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The Sea Peoples & The Late Bronze Age Collapse // Ancient History Documentary (1200-1150 BC)

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The Sea Peoples & The Late Bronze Age Collapse // Ancient History Documentary (1200-1150 BC)

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14:20 ONE - END OF AN AGE
29:57 TWO - BLACK SHIPS
35:16 THREE - LOOKING WEST
42:59 FOUR - THE SHERDEN
1:03:25 FIVE - THE SHEKELESH
1:14:05 SIX - THE LUKKA
1:24:56 SEVEN - THE CARCISA
1:29:08 EIGHT - THE EKWESH
1:50:25 NINE - THE TERESH
1:55:55 TEN - THE PELESET
2:08:42 ELEVEN - THE TJEKKER
2:12:00 TWELVE - THE DANUNA
2:16:00 THIRTEEN - THE WESHESH

- All videos written, researched, narrated and produced by Pete Kelly. Follow me on Instagram for travel stories & history content:-


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Special thanks to the following museums:-
- The British Museum
- National Archaeological Museum of Athens
- National Archaeological Museum of Cagliari

Some of the sources used in this production:-
- N.K. Sandars - The Sea Peoples
- Robert Drews- The End of the Bronze Age
- Jeffrey P. Emmanuel - Black Ships & Sea Raiders
- Eric H. Cline - 1177: The Year Civilisation Collapsed
- Trevor R. Bryce - The Kingdom of the Hittites
- Trevor R. Bryce - Letters of the Great Kings
- Eric H. Cline et al - The Ahhiyawa Texts
- John Chadwick - The Mycenaean World
- Jacquetta Hawks - Dawn of the Gods
- Eric H. Cline et al - The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean
- Harry Fokkens et al - The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age
& many more

— Music courtesy of:-
- Epidemic Sound
- Joss Edwards Music:-

Kevin MacLeod

I've compiled a reading list of my favourite history books via the Amazon influencer program. If you do choose to purchase any of these incredible sources of information then Amazon will send me a tiny fraction of the earnings (as long as you do it through the link) (this means more and better content in the future) I'll keep adding to and updating the list as time goes on:-


I try to use copyright free images at all times. However if I have used any of your artwork or maps then please don't hesitate to contact me and I’ll be more than happy to give the appropriate credit.
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1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

From about 1500 BC to 1200 BC, the Mediterranean region played host to a complex cosmopolitan and globalized world-system. It may have been this very internationalism that contributed to the apocalyptic disaster that ended the Bronze Age. When the end came, the civilized and international world of the Mediterranean regions came to a dramatic halt in a vast area stretching from Greece and Italy in the west to Egypt, Canaan, and Mesopotamia in the east. Large empires and small kingdoms collapsed rapidly. With their end came the world’s first recorded Dark Ages. It was not until centuries later that a new cultural renaissance emerged in Greece and the other affected areas, setting the stage for the evolution of Western society as we know it today. Professor Eric H. Cline of The George Washington University will explore why the Bronze Age came to an end and whether the collapse of those ancient civilizations might hold some warnings for our current society.

Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience.

The views expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Capital Area Skeptics.
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Who were the Sea People? Bronze Age Collapse

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The Sea Peoples in the Bible | Bronze Age Collapse | Ancient Canaan

In this episode Seth Fleishman from the World History by a Jew YouTube channel takes us into an interesting story that depicts the Sea Peoples in the Old Testament in a mythical story involving a Jewish woman and Judge Deborah.

It's in memory of Ruth Bader Ginsburg (RBG) a''h, as we explore an amazing Jewish woman and judge: Deborah. By reviewing her story, we will solve an ancient mystery regarding the settlement of Sea Peoples in northern Israel after the Bronze Age Collapse. We'll be focusing on two groups of Sea People specifically: the Shardana (Sherden) and the Tjeker (Tjekker). With the help of Deborah in the Book of Judges, we will learn about her foes, and then we'll utilize the latest archaeological discoveries to identify these people and their origins.

For those who may not be familiar with the Sea Peoples they are / were a purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BCE).

Following the creation of the concept in the nineteenth century, with famous historian Gaston Maspero being one of the first to use the term, it became one of the most famous chapters of Egyptian history, given its connection with, in the words of Wilhelm Max Müller: the most important questions of ethnography and the primitive history of classic nations.

Their origins undocumented and highly disputed today, the various Sea Peoples have been proposed to have originated from places that include western Asia Minor, the Aegean, the Mediterranean islands and Southern Europe.

Although the archaeological inscriptions do not include reference to a migration, the Sea Peoples are conjectured to have sailed around the eastern Mediterranean and invaded Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Canaan, Cyprus and Egypt toward the end of the Bronze Age. And in many cases they settled throughout the lands that they raided.

Summary taken from Wikipedia with details added for clarity.

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Email: HistoryByJew@gmail.com

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Sea Peoples: The 1200 BC System Collapse

In the 12th century B.C., after centuries of brilliance, the civilized and globalized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. No more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economies and cultures of the late second millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, technology, and monumental architecture. Could it happen again?

Professor Donald Kagan, Yale Courses
Eric Cline, PhD, author of 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed
Secrets Of The Aegean Apocalypse - History Documentary

China, Egypt and Orion

Originally uploaded in 2017 but re-edited in 2020 due to copyright issues

Did the Sea Peoples Sack Troy? Dr. Eric Cline | 1177BC | Bronze Age Collapse

In this episode the well renowned scholar and archaeologist Dr. Eric Cline (author of 1177BC) discusses his views on whether or not the Sea Peoples of the Late Bronze Age Collapse sacked Troy?

Basic overviews for beginners:

Trojan War Definition: a ten-year war waged by the confederated Greeks under Agamemnon against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen, wife of Menelaus, by Paris, son of the Trojan king Priam, and ending in the plundering and burning of Troy.

The Late Bronze Age Collapse: This was a transition period in the Near East, Anatolia, the Aegean region, North Africa, the Caucasus, the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, a transition which historians believe was violent, sudden, and culturally disruptive.

The Sea Peoples: A purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BCE).

Support Dr. Eric Cline at the links below!

Personal web page:

Get all of his books here at his Amazon Author page:


GW pages:






Check out his lectures on the Great Courses! They are superb.


Audio Book Formats of his work on audible.


Dr. Cline on the Modern Scholar:

History of Ancient Greece


Archaeology and the Iliad: The Trojan War in Homer and History


The History of Ancient Israel: From the Patriarchs Through the Romans



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Image credits: Manna Nader, Gabana Studios Cairo

Hittite 3D City and intro footage credits: 3D reconstruction of Imperial Hittite Karkemish by Giampaolo Luglio, Turco-Italian Archaeological Expedition to Karkemish directed by Nicolò Marchetti (University of Boologna)

KARKEMISH (Carchemish) 1300 BC (3D) -The Southern Capital of the Empire Hittite



Music Attribution: Herknungr - Megaliths | Dark Neolithic Meditive Shamanic Ambient Music

Trojan Horse Art :

Piracy and the Bronze Age Collapse | Dr. Louise Hitchcock | Dr. Aren Maeir

In this episode titled Piracy in the Bronze Age Collapse we are joined by none other than Dr. Louise Hitchcock and Dr. Aren Maeir!

Together they guide us into an obscure but important aspect of not just the Late Bronze Age but of the Bronze Age Collapse itself and that is the subject of piracy.

Are the Sea Peoples merely pirates or is it more complicated?

What does archaeology tell us about piracy in the Late Bronze Age?

Were there pirate kings and pirate kingdoms?

Do we have primary sources on piracy in the Late Bronze Age? Can the Iliad and the Odyssey be taken as a historical source and do these works reflect Bronze Age piracy?

Why were the Sea Peoples easily defeated in open battle?

These are just a few of the subjects that we attack in this fun episode on the Sea Peoples, Piracy and the Bronze Age Collapse.



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Check out the awesome work of Dr. Hitchcock at these links below!

Academia profile where you can access her work that is free to the public.

Get her books here!

Aegean Art and Architecture:


Minoan Architecture: A Contextual Analysis:


Theory for Classics:


DAIS: The Aegean Feast

Follow her on Twitter :

Support Dr. Maeir and his work at these links!

Academia :

YouTube Channel :

The Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project Official (and Unofficial) Weblog :

Attribution for footage goes to the Total War Franchise, the Rome II Total War Team and the Age of Bronze Mod Team.



2. The Bronze Age Collapse - Mediterranean Apocalypse

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Sometime around the year 1100 BC, right at the end of the Bronze Age, a wave of destruction washed over the Eastern Mediterranean. It wiped whole civilizations off the map, and left only ash and ruin in its wake.

This catastrophe, known as “the Late Bronze Age Collapse”, has become one of the enduring puzzles of archaeology. I want to explore how so many societies could collapse all at once, and seemingly without warning, as well as examine the lessons it might teach us in our increasingly globalised and interconnected world.

Support Fall of Civilizations on Patreon:

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Credits:

Voice Actors:

Shem Jacobs
Jacob Rollinson
Jake Barrett-Mills
Bryan Tshiobi
Helena Bacon

Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Source: incompetech.com/music/royalty-fre…isrc=USUAN1100209
Artist: incompetech.com/

Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann.

Top 10 Fascinating Theories Regarding The Ancient Sea Peoples

Between 1276 and 1178 BC, a confederation of pirates known collectively as the Sea Peoples terrorized the coastal cities and civilizations of the eastern Mediterranean. For the most part, these pirates, who were the Bronze Age precursors to the Vikings of Scandinavia, preyed upon Egypt, which at that time was in its New Kingdom period.

What followed was a series of destructive raids that culminated in two major battles—the Battle of Djahy and the Battle of the Delta. The former, a land battle, was won by the army of Pharaoh Ramses III. The latter, a naval battle, not only repulsed one of the last major invasions by the Sea Peoples but may very well have saved ancient Egyptian civilization.

Despite their important role in history and the widely held notion that they were responsible for the Late Bronze Age Collapse, a near-catastrophic decline in civilization throughout the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean, the Sea Peoples remain the subject of controversy.

Although there are many areas of consensus, some historians and archaeologists continue to discover new interpretations. The following 10 theories present a spectrum of the many different theories regarding the Sea Peoples.

Thank you for watching!

Canaanite Origins | DNA | Geneticist Razib Khan

What do you think of when you hear the term Canaanites?

Do you think of biblical enemies? Bronze Age conquests? Manifest destiny?
In this episode we dive into the heart of Canaanite history by exploring who they were and where they came from?

We are joined by geneticist Razib Khan as we dive deep into the Neolithic and Prehistoric world by discussing the original founders of the ancient Levant such as the Natufians and what their bodies tell us that is forever changing history as we know it.

We then dive into the formulation of the first villages which will eventually grow into towns and then cities such as Jericho and Çatalhöyük, eventually we begin to see the formulation and creation of those that we will know in history as the Canaanites.

Lastly we discuss their legacy, are there peoples today living in the Middle East who are descended from these ancient peoples while briefly talking about the politics of ancient DNA in these modern nations.


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To my dear subscribers, thank you all. You have my love and appreciation.

My latest history merch! Sea Peoples meet Late Bronze Age humor! I thought this was pretty amusing.



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ATTRIBUTION:

cf-apps7865
Çatalhöyük & Its Amazing 9000 Year Old Community


Aaron Osterbrock
6 Minute Tour of Israel Museum


Zahi Shaked. Israeli tour guide צחי שקד. מורה דרך
An Ancient Egyptian sarcophagus dating to the Late Bronze Age found in Deir al-Balah


MUSIC BY Pawl.D Beats
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The Forgotten Ancient Kingdom of Ebla

Spectacular things were happening in Mesopotamia in the period we call the Early Bronze Age, particularly in the southern part of it, commonly called Babylonia. It was here that the wealthy, sophisticated Sumerian civilization developed, its growth and prosperity greatly spurred by the invention of writing. A magnificent assortment of beautifully wrought items, like those unearthed from the so-called royal tombs of Ur and now on display in the British Museum, testifies to the high level of craftsmanship of the Sumerian civilization at its zenith.

In the wake of the Sumerian Early Dynastic period ( 2900–2334 BC), there arose in southern Mesopotamia the first great empire in Near Eastern history—the Akkadian empire ( 2334–2193 BC) founded by Sargon, which at its peak extended through the whole of Mesopotamia, and north-westwards into south-eastern Anatolia. Early Bronze Age Mesopotamia’s archaeological remains and prolific tablet-finds provided rich and exciting fields of investigation for archaeologists, historians, and linguists alike.

But across the Euphrates in Syria, the picture was much bleaker, so it seemed, if you happened to be any of these. Up until the 1960s, third millennium Syria was generally thought of as no more than ‘an illiterate backwater of small communities far removed from the great developments of civilization occurring in Mesopotamia and Egypt’. But there must have been more to it than this! And indeed, it was quite possible that the numerous unexplored mounds (tells) throughout the region did include remains of settlements of various kinds contemporary with the first great civilizations of Mesopotamia.

Link to original article: First Kingdoms: The Forgotten Mesopotamian Kingdom of Ebla



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Footage Attribution: Syria: Footage shows ancient city of Ebla following SAA's advance in Idlib


The Standard of Ur 烏爾軍旗 貝殼,青金石,灑青公元前2500,伊拉克 Shell, lapis lazuli, red limestone 2500 BC Iraq


THE LOUVRE: Stunning ????️ ancient MESOPOTAMIA exhibits in Paris - Let's go!!


Syria - Ebla and Sergilla


Attribution for footage goes to the Total War Franchise, the Rome II Total War Team and the Age of Bronze Mod Team.



8. The Sumerians - Fall of the First Cities

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In the dusts of Iraq, the ruins of the world's first civilization lie buried.

This episode, we travel into the extremely distant past to look at the Sumerians. These ancient people invented writing and mathematics, and built some of the largest cities that the world had ever seen. Find out about the mystery of their origins, and learn how they rose from humble beginnings to form the foundation of all our modern societies. With myths, proverbs and even some recreated Sumerian music, travel back to where it all began, and find out how humanity's first civilization fell.

SOURCES:

Credits:

Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas

Voice Actors:

Jake Barrett-Mills
Rhy Brignell
Shem Jacobs
Nick Bradley
Emily Johnson

Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: incompetech.com/

Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann.

Sea Peoples: The Raiders who Brought an end to the Bronze Age - Great Civilizations of History

Great Civilizations of History - Sea Peoples: The Raiders who Brought an end to the Bronze Age


#SeeUinHistory #History

Scandinavian Origins | DNA | Stone Age Scandinavia

Tracking the migration of humans isn’t easy , but genetics is helping us uncover new information at breathtaking speed. We know that our species originated in Africa and likely reached Europe from the southeast no later than 42,000 years ago. During the last ice age some 33,000-20,000 years ago, when a permanent ice sheet covered northern and parts of central Europe, modern humans in southwest Europe were isolated from groups further to the east.

When the ice sheet retreated, some of these hunter gatherers eventually colonized Scandinavia from the south about 11,700 years ago, making it one of the last areas of Europe to be inhabited. But exactly who these individuals were and how they got there has remained a puzzle for researchers. Now we have sequenced the genomes of seven hunter gatherers, dated to be 9,500-6,000 years old, to find out.

One of the reasons the origins of the first Scandinavians is so enigmatic is a major shift in stone tool technology that appeared soon after they got there. This new technology seemed to have had an origin in eastern Europe and it has been an open question how it reached Scandinavia?

Our interdisciplinary research team combined genetic and archaeological data with reconstructions of the ice sheets to investigate the earliest people of the Scandinavian peninsula. We extracted DNA for sequencing from bones and teeth of the seven individuals from the Norwegian Atlantic coast and the Baltic islands of Gotland and Stora Karlsö.

We then compared the genomic data with the genetic variation of contemporary hunter gatherers from other parts of Europe. To our surprise, hunter gatherers from the Norwegian Atlantic coast were genetically more similar to contemporaneous populations from east of the Baltic Sea, while hunter gatherers from what is Sweden today were genetically more similar to those from central and western Europe. One could say that – in Scandinavia at that time – the geographic west was the genetic east and vice versa.

This contradiction between genetics and geography can only be explained by two main migrations into Scandinavia. It would have started with an initial pulse from the south – modern day Denmark and Germany – that took place just after 11,700 years ago. Then there would have been an additional migration from the northeast, following the Atlantic coast in northern Finland and Norway becoming free of ice.

Link to original article titled Ancient DNA Sheds Light on the Mysterious Origins of the First Scandinavians.

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The Origins of the Phoenicians (DNA)

The Phoenicians emerged in the Northern Levant around 1800 BCE and by the 9th century BCE had spread their culture across the Mediterranean Basin, establishing trading posts, and settlements in various European Mediterranean and North African locations.

Despite their widespread influence, what is known of the Phoenicians comes from what was written about them by the Greeks and Egyptians.

In this study, we investigate the extent of Phoenician integration with the Sardinian communities they settled. We present 14 new ancient mitogenome sequences from pre-Phoenician (~1800 BCE) and Phoenician (~700–400 BCE) samples from Lebanon (n = 4) and Sardinia (n = 10) and compare these with 87 new complete mitogenomes from modern Lebanese and 21 recently published pre-Phoenician ancient mitogenomes from Sardinia to investigate the population dynamics of the Phoenician (Punic) site of Monte Sirai, in southern Sardinia.

Our results indicate evidence of continuity of some lineages from pre-Phoenician populations suggesting integration of indigenous Sardinians in the Monte Sirai Phoenician community.

We also find evidence of the arrival of new, unique mitochondrial lineages, indicating the movement of women from sites in the Near East or North Africa to Sardinia, but also possibly from non-Mediterranean populations and the likely movement of women from Europe to Phoenician sites in Lebanon. Combined, this evidence suggests female mobility and genetic diversity in Phoenician communities, reflecting the inclusive and multicultural nature of Phoenician society.

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Check out the awesome work of our narrator and contributor DW Draffin!

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Is There A Sunken Civilisation In The Black Sea? | Dark Secrets Of The Black Sea | Timeline

The documentary Dark Secrets of the Black Sea journeys to the said region and explores recently-unearthed archaeological evidence of a technologically-advanced civilization that once lay there, now submerged beneath the Black Sea.

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The Real Origins of the Philistines and Palestinians

In this video Seth from the World History by a Jew YouTube Channel, takes us into the Bronze Age Collapse, the origin of Philistinians and Palestinians.

From archaeology, written history, DNA studies and etymologies he gives a broad and in-depth overview of the origin of Palestinians and the Philistines while dispelling many myths and misconceptions about these two subjects.


Check out the YouTube Channel World History by a Jew at this link:


Email: HistoryByJew@gmail.com

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Origin of the Egyptians and Predynastic Egypt

In this episode by the History of the World Podcast we are taken back long before the pyramids and before the thought of Egyptianness itself into the heart of the Neolithic in ancient Africa and what would become the Egypt that dominates the hearts of history lovers around the world.

Starting in the Neolithic we explore population movements, archaeological findings and possibly the first race war in human history that occurred along the Nile possibly due to contact between lighter and darker peoples.

But more importantly we explore the indigenous peoples living in North Africa, those coming in from the Levant, those moving North from Africa itself and how these worlds collide and finally we see the beginning of not just ancient Egypt itself but the origins of the Egyptians, the same Egyptians that would form one of the greatest civilizations on earth.

From culture, pottery, society, religion and conflict Chris from the History of the World Podcast covers it all!

I hope that you all enjoy this as much as I did.

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Trey Van Zandt

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10. The Han Dynasty - The First Empire in Flames

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A city in ruins. A dynasty in tatters. An empire in ashes...

This episode, we look at the remarkable story of the first empire of ancient China, the Han dynasty. With ancient Chinese poetry, songs and folk music, we look back at the first empire's rise, its remarkable technological advances, and its first, tentative attempts to make contact with the empires of the west. Finally, we look at all the reasons behind the first age of Imperial China's final, dramatic fall.

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Credits:

Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas

Voice Actors:

Claire Hynes
Jake Barrett-Mills
Shem Jacobs
Alex Peattie

Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: incompetech.com/

Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann.

Illustration of Qin Shi Huang's tomb by Richard Holmgren: arcdoc.se

The Nordic Bronze Age / Ancient History Documentary

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Europe Between the Oceans - Barry Cunliffe
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Ancestral Journeys - Jean Manco
The Mound People - P. V. Glob
Bronze Age Warfare - Richard Osgood & Sarah Monks

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