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The Nazi Psycho Doctor - Josef Mengele

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The Swiss return of Nazi ‘Angel of Death’ Josef Mengele

After the Second World War, Josef Mengele – a war criminal and the man behind experiments on human beings at the Auschwitz concentration camp - fled to South America. There he managed to hide and escape justice until his death. However, he returned to Europe once as a tourist - and came to Switzerland.

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Eva Kor on her experience with Josef Mengele

Eva Kor and her twin sister Miriam were experimented on by infamous Nazi doctor Josef Mengele. She describes how one experimented had nearly killed her but she promised herself she would survive. Eva’s testimony is featured in the IWitness activity Growing Up Behind the Barbed Wire. iwitness.usc.edu

To learn more and explore the stories of other eyewitnesses to the Holocaust and other genocides, visit sfi.usc.edu
Copyright USC Shoah Foundation – The Institute for Visual History and Education.
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The Nazi Psycho Doctor - Josef Mengele

Why was Josef Mengele sometimes known as Angel of Death? What made Josef Mengele so notorious and infamous. Today we are going to explore the life and experiments performed by this doctor in this episode titled: The Nazi Psycho Doctor - Josef Mengele

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I Survived The Holocaust Twin Experiments

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Nazi medical crimes | DW Documentary

The Allied occupation of Strasbourg on November 23, 1944, spelled the end of the Reich University. Most professors had fled, but Johannes Stein, Dean of the Medical Faculty, stayed on. What did he know about the crimes of the National Socialists?

Most professors had already fled, only a few had stayed on. One of them was Johannes Stein, Dean of the Medical Faculty and grandfather of Kirsten Esch, the author of this film. This documentary is her coming to terms with her own family history. During the Third Reich, this university was seen as a prestige project of National Socialism. Intended as a spiritual bulwark of German culture in occupied Alsace, it was meant to spread Nazi ideology westwards and even eclipse the Sorbonne in Paris. The faculties were staffed with what were purportedly the best minds in Germany, including the Third Reich’s leading lawyer Ernst Rudolf Huber, and the physicist and later peace researcher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. In her film, the author looks at her grandfather’s role as Dean of the Medical Faculty. What did he know about the crimes committed there? Did he ever visit the nearby Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp, where August Hirt conducted unspeakable experiments on human beings? But Kirsten Esch also looks at the Reich University as a place of resistance, and talks about the local students who, led by Alphonse Adam, opposed the compulsory conscription of Alsatian men to the German Wehrmacht. For their resistance, many were sentenced to death.
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Drug Experiments in Concentration Camps

The horrors of Nazi concentration camps during the Second World War were and remain shocking - almost beyond comprehension. Now, new research has uncovered yet another travesty visited upon prisoners in those camps: to aid the Nazi war effort, prisoners were used in torturous tests of hard drugs such as cocaine and crystal meth.
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Holocaust survivor Eva Kor recounts horrific experiments in Auschwitz

While countless people suffered in Auschwitz, Kor and her sister have a very different experience. The two were twins and that meant they were in high demand for experiments.

The Truth About Josef Mengele, Nazi Angel Of Death

Josef Mengele conducted research in concentration camps. His experiments earned him the name the Angel of Death.

He was born in Günzburg, Bavaria in 1911. His father Karl owned a lucrative business which was once the town’s largest employer. Josef was a popular kid who did well in school. He was expected to take over the family’s company, but he had something different in mind.

In 1930, he went to Munich to study philosophy. By that time, the Nazi had become the second largest party in the country. As a student, Mengele sympathized with the National Socialists. He, at the same time, developed an interest in genetics and evolution.

His professors adhered to the Nazi eugenics theory. The belief was that the Aryans were superior to other races. Those who were threats to the purity of the master race were to be sterilized or killed. In 1935, Josef received his Ph.D. in anthropology. In his thesis, he found that race could be identified by jawline.

He took the job at the Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene in Frankfurt. He assisted Dr. Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer who was interested in twin research. In 1938, Mengele got his doctorate in medicine.

He also joined the Nazi party and the SS. After the outbreak of WWII, he served as a medical officer in Poland, Ukraine, and Russia. He was even decorated for rescuing injured soldiers from a burning tank. After Josef was wounded, he was hired to work at Auschwitz in 1943. He was the one who decided which arrivals were fit for labor and which were to be killed. Unlike others who found the work distressing, he smiled and whistled during the selection. To deal with a typhus epidemic once, he sent 600 sick inmates to the gas chamber. He used twins to further study heredity in full disregard of their health. Mengele gave children he experimented on candy and set up a kindergarten for them. He infected them, injected dye into their eyes and sewed them together. When one of the twins died, the other was killed and dissected for comparison.

In January 1945, Mengele fled the camp a week before it was captured by the Soviet army. Though he was mentioned during the Nuremberg trials, the Allied forces thought he was dead. Mengele worked as a farmhand in Germany for a while until he escaped to Argentina in 1949. For a few years, he performed illegal abortions in Buenos Aires. After one of the girls he operated on died, he moved to Paraguay and then to Brazil. He lived there until his death of a stroke in 1979. He was 67. He was buried under his false name “Wolfgang Gerhard”.

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Josef Mengele: The Doctor Of Death | Hitler's Henchmen (8 of 12)

Josef Mengele, byname Todesengel (German: “Angel of Death”), (born March 16, 1911, Günzburg, Germany—died February 7, 1979, Enseada da Bertioga, near São Paulo, Brazil), Nazi doctor at Auschwitz extermination camp (1943–45) who selected prisoners for execution in the gas chambers and conducted medical experiments on inmates in pseudoscientific racial studies.

Mengele’s father was founder of a company that produced farm machinery, Firma Karl Mengele & Söhne, in the village of Günzburg in Bavaria. Mengele studied philosophy in Munich in the 1920s, coming under the influence of the racial ideology of Alfred Rosenberg, and then took a medical degree at the University of Frankfurt am Main. He enlisted in the Sturmabteilung (SA; “Assault Division”) in 1933. An ardent Nazi, he joined the research staff of a newly founded Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene in 1934. During World War II he served as a medical officer with the Waffen-SS (the “armed” component of the Nazi paramilitary corps) in France and Russia. In 1943 he was appointed by Heinrich Himmler to be chief doctor at Birkenau, the supplementary extermination camp at Auschwitz, where he and his staff selected incoming Jews for labour or extermination and where he supervised medical experiments on inmates to discover means of increasing fertility (to increase the German “race”). His chief interest, however, was research on twins.

After the war, Mengele escaped internment and went underground, serving for four years as a farm stableman near Rosenheim in Bavaria. Then he reportedly escaped, via Genoa, Italy, to South America in 1949. He married (for a second time) under his own name in Uruguay in 1958 and, as “José Mengele,” received citizenship in Paraguay in 1959. In 1961 he apparently moved to Brazil, reportedly becoming friends with an old-time Nazi, Wolfgang Gerhard, and living in a succession of houses owned by a Hungarian couple. In 1985 a team of Brazilian, West German, and American forensic experts determined that Mengele had taken Gerhard’s identity, died in 1979 of a stroke while swimming, and was buried under Gerhard’s name. Dental records later confirmed the forensic conclusion.

24th May 1943: Josef Mengele, the Nazi Angel of Death, transferred to Auschwitz

Menegele had been a member of a right-wing paramilitary group that was absorbed into the Nazi SA in 1934. In 1937 he formally joined the Nazi Party and, the following year, began serving in the SS. By the start of 1943 Mengele had proved himself as both an effective medical officer in the field and a dedicated member of the Race and Resettlement Office.

Having developed an interest in the study of twins as part of his earlier genetics research, Mengele applied for a transfer to the concentration camp service. He was posted to Auschwitz-Birkenau on 24 May 1943 where he initially served as the chief physician in the Romani family camp.

As he moved up the ranks numerous sources record his delight in taking part in the “selections” that determined which prisoners were to be killed in the gas chambers and which were to be spared, as these often provided him with new subjects.

Mengele’s experiments involved such gruesome actions as injecting live subjects with chemicals, purposefully infecting people with diseases and, in one well-evidenced case, sewing two twins together in an attempt to create conjoined twins. Mengele was consequently responsible for the deaths of numerous victims thanks to his sadistic and barbaric actions.

Mengele was evacuated from Auschwitz in January 1945 and gradually moved West, escaping capture by the USSR. He was eventually taken as a prisoner of war by the Americans in June but, due a combination of factors, was later able to obtain false papers and flee to South America where he died, having evaded capture for war crimes, in 1979.
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Science and the Swastika :The Deadly Experiment

TV series (2001)
documentary.
4 episodes
Director: Saskia Baron
narrator : Sebastian Faulks

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Series examining science and morality during the Third Reich; the practice of eugenics and euthanasia in Nazi occupied Europe.
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Josef Mengele (Out of the Ashes)

I do not create this movie, I just extracted this vid, from a great movie untitled Out of the Ashes, about Gisella Perl an hunharian jewish who had to work, for the infamous doktor Josef Mengele in Birkenau-Auschwitz. Josef Mengele was playing by Jonathan Cake.
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JOSEF MENGELE - Documentary

Josef Mengele was a German Schutzstaffel officer and physician in Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. Mengele was a notorious member of the team of doctors responsible for the selection of victims to be killed in the gas chambers and for performing deadly human experiments on prisoners. Arrivals deemed able to work were admitted into the camp, and those deemed unfit for labor were immediately killed in the gas chambers. Mengele left Auschwitz on 17 January 1945, shortly before the arrival of the liberating Red Army troops. After the war, he fled to South America, where he evaded capture for the rest of his life. Mengele received doctorates in anthropology and medicine from Munich University and began a career as a researcher. He joined the Nazi Party in 1937 and the SS in 1938. Initially assigned as a battalion medical officer at the start of World War II, he transferred to the concentration camp service in early 1943 and was assigned to Auschwitz. There he saw the opp...


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Josef Mengele ZDF 08 11 1998

Zijn bijnaam was de Engel des doods: Josef Mengele, een arts die verschrikkelijke experimenten uitvoerde op zijn gevangenen, waaronder ook vele kinderen. Mengele is de dans ontsprongen en is nooit berecht.

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Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele (German: [ˈjoːzɛf ˈmɛŋələ] ( ); 16 March 1911 -- 7 February 1979) was a German Schutzstaffel (SS) officer and physician in Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. He was notorious for the selection of victims to be killed in the gas chambers and for performing unscientific and often deadly human experiments on prisoners. After the war, he fled to South America, where he evaded capture for the rest of his life.
Mengele received doctorates in anthropology and medicine from Munich University and began a career as a researcher. He joined the Nazi Party in 1937 and the SS in 1938. Initially assigned as a battalion medical officer at the start of World War II, he transferred to the concentration camp service in early 1943 and was assigned to Auschwitz. There he saw the opportunity to conduct genetic research on human subjects. His subsequent experiments, focusing primarily on twins, were unscientific and had no regard for the health or safety of the victims. Mengele was also a member of the team of doctors assigned to do selections: new arrivals deemed able to work were admitted into the camp, and those deemed unfit for labor were immediately killed in the gas chambers. Mengele left Auschwitz on 17 January 1945, shortly before the arrival of the liberating Red Army troops.


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Josef Mengele: Hunting a Nazi Criminal (WWII Documentary HD)

He was one of the most notorious Nazi war criminals, infamous for his deadly experiments on twins. But at the end of WWII, he simply disappeared. Despite a global manhunt by Mossad and the allies, he would die a free man, 34 years later, in Brazil. Who was Dr Mengele? What did he do after the war? And why was he never caught? We speak to those who knew him and profile the 'angel of death'.

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Rolf Mengele regarding his father, SS Dr. Josef Mengele

A departure from my normal posting of vintage music, I am also an historian, focusing on the world wars.

I captured this interview in 2012 from the 1985 documentary, The Search for Mengele. I previously posted it to my channel but removed it some years ago. It had drawn a great deal of interest with viewers debating the pros and cons of Rolf Mengele's position on his relationship with his father.

I think it still has significant historical interest, the son of an infamous SS doctor explaining how he confronted his father, and trying to resolve his moral conflicts with his father.

It should be noted that since the interview, Rolf Mengele changed his name so that he could further separate himself from his father's legacy.

A related article was published in the Chicago Tribune on June 30, 1985. It is linked below.

Hunting for the Victims of Nazi Brain Experiments: NBC Left Field | After Truth

In 2015, a German scientist found a box of brain samples belonging to Holocaust victims at a research institute in Berlin. Now, historians are trying to figure out how they got there — and who, over the years, might have been hiding them.

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Josef Mengele - The Nazi Angel of Death - Twin Experiments

Biography of the evil Nazi doctor Josef Mengele, who conducted numerous experiments and acts of cruelty during the Nazi genocide.Taken from Notorious Nazi Doctors by Stewart Andel

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