Video Lecture 103: Live Class on T S Eliot's Poems (Part-I - Introducing Modernism by Arindam Ghosh
Modernism is both a philosophical movement and an art movement that arose from broad transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
According to Roger Griffin, modernism can be defined in a maximalist vision as a broad cultural, social, or political initiative, sustained by the ethos of the temporality of the new. Modernism sought to restore, Griffin writes, a sense of sublime order and purpose to the contemporary world, thereby counteracting the (perceived) erosion of an overarching ‘nomos’, or ‘sacred canopy’, under the fragmenting and secularizing impact of modernity. Therefore, phenomena apparently unrelated to each other such as Expressionism, Futurism, vitalism, Theosophy, psychoanalysis, nudism, eugenics, utopian town planning and architecture, modern dance, Bolshevism, organic nationalism – and even the cult of self-sacrifice that sustained the hecatomb of the First World War – disclose a common cause and psychological matrix in the fight against (perceived) decadence. All of them embody bids to access a supra-personal experience of reality, in which individuals believed they could transcend their own mortality, and eventually that they had ceased to be victims of history to become instead its creators.
Causes of World War I