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The Origin and Evolution of Life - Bill Nye

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What Was The Miller-Urey Experiment?

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The Miller-Urey experiment was the first attempt to scientifically explore ideas about the origin of life. Stanley Miller simulated conditions thought be common on the ancient Earth. The purpose was to test the idea that the complex molecules of life (in this case, amino acids) could have arisen on our young planet through simple, natural chemical reactions.

The experiment was a success in that amino acids, the building blocks of life, were produced during the simulation. The finding was so significant that it kick started an entirely new field of study: Prebiotic Chemistry.

Scientists now have reason to believe that the gases used in the Miller-Urey simulation were not actually the same as those of the ancient atmosphere. Because of this, many experiments have since been done, testing a wide variety of atmospheres and different environmental conditions. The results are overwhelming: the molecules of life can form under a wide variety of ancient Earth-like conditions.

Many questions about the origin of life remain to be answered but these findings give strong support to the idea that the first living cells on Earth may have emerged from natural chemical reactions.

Sources:


The Miller-Urey Experiment (actual paper from 1953):


Biomolecules found in meteorites:
Sugar!







Biomolecules form in asteroid simulations:


Biomolecules form in Volcanic Simulations:


Biomolecules (amino acids) form in non-reducing atmosphere simulations:


Sealed chemical vials from some origional Miller experiments were recently re-examined with modern tools. All kinds of great things were found!


CORRECTIONS:
In this animation I drew the meteorite sugars incorrectly. See this paper for accurate molecular diagrams of the sugars and sugar derivatives found in meteorites:
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The Origin and Evolution of Life - Bill Nye

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Evolution | Greatest Discoveries with Bill Nye

Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. Evolutionary processes give rise to biodiversity at every level of biological organisation, including the levels of species, individual organisms, and molecules

Repeated formation of new species (speciation), change within species (anagenesis), and loss of species (extinction) throughout the evolutionary history of life on Earth are demonstrated by shared sets of morphological and biochemical traits, including shared DNA sequences. These shared traits are more similar among species that share a more recent common ancestor, and can be used to reconstruct a biological tree of life based on evolutionary relationships (phylogenetics), using both existing species and fossils. The fossil record includes a progression from early biogenic graphite,[5] to microbial mat fossils, to fossilised multicellular organisms. Existing patterns of biodiversity have been shaped both by speciation and by extinction
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Bill Nye — Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation

Sparked by a controversial debate in February 2014, Bill Nye has set off on an energetic campaign to spread awareness of evolution and the powerful way it shapes our lives. In his new book, Undeniable Evolution and the Science of Creation, he explains why race does not really exist; evaluates the true promise and peril of genetically modified food; reveals how new species are born, in a dog kennel and in a London subway; takes a stroll through 4.5 billion years of time; and explores the new search for alien life, including aliens right here on Earth. With infectious enthusiasm, Bill Nye shows that evolution is much more than a rebuttal to creationism; it is an essential way to understand how nature works—and to change the world.

Don’t miss this enlightening “In Conversation” with Bill Nye, hosted by Michael Shermer.

Order the book from Amazon:
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BILL NYE and the Origin of Everything

Where do we come from? How did we get here? Is the universe expanding? Are we alone in the universe? We talk to Bill Nye about all these things!

Check out the important work being done by The Planetary Society

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THE PLAYLIST
Intro Video
Bill Nye and the Origin of Everything
Origin of Me
Show Stopper
Kal-El of the Wild
Origin of You
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The song is 'Some of These Limbs, yeah, the glue's still wet' by Todd Umhoefer of Old Earth

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Thanks to Sarah Penna and the crew at Big Frame for setting up, and shooting this interview with me!

Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation | Bill Nye NYC | Talks at Google

Bill Nye author of, Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation in conversation with Vikram (Vik) Bajaj.

Evolution is one of the most powerful and important ideas ever developed in the history of science. Every question it raises leads to new answers, new discoveries, and new smarter questions. The science of evolution is as expansive as nature itself. It is also the most meaningful creation story that humans have ever found.—Bill Nye

Sparked by a controversial debate in February 2014, Bill Nye has set off on an energetic campaign to spread awareness of evolution and the powerful way it shapes our lives. In Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation, he explains why race does not really exist; evaluates the true promise and peril of genetically modified food; reveals how new species are born, in a dog kennel and in a London subway; takes a stroll through 4.5 billion years of time; and explores the new search for alien life, including aliens right here on Earth.
With infectious enthusiasm, Bill Nye shows that evolution is much more than a rebuttal to creationism; it is an essential way to understand how nature works—and to change the world. It might also help you get a date on a Saturday night.



Twitter @TheScienceGuy

Vik is lead scientist of Google[x] Life Sciences' Baseline Study and Nanotechnology Program. He is a (consulting) Associate Professor at Stanford Medical School and an Affiliate Scientist of the University of California, Berkeley, and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Bill Nye and the Origin of Everything

I ask Bill Nye to tell me about the beginning of it all. Thanks for talking with me, Bill.

Check out the important work being done by The Planetary Society

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If you'd like to see us do more of The Good Stuff please let us know in the comments. Next week we'll put up extra material we didn't use in these videos this week as well as behind the scenes stuff over at The Good Stuff youtube channel. And should we get more funding, all future TGS videos will go on the YT channel.

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The song is 'Some of These Limbs, yeah, the glue's still wet' by Todd Umhoefer of Old Earth

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Thanks to Sarah Penna and the crew at Big Frame for setting up, and shooting this interview with me!

Bill Nye the Science Guy S03E06 Evolution

Bill Nye: The Science Guy Full EPs - Complete Series All EPs:

Bill Nye: The Science Guy Full EPs - Complete Series All EPs:





Bill Nye the Science Guy tv series EPs.

Undeniable | Bill Nye | Talks at Google

Bill Nye stops by the Googleplex in Mountain View, CA, for a conversation about his book, Undeniable.

Evolution is one of the most powerful and important ideas ever developed in the history of science. Every question it raises leads to new answers, new discoveries, and new smarter questions. The science of evolution is as expansive as nature itself. It is also the most meaningful creation story that humans have ever found.—Bill Nye

Sparked by a controversial debate in February 2014, Bill Nye has set off on an energetic campaign to spread awareness of evolution and the powerful way it shapes our lives. In Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation, he explains why race does not really exist; evaluates the true promise and peril of genetically modified food; reveals how new species are born, in a dog kennel and in a London subway; takes a stroll through 4.5 billion years of time; and explores the new search for alien life, including aliens right here on Earth. With infectious enthusiasm, Bill Nye shows that evolution is much more than a rebuttal to creationism; it is an essential way to understand how nature works—and to change the world. It might also help you get a date on a Saturday night.

The talk is moderated by Dana Han-Klein.

Bill Nye: Creationism Is Not Appropriate For Children | Big Think

Creationism Is Not Appropriate For Children
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OVERVIEW:

The school boards around the U.S. who’ve decided to teach children creationism, intelligent design, or whatever you choose to call it, are poking a stick in the eye of anyone who hopes to expand our understanding of the world around us. According to Bill Nye, evolution is such a fundamental scientific truth that…well, watch.

If you dismiss evolution, Nye says, how can you get any of the followup questions right? The massive number of generations required for evolutionary changes make obvious the kind of time involved, lengthening the age of the earth from religion’s few thousand years to science’s billions of them. And that expanded view, argues Nye, makes so many other things make sense: If we’ve only been around a little while, for example, what’s the deal with those ancient dinosaur bones and fossils? A belief in deep time is so critical to our understanding of life, the earth, its processes, and the stars above us, that to deny it is to force oneself into settling for ever-more-implausible explanations of what we see around us.

What’s got Nye even more chagrined is that it’s one thing to turn your own back on science, but when you pass that outlook on to your children, what’s at risk is nothing less than the creation of a generation whose basic premise—creationism—leads to and answers that just get wronger and wronger. Brilliant young minds consigned to scientific failure from the start. We’d hope for better from educators and parents. Just imagine the things these fresh, inquisitive minds could discover someday.
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BILL NYE:

Bill Nye, scientist, engineer, comedian, author, and inventor, is a man with a mission: to help foster a scientifically literate society, to help people everywhere understand and appreciate the science that makes our world work. Making science entertaining and accessible is something Bill has been doing most of his life.
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TRANSCRIPT:

BILL NYE: Denial of evolution is unique to the United States. I mean, we are the world's most advanced technological—so, I mean, you could say Japan, but generally the United States is where most of the innovation still happens. People still move to the United States, and that's largely because of the intellectual capital we have, the general understanding of science.
When you have a portion of the population that doesn't believe in that, it holds everybody back, really. Evolution is the fundamental idea in all of life science, and all of biology. It's very much analogous to trying to do geology without believing in tectonic plates. You're just not going to get the right answer, your whole world is just going to be a mystery instead of an exciting place.
As my old professor Carl Sagan said, When you're in love, you want to tell the world. So once in a while I get people that claim they don't believe in evolution. And my response generally is: Why not? Really, why not? Your world just becomes fantastically complicated when you don't believe in evolution. I mean, here are these ancient dinosaur bones, or fossils, here is radioactivity, here are distant stars that are just like our star but that are at a different point in their life cycle.
The idea of deep time, of billions of years, explains so much of the world around us. If you try to ignore that, your worldview just becomes crazy, it's just untenable, inconsistent. And I say to the grownups, if you want to deny evolution and live in your world that's completely inconsistent with everything we have observed in the universe, that's fine. But don't make your kids do it because we need them. We need scientifically literate voters and taxpayers for the future. We need engineers that can build stuff, solve problems. It's just a really hard thing, it's really a hard thing. In another couple centuries, that world view, I'm sure, just won't exist, I mean, there's no evidence for it.
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Genetics | Greatest Discoveries with Bill Nye

Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms. It is generally considered a field of biology, but intersects frequently with many other life sciences and is strongly linked with the study of information systems.

Bill Nye Debates Ken Ham - HD (Official)

Starts at 13:14

Is creation a viable model of origins in today's modern, scientific era? Leading creation apologist and bestselling Christian author Ken Ham is joined at the Creation Museum by Emmy Award-winning science educator and CEO of the Planetary Society Bill Nye. To see Bill Nye's arguments debunked visit .

The Storytelling of Science (Dawkins, Krauss, deGrasse Tyson, Bill Nye, Brian Greene)

The Storytelling of Science (Dawkins, Krauss, deGrasse Tyson, Bill Nye, Brian Greene)

Bill Nye vs. Ken Ham - The Short Version

The full debate between science educator Bill Nye and the President of the Creation Museum Ken Ham runs nearly 3 hours. If you're just looking for the highlights and key takeaways from both sides, watch this cut.

Watch the full debate here:

Video courtesy of Answers in Genesis.


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Bill Nye The Science Guy's Origin Story | StarTalk

Neil deGrasse Tyson gets the story from Bill Nye about his trajectory from young engineer to beloved science communicator.
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About StarTalk:
Host Neil deGrasse Tyson brings together celebrities, scientists and comedians to explore a variety of cosmic topics and collide pop culture with science in a way that late-night television has never seen before. Weekly topics range from popular science fiction, space travel, extraterrestrial life, the Big Bang, to the future of Earth and the environment. Tyson is an astrophysicist with a gifted ability to connect with everyone, inspiring us all to keep looking up. The studio audience portion of the series is filmed in the Cullman Hall of the Universe at the American Museum of Natural History’s Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City — where Tyson serves as the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium.

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Bill Nye “The Science Guy:” Evolution and the Science of Creation

Bill Nye is a mechanical engineer, science educator and CEO of the Planetary Society, who hosted the Emmy award-winning show Bill Nye the Science Guy. After a widely viewed debate in Kentucky with an avowed Bible literalist, Nye has written a primer on the fundamentals of evolution. Nye agrees that people everywhere must be free to believe whatever they wish, but we cannot deny our students a basic science education. In the 21st century, we need to keep the United States competitive on the world stage, he says, and to insist that creationism has a place in the science classroom is harmful not only to our kids, but to the greater world as well. Watch this lively discussion, moderated by Emmy-winning journalist Tom Foreman.

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Origins of the Universe 101 | National Geographic

How old is the universe, and how did it begin? Throughout history, countless myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe's origins. The most widely accepted explanation is the big bang theory. Learn about the explosion that started it all and how the universe grew from the size of an atom to encompass everything in existence today.
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Origins of the Universe 101 | National Geographic


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Bill Nye Talks Dogs and Explores the Lessons of Canine Evolution

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Big Think is the leading source of expert-driven, actionable, educational content -- with thousands of videos, featuring experts ranging from Bill Clinton to Bill Nye, we help you get smarter, faster. S​ubscribe to learn from top minds like these daily. Get actionable lessons from the world’s greatest thinkers & doers. Our experts are either disrupting or leading their respective fields. ​We aim to help you explore the big ideas and core skills that define knowledge in the 21st century, so you can apply them to the questions and challenges in your own life.

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Characteristics of Life

Life is difficult to define, but there are characteristics of life that can be explored! Join the Amoeba Sisters as they explore several characteristics of life. Click show more to expand video details to see table of contents & additional information. ????

We chose not to give a numerical value for how many characteristics of life there are, because we do not want to imply that what we are listing must be a specific order, or that it cannot be expanded upon or include exceptions. Additionally, characteristics can also certainly be titled differently. Our goal is to promote thought and discussion about what it means for an organism to be alive as well as provide characteristics of life that can be explored when trying to study living things.

CHARACTERISTICS OF LIFE MENTIONED IN THIS VIDEO:
Intro 00:00
Organization (all life is composed of 1 or more cells) 2:20
Homeostasis 2:54
Metabolism (including need to obtain+use energy) 3:35
Reproduction 4:22
Growth and Development 4:46
Response to Stimuli 5:10
Evolution (occurs in populations, can lead to adaptation) 5:58

While living organisms tend to have ALL of the above characteristics, there are exceptions (such as the 'zonkey' mentioned in video at 6:55).

*Quote Citation:
Mullen, Leslie. (2013, August 1). Defining Life: Q&A with Scientist Gerald Joyce.

[Added 7/12/2018: NASA also uses this quote as a working definition of life. You can learn more here:


Reference:
A recommended reference is the FREE, peer reviewed, open source OpenStax biology textbook:
OpenStax, Biology. OpenStax CNX.
You will notice that this source includes some additional life characteristics beyond our video to consider as well.

Recommended for Further Reading (and thought provoking!):





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We have videos on many of the characteristics mentioned in this video. Check out our full, often updating biology playlist:


The Amoeba Sisters videos demystify science with humor and relevance. The videos center on Pinky's certification and experience in teaching biology at the high school level. For more information about The Amoeba Sisters, visit:


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Beyond the creation vs. evolution debate | Denis Lamoureux | TEDxEdmonton

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. In February 2014, a debate on the origin of the Earth was held between Bill Nye, The Science Guy, and Ken Ham, the CEO of the creation Museum, received over 7 million hits online. This reaction speaks to the confusion within the minds of many people around where we come from and the meaning of life. Holding a PhD in evangelical theology and a PhD in evolutionary biology, Lamoureux provides a unique perspective that takes us past the “creation vs. evolution” debate, and into a world where both ideologies can exist together.

Denis is an Associate Professor of Science and Religion at St. Joseph's College in the University of Alberta. His appointment is the first tenure-track position in Canada dedicated to teaching and research on the relationship between scientific discovery and religious faith.

About TEDx, x = independently organized event In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)

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