This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more

The life of an Il Torobo hunter-gatherer


Hadzabe tribe: the last hunters and gatherers of Tanzania - Edited by Carmine Salituro

The hadzabe tribes, which live around Lake Eyasi, are formed by the last hunter-gatherers of Tanzania. It is an exceptional ethnicity, a real anthropological rarity, which amazes scientists, especially linguists, who for years have been trying to decipher their curious idiom made of countless pops.
The history of this people is rather obscure, certainly today the Hadzabe are reduced to a few hundred, divided into small groups, living in modest huts built simply with the branches of the trees, and are arranged in camps camouflaged in the bush of the savannah.
They keep their ancestral customs almost intact. They have always refused to convert to agriculture and cattle breeding. They are nomads, they are always moving in search of berries, edible roots, wild fruits and game, such as baboons and antelopes, which hunt with bow and arrows impregnated with a poison that is derived from a variety of euphorbia, a plant that grows abundant in this region.
Nowadays their millennial traditions and their territories on which they have always lived are threatened by modern civilization, which invades their ancestral habitat and risks to overturn the social equilibrium.
The local authorities oppose these communities to the point that today the scholars and the Tanzanian press raise the alarm: the last bushmen, the men of the savannah, among the most ancient peoples of Africa, holders of an inestimable cultural heritage, risk disappear in the name of progress.
My experience in this village brings me back to prehistoric times with its rhythms of life marked by the rising and setting of the sun, the daily material needs of hunting and gathering, the primitive hunting tools, the clothing and the ornamental objects of the body, to finish the particular mode of lighting the fire by rubbing a long wooden stick.

Gli Hadzabe, diffusi attorno al lago Eyasi, sono gli ultimi cacciatori-raccoglitori della Tanzania. Si tratta di una etnia eccezionale, una vera e propria rarità antropologica, che non finisce mai di stupire, soprattutto gli studiosi di linguistica, che da anni tentano di decifrare il loro curioso idioma fatto di innumerevoli schiocchi e suoni vibranti e secchi.
La storia di questo popolo è piuttosto oscura, di certo oggi gli Hadzabe sono ridotti a poche centinaia di unità, divisi in piccoli gruppi, che vivono in modeste capanne costruite semplicemente con i rami degli alberi, e sono riunite in accampamenti mimetizzati nella boscaglia della savana.
Mantengono pressoché intatte le loro usanze ataviche. Hanno sempre rifiutato di convertirsi all’agricoltura e all’allevamento del bestiame. Sono nomadi, si spostano in continuazione alla ricerca di bacche, radici commestibili, frutti selvatici e selvaggina, come babbuini e antilopi, che cacciano con arco e frecce impregnate di un veleno che si ricava da una varietà di euforbia, una pianta che cresce abbondante in questa regione.
Oggigiorno le loro tradizioni millenarie e i loro territori sui quali hanno sempre vissuto sono minacciati dalla civiltà moderna, che invade il loro habitat ancestrale e rischia di stravolgerne gli equilibri sociali.
Le autorità locali contrastano tali comunità al punto che oggi gli studiosi e la stampa tanzaniana lanciano l’allarme: gli ultimi “bushmen”, gli uomini della savana, tra i più antichi popoli dell’Africa, custodi orgogliosi di un inestimabile patrimonio culturale, rischiano di sparire in nome del progresso.
La mia esperienza in questo villaggio mi riporta nella preistoria con i suoi ritmi di vita scanditi dal sorgere e dal tramontare del sole, dalle necessità materiali quotidiane di cacciare e raccogliere, dagli strumenti di caccia primitivi, dall'abbigliamento e dagli oggetti ornamentali del corpo, per finire alla particolare modalità di accendere il fuoco strofinando un lungo bastoncino di legno.

Follow me on instagram

Primitive Technology Hunter Gatherer

A day in the life of a hunter Gatherer.


From Hunter Gatherer to five minutes or less

This is a brief overview of the transition early humans made when they went from hunter-gatherers to farmers.

As much as I desire to share as much as I can about the topics in the forthcoming episode, I understand that I have five minutes or less to expose information. There will be info skipped, glossed over or missed. These episodes are supposed to be a starting point for learning about the topics, not an ending point.
Enjoy the episode.

Here's some sources:

History Alive! The Ancient World (Textbook)

Jared Diamond: Lessons from Hunter-Gatherers | Nat Geo Live

Jared Diamond, a National Geographic explorer-in-residence and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, studies how traditional societies around the world treat the aging members of their tribes, and suggests that these cultures have much to teach us about the treatment of our elderly.
➡ Subscribe:
➡ Get More Nat Geo Live:

About Nat Geo Live (National Geographic Live):
Thought-provoking presentations by today's leading explorers, scientists, and photographers.

Get More National Geographic:
Official Site:

About National Geographic:
National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible.

Upcoming Events at National Geographic Live!

Jared Diamond: Lessons from Hunter-Gatherers | Nat Geo Live

National Geographic

#Reporters - In Indian Ocean, Jarawa tribe risks dying out

Subscribe to France 24 now :

FRANCE 24 live news stream: all the latest news 24/7

For their own protection, you are not allowed to meet them. For tens of thousands of years, the Jarawa have been self-sufficient hunter-gatherers, living in harmony with nature on India’s Andaman Islands. But their way of life was turned upside down with the mass arrival of tourists at the start of the 2000s. Disturbing reports document human safaris, sexual abuse of women, as well as the introduction of alcohol and tobacco. Our reporter went to meet this population, who risk dying out.
Deep in the Indian Ocean, a few hundred kilometres from India, the Andaman Islands archipelago has become the El Dorado of the Indian middle class. Each year, thousands of tourists enjoy the coral beaches of this little corner of paradise on Earth with its stunning landscape. It is also a strategic location, where the government has chosen to build the Indian Ocean’s largest port. But this spectacular economic development comes at the expense of the Afro-Asian peoples who live in the archipelago and who are among the last primitive tribes on the planet.

Visit our website :

Subscribe to our YouTube channel :

Like us on Facebook :

Follow us on Twitter :

Hunter Gatherer Primitive Four Day Survival Challenge. Part Two.

In this video, I am in Wiltshire with Wilderness Survival Skills, taking part in the Hunter Gatherer Challenge, a four day, four night solo primitive survival challenge using very limited kit. Armed with just a belt knife, a folding saw, a billy can, 3 metres of paracord and a few essential emergency items, I head off into the forest to build a shelter and bed, make fire, forage for food, make a primitive hunting bow (including a knapped flint arrow head) and live as comfortably as I can using the natural materials found around me.

This is part two of the challenge, the last two days and nights. Day three and I’m feeling like I’m settling in to my woodland home - I have established routines and I know where to go to find certain resources and wild foods, my shelter is improved and I start to think about making life a bit more comfortable, starting with my bed. I also begin to make a primitive hunting weapon. One of the briefs for the challenge is to think about long term survival and to make a weapon capable of catching game in order to provide me with a protein rich diet available year round. My chosen weapon is the bow. A target contest along with the other participants gives me a chance of
‘winning’ edible prizes to add to the pot.

This challenge has been a thorough enjoyable and rewarding experience, I have learnt such a lot about primitive living, but also about myself and my capabilities. It has certainly be tough, both physically and mentally but after all it is a challenge! If anybody is looking for a challenge to test their existing bushcraft/survival skills in a controlled environment with the backup of an experience survival expert (and a bloody good bloke!) look no further than Joe O’Leary and his Wilderness Survival Skills School.

I hope you enjoy the video and thanks for watching!


Wilderness survival Skills (Joe O’Leary)

The Wildernesss Survival Guide book by Joe O’Leary


Simon, a bloke in the woods - Patch and Sticker

Contact me at:

Or by mail at:

Simon, a bloke in the woods
PO Box 384
IP22 9DB

Facebook Simon, a bloke in the woods

Instagram simon_a_bloke_in_the_woods

Music Bring me your sorrows Dan Lebowitz
Surrender Dan Lebowitz

This is Why Hunter-Gatherers Were Stronger and Happier Than Modern Humans | Human History

For almost 2 million years, we humans lived as hunter-gatherers. If we look at human evolution that is more than 90 percent of our history. During that entire period, we were insignificant animals. We had no impact on the environment around us and we lived in the constant fear of being hunted down by predators. Back then, we lived at the mercy of nature but today we have learned to manipulate and control nature to utilize it for farming, producing energy, and building sophisticated technology. In the last 1 lac years with the rise of homo sapiens, we have jumped from the bottom to the top of the food chain. We are no longer the hunted we have become the hunters. Despite all this when it comes to physical and mental strength and overall well-being we humans are far less superior than our hunter-gatherer ancestors. What explains this and is there a way to regain at least some of that physical and mental strength? Let's find out –
Intro 00:00
Human Evolution Timeline - 01:03
Hunter-gatherer diet & Agricultural revolution - 03:01
Hunter-gatherer Vs Modern Diet - 03:22
Rainbow diet - 05:06
Food Quality - 06:10
My Personal Experience - 07:25
Materialism and Joy Of Living - 09:15
Creativity and Modern Psychology - 12:35
Work-Life Balance - 13:46
Recommended Readings -
2) Flow - The Psychology Of Optimal Experience -
3) Mastery -
4) Sapiens -
5) Origin Story ( A Big History Of Everything) -
6) A Short History of Everything -
About Channel
Eclectic is an educational youtube channel that provides interesting and educational content about a range of political, philosophical, economic, and historical topics.
Join us on Facebook -
Subscribe to Eclectic -
Credits -
Created By Pratik Wankhade, Chanchal Rathod

We Are What We Eat: Tanzania | Nat Geo Live

(Part 7 of 7) Photographer Matthieu Paley joins the Hadza of Tanzania--the world’s last full-time hunter-gatherers. The Hadza work hard for their food and reward themselves generously with marijuana.
➡ Subscribe:
➡ Get More Nat Geo Live:

About Nat Geo Live (National Geographic Live):
Thought-provoking presentations by today's leading explorers, scientists, and photographers.

Get More National Geographic:
Official Site:

About National Geographic:
National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible.

Upcoming Events at National Geographic Live:

The National Geographic Live series brings thought-provoking presentations by today’s leading explorers, scientists, photographers, and performing artists right to you. Each presentation is filmed in front of a live audience at National Geographic headquarters in Washington, D.C. New clips air every Monday.

We Are What We Eat: Tanzania | Nat Geo Live

National Geographic

Hunt Hadza 1

The life of an Il Torobo hunter-gatherer

To learn more about Letilet and the Il Torobo, check out Susie Allan's book 'Letilet's Tales' -- go to

The Hadzabe - The Last Hunter Gatherers of Tanzania

© Stichting Jimmy Nelson Foundation, 2019

Hunter gatherers: Learn The Truth About Wild Food & Hunter Gatherers!

Hunter Gatherers: Learn the truth about Hunter Gatherers and Wild Food!

The hunter gatherer lifestyle has been the main method of obtaining food for probably millions of years. Going to the supermarket is the new an untested method getting food by comparison!

However, maybe there are more similarities between our ancestors and us than we think. Professor Nicole Waguespack takes us through some of the fascinating links between a hunter gatherer diet and out own eating habits.

Maximizing gains and minimizing effort is something that holds true whether you are an hunter gatherer or a modern consumer.
If we transported a hunter gatherer to a modern supermarket they would likely go for the high fat and sugar products because of their high energy value. When you don't know when your next meal may come from this strategy makes some sense. When these high fat and sugar food sources are available on every corner it can lead to health problems.

There is a trend to rose-tint hunter gatherer ancestors as a kind of picture of good dietary health - eating nuts and berries and perfectly in tune with their environment. Sometimes the famed 'palaeolithic diet' does this although the idea in that diet of cutting down on white bread and carbs is worthwhile. It more likely our ancestors just didn't have the opportunity to indulge in high fat and sugar food the way we do.

So if we want to become modern day foragers we don't really want to just copy our ancestors or try to hold true to some idealized notion. We want to consciously think about our diets and be selective in our foraging!


Hunter Gatherer Challenge - Part 1

Jason Salyer takes a group through a Hunter Gatherer Challenge that includes a 4-5 mile trek through the woods for a hunt as well as hunkering down for the night. Along the way, the group members are given various challenges. Jason suggests collecting kindling materials to build a fire along the way rather than waiting until you arrive at your campsite. Watch now for many more useful tips for your next hunting and camping expedition.

Check out more from Jason Salyer on his YouTube channel!

#HunterGatherer #Survival #Camping
Sponsored by Big Daddy Unlimited - Revolutionizing the Online Gun Store

Survival Dispatch:
Survival Dispatch Store:
SD on Facebook:
SD on Instagram:
SD Amazon Lists:

From Hunter-Gatherer to Farmer (Part 1)

Hunter-gatherers, Human Diet, and Our Capacity for Cooperation | Alyssa Crittenden | TEDxUNLV

Humans are unique in many ways. Anthropologist Alyssa Crittenden believes that it is the evolutionary links between nutrition, reproduction, and our amazing capacity for cooperation that truly make us human. Here, she chronicles her time living among one of the world's few remaining hunting and gathering populations, the Hadza of Tanzania, exploring the intersection of diet and childrearing.

Alyssa Crittenden is an anthropologist and is currently the Lincy Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. In order to answer some of the burning questions about what makes the human species unique, she studies the links between nutrition, growth and development, family formation, and child rearing in small-scale societies. For over ten years, she has worked among the Hadza foragers of Tanzania, researching topics such as diet composition, the gut microbiome, women's reproduction, childhood, and parenting strategies among hunters and gatherers.

A strong advocate for science education for the public, she has appeared on National Public Radio, television programs, and documentaries and gives talks to museums and middle school and high school science students. Her work is published in top-tier academic journals and has been highlighted in popular outlets, such as The Smithsonian, National Geographic, the BBC, and Psychology Today.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

Day in the life of a Hunter Gatherer

History Project!

About hunter-gatherers and a section of one hunting. Starring the Hunter-Gatherer - Johny C.

Video/Music by Chad K
Soundtrack by

Additional help:
Eduardo S, Toby M

Fishing trip with Pygmy hunter-gatherers

BaYaka hunter-gatherers using the fruits of Brenania brieyi for fishing.

I once went to a fishing trip with people in the camp Ibamba. After taking the path in the forest, we first sat down where women pounded the fruits of Brenania brieyi (they call it “mo.lunju” or “mo.unju”; prefix “mo” is for the singular of a noun, and “ba” is for the plural) and mixed them with ashes to use as fish poison. Then, we walked to the river where women made dams. I followed Ndo as she put the poisonous mixture into the dams and waited for fish to get numb.
For more info:


Modern Day Hunter Gatherer Hike And Ramble

Thanks for watching MiWilderness.

Arthur Haines Hunter Gatherer Diets a Useful Lens for Examining Diet Mythology

Paleo f(x)™ 2017 -

Join our newsletter -
Like on Facebook -
Follow on Twitter -
Check us out on Pinterest -
Follow on Instagram -

Hunter Gatherer 2018

A process-film from my experience as a part of the Hunter Gatherer Challenge at Joe O'Leary's school in Wiltshire, England the fall of 2018. The film basically shows the whole thing, from arrival to end, the ups and downs, the weather (which was beautiful) and all of my crazy ramblings. Hope you enjoy! If you do - give it a thumbs up - if you'd like more, hit the subscribe button! And if you wanna learn this cool stuff - visit Joe's website:



Check Also