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The life of an Il Torobo hunter-gatherer


The life of an Il Torobo hunter-gatherer

To learn more about Letilet and the Il Torobo, check out Susie Allan's book 'Letilet's Tales' -- go to

Hadzabe tribe: the last hunters and gatherers of Tanzania - Edited by Carmine Salituro

The hadzabe tribes, which live around Lake Eyasi, are formed by the last hunter-gatherers of Tanzania. It is an exceptional ethnicity, a real anthropological rarity, which amazes scientists, especially linguists, who for years have been trying to decipher their curious idiom made of countless pops.
The history of this people is rather obscure, certainly today the Hadzabe are reduced to a few hundred, divided into small groups, living in modest huts built simply with the branches of the trees, and are arranged in camps camouflaged in the bush of the savannah.
They keep their ancestral customs almost intact. They have always refused to convert to agriculture and cattle breeding. They are nomads, they are always moving in search of berries, edible roots, wild fruits and game, such as baboons and antelopes, which hunt with bow and arrows impregnated with a poison that is derived from a variety of euphorbia, a plant that grows abundant in this region.
Nowadays their millennial traditions and their territories on which they have always lived are threatened by modern civilization, which invades their ancestral habitat and risks to overturn the social equilibrium.
The local authorities oppose these communities to the point that today the scholars and the Tanzanian press raise the alarm: the last bushmen, the men of the savannah, among the most ancient peoples of Africa, holders of an inestimable cultural heritage, risk disappear in the name of progress.
My experience in this village brings me back to prehistoric times with its rhythms of life marked by the rising and setting of the sun, the daily material needs of hunting and gathering, the primitive hunting tools, the clothing and the ornamental objects of the body, to finish the particular mode of lighting the fire by rubbing a long wooden stick.

Gli Hadzabe, diffusi attorno al lago Eyasi, sono gli ultimi cacciatori-raccoglitori della Tanzania. Si tratta di una etnia eccezionale, una vera e propria rarità antropologica, che non finisce mai di stupire, soprattutto gli studiosi di linguistica, che da anni tentano di decifrare il loro curioso idioma fatto di innumerevoli schiocchi e suoni vibranti e secchi.
La storia di questo popolo è piuttosto oscura, di certo oggi gli Hadzabe sono ridotti a poche centinaia di unità, divisi in piccoli gruppi, che vivono in modeste capanne costruite semplicemente con i rami degli alberi, e sono riunite in accampamenti mimetizzati nella boscaglia della savana.
Mantengono pressoché intatte le loro usanze ataviche. Hanno sempre rifiutato di convertirsi all’agricoltura e all’allevamento del bestiame. Sono nomadi, si spostano in continuazione alla ricerca di bacche, radici commestibili, frutti selvatici e selvaggina, come babbuini e antilopi, che cacciano con arco e frecce impregnate di un veleno che si ricava da una varietà di euforbia, una pianta che cresce abbondante in questa regione.
Oggigiorno le loro tradizioni millenarie e i loro territori sui quali hanno sempre vissuto sono minacciati dalla civiltà moderna, che invade il loro habitat ancestrale e rischia di stravolgerne gli equilibri sociali.
Le autorità locali contrastano tali comunità al punto che oggi gli studiosi e la stampa tanzaniana lanciano l’allarme: gli ultimi “bushmen”, gli uomini della savana, tra i più antichi popoli dell’Africa, custodi orgogliosi di un inestimabile patrimonio culturale, rischiano di sparire in nome del progresso.
La mia esperienza in questo villaggio mi riporta nella preistoria con i suoi ritmi di vita scanditi dal sorgere e dal tramontare del sole, dalle necessità materiali quotidiane di cacciare e raccogliere, dagli strumenti di caccia primitivi, dall'abbigliamento e dagli oggetti ornamentali del corpo, per finire alla particolare modalità di accendere il fuoco strofinando un lungo bastoncino di legno.

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Jared Diamond: Lessons from Hunter-Gatherers | Nat Geo Live

Jared Diamond, a National Geographic explorer-in-residence and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, studies how traditional societies around the world treat the aging members of their tribes, and suggests that these cultures have much to teach us about the treatment of our elderly.
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Jared Diamond: Lessons from Hunter-Gatherers | Nat Geo Live

National Geographic

Hadzabe Hut Building - Amazing Traditional House from Natural Materials

Order our new book and help us to continue with this important research. UK and international postage options are available here bulk orders please contact us.

A group of Hadza hunter-gatherers build a traditional hut from baobab branches, sisal plants and grass. Despite modern pressures to settle these people are still (just) managing to live a traditional lifestyle.

From Hunter-Gatherer to Farmer (Part 1)

The Lifeways of Hunter-Gatherers in Malaysia

The Dartmouth Ethnography Lab brings you an AnthroNotes video by Vivek Venkataraman to share his experience with modern foragers in Malaysia.

Hunter Gatherers Livelihood

Hunter-gatherers, unlike pastoralists, are minorities among the marginalized. They depend on their geography for survival. But, legally, they are deemed as poachers. This is changing their livelihood. The info-graphic tells of hunter gatherers and their livelihood since little is known about them by the larger community, resulting to them not being considered.

Primitive Technology Hunter Gatherer

A day in the life of a hunter Gatherer.

Hunter-gatherers, Human Diet, and Our Capacity for Cooperation | Alyssa Crittenden | TEDxUNLV

Humans are unique in many ways. Anthropologist Alyssa Crittenden believes that it is the evolutionary links between nutrition, reproduction, and our amazing capacity for cooperation that truly make us human. Here, she chronicles her time living among one of the world's few remaining hunting and gathering populations, the Hadza of Tanzania, exploring the intersection of diet and childrearing.

Alyssa Crittenden is an anthropologist and is currently the Lincy Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. In order to answer some of the burning questions about what makes the human species unique, she studies the links between nutrition, growth and development, family formation, and child rearing in small-scale societies. For over ten years, she has worked among the Hadza foragers of Tanzania, researching topics such as diet composition, the gut microbiome, women's reproduction, childhood, and parenting strategies among hunters and gatherers.

A strong advocate for science education for the public, she has appeared on National Public Radio, television programs, and documentaries and gives talks to museums and middle school and high school science students. Her work is published in top-tier academic journals and has been highlighted in popular outlets, such as The Smithsonian, National Geographic, the BBC, and Psychology Today.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

Kristen Hawkes: Hunter-Gatherers/Life History and Reproduction

1:38 - Hunter-Gatherers/Life History & Reproduction - Kristen Hawkes

CARTA celebrates its 10th anniversary with a whirlwind tour of anthropogeny, the study of the origin of humans, by addressing these questions across multiple disciplines: What do we know for certain? What do we think we know? What do we need to know? How do we proceed? Recorded on 3/23/2019. Series: CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny [Show ID: 34706]

Hunter-Gatherers Overview

A look at our human ancestors who lived off the land before it was cool.

A Real Day in the Life of a Hunter-Gatherer | James Steele Ph.D.

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This is a talk on the research surrounding modern exercise physiology and evolutionary theory. You will learn the truth about the evolutionary paleo fitness movement and why you don’t necessarily have to be concerned about living a sedentary lifestyle.

In full presentation, you will learn:

- What mode of exercises you should be engaging in.
- Why you don’t need to structure exercise around play.
- Why quality high intensity exercise is the key to achieving your fitness goals.

About James Steele Ph.D. :

James Steele is a Lecturer in Applied Sport Science in the Health, Exercise and Sport Science department at Southampton Solent University. His job involves furthering research in the areas of health, exercise and sport science in addition to teaching on physiology, biomechanics and research methods on the Universities Sport Science, Sport Coaching and Health and Fitness related courses.

James graduated with a first class BSc (Hons) in Applied Sport Science from Southampton Solent University in 2010 and has recently completed his PhD researching the effects of isolated lumbar extension resistance training for chronic low back pain and its symptoms. In addition to his academic qualification James has gained extensive applied experience working as a strength and conditioning provider with a wide range of elite athletic populations including; international Ironman triathlete’s, Paralympic wheelchair basketball and rugby, semi-professional muay thai fighters, University American football and professional soccer. In addition he has worked with non-athletic populations including the elderly, diseased, and a population that he continues to conduct research with; sufferers of chronic low back pain.

James has also authored several peer reviewed papers on resistance training, low back pain and the scientific method and continues to prepare research outputs with many more in the pipeline from his PhD research and post-doctoral research plans.

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The state of nature: lessons from hunter-gatherers | Janis Strods | TEDxRiga

If you want your policy to work, your ideas to be as influential as possible, you should ask one simple question — on which every policy, of every politician (and teacher) all over the world is based on.

Watch Janis Strods' talk to discover that question and start looking for the answers — by learning from hunter-gatherers.

Janis Strods is currently a researcher with the Hunter-Gatherers Resilience project at University College London. While his colleagues work closely with hunter-gatherers in Congo and the Philippines, Janis listens to their stories and builds mathematical models to understand why hunter-gatherers share food the way they do (trying to get a Ph.D along the way).

When he is not busy translating human behaviour to computer code, Janis is crunching numbers with Edurio, a company that helps schools improve themselves, and playing board games. He can also occasionally be found hiking and teaching biological anthropology at Riga Stradins University.

Janis has previously written for and worked as a teacher at Iespējamā misija, the Latvian branch of Teach for All. He has studied politics at the University of York and human evolution at UCL.

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

HUNTER-GATHERER - Killjoy (Official Music Video)

The official music video for 'Killjoy' by HUNTER-GATHERER.

Filmed in North Yorkshire by George Holden Media

Starring Verity Humphreys, Jakey Newton and the lovely friends of HUNTER-GATHERER.

'I won't waste my time in misery, I wanna live my life, every single day'


George Holden Media

Hunter-Gatherer Squat - Improve your general flexibility using this easy exercise

Runners and cyclists tend to be relatively inflexible. This squatting exercise is a great way to improve the flexibility and mobility in your lower back, hips, knees and ankles. It is also a great way to stretch and strengthen your calf muscles and achilles tendons.

Day in the life of a Hunter Gatherer

History Project!

About hunter-gatherers and a section of one hunting. Starring the Hunter-Gatherer - Johny C.

Video/Music by Chad K
Soundtrack by

Additional help:
Eduardo S, Toby M

Hunter Gatherer 2018

A process-film from my experience as a part of the Hunter Gatherer Challenge at Joe O'Leary's school in Wiltshire, England the fall of 2018. The film basically shows the whole thing, from arrival to end, the ups and downs, the weather (which was beautiful) and all of my crazy ramblings. Hope you enjoy! If you do - give it a thumbs up - if you'd like more, hit the subscribe button! And if you wanna learn this cool stuff - visit Joe's website:

THEME-1: FROM THE BEGINNING OF TIME (PART-6) Early Encounters with Hunter-Gatherers in Africa

HW6 Class One: From Hunter-Gatherers to Farmers: The First Great Transition

The Whallonsburg Grange Hall Lyceum series presents A History of the World in Six Weeks.

This is class one in the series: From Hunter-Gatherers to Farmers: The First Great Transition. It covers the origins of human society, primitive accumulation, the rise of agriculture, and the downfall of the matriarchy. Presentations are by Andrew Buchanan, senior lecturer in History at the University of Vermont. Dr. Buchanan teachers global history and military history and is the author of American Grand Strategy in the Mediterranean during World War II.

TOA Hunter Gatherer Season 1 Episode 2 (Excerpt)

A series I edited for Māori Television in New Zealand. Produced by AWA Films. Toa Hunter Gather is Owen Boynton who recaptures the traditional knowledge and techniques that have been lost since using modern ways to source kai.



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