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The life of an Il Torobo hunter-gatherer


The life of an Il Torobo hunter-gatherer

To learn more about Letilet and the Il Torobo, check out Susie Allan's book 'Letilet's Tales' -- go to

Hadzabe tribe: the last hunters and gatherers of Tanzania - Edited by Carmine Salituro

The hadzabe tribes, which live around Lake Eyasi, are formed by the last hunter-gatherers of Tanzania. It is an exceptional ethnicity, a real anthropological rarity, which amazes scientists, especially linguists, who for years have been trying to decipher their curious idiom made of countless pops.
The history of this people is rather obscure, certainly today the Hadzabe are reduced to a few hundred, divided into small groups, living in modest huts built simply with the branches of the trees, and are arranged in camps camouflaged in the bush of the savannah.
They keep their ancestral customs almost intact. They have always refused to convert to agriculture and cattle breeding. They are nomads, they are always moving in search of berries, edible roots, wild fruits and game, such as baboons and antelopes, which hunt with bow and arrows impregnated with a poison that is derived from a variety of euphorbia, a plant that grows abundant in this region.
Nowadays their millennial traditions and their territories on which they have always lived are threatened by modern civilization, which invades their ancestral habitat and risks to overturn the social equilibrium.
The local authorities oppose these communities to the point that today the scholars and the Tanzanian press raise the alarm: the last bushmen, the men of the savannah, among the most ancient peoples of Africa, holders of an inestimable cultural heritage, risk disappear in the name of progress.
My experience in this village brings me back to prehistoric times with its rhythms of life marked by the rising and setting of the sun, the daily material needs of hunting and gathering, the primitive hunting tools, the clothing and the ornamental objects of the body, to finish the particular mode of lighting the fire by rubbing a long wooden stick.

Gli Hadzabe, diffusi attorno al lago Eyasi, sono gli ultimi cacciatori-raccoglitori della Tanzania. Si tratta di una etnia eccezionale, una vera e propria rarità antropologica, che non finisce mai di stupire, soprattutto gli studiosi di linguistica, che da anni tentano di decifrare il loro curioso idioma fatto di innumerevoli schiocchi e suoni vibranti e secchi.
La storia di questo popolo è piuttosto oscura, di certo oggi gli Hadzabe sono ridotti a poche centinaia di unità, divisi in piccoli gruppi, che vivono in modeste capanne costruite semplicemente con i rami degli alberi, e sono riunite in accampamenti mimetizzati nella boscaglia della savana.
Mantengono pressoché intatte le loro usanze ataviche. Hanno sempre rifiutato di convertirsi all’agricoltura e all’allevamento del bestiame. Sono nomadi, si spostano in continuazione alla ricerca di bacche, radici commestibili, frutti selvatici e selvaggina, come babbuini e antilopi, che cacciano con arco e frecce impregnate di un veleno che si ricava da una varietà di euforbia, una pianta che cresce abbondante in questa regione.
Oggigiorno le loro tradizioni millenarie e i loro territori sui quali hanno sempre vissuto sono minacciati dalla civiltà moderna, che invade il loro habitat ancestrale e rischia di stravolgerne gli equilibri sociali.
Le autorità locali contrastano tali comunità al punto che oggi gli studiosi e la stampa tanzaniana lanciano l’allarme: gli ultimi “bushmen”, gli uomini della savana, tra i più antichi popoli dell’Africa, custodi orgogliosi di un inestimabile patrimonio culturale, rischiano di sparire in nome del progresso.
La mia esperienza in questo villaggio mi riporta nella preistoria con i suoi ritmi di vita scanditi dal sorgere e dal tramontare del sole, dalle necessità materiali quotidiane di cacciare e raccogliere, dagli strumenti di caccia primitivi, dall'abbigliamento e dagli oggetti ornamentali del corpo, per finire alla particolare modalità di accendere il fuoco strofinando un lungo bastoncino di legno.

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Primitive Technology Hunter Gatherer

A day in the life of a hunter Gatherer.


Why Don't Hunter Gatherer Tribes Tribesmen Have Amazing Physiques?

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We Are What We Eat: Tanzania | Nat Geo Live

(Part 7 of 7) Photographer Matthieu Paley joins the Hadza of Tanzania--the world’s last full-time hunter-gatherers. The Hadza work hard for their food and reward themselves generously with marijuana.
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We Are What We Eat: Tanzania | Nat Geo Live

National Geographic

Mongolia: The Last Eagle Hunters | 101 East

101 East takes a spectacular journey into the wilds of Mongolia to search for an ancient lifestyle that's in peril - the traditions of the Kazakh golden eagle hunters.

With perhaps only 60 eagle hunters left in the remote mountains of the country's northwest, it's feared the tradition could die out within a generation.

As boys from the far-flung villages head to the city for jobs and the chance of a better life, saving their traditions could now be left in the hands of young girls.

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#AlJazeeraEnglish #Mongolia #Kazakh

SWEET GOLD - The honey hunters of Nepal

‘SWEET GOLD’ is the new documentary project of Mauro De Bettio. He travelled into the Dhaulagiri region, one of the most remote places of the kingdom of Nepal, to join the isolated Pun tribe on their spring honey hunting and understand mad honey's effects.

The Pun have been haunting the honey from Himalayan cliffs for centuries, a tradition that's carried on for generations. They risk their lives to collect the precious nectar, famous for its medicinal, aphrodisiac and hallucinogenic properties.

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Tracks Titles: Cinematic Documentary, Epic Emotional, Loneliness, Space, Sad Cinematic Piano.
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Fishing trip with Pygmy hunter-gatherers

BaYaka hunter-gatherers using the fruits of Brenania brieyi for fishing.

I once went to a fishing trip with people in the camp Ibamba. After taking the path in the forest, we first sat down where women pounded the fruits of Brenania brieyi (they call it “mo.lunju” or “mo.unju”; prefix “mo” is for the singular of a noun, and “ba” is for the plural) and mixed them with ashes to use as fish poison. Then, we walked to the river where women made dams. I followed Ndo as she put the poisonous mixture into the dams and waited for fish to get numb.
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Visiting The Hadza Bushmen ~ Tanzania Vlog

This is one long awaited video from a trip of a lifetime! ✨

Eric Edmeades, the founder of WildFit, asked all the WildFit coaches if they would like to join him on a trip to visit the Hadza Bushmen.
I of course could not say 'no' to an opportunity like that!

WildFit is a health transformation program that I teach. It focuses on the natural human diet and is based on the Hadza Bushmen and how they live. The Bushmen are a tribe that have never been colonized. They live how we all used to; as hunter and gatherers.

It was one amazing opportunity, from making new friends, to safari's, to sleeping under the stars at the Bushmen's camp. This is just a little glimpse into what I got to experience in those 5 short days!

If you are looking to transform your life and learn more about WildFit and how eating the way nature intended us to, check out my website for more information:

And better yet, apply to join my next challenge! 

I hope you enjoy the video ????
Have questions? Don't hesitate to ask!

Jared Diamond: Lessons from Hunter-Gatherers | Nat Geo Live

Jared Diamond, a National Geographic explorer-in-residence and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, studies how traditional societies around the world treat the aging members of their tribes, and suggests that these cultures have much to teach us about the treatment of our elderly.
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Jared Diamond: Lessons from Hunter-Gatherers | Nat Geo Live

National Geographic

Hunter Gatherer Primitive Four Day Survival Challenge. Part Two.

In this video, I am in Wiltshire with Wilderness Survival Skills, taking part in the Hunter Gatherer Challenge, a four day, four night solo primitive survival challenge using very limited kit. Armed with just a belt knife, a folding saw, a billy can, 3 metres of paracord and a few essential emergency items, I head off into the forest to build a shelter and bed, make fire, forage for food, make a primitive hunting bow (including a knapped flint arrow head) and live as comfortably as I can using the natural materials found around me.

This is part two of the challenge, the last two days and nights. Day three and I’m feeling like I’m settling in to my woodland home - I have established routines and I know where to go to find certain resources and wild foods, my shelter is improved and I start to think about making life a bit more comfortable, starting with my bed. I also begin to make a primitive hunting weapon. One of the briefs for the challenge is to think about long term survival and to make a weapon capable of catching game in order to provide me with a protein rich diet available year round. My chosen weapon is the bow. A target contest along with the other participants gives me a chance of
‘winning’ edible prizes to add to the pot.

This challenge has been a thorough enjoyable and rewarding experience, I have learnt such a lot about primitive living, but also about myself and my capabilities. It has certainly be tough, both physically and mentally but after all it is a challenge! If anybody is looking for a challenge to test their existing bushcraft/survival skills in a controlled environment with the backup of an experience survival expert (and a bloody good bloke!) look no further than Joe O’Leary and his Wilderness Survival Skills School.

I hope you enjoy the video and thanks for watching!


Wilderness survival Skills (Joe O’Leary)

The Wildernesss Survival Guide book by Joe O’Leary


Simon, a bloke in the woods - Patch and Sticker

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Hadzabe Hut Building - Amazing Traditional House from Natural Materials

Order our new book and help us to continue with this important research. UK and international postage options are available here bulk orders please contact us.

A group of Hadza hunter-gatherers build a traditional hut from baobab branches, sisal plants and grass. Despite modern pressures to settle these people are still (just) managing to live a traditional lifestyle.

Hunter-gatherers, Human Diet, and Our Capacity for Cooperation | Alyssa Crittenden | TEDxUNLV

Humans are unique in many ways. Anthropologist Alyssa Crittenden believes that it is the evolutionary links between nutrition, reproduction, and our amazing capacity for cooperation that truly make us human. Here, she chronicles her time living among one of the world's few remaining hunting and gathering populations, the Hadza of Tanzania, exploring the intersection of diet and childrearing.

Alyssa Crittenden is an anthropologist and is currently the Lincy Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. In order to answer some of the burning questions about what makes the human species unique, she studies the links between nutrition, growth and development, family formation, and child rearing in small-scale societies. For over ten years, she has worked among the Hadza foragers of Tanzania, researching topics such as diet composition, the gut microbiome, women's reproduction, childhood, and parenting strategies among hunters and gatherers.

A strong advocate for science education for the public, she has appeared on National Public Radio, television programs, and documentaries and gives talks to museums and middle school and high school science students. Her work is published in top-tier academic journals and has been highlighted in popular outlets, such as The Smithsonian, National Geographic, the BBC, and Psychology Today.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

From Hunter-Gatherer to Farmer (Part 1)

HADZABE Hunter Gatherer Tribe... What Can, and MUST Vegans & Paleo's Learn from them...

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A Real Day in the Life of a Hunter-Gatherer | James Steele Ph.D.

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This is a talk on the research surrounding modern exercise physiology and evolutionary theory. You will learn the truth about the evolutionary paleo fitness movement and why you don’t necessarily have to be concerned about living a sedentary lifestyle.

In full presentation, you will learn:

- What mode of exercises you should be engaging in.
- Why you don’t need to structure exercise around play.
- Why quality high intensity exercise is the key to achieving your fitness goals.

About James Steele Ph.D. :

James Steele is a Lecturer in Applied Sport Science in the Health, Exercise and Sport Science department at Southampton Solent University. His job involves furthering research in the areas of health, exercise and sport science in addition to teaching on physiology, biomechanics and research methods on the Universities Sport Science, Sport Coaching and Health and Fitness related courses.

James graduated with a first class BSc (Hons) in Applied Sport Science from Southampton Solent University in 2010 and has recently completed his PhD researching the effects of isolated lumbar extension resistance training for chronic low back pain and its symptoms. In addition to his academic qualification James has gained extensive applied experience working as a strength and conditioning provider with a wide range of elite athletic populations including; international Ironman triathlete’s, Paralympic wheelchair basketball and rugby, semi-professional muay thai fighters, University American football and professional soccer. In addition he has worked with non-athletic populations including the elderly, diseased, and a population that he continues to conduct research with; sufferers of chronic low back pain.

James has also authored several peer reviewed papers on resistance training, low back pain and the scientific method and continues to prepare research outputs with many more in the pipeline from his PhD research and post-doctoral research plans.

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Laura Zerra, Adventurer - Modern-day Hunter-gatherer

68. Laura Zerra, Adventurer - Modern-day Hunter-gatherer

Today's guest is a modern-day hunter-gatherer. She is addicted to new experiences and learning new things. A true adventurer that has experienced the world truly and literary naked. She has been challenging herself as a cast member for Discovery's Naked and Afraid three times: once in Bocas del Toro, Panama, once in the Peruvian Amazon and once in the Colombian Savanna. Even though she has been naked and afraid today she is fully dressed and as confident as a lioness stalking her prey.

Her name is Laura Zerra.

The host is Peter Jumrukovski a World medalist, author and public speaker with the mission to help 10 million people in 10 years to accomplish their dreams. For more information visit:

Sponsor: Panos Emporio

Video production: Camila Rizzo
Music and production: Tobi Fanoiki
Advisor: Malick Jarboh

Hunter Gatherers Livelihood

Hunter-gatherers, unlike pastoralists, are minorities among the marginalized. They depend on their geography for survival. But, legally, they are deemed as poachers. This is changing their livelihood. The info-graphic tells of hunter gatherers and their livelihood since little is known about them by the larger community, resulting to them not being considered.

Day in the life of a Hunter Gatherer

History Project!

About hunter-gatherers and a section of one hunting. Starring the Hunter-Gatherer - Johny C.

Video/Music by Chad K
Soundtrack by

Additional help:
Eduardo S, Toby M


A brief video on the beginnings of Hunter-gatherer societies.



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