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This Incredible Animation Shows How Deep The Ocean Really Is

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This Incredible Animation Shows How Deep The Ocean Really Is

Just how deep does the ocean go? Way further than you think. This animation puts the actual distance into perspective, showing a vast distance between the waves we see and the mysterious point we call Challenger Deep.

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Incredible Animation Shows How Deep Humans Have Dug

If we were to journey to the center of the Earth, it would take a lot longer than you might expect. Here's how deep humans have dug underground.

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How Deep Is The Ocean? - Incredible Animation Shows Us

Courtesy of Tech Insider -- Song: Bottom of the Sea by Dhruva Aliman ...and ...The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep and is located beneath the western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of the Mariana Trench, which runs several hundred kilometers southwest of the U.S. territorial island of Guam. Challenger Deep is approximately 36,200 feet deep.

Depths from the surface to 0.2km is known as the “littoral zone”, from 0.2km to 3km, the “bathyal zone”, and from 3km to 6km, the “abyssal zone”. Anything deeper than that is the “hadal zone”.

The hadal zone is largely comprised of deep trenches caused by tectonic plate subduction that drive the vast abyssal plains steeply down to depths of 11,000 metres in places. But even here, animals thrive, blissfully unaware of how little attention they receive. Here’s an insight into their incredible world.

The term “hadal” comes from “Hades,” which refers both to the Greek kingdom of the Underworld and the god of the Underworld himself, Hades (brother of Zeus and Poseidon). The term can also mean the “abode of the dead”. In modern times, Hades is seen as evil, but in mythology he was often portrayed as unreasonably “stringent” rather than actively malicious. Interestingly, he strictly prohibited the inhabitants of his dominion to leave, which is a rather apt analogy for hadal fauna, as these species are often confined to trenches and are rarely capable of going elsewhere.

The extreme depths of the hadal trenches were discovered using “bomb sounding”, whereby someone threw a half-pound block of TNT off a ship and the echo was recorded on board the ship. This method was used to sound the depths of many trenches, but the exact depth of the deepest point, currently in the Mariana Trench, is still difficult to compute. Four other trenches, all in the Western Pacific, also exceed 10km: the Tonga, Kuril-Kamchatka, Philippine, and Kermadec trenches.

The HMS Challenger expedition (1873 to 1876) was the first to sample hadal depths – having collected sediment from about 8km – although it could not confirm whether or not the sediment was merely the remnants of shallower animals. The 1901 Princess Alice expedition successfully trawled specimens from over 6km. However, it was a 1948 Swedish expedition, which successfully trawled a variety of species from 7km to 8km in the Puerto Rico Trench, that finally proved that life existed at depths greater than 6km. In 1956, the first photographs of the hadal zone were taken by none other than

The hadal zone comprises a series of disjointed trenches and other deep spots. There are 33 trenches and 13 troughs around the world – 46 individual hadal habitats in total. The mean depth of the trenches is 8.216km. The total area of the hadal zone is less than 0.2% of the entire seafloor but accounts for 45% of the total depth range. It is therefore surprising that the deepest 45% of the sea is rarely mentioned in deep sea literature.

Of the 33 hadal trenches, 26 (84%) are located in the Pacific, three are found in the Atlantic (8%), two (4%) in the Indian Ocean, and two (4%) in the Southern Ocean. The majority run up the western Pacific. Most of the hadal trenches in their modern form are believed to have formed 65.5m years ago during the Cenozoic period.

Earth appears to be the only terrestrial planet with subduction zones and plate tectonics. Both Mercury and the Earth’s moon are tectonically dead. Mars appears to have tectonically ceased, and Venus is dominated by thick lithosphere with mantle plumes. On Earth, subduction zones produce continental crust, which can protrude from the ocean (the continents). It has been speculated that without subduction, the land would still be underwater and terrestrial life, including humans, would never have evolved.

Many marine organisms are found at hadal depths and the most common groups are the polychaetes, bivalves, gastropods, amphipods and holothurians. All of these groups are found at full-ocean depth and often in large aggregations. Contrary to popular media, the hadal zone is not a mysterious realm inhabited by aliens or “monsters of the deep”. Instead, it is a poorly understood region largely inhabited by hoppers, snails, worms, and sea cucumbers. In fact, the upper trenches are inhabited by little pink fish and bright red prawns.

The 2011 magnitude 9.0 Tōhoku-Oki earthquake off Japan was caused by a fault rupture in the Japan Trench. The event and subsequent tsunami left about 20,000 dead or missing and affected more than 35 coastal cities. The quake was followed by 666 aftershocks that exceeded magnitude 5.0. The energy involved in high-magnitude earthquakes originating in trenches is immense. The 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake in the Java Trench caused a sufficiently massive release of energy to alter the Earth’s rotation, shortening the day by 2.68 microseconds.

The Ocean is Way Deeper Than You Think

The Ocean is a deep and scary world that is completely removed from most of our lives. In this video I explore just how deep the ocean actually is while discussing some of the strange life down there... and other just plain weird and odd things about the ocean. Feel free to leave any comments and share what you found interesting, or anything else you think that I should have added!

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Depth of the ocean

Look how deep our oceans are ! OMG are they even deeper than the height of Mt. Everest .. watch and find out

This Incredible Animation Shows How Deep The Ocean Really Is

This Incredible Animation Shows How Deep The Ocean Really Is
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This incredible animation shows how deep the ocean really is

Just how deep does the ocean go? Way further than you think. This animation puts the actual distance into perspective, showing a vast distance between

This incredible animation shows how deep the ocean really is

Just how deep does the ocean go? Way further than you think. This animation puts the actual distance into perspective, showing a vast distance between the .

National geographic - Sea Monsters Ocean Documentary - BBC wildlife animal documentary An ocean (from Ancient Greek Ὠκεανός, transc. Okeanós, the sea .

Mysteries of the Abyss – A Science Revolution The deep sea – the biggest single habitat on Earth, marked by eternal darkness, icy temperatures and immense .

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This incredible animation shows how deep the ocean really is

Courtesy of Tech Insider -- Song: Bottom of the Sea by Dhruva Aliman .and .The deepest part of the.

Just how deep does the ocean go? Way further than you think. This animation puts the actual distance into perspective, showing a vast distance between the waves we see and the mysterious point.

The Ocean is a deep and scary world that is completely removed from most of our lives. In this video I explore just how deep the ocean actually is while discussing some of the strange life.

This incredible animation shows how deep the ocean really is Deeply Sea View

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Deepest Part of The Oceans - Full Documentary HD

Measuring the Greatest Ocean Depth
The Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the deepest known point in Earth's oceans. In 2010 the United States Center for Coastal & Ocean Mapping measured the depth of the Challenger Deep at 10,994 meters (36,070 feet) below sea level with an estimated vertical accuracy of ± 40 meters. If Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth, were placed at this location it would be covered by over one mile of water.

The first depth measurements in the Mariana Trench were made by the British survey ship HMS Challenger, which was used by the Royal Navy in 1875 to conduct research in the trench. The greatest depth that they recorded at that time was 8,184 meters (26,850 feet).

In 1951, another Royal Navy vessel, also named the HMS Challenger, returned to the area for additional measurements. They discovered an even deeper location with a depth of 10,900 meters (35,760 feet) determined by echo sounding. The Challenger Deep was named after the Royal Navy vessel that made these measurements.

In 2009, sonar mapping done by researchers aboard the RV Kilo Moana, operated by the University of Hawaii, determined the depth to be 10,971 meters (35,994 feet) with a potential error of ± 22 meters. The most recent measurement, done in 2010, is the 10,994 meter ( ± 40 meter accuracy) depth reported at the top of this article, measured by the United States Center for Coastal & Ocean Mapping.

The deep ocean is the final frontier on planet Earth | The Economist

Watch the latest in the Ocean series - Secrets of the deep:

The ocean covers 70% of our planet. The deep-sea floor is a realm that is largely unexplored, but cutting-edge technology is enabling a new generation of aquanauts to go deeper than ever before.

Click here to subscribe to The Economist on YouTube:

Beneath the waves is a mysterious world that takes up to 95% of Earth's living space. Only three people have ever reached the bottom of the deepest part of the ocean. The deep is a world without sunlight, of freezing temperatures, and immense pressure. It's remained largely unexplored until now.

Cutting-edge technology is enabling a new generation of aquanauts to explore deeper than ever before. They are opening up a whole new world of potential benefits to humanity. The risks are great, but the rewards could be greater. From a vast wealth of resources to clues about the origins of life, the race is on to the final frontier

The Okeanos Explorer, the American government state-of-the-art vessel, designed for every type of deep ocean exploration from discovering new species to investigating shipwrecks. On board, engineers and scientists come together to answer questions about the origins of life and human history.

Today the Okeanos is on a mission to investigate the wreck of a World War one submarine. Engineer Bobby Moore is part of a team who has developed the technology for this type of mission.

The “deep discover”, a remote operating vehicle is equipped with 20 powerful LED lights and designed to withstand the huge pressure four miles down. Equivalent to 50 jumbo jets stacked on top of a person

While the crew of the Okeanos send robots to investigate the deep, some of their fellow scientists prefer a more hands-on approach. Doctor Greg stone is a world leading marine biologist with over 8,000 hours under the sea. He has been exploring the abyss in person for 30 years.

The technology opening up the deep is also opening up opportunity. Not just to witness the diversity of life but to glimpse vast amounts of rare mineral resources. Some of the world's most valuable metals can be found deep under the waves. A discovery that has begun to pique the interest of the global mining industry.

The boldest of mining companies are heading to the deep drawn by the allure of a new Gold Rush. But to exploit it they're also beating a path to another strange new world. In an industrial estate in the north of England, SMD is one of the world's leading manufacturers of remote underwater equipment. The industrial technology the company has developed has made mining possible several kilometers beneath the ocean surface.

With an estimated 150 trillion dollars’ worth of gold alone, deep-sea mining has the potential to transform the global economy.

With so much still to discover, mining in the deep ocean could have unknowable impact. It's not just life today that may need protecting; reaching the deep ocean might just allow researchers to answer some truly fundamental questions. Hydrothermal vents, hot springs on the ocean floor, are cracks in the Earth's crust. Some claim they could help scientists glimpse the origins of life itself.

We might still be years away from unlocking the mysteries of the deep. Even with the latest technology, this kind of exploration is always challenging. As the crew of the Okeanos comes to terms with a scale of the challenge and the opportunity that lies beneath, what they and others discover could transform humanity's understanding of how to protect the ocean.

It's the most hostile environment on earth, but the keys to our future may lie in the deep.

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10 Amazing Discoveries In The Deep Ocean

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The Most Incredible Deep Ocean Discoveries Ever Made

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Few things on Earth capture our imaginations the way that the ocean does. Because so much of it is inaccessible to us, most of us can only wonder at what is lurking in the deepest waters. In this video, we’ll show you ten amazing discoveries found in the ocean. Naturally, we’ll tell you about some incredible aquatic creatures that have recently been discovered. Such as the mirrorbelly fish, which emits a glowing light from a very peculiar place. We’ll also show you a jellyfish that we promise isn’t photoshopped, and probably isn’t an alien spaceship! Speaking of UFOs, one diver thought he’d found one when he came upon this strange and mysterious object lying in the ocean. We’ll also tell you some new and exciting facts about animals that you know and love, such as the Greenland shark. Seagrass and sea sponges may not sound as exciting as sharks at first, but we’ll show you some unique specimens and fascinating facts that may just impress you yet. Many things found under the waves started out on land, such as the antikythera mechanism, which is known as the world’s first computer, or the lost city of Pavlopetri. Losing a city might seem like a mean feat, but as you’ll see, sometimes it’s possible to lose an entire continent as well! A natural home to many creatures, hydrothermal vents, are a source of fascination for scientists. Recently, they’ve discovered some new species of animals making their home around one in particular.
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South Pacific | Mother Nature tries to create an island before your very eyes

Wanna see how a new island is made? Check out this fantastic show Mother Nature has put on in the middle of the Pacific Ocean in the Solomon Islands. Watch the Kavachi undersea volcano as it erupts underwater. Will it finally make island status?

South Pacific airs Monday 8ET on Animal Planet.
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Top 5 Deepest Ocean in the World by Average Depth

This video is about top 5 deepest ocean in the world by average depth made by top 5 around the worlds.

1 Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean average depth is about 3,970 meters and the maximum depth is 10,911 meters. This ocean has more than 25,000 islands. It covers about 46% of the Earth's water surface.

2 Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean average depth is about 3,741 meters and the maximum depth is about 7,906 meters. It covers about 20% of the Earth's water surface.


3 Atlantic Ocean
The Atlantic Ocean average depth is about 3,646 meters and the maximum depth is about 8,486 meters. It covers about 29% of the Earth's water surface.


4 Southern Ocean
The Southern Ocean average depth is about 3,270 meters and the maximum depth is about 7,236 meters.

5 Arctic Ocean
The Arctic Ocean average depth is about 1,205 meters and the maximum depth is about 5,450 meters.
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Mariana Trench: Record-breaking journey to the bottom of the ocean - BBC News

An American explorer has descended nearly 11km (seven miles) to the deepest place in the ocean - the Mariana Trench in the Pacific.

Victor Vescovo spent four hours exploring the bottom of the trench with the risk of his submersible imploding if anything were to go wrong.

The dive was later verified to be 10,972m and Victor became the first person to reach the deepest part of the Pacific Ocean.


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Darkness in the Depths of the Ocean | Miracles of Quran

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DARKNESS IN THE DEPTHS OF THE OCEAN
Prof. Durga Rao is an expert in the field of Marine Geology and was a professor at King Abdul
Aziz University in Jeddah. He was asked to comment on the following verse:
“Or (the Unbelievers’ state) Is like the depths of darkness In a vast deep ocean, Overwhelmed
with billow Topped by billow, Topped by (dark) clouds: Depths of darkness, one Above another:
if a man Stretches out his hand, He can hardly see it! For any to whom Allah Giveth not light,
there is no light!” [Al-Qur’aan 24:40]
Prof. Rao said that scientists have only now been able to confirm, with the help of modern
equipment that there is darkness in the depths of the ocean. Humans are unable to dive
unaided underwater for more than 20 to 30 meters, and cannot survive in the deep oceanic
regions at a depth of more than 200 meters. This verse does not refer to all seas because not
every sea can be described as having accumulated darkness layered one over another. It refers
especially to a deep sea or deep ocean, as the Qur’aan says, “darkness in a vast deep ocean”.
This layered darkness in a deep ocean is the result of two causes:
1: A light ray is composed of seven colours. These seven colours are Violet, Indigo, Blue,
Green, Yellow, Orange and Red (VIBGYOR). The light ray undergoes refraction when it hits
water. The upper 10 to 15 metres of water absorb the red colour. Therefore if a diver is 25
metres under water and gets wounded, he would not be able to see the red colour of his blood,
because the red colour does not reach this depth. Similarly orange rays are absorbed at 30 to
50 metres, yellow at 50 to 100 metres, green at 100 to 200 metres, and finally, blue beyond 200
metres and violet and indigo above 200 metres. Due to successive disappearance of colour,
one layer after another, the ocean progressively becomes darker, i.e. darkness takes place in
layers of light. Below a depth of 1000 meters there is complete darkness .
2: The sun’s rays are absorbed by clouds, which in turn scatter light rays thus causing a layer of
darkness under the clouds. This is the first layer of darkness. When light rays reach the surface
of the ocean they are reflected by the wave surface giving it a shiny appearance. Therefore it is
the waves which reflect light and cause darkness. The unreflected light penetrates into the
depths of the ocean. Therefore the ocean has two parts. The surface characterized by light and
warmth and the depth characterized by darkness. The surface is further separated from the
deep part of the ocean by waves. The internal waves cover the deep waters of seas and oceans
because the deep waters have a higher density than the waters above them. The darkness
begins below the internal waves. Even the fish in the depths of the ocean cannot see; their only
source of light is from their own bodies.
The Qur’aan rightly mentions: “Darkness in a vast deep ocean overwhelmed with waves topped
by waves”.
In other words, above these waves there are more types of waves, i.e. those found on the
surface of the ocean. The Qur’aanic verse continues, “topped by (dark) clouds; depths of

darkness, one above another.” These clouds as explained are barriers one over the other that
further cause darkness by absorption of colours at different levels.
Prof. Durga Rao concluded by saying, “1400 years ago a normal human being could not explain
this phenomenon in so much detail. Thus the information must have come from a supernatural
source”.

First footage of deep-sea anglerfish pair

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CREDITS

producer
Sarah Crespi

story by
Katie Langin

video footage
Kirsten and Joachim Jakobsen
Rebikoff-Niggeler Foundation

illustrations
C. Chun, Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der
Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem
Dampfer Valdivia (1898-1899)

preserved anglerfish photo
mark6mauno/Flickr

audio
Audioblocks

music
“VIII. Catacombae. Sepulcrum romanum Largo”
and
Cum mortuis in lingua mortua Andante non troppo con lamento
composed by Modest Mussorgsky
performed by Skidmore College Orchestra

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