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The Human Back Is A Design Disaster - Cheddar Explores

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The Human Foot Is a Design Disaster - Cheddar Explores

From a design standpoint, the human foot is kind of a disaster. Although humans evolved to walk upright on two feet, our feet are prone to all kinds of injuries. So, why did natural selection give us this particular foot?

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The stupidest nerve in the human body

Evolution can't slip into reverse and head back to the drawing board when it becomes apparent it's ballsed things up. If someone designed this, I give them 1 star out of 5 and want my money back.

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Wedel M. A Monument of Inefficiency: The Presumed Course of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve in Sauropod Dinosaurs


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Of course I learnt about the recurrent laryngeal nerve in the dissection room at medical school but I first appreciated its silliness when reading The Greatest Show on Earth by Richard Dawkins. It's just one of the many examples of how evolution has resulted in quite daft anatomy and physiology.

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Tango de Manzana by Kevin MacLeod. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (
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How Cities Use Hidden Design to Thwart Terrorism - Cheddar Explores

The threat of terrorism is causing cities to change how they're designed. Bollards, checkpoints and choke points help officials manage the difficult task of thwarting terrorism. But there are ways that are less obvious. Join Patrick Jones as he reveals the hidden design elements cities are using to keep people safe from harm.

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What is in the Human Spine

Education video about What is in the Human Spine by Dr. Gary Simonds at Carilion Clinic.
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The Human Foot: Incredible Design | David Rives

Did you know you were designed to run around barefoot? Genesis tells us that originally Adam and Eve were created naked. It wasn’t until after sin that clothes—and eventually shoes—came into being. But when we shed our shoes we see that God’s design is the best.

An incredible 25% of the bones in your body are found in your feet. These bones form three arches; the transverse, medial longitudinal, and lateral longitudinal arches found behind our toes and on the right and left sides of our feet. These arches beat the design of man-made arches because they absorb shock and even change shape to redistribute our weight as it shifts during different activities.

Our arches, together with a set of tendons, also act as springs. The tendons wrap around your toe joints and when we take a step forward our toes curl, shortening our feet by half an inch! This pulls the bones in your foot into a locking position. This “windlass” design allows the bones to relax when your foot falls forward and then tighten up to propel us further.

This specific arch design is uniquely human—you won’t find it anywhere else! Why? Because humans were designed for bipedal walking and our feet have been beautifully designed for that exact purpose.

But then we stick shoes on our feet. Shoes immobilize the foot, stopping the complex system God designed. Arch supports, high heels, thick soles, and even the curve at the toe of your shoe all force your foot into an unnatural position, disabling your windlass mechanism. And, of course, the dark, moist environment found inside a shoe is the perfect environment for nasty fungi and athlete’s foot.

Of course, in many places, going without some kind of foot protection has its hazards. Thorns, stones, or ants might threaten those in rural areas while broken glass, hot pavement, or a clumsy dancer might be dangerous in more urban environments. Shoes are also a very nice luxury in the winter! But it’s fun to just stop and realize that God’s design is amazing wherever you look—from the soles of your feet to the top of your head – We’re wonderfully made.

I’m David Rives…Truly the heavens declare the glory of God.

How Prohibition Created The Income Tax - Cheddar Sidebar

Income taxes are one of the most hotly debated topics in American politics - but do you know why we have them? Cheddar explains why we can blame the Prohibition for the existence of the federal income tax.

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The Spelling Bee Isn't Just About Memorization - Cheddar Explains

As the Scripps National Spelling Bee approaches, only one thing is for sure: 568 kids will take the final stage and 1 person will come out the champion with the trophy, the title and $50,000. Cheddar explains what goes on inside the mind of a national spelling bee champion and why it's more than just memorization.

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Scientists Claim Solution to Bermuda Triangle Disappearances - Cheddar Explores

The USS Cyclops went missing in the Bermuda Triangle in March 1918. It's just one of the many vessels that have added to the mystery of this part of the ocean. What causes these disappearances? Aliens? Explosions? One scientist claims to have the answers. Cheddar explores...

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#bermudatriangle #science

Why The Eyes Of Portraits Seem to Follow You - Cheddar Explores

Ever wonder if that painting is looking at you? Its eyes moving with you as you walk in front of it? It's definitely possible, join Patrick Jones as he explores the Mona Lisa effect and whether it pertains to the famous the phenomenon is named after.

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Why Are Clothing Sizes So Inconsistent? - Cheddar Examines

Have you ever noticed how a size 33 in one brand can be way smaller or larger in another brand? Cheddar examines the psychological trick meant to pump up a customer's self-esteem - and the company's wallet.

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How Do We Know If Animals Are Actually Extinct? - Cheddar Explores

There have been countless species who were considered to be extinct and then they end up appearing many years later. So, is it actually possible for humans to declare animals extinct?

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Why All Images of Space Are Photoshopped - Cheddar Explores

NASA, and most if not all, other space agencies photoshop their images of space - but that doesn't mean their photos are fake. In this video Cheddar explores why images of space are photoshopped, and how that helps astronomers with their job.

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Why Does Airplane Food Taste So Bad? - Cheddar Explores

Airline food has been the butt of jokes for decades. People just don't seem to like what's on the menu at 35,000 feet. Why is this the case? Producer Patrick Jones (@ Patrick_E_Jones) breaks down the two reasons why airplane food is so bad and what's being done to fix it.

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Why Planes Turn Lights Off For Takeoff & Landing - Cheddar Explores

Have you ever wondered why planes turn their lights off at take off and landing? There's a good reason why...safety. Producer Patrick Jones @ Patrick_E_Jones explains why this is the case and how safety on planes has evolved over the years.

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Why People Really Walk Faster In Cities - Cheddar Explores

Where do people walk the fastest? Cheddar explores what factors affect walking speed.

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The Con Man Who Sold The Eiffel Tower For Scrap - The Vault

Victor Lustig is one of the smoothest con men of all time. He had numerous schemes including selling the Eiffel Tower. How was he able to do it? Cheddar investigates...

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Why We Evolved To Acquire Tastes - Cheddar Explores

It's an acquired taste is a phrase that's commonly mentioned alongside food and drinks like coffee, IPAs, vegetables and more. Have you ever wondered how a taste is actually acquired? Join us as we explore taste and how it pertains to physiology, psychology and evolution.

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The Real Reason Equatorial Cultures Eat Spicy Food - Cheddar Explores

The answer has to do with heat, but probably not in the way you're thinking.

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Why We're Going to the Sun - Cheddar Explores

The sun affects Earth and its inhabitants in so many more ways than just giving a sunburn. Solar flares can affect astronauts, satellites, wide-spread power outages, and more. This is why NASA and the ESA are working together on 2 missions to go to the sun.

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The Race to Mars Is More than Musk vs. NASA - Cheddar Explores

Getting to Mars is way more complicated than just who gets there first. Cheddar explores some of the things that would need to happen for this journey to become a reality and who can accomplish it first, NASA or SpaceX? Comment who you think will make it to Mars first below.

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