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The Human Brain Science

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How the Brain Works Part 1 (UCLA)

These brief videos provide an introductory appreciation of how we learn skills and information, move, think, feel, speak and remember. They are brought to you by the UCLA Brain Research Institute and by Bruce H. Dobkin, MD, who directs the neurorehabilitation program in the Department of Neurology at UCLA. The videos especially aim to reach out to students in grade school to stir their interest, and to people with disabilities in walking, using an affected upper extremity, and loss of memory from neurological diseases such as stroke, brain trauma, tumors, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Parkinsons, and Alzheimers disease.

Video 1:
General organization of a real human brain.

Video 2:
The pathology of brain injuries and diseases. Rat versus human brain complexity. How do we reach for a ball? How do we walk?

Video 3:
How does practice enable us to learn and retain skills and information?

Video 4:
How can we drive the nervous system to adapt in ways that help restore lost skills after injury from disease? Can we reorganize the brains connections?

Understand the Brain with Medical Research



Meet Patrick Beukema, a graduate student in the The Cognitive Axon Lab at Carnegie Mellon. Patrick’s research involves learning how the brain changes to execute advanced motor skills with the goal of aiding diseases by understand the cognitive basis of motor skills.

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Allen Institute for Brain Science

The Allen Institute for Brain Science is an independent 512(c)(3) nonprofit medical research organization dedicated to accelerating the understanding of how the human brain works. Launched in 2003 with a generous seed contribution from philanthropist Paul G. Allen, the Institute tackles projects at the leading edge of science - far-reaching projects at the intersection of biology and technology - intended to fuel discovery for the broader scientific community worldwide.

The Human Brain Science Discovery Documentary HD

Discovery Science Channel The Human Brain HD Documentary
Science Documentary Discovery Channel Documentary
The Human Brain Documentary human brain documentary human brain structure and function human brain anatomy and physiology human brain project human brain and quantum physics human brain power human brain evolution in this video.


The human brain is the main organ of the human nervous system. It is located in the head, protected by the skull. It has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but with a more developed cerebral cortex. Large animals such as whales and elephants have larger brains in absolute terms, but when measured using a measure of relative brain size, which compensates for body size, the quotient for the human brain is almost twice as large as that of a bottlenose dolphin, and three times as large as that of a chimpanzee. Much of the size of the human brain comes from the cerebral cortex, especially the frontal lobes, which are associated with executive functions such as self-control, planning, reasoning, and abstract thought. The area of the cerebral cortex devoted to vision, the visual cortex, is also greatly enlarged in humans compared to other animals.

The human cerebral cortex is a thick layer of neural tissue that covers most of the brain. This layer is folded in a way that increases the amount of surface that can fit into the volume available. The pattern of folds is similar across individuals, although there are many small variations. The cortex is divided into four lobes – the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, and occipital lobe. (Some classification systems also include a limbic lobe and treat the insular cortex as a lobe.) Within each lobe are numerous cortical areas, each associated with a particular function, including vision, motor control, and language. The left and right sides of the cortex are broadly similar in shape, and most cortical areas are replicated on both sides. Some areas, though, show strong lateralization, particularly areas that are involved in language. In most people, the left hemisphere is dominant for language, with the right hemisphere playing only a minor role. There are other functions, such as visual-spatial ability, for which the right hemisphere is usually dominant.

Despite being protected by the thick bones of the skull, suspended in cerebrospinal fluid, and isolated from the bloodstream by the blood–brain barrier, the human brain is susceptible to damage and disease. The most common forms of physical damage are closed head injuries such as a blow to the head, a stroke, or poisoning by a variety of chemicals which can act as neurotoxins, such as ethanol alcohol. Infection of the brain, though serious, is rare because of the biological barriers which protect it. The human brain is also susceptible to degenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease, (mostly as the result of aging) and multiple sclerosis. A number of psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia and depression, are thought to be associated with brain dysfunctions, although the nature of these is not well understood. The brain can also be the site of brain tumors and these can be benign or malignant.
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Fueling Discovery: BrainSpan Atlas of the Developing Human Brain

Ed Lein, an investigator at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, discusses how we are creating the BrainSpan Atlas of the Developing Human Brain and learning about how genes are used differently in the developing brain.

Jack L. Gallant: 2012 Allen Institute for Brain Science Symposium

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) detects the location of functions in the brain better than any other method we have today. While localization is necessary, it is not sufficient for understanding how the brain works. Dr. Gallant suggests the reverse approach - to search for functional maps. That is, he uses brain activity to determine or reconstruct what a subject was looking at. To this end the Gallant lab has constructed the WordNet model, which is able to predict what an observer is seeing from 2,000 nouns and verbs. The process uses brain activity in fMRI to predict from semantic models while an observer watches a video, and the results are remarkably accurate. Dr. Gallant explains how encoding models, decoding models, and functional maps of the brain are all closely related. Once you have encoding, you get decoding for free, he proclaims.
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Brain Anatomy and Functions | Nucleus Health

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This video, created by Nucleus Medical Media, shows the anatomy and function of the brain using color coded areas.

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Olaf Sporns: 2010 Allen Institute for Brain Science Symposium

Olaf Sporns, Indiana University Bloomington
The human brain: A complex network

2010 Allen Institute for Brain Science Symposium

Tutorial: Allen Human Brain Atlas

This tutorial provides a brief orientation to the data and basic features of the Allen Human Brain Atlas, a multi-modal atlas of gene expression in the adult human brain.

Itzhak Fried: 2011 Allen Institute for Brain Science Symposium

Itzhak Fried, University of California, Los Angeles; Tel-Aviv University, Israel Neurons as will and representation: Recordings from the human brain

Dr. Fried recounted some fascinating observations he has made from single cell recordings in neurosurgical patients, pointing out that the variety of tasks accomplished by single neurons is remarkable. Single brain cells can recognize a face, particularly a familiar or famous face like Halley Berry or Oprah Winfrey, and the designated neuron will respond invariantly to one face but not another. Further, a neuron can be associative, firing when two stimuli are brought together, such as a face and a name. Then Fried tackled the question of how mental objects are selected for conscious representation, using a free recall paradigm to show that firing during both encoding and free recall is stimulus-selective at the level of single neurons in the medial temporal lobe. And, finally, turning to the question of the origin of will, Fried developed a paradigm where brain signals from electrodes implanted into the brain can detect a decision that patients have to make (i.e. to turn right or left in a driving simulation) before they are conscious of making that decision. How does will arise? Fried posited, Is free will actually free?
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The Brain's Inner Workings Part I: Structure and Function

This video narrated by Leonard Nimoy explores the cerebral cortex and the nerve cells that lie within it. Learn how these specialized cells use neurotransmitters to communicate with one another.

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Human Brain Part 2

About Human brain :- there are some amazing fact about human brain
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Human Brain Part - 1 :

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Human Brain & Its Parts Simple explaination in Hindi | Bhushan Science

Brain is organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of vertebrates, functioning as the coordinating centre of the body.
Human Brain is divided into 3 main parts on the basis of their function and placements The 3 main parts of Human Brain are ; 1. Fore Brain 2. Mid Brain 3. Hind Brain

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Athene's Theory of Everything - Full Documentary HD

Human Brain And Quantum Physics - Full Documentary HD

Human Brain And Quantum Physics. Credits to ATHENE'S

the following documentary presents new developments in neuroscience and a solution to current unsolved problems in physics, Solely focused on scientifically verified data, it also has philosophical repercussions to life, death and the origins of universe.

Dr. Granville Dharmawardena of the University of Colombo writes that psychologists often speak of the mind and the body as two separate entities for convenience, but most acknowledge that they are intimately entwined. Yet none knows exactly how or how intimately. So the mind body problem keeps stubbornly resisting a definite solution. Philosopher John Searle (Mills Professor of Philosophy, University of California, and Berkley) says that today’s philosophers are reluctant to tackle such big problems as how people have been trying to understand their relationship to the universe.

All these refer to the elusive relationship between the body and the mind referred to more generally as the brain-mind problem. The brain-mind relationship has baffled mankind for a very long time. One main reason for this is that it was not considered as a candidate for scientific study until recently.

Psychology and related sciences were able to continue for many years by either ignoring the brain entirely or at best treating it as a black box whose rules of operation could be understood without reference to its internal contents or composition.

The human brain without doubt is the most complex organ in the known universe. It is physical and biological. Therefore, it has to be amenable to scientific probing without the intervention of such considerations as the Gödel’s theorem, which states that there are statements in mathematical systems which are true but cannot be proven within those systems.


Attempts to understand the brain-mind problem within Newton’s universe over centuries have introduced divisions and concepts that have become detrimental to having a new look at it from the point of view of modern science, more specifically quantum mechanics. . Just as the Earth was proved not to be the center of the universe, our current theories that govern our physical universe such as Einstein’s gravity theory and others may become obsolete in our understanding of reality. For example, astrophysicist can only account for about 10% of the matter in the universe. Dark matter was invented to account for the other 90%, but no one knows if dark matter even exists. Could it be that our theories are really 90% wrong, dark matter doesn’t exist, and there are actually other things that are beyond our current comprehensive ability that determine our perception of our universe and reality? Most likely, yes.

In trying to interpret the mechanisms of operation of the human brain and developing a model for consciousness that explain all practical observations, it is necessary first of all to jettison traditional thinking and clean up the mess created by human genius. It is also necessary to enlist all the observed properties of the brain and consciousness and ensure that the developed model explains all of them.

There is general agreement that the seat of consciousness is the brain in Human beings. We can go along with this concept. Philosopher Colin McGinn (Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University, New Jersey the USA) introduces a property of the brain of which the brain is the basis of consciousness and a theory which fully explains the dependence of conscious states on brain states. He adds that if we knew the theory, then we have a constructive solution to the mind-body problem.

It is reasonable to consider a property of the brain, but it is not possible at this stage to shut the possibility that, as Nobel Laureate Neurobiologist Sir John Eccles points out, the scope of consciousness may not remain limited within the confines of the human skull. This is especially so because many of our practical observations and those of many others clearly show that consciousness, at times, can remain completely dis-embodied. We can hence, focus our attention on understanding three factors, the nature of consciousness, the property of the brain that enables consciousness to operate within the brain, and a model that explains the behavior of the brain and consciousness as practically observed.

The brain, which is material, has received much attention over a very long period from both classical and modern scientists. The classical science explanation of the structure and the mechanisms of operation of the brain is easily accessible through medical and biology text books.


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The Most Amazing Facts About The Human Brain

It is no wonder that people enjoy learning facts about this incredible organ in the human body.
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Description:
Jokes aside, if there is one thing we have in common with each other, it’s the fact that we all have a brain. Brains come in all shapes and sizes, and humans have been fortunate enough to be born with a brain that has a great capacity for thinking and coming up with some of the most brilliant ideas and concepts our age has ever known. People like Einstein was said to have used more of his brain capacity than others. And you have to wonder about the brains of such brilliant people such as Stephen Hawking and Neil deGrasse Tyson. Of course, brains can also be damage from injury, developmental issues, and drugs. What are the capabilities of the brain? What are some of the most amazing things that the brain can accomplish? Put on your seat belt and find out.
Our brains are comprised of 60% fat (making it the fattest organ in our body) and weighs about 3 pounds. With all of that electricity pulsating through our neurons, we’re glad that fat is in there. Speaking of neurons, the brain has over 100 billion and they can move at a speed of 270 miles per hour, all dedicated to sending information throughout our body. Any movement that you make with your body, the words you speak, and what you’re thinking, was all information sent through your neurons. This means that your brain is working as we speak.
Since our brain is like a “central control” for our bodies, it doesn’t have any pain receptors. This means that the brain can’t feel pain. You may have seen news reports of neurosurgeons who have performed brain surgery while their patient is still alive. It is a common practice, especially if the doctor is trying to fix a motor skill or basic function of the body and they need their patient awake through the process to test and check for success.
You’ve probably daydreamed or have gotten lost in your thoughts a few times in your life. It has been shown that the brain has over 70,000 thoughts per day. Some people can experience lack of sleep, depression, paranoia, and other types of stress. This is why the practice of meditation has become such a popular trend, as it can help calm the mind down and change. Just as our bodies can change from our lifestyles, the brain can change as well and adjust based on what you’re doing in your life. That’s where the saying, “Practice makes perfect” comes from. Also, thanks to mainstream media, people who possess psychic abilities have become extremely popular. But studies have shown that we all have psychic abilities one way or another. The brain naturally produces something called DMT, or “the spirit molecule” which causes the body to experience hallucinations and spiritual awakenings. DMT is usually released at birth, while sleeping (for our dreams), and death.
These are yet just a few of the amazing things that our brains can do. Which is essential that taking care of your brain is crucial for good mental health and physical health.
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मानव मस्तिष्क | Human Brain | Science Gk in Hindi | SSC | Gk in Hindi | Science Gk | Brain

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How Powerful is the Human Brain?

For the time being, the human brain is the most powerful supercomputer. How long will this last, before the machines take over? Comment below!

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audio:
ROBOT: By:cryanrautha from freesound.org
Relaxing by: bensound.com
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CLARITY opens window to brain circuitry, new era for neuroscience By:
National Science Foundation
TED-Ed
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Salk Institute - Louis Isadore Kahn

THE BLUE BRAIN PROJECT - A SWISS BRAIN INITIATIVE

Most Amazing Facts About Human Brain Part 2 , (Hindi)

About Human brain :- there are some amazing fact about human brain
these all fact are really interesting you must know everything about brain and it's fact

friends question world channel gives everything which you need to know. only do one thing type your question below the comment box and I will upload video releted your question. so please friends like and share this video and don't forget to subscribe my channel

Human Brain Part 1 :-

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Biology Gk - Nervous System (तंत्रिका तंत्र) | मानव मस्तिष्क (Human Brain) | Science Gk

Biology For Competitive Exam - Nervous System ( तंत्रिका तंत्र ) For SSC CGL , CHSL , UPSC , RAILWAYS EXAMS
In this video i am going to talk about मानव मस्तिष्क की संरचना ( HUMAN BRAIN STRUCTURE) in this video you will get all the information about human mind , here you will get the knowledge how human mind work , how mind follow the instruction , how human mind control all the body system , how human mind is working in our Nervous System and so many information about human mind we will explain you in details on this video .

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How Does the Brain Work? - Human Cognition | PSYCHOLOGY & BRAIN SCIENCE VIDEO

How Does the Brain Work? - Human Cognition | PSYCHOLOGY & BRAIN SCIENCE
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The Brain's Inner Workings - HUMAN COGNITION - National Institutes of Health - Video from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) - this video narrated by Tom Bosley looks at the neurological basis of higher brain function. Learn how different human behaviors and functions can be isolated to specific areas of the brain, and how with the help of imaging techniques like MRI we can visualize brain activity in a way that gives insight into how the brain functions and allows scientists to develop treatment methods for various mental illnesses in the future. (The Brain's Inner Workings - Part 2: Cognition)

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