the September 11 attacks by launching the War on Terror, which sought to undermine al-Qaeda and its allies. The deaths of key leaders, including that of Osama bin Laden, have led al-Qaeda's operations to shift from the top down organization and planning of attacks, to the planning of attacks which are carried out by associated groups and lone-wolf operators. Al-Qaeda characteristically employs attacks which include suicide attacks and the simultaneous bombing of several targets. Activities which are ascribed to al-Qaeda involve the actions of those who have made a pledge of loyalty to bin Laden, or to the actions of al-Qaeda-linked individuals who have undergone training in one of its camps in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq or Sudan. Al-Qaeda ideologues envision the removal of all foreign influences in Muslim countries, and the creation of a new caliphate ruling over the entire Muslim world.Among the beliefs ascribed to al-Qaeda members is the conviction that a Christian–Jewish alliance is conspiring to destroy Islam. As Salafist jihadists, members of al-Qaeda believe that the killing of non-combatants is religiously sanctioned. This belief ignores the aspects of religious scripture which forbid the murder of non-combatants and internecine fighting. Al-Qaeda also opposes what it regards as man-made laws, and wants to replace them wit ...

Missing Saudi journalist once a voice of reform in kingdom

Missing Saudi journalist once a voice of reform in kingdom:

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Jamal Khashoggi, the Saudi journalist who disappeared last week after a visit to his country's consulate in Turkey, was once a Saudi insider. A close aide to the kingdom's former spy chief, he had been a leading voice in the country's prominent dailies, including the main English newspapers. Now the 59-year-old journalist and contributor to The Washington Post is feared dead, and Turkish authorities believe he was slain inside the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul, something Saudi officials vehemently deny. The U.S.-educated Khashoggi was no stranger to controversy. A graduate of Indiana State University, Khashoggi began his career in the 1980s, covering the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and the decade-long war that followed for the English-language daily Saudi Gazette. He traveled extensively in the Middle East, covering Algeria's 1990s war against Islamic militants, and the Islamists rise in Sudan. He interviewed Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan before al-Qaida was formed, then met him in Sudan in 1995. Following bin Laden's rise likely helped cement Khashoggi's ties with powerful former Saudi spy chief, Turki Al-Faisal. Khashoggi rubbed shoulders with the Saudi royal family and supported efforts to nudge the kingdom's entrenched ultra-conservative clerics to accept reforms. He served as an editor for nine years on the Islamist-leaning al-Madina newspaper and was frequently quoted in the Western media as an expert on Islamic radicals and a reformist voice. However, he was fired from his post as an editor at Al-Watan, a liberal paper founded after the 9/11 terror attacks, just two months after he took the job in 2003. The country's ultra-conservative clerics had pushed back against his criticism of the powerful religious police and Ibn Taymiyah, a medieval cleric viewed as the spiritual forefather of Wahhabism, the conservative interpretation of Islam that is the founding tenant of the kingdom. Khoshaggi then served as media adviser to Al-Faisal, the former spy chief, who was at the time the ambassador to the United States. Khashoggi returned to Al-Watan in 2007, where he continued his criticism of the clerics as the late King Abdullah implemented cautious reforms to try to shake their hold. Three years later, he was forced to resign again after a series of articles criticizing Salafism, the ultra-conservative Sunni Islam movement from which Wahhabism stems. In 2010, Saudi billionaire Alwaleed bin Talal tapped him to lead his new TV station, touted as a rival to Qatari-funded Al-Jazeera, a staunch critic of the kingdom. But the new Al-Arab station, based in Bahrain, was shut down hours after it launched, for hosting a Bahraini opposition figure. Khoshaggi's final break with the Saudi authorities followed the Arab Spring protests that swept through the region in 2011, shaking the power base of traditional leaders and giving rise to Islamists, only to be followed by unprecedented crackdowns on those calling for change. Siding with the opposi
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#Generalnews, #Governmentandpolitics, #Religionandpolitics, #Religiousissues, #Religion, #Socialaffairs, #Socialissues, #Newspapers, #Newsmedia, #Media, #Journalists, #Diplomacy, #Internationalrelations, #MohammadbinSalmanbinAbdulazizAlSaud, #Osamabin, #internationalnews, #worldnews, #foreignnews

Saxby Chambliss, Reflections on Georgia Politics

ROGP 019. Saxby Chambliss interviewed by Bob Short. April 16, 2007.

Clarence Saxby Chambliss was born in Warrenton, North Carolina on November 10, 1943. He attended Louisiana Tech University and the University of Georgia, earning a bachelor's degree in business administration in 1966. He received his law degree from the University of Tennessee College of Law in 1968. In this interview, Chambliss discusses his early years practicing law in south Georgia, as well as his experience serving in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. In the House, Chambliss served on the Armed Services Committee, the Agriculture Committee, and served on the House Intelligence Committee leading up to 9/11. He addresses a wide range of policy issues, including the War on Terror, immigration, agriculture, environmental issues, the military, tax policy, and social security. He also comments on former Georgia Governor George Busbee

From the Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies. For more information, see:

House Session 2012-05-10 (15:08:33-16:18:35)

One Minute Speeches (5 per side)
H.R. 5652 - Sequester Replacement Reconciliation Act of 2012, Rules Committee Print (Closed Rule, Two Hours of Debate)
Complete Consideration of H.R. 5326 - Making appropriations for the Departments of Commerce and Justice, Science, and Related Agencies for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2013, and for other purposes (Open Rule)
Special Order Speeches



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