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Universe: Beyond the Millennium - Planets

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Universe: Beyond the Millennium - Planets

Universe: Beyond the Millennium is a television series observing astronomical phenomena, research, and theories on the universe and its origins.

Narrated by John Hurt.

The documentary premiered in 1999 and presents an overview of the universe as humans understood it at that time, and how we think it will evolve in the next millennium. Using 3D computer generated graphics, the series features animated sequences that offer insight into the Big Bang theory and the anatomy of the sun.

Planets, a new theory suggests that planets were formed from ice dwarfs or large solid lumps of frozen water. These ice dwarfs were causing cosmic collisions all throughout our solar system. Discover how this latest theory as well as cosmic collisions made earth hospitable and other planets in our solar system so desolate.

We have blasted men and machines to our neighbouring worlds. Sent probes to the outer solar system. Discovered volcanoes erupting on the surface of distant moons, visited worlds more diverse than we had ever imagined. We have landed on Mars, walked on the moon. At the dawn of a new millennium, we're at the start of a new era of exploring the planets

Universe: Beyond the Millennium - Stars

Universe: Beyond the Millennium is a television series observing astronomical phenomena, research, and theories on the universe and its origins.

Narrated by John Hurt.

The documentary premiered in 1999 and presents an overview of the universe as humans understood it at that time, and how we think it will evolve in the next millennium. Using 3D computer generated graphics, the series features animated sequences that offer insight into the Big Bang theory and the anatomy of the sun.

Stars, scientific studies of our sun and surrounding stars are revealing discoveries that link electric and magnetic weather patterns of the sun with storms that rage on the earth. Similarly, viewers learn how the sun's electro-magnetic properties can close the Toronto Stock Exchange and turn off all the lights in New York City.

In five billion years, our nearest start, the sun, will die, swelling and becoming a red giant. The heat will be so intense the oceans will boil. Our planet will be scorched beyond recognition. The crust will melt, the surface will become an ocean of molten rock, all life will end, in the ultimate armageddon.
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Universe: Beyond the Millennium - Creation

Universe: Beyond the Millennium is a television series observing astronomical phenomena, research, and theories on the universe and its origins.

Narrated by John Hurt.

The documentary premiered in 1999 and presents an overview of the universe as humans understood it at that time, and how we think it will evolve in the next millennium. Using 3D computer generated graphics, the series features animated sequences that offer insight into the Big Bang theory and the anatomy of the sun.

Creation, for years scientists have speculated about the beginning of the universe. Some astronomers support the Big Bang theory while others purport the Steady State theory. Which one is correct? Telescopes that tune into natural heat radiation coming from space are helping scientists find answers to these and other questions.

One day our universe will cool and die, our only escape maybe to risk a flight into a different universe. Perhaps the greatest question facing the human race is to discover where we came from, and find out what is our ultimate fate. Every culture, every age, has asked that question and tried answering it.

Universe Beyond the Millennium Planets

Universe Beyond the Millennium Planets
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Universe: Beyond the Millennium - Alien Life

Universe: Beyond the Millennium is a television series observing astronomical phenomena, research, and theories on the universe and its origins.

Narrated by John Hurt.

The documentary premiered in 1999 and presents an overview of the universe as humans understood it at that time, and how we think it will evolve in the next millennium. Using 3D computer generated graphics, the series features animated sequences that offer insight into the Big Bang theory and the anatomy of the sun.

Alien Life, when NASA scientists found a lump of rock from Mars with microscopic fossils in it, the search for extraterrestrial life beyond our own became a credible objective. Researchers and scientists from SETI (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) have spent decades trying to determine how an alien life force would contact us and if one does, how we would reply.

At the start of a new millennium we're about to embark on the greatest adventure of all time. Five hundred million miles from Earth, a spacecraft will land on Jupiter's icy moon, Europa. It's mission, to search for alien life. As we reach out across the galaxy, our spacecraft will explore the most extreme environments to answer the ultimate question, are we alone?

Universe- Beyond the millennium.

9 planets mercury venus earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune.
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Naked Science - Spacemen

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Every other Wednesday we present a new video, so join us to see the truth laid bare...

The Real Star Trek discovers the challenges humankind will have to overcome to journey to distant stars.

One day we may face no choice but to leave Earth, forced by an ice age, pollution or a meteorite to find a new home elsewhere in the galaxy. The difficulties are daunting, humans evolved to live on Earth, not in space. We meet the scientists who are making journeys to Mars and beyond possible.

The first task is finding the right planet; humans need oxygen and water, so not any old planet will do. We meet David Miller, the MIT scientist who works on the Terrestrial Planet Finder project and thinks it will make the job of finding a new home a whole lot easier. The ‘TPF’ is a set of orbiting satellites which are able to spot Earth like planets and reveal whether they have a ‘human-friendly’ atmosphere.

Once we’ve found a target there’s the small matter of getting there. Just travelling to Mars and back is likely to take years. Journeys to stars are likely to be decades if not centuries. We look at some of the concepts to come out of NASA’s propulsion labs, from solar sails to antimatter.

But even the rocket scientists can’t make our ship break the speed of light; we have to accept that crews are going to have to be in this for the long haul. We meet scientists who are trying to ensure that they arrive at their destinations healthy and ready to start life on a new planet.

At MIT we see centrifuges that mimic the effects of gravity, installed in a spaceship they might stop the crippling loss of muscle and bone mass that would threaten our astronauts. Dava Newman demonstrates her revolutionary design for a spacesuit on a climbing wall, made of flexible material it will work with the wearer unlike the bulky suits currently used. We also reveal the work being done to overcome the deadly effects of cosmic radiation that threatens to wreck our crew’s DNA.

We also look at the work being done to keep our crew in sound mind. Sealed in a ship for years with only faint communications with Earth they may rely on the software being designed by David Dinges, which allows a computer to spot when humans are becoming stressed.

Eventually though we may have to accept that more drastic changes are needed before we can leave for the stars. From hibernation pods, to methods to slow down aging, the world of science fiction may have to become fact before we can leave our solar system. And if we embrace genetic manipulation to redesign ourselves for space we may also have to change our ideas of what a human is.

planets in our solar system and universe beyond

planets in our solar system and universe beyond
A solar system is a star and all of the objects that travel around it—planets, moons, asteroids, comets and meteoroids. Most stars host their own planets, so there are likely tens of billions of ot..

Pluto and Beyond - Nova Documentary 2019

When the New Horizons spacecraft whizzed by Pluto in 2015, we Earthlings were dazzled by the breathtaking images it beamed home. They revealed a never-before-seen alien landscape - a world of mountains made of ice mixed with plains of frozen-solid methane and nitrogen. After over two years of poring over the data, NASA has made remarkable new discoveries about everyone's favorite dwarf planet. But New Horizons didn't stop there.

Journey to the Edge of the Universe (Sean Pertwee) - Full HD 1080p

National Geographic presents the first accurate non-stop voyage from Earth to the edge of the Universe using a single, unbroken shot through the use of spectacular CGI (Computer-Generated Imagery) technology.

Building on images taken from the Hubble telescope, Journey to the Edge of the Universe explores the science and history behind the distant celestial bodies in the solar system.

This spectacular, epic voyage across the cosmos, takes us from the Earth, past the Moon and our neighboring planets, out of our Solar System, to the nearest stars, nebulae and galaxies and beyond - right to the edge of the Universe itself.

When you finish this video, you will walk away from it with an awareness that you never had before, of the unseen astronomically massive universe that we float around on like a spec of dust in the ocean.

This video takes you on a journey through the universe as if you are watching a Sci Fi adventure. Yet you constantly have to remind yourself that what you're seeing is really out there.
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Quick rundown: Solar system and Universe beyond

This video gives us a quick tour of our solar system and the universe that surrounds it.

Distant Planets | COSMOLOGY

Alien Planets Documentary HD Deadly Space Tornadoes: Alien Sky Symbols: The End of The Universe: Underground.

Life on Distant Earth Like Planets (Full Documentary). .

Universe: Beyond the Millennium is a television series observing astronomical phenomena, research, and theories on the universe and its origins. Narrated by John Hurt. The documentary premiered.

Earth seems to have its first fuzzy photos of four alien planets outside our solar system. Three of them orbit the same distant star, Fomalhaut. The fourth circles a different star. (. 13)
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Using Earth to See Across the Universe: The Terrascope with Dr. David Kipping

Can we see the end of the universe?

The greatest discoveries in science often sprung from outside of the box thinking. It could be said that both Newton and Einstein came up with their ideas initially simply by taking a fresh look at how we describe our universe. What’s currently important is that fresh ideas get looked at and debated. That’s innovation, and it’s all around us currently from SpaceX revolutionizing the aerospace industry to murmurs of private efforts to harness fusion. 

But what else might we do? My guest Dr. David Kipping has come up with an idea for a new type of telescope, not using mirrors or lenses per se, but the earth itself perhaps eventually giving us an entirely new way to view our universe.

Professor David Kipping speaks with John Michael Godlier about a solution for turning the Earth into a Terrascope, an earth sized telescope. Also discussed were the SETI implications of using the Terrascope as well as using it to send signals out or if alien civilizations and technosignature implications.

Using Black Holes to Traverse the Universe with Dr. David Kipping:

Turning Earth Into a Telescope | The Terrascope:

Kipping, David (2019), The Terrascope: On the Possibility of Using the Earth as an Atmospheric Lens, PASP, accepted for publication:

Cool Worlds - YouTube:

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ANOTHER EARTH | KEPLER 186F - Full Documentary

If Alien exist where do they live and how do they live?
Scientists say a world that's 490 light-years away qualifies as the first confirmed Earth-sized exoplanet that could sustain life as we know it — but in an environment like nothing we've ever seen.
The planet, known as Kepler-186f, is more of an Earth cousin than an Earth twin, Elisa Quintana, an astronomer at the SETI Institute at NASA Ames Research Center, told the journal Science. Quintana is the lead author of a report on the planet published by Science this week.
This discovery does confirm that Earth-sized planets do exist in the habitable zones of other stars, Quintana said during a Thursday news briefing at NASA Headquarters.
Kepler-186f goes around an M-type dwarf star that's smaller and cooler than our sun. But it orbits much closer to its parent star than Earth does, within what would be Mercury's orbit in our own solar system. Those two factors combine to produce an environment that could allow for liquid water on the surface, assuming that the planet had a heat-trapping atmosphere.

The star, to our eyes, would look slightly orange-y, about a third again as big as our sun but only a third as bright, said co-author Thomas Barclay, a staff scientist for NASA's Kepler mission who is also affiliated with NASA and the Bay Area Environmental Research Institute. At midday, Kepler-186f's landscape might look similar to what we see on Earth an hour before sunset, he told NBC News.
Or it might not: If the planet lacked an atmosphere to retain and redistribute its sun's warmth, it would be a cold, dry, lifeless world.

Kepler-186f probably rates as the most potentially Earthlike planet discovered so far, said Jim Kasting, a geoscientist at Penn State University who did not play a role in the Science study. But he told NBC News that it's still less likely to be habitable than planets around more sunlike stars. Even better prospects for alien habitability might well be identified in the months and years to come.

How the world was found

Kepler-186f is just the latest discovery to be pulled out of terabytes' worth of data collected by the Kepler mission. Before it went on the fritz last year, the Kepler space telescope stared at more than 150,000 stars in a patch of sky, looking for the telltale dimming of starlight as planets passed over the stars' disks. Nearly 1,000 exoplanets have been confirmed using Kepler data, and almost 3,000 more candidates are still awaiting confirmation.

It takes years of observation to confirm the pattern of dimming and brightening that's associated with alien planets, particularly if the planets are small and far from their parent stars. In February, astronomers reported that at least four worlds circled the dwarf star known as Kepler-186 or KOI-571. In this week's Science paper, Quintana and her colleagues confirm the existence of Kepler-186f as the fifth and outermost world.
They report that Kepler-186f is about 10 percent wider than Earth, tracing a 130-day orbit around its sun at a mean distance of 0.35 astronomical units. (An astronomical unit is the distance between Earth and our sun, which is 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers.) That would put Kepler-186f on the cooler, outer side of the star's habitable zone — the range of orbital distances where liquid water could exist on a planet's surface.

Astronomers have confirmed the existence of other planets in their stars' habitable zone, but those prospects are super-Earth-size. Smaller habitable-zone candidates also have been found, but they have yet to be confirmed as planets.

Barclay said Kepler-186f was particularly promising because it's less than 1.5 times the size of Earth. Planets in that size range are more likely to be rocky with a thinner atmosphere, like Earth, Mars and Venus. But worlds exceeding that size stand a better chance of retaining a thick atmosphere of hydrogen and helium, like the giant planet Neptune.

While those planets also could be rocky, they don't remind us of home, Barclay said.
Could we actually detect signs of life on Kepler-186f? That's a tough one. The astronomers behind the discovery acknowledge that the planet might be just too far away for follow-up studies. The SETI Institute has been searching for radio signals from the Kepler-186 system over a wide frequency range (1 to 10 GHz), but so far nothing has been detected.

(Advexon)

New Horizons - Summiting the Solar System: Part 1

Summiting the Solar System is a story of exploration at its most ambitious and extreme.

On January 1, 2019, NASA's New Horizons spacecraft flies by a small Kuiper Belt Object known scientifically as 2014 MU69, but nicknamed Ultima Thule. Ultima is four billion miles from Earth, and will be the most ancient and most distant world ever explored close up. It is expected to offer discoveries about the origin and evolution of our solar system. Chosen by the team and the public, the nickname honors the mythical land beyond the edges of the known world.

But Summiting is much more than the story of a sophisticated, plutonium-fueled robotic spacecraft exploring far from the Sun. The New Horizons mission is powered as much by the passions of a small team of humans—men and women, scientists and engineers—for whom pushing the frontiers of the known, climbing the very peaks of the possible, has been the dream of many decades.

More on the New Horizons mission: pluto.jhuapl.edu

Credit: Geoff Haines Stiles of Geoff Haines Stiles Productions (GHSPi)
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The Oort Cloud: Crash Course Astronomy #22

Now that we’re done with the planets, asteroid belt, and comets, we’re heading to the outskirts of the solar system. Out past Neptune are vast reservoirs of icy bodies that can become comets if they get poked into the inner solar system. The Kuiper Belt is a donut shape aligned with the plane of the solar system; the scattered disk is more eccentric and is the source of short period comets; and the Oort Cloud which surrounds the solar system out to great distances is the source of long-period comets. These bodies all probably formed closer into the Sun, and got flung out to the solar system’s suburbs by gravitational interactions with the outer planets.

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Table of Contents
Icy Bodies That Can Become Comets 0:27
The Kuiper Belt is a Donut Shape Aligned With the Plane of the Solar System 2:57
The Scattered Disk is More Eccentric and the Source of Short Period Comets 4:26
Oort Cloud Surrounds Our Solar System and is the Source of Long-Period Comets 4:04
These Bodies Probably Formed Near the Sun and Dispersed Through Gravitational Interactions 5:41

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PHOTOS/VIDEOS
HD Long Exposure Star Timelapse [credit: Jeffrey Beach, Beachfront B-Roll]
Fine Structure in the Comet’s Jets [credit: ESA/Rosetta/MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/SSO/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA]
Artist's impression of a protoplanetary disk. [credit: ESO/L. Calçada - ESO]
Creating Gas Giants [credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center]
What is a Sungrazing Comet? [credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center]
Pluto/Neptune Orbit [credit: NASA]
1992 QB1 [credit: ESO]
Eris [credit: W. M. Keck Observatory]
Moons of Pluto [credit: NASA, ESA, and M. Showalter (SETI institute)]
New Horizons Approach [credit: JHUAPL]
Moon [credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio]
Pluto [credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute]
Sedna’s Orbit [credit: NASA]
Artist’s Conception of Kuiper Belt [credit: NASA, Wikimedia Commons]
Kuiper Belt World (video) [credit: NASA Kepler Mission/Dana Berry]
Pluto Discovery Plates [credit: Clyde Tombaugh, Lowell Observatory]

The Complete Cosmos - Beyond the Solar System

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Our Solar System's Planets: Earth

Everything you could want to know about our home planet, Earth. When it comes to astronomical subjects for videos, I don't think you could ask for a more beautiful subject than Earth.


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Image Credits: NASA/JAXA/Space Engine/ESO

What are the odds there is life in outer space - Richard Dawkins asks Neil Degrasse tyson

Richard Dawkins asks Neil deGrasse about what are his thoughts on the probability of life existing elsewhere in the universe. Neil is very positive about having life as the basic ingredients for having life are in abundance in the universe, as we are mostly made up of carbon.

Are we Alone? - Finding Life Beyond Earth [Full Documentary] -

Brief Background -

Ever since humans acknowledged the enormity of the universe, we have intuited that life must exist somewhere, either in our galaxy or some galaxy far, far away. If the­ universe contains billions of galaxies, and if each galaxy contains billions of stars, and if a fraction of those stars have Earth-like planets, then hundreds -- maybe even thousands -- of alien civilizations must exist across the cosmos. Right?

For a while, science contented itself with the logic alone. Then, in 1995, astronomers located the first planets outside our solar system. Since then, they've detected nearly 300 of these extra-solar planets. Although most are large, hot planets similar to Jupiter (which is why they're easier to find), smaller, Earth-like planets are beginning to reveal themselves. In June 2008, European astronomers found three planets, all a little larger than Earth, orbiting a star 42 light-years away.

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Our Solar System's Planets: Uranus

Everything you could want to know about the 7th planet from the Sun: Uranus. Includes real images taken from Voyager 2 in 1986, and from the Hubble Space Telescope.

This video has been a long time coming, and I'm sorry it's taken a year for this episode in the series. I have been dreading making this video, as I knew there wasn't a lot of real imagery of the planet and I wondered how I was going to show what I was explaining. Thankfully, using Space Engine and Universe Sandbox2 has been incredibly helpful, although as a result I probably put the most hours into this video than any other I have made so far. I'm really happy with how it turned out though and I hope you did too.

We discuss the orbit, physical characteristics, atmosphere and magnetosphere and a lot more. Have any questions? Post in the comments. If you did find this video interesting, please share it as it will help me be able to make more of these in the future.

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Music: Young and Old Know Love - Puddle of Infinity

Image Credits: NASA, ESA, Hubble, Space Engine, Universe Sandbox2.

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