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What Binds You Together As Women? | Sex Education | 2x07


Is it Bad to Hold our Urine? + more videos | #aumsum #kids #science #education #children

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Our body has various ways to get rid of unwanted waste materials. One of these ways is through urine. Urine is a liquid waste consisting of unwanted materials like water, salts, urea, uric acid, etc.

The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary bladder and a urethra. The two kidneys filter blood and produce urine, which flows through the ureters and starts getting collected in the urinary bladder. When our urinary bladder starts getting full and it begins to stretch or expand, the nerves of the bladder inform the brain to produce an urge to urinate. Now, when we want to urinate, the bladder contracts and the urine flows out of the body through the urethra.

Once in a while, it's okay to hold our urine. But stress and pressures of modern life make us hold our urine more often and for longer periods, which can have negative effects on our health. For example, a wet and warm bladder of urine is the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria. Hence, if we don't empty the bladder regularly, then the bacteria are more likely to grow and multiply, causing urinary tract infection or UTI.

Holding the urine can also cause the bladder to remain expanded or stretched for too long. This may make it difficult for the bladder to contract normally while urinating. As a result, the bladder will not be emptied completely which can lead to discomfort, pain and other serious problems.

Sometimes, the excess urine in bladder can even flow back to the kidneys, causing kidney damage or kidney infection. In very rare cases, the bladder may even burst, risking the life of the individual.

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The political progress women have made — and what's next | Cecile Richards

Women have made enormous progress over the last century -- challenging the status quo, busting old taboos and changing business from the inside out. But when it comes to political representation, there's still a long way to go, says activist Cecile Richards. In this visionary talk, Richards calls for a global political revolution for women's equality and offers her ideas for how we can build it.

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BYU Women's Conference 2020

The 2020 BYU Women’s Conference, cosponsored by Brigham Young University and the Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, will be a digital-only event on May 1, 2020.

The annual conference has historically been considered one of the largest gatherings of Latter-day Saint women in the world. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the shortened digital conference will feature a live-streamed general session on Friday, May 1, from 10 a.m. to noon and four on-demand sessions.

The theme of this year’s conference is “Gather All Safely in Christ.” All women and men ages 16 and older are invited to participate.

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6. Rousseau on State of Nature and Education

Foundations of Modern Social Thought (SOCY 151)

The general will—dangerous if taken too far—operates in many elements of our social and civic life. Immunizations that are compulsory for living in dorms serve the common good—the general will—regardless of individual will. The general will operates in society when individuals develop not only amour de soi, selfish love, but also amour propre, love of self in relation to others. Rousseau distinguished between bourgeois individuals who have amour de soi and citizens who exemplify amour propre. In addition to being a political and social thinker, Rousseau is an early and influential education theorist. In his book Emile, Rousseau argues that individuals are born good but are corrupted by society. He advocates negative education which aims at reducing mental errors that students may pick up in society. Negative education, Rousseau argues, is accomplished by focusing on educating students on how to think rather than training them in what to think.

00:00 - Chapter 1. General Will (cont.)
10:01 - Chapter 2. Émile: Major Themes
19:22 - Chapter 3. Nature is Good; Society Corrupts
29:06 - Chapter 4. Turning Savages into Social Beings
36:27 - Chapter 5. Men and Women, Sexuality and Love

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2009.

Endocrine System, Part 1 - Glands & Hormones: Crash Course A&P #23

Hank begins teaching you about your endocrine system by explaining how it uses glands to produce hormones. These hormones are either amino-acid based and water soluble, or steroidal and lipid-soluble, and may target many types of cells or just turn on specific ones. He will also touch on hormone cascades, and how the HPA axis effects your stress response.

Pssst... we made flashcards to help you review the content in this episode! Find them on the free Crash Course App!

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Table of Contents
Endocrine System 2:32
Glands Produce Hormones 2:58
Amino Acid Based and Water Soluble 4:18
Steroidal and Lipid Soluble 4:44
Hormone Cascades 6:15
HPA Axis Effects Your Stress Response 6:30


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How much Water should you Drink per day? + more videos | #aumsum #kids #science #education #children

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Up to 60% of the human adult body is water. But everyday, we lose some of this water through sweat, urine, etc. So, we need to replenish it.

Now, there is a popular 8 by 8 rule which says, everyday one should drink 8 glasses, each containing 8 ounces of water.

Whereas, the Institute of Medicine suggests that the total water intake including all beverages and food should be 2.7 liters for women and 3.7 liters for men.

However, no single formula fits everyone. But our amazing body itself tells us when we need water. For example, dark-yellow urine is usually a very good sign of dehydration. Exercise, climate and conditions like diarrhea, vomiting, etc. can lead to additional water loss. So, our body makes us feel more thirsty. This brings us to the conclusion that the water needs vary from person to person and situation to situation.

My failed mission to find God -- and what I found instead | Anjali Kumar

Anjali Kumar went looking for God and ended up finding something else entirely. In an uplifting, funny talk about our shared humanity, she takes us on a spiritual pilgrimage to meet witches in New York, a shaman in Peru, an infamous healer in Brazil and others, sharing an important lesson: what binds us together is far stronger than what separates us, and our differences are not insurmountable.

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The Endocrine System, Overview, Animation

(USMLE topics) Function of the endocrine system, mechanism of action of steroid and nonsteroid hormones, major endocrine organs, functions and negative feedback control. This video and other related videos (in HD) are available for instant download licensing here:
©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved.
Voice by Ashley Fleming
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All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
The endocrine system is one of the two systems that are responsible for communication and integration between various body tissues, the other being the nervous system. Endocrine communication is achieved by means of chemical messengers called hormones. Hormones are produced in endocrine glands and secreted into the bloodstream to reach body tissues. A hormone can travel wherever the blood goes, but it can only affect cells that have receptors for it. These are called target cells. There are 2 major types of hormones: steroid hormones derived from cholesterol and are lipid-soluble; and non-steroid hormones derived from peptides or amino-acids and are water-soluble. Lipid-soluble steroid hormones can cross the cell membrane to bind to their receptors inside the cell, either in the cytoplasm or nucleus. Steroid hormone receptors are typically transcription factors. Upon forming, the hormone/receptor complex binds to specific DNA sequences to regulate gene expression, and thus mediating cellular response. On the other hand, water-soluble non-steroid hormones are unable to cross the lipid membrane and therefore must bind to receptors located on the surface of the cell. The binding triggers a cascade of events that leads to production of cAMP, a second messenger that is responsible for cellular response to hormone. It does so by changing enzyme activity or ion channel permeability.
Major endocrine glands include: the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid and parathyroid glands, thymus, adrenal gland, islets of the pancreas, and testes in men or ovaries in women. The endocrine system also includes hormone-secreting cells from other organs such as kidneys and intestine.
Except for the hypothalamus and the pituitary, different endocrine glands are involved in different, more or less independent, processes. For example, the pancreas produces insulin and glucagon that keep blood sugar levels in check; the parathyroid glands produce hormones that regulate calcium and phosphorus; thyroid hormones control metabolic rates; while the ovaries and testes are involved in reproductive functions. On the other hand, the hypothalamus and pituitary gland play a more central, integrative role. The hypothalamus is also part of the brain. It secretes several hormones, called neuro-hormones, which control the production of other hormones by the pituitary. Thus, the hypothalamus links the nervous system to the endocrine system. The pituitary is known as the master gland because it controls the functions of many other endocrine glands.
A major role of the endocrine system is to maintain the body’s stable internal conditions, or homeostasis, such as blood sugar levels or serum calcium levels. To do this, it utilizes negative feedback mechanisms, which work very much like a thermostat: the heater is on when the temperature is low, off when it’s high. For example, when blood glucose level is high, such as after a meal, glucose induces insulin release from the pancreas. Insulin helps body cells consume glucose, clearing it from the blood. Low blood glucose can no longer act on the pancreas, which now stops releasing insulin. Another example is the regulation of thyroid hormones levels which are induced by a pituitary hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH. TSH, in turn, is under control of thyrotropin-releasing hormone, TRH, from the hypothalamus. When thyroid hormone levels are too high, they suppress the secretion of TSH and TRH, consequently inhibiting their own production.

It's Just a Stupid Bus | The Bus Scene from Netflix's Sex Education

It's just a stupid bus. This scene from Sex Education season 2 showed us the true meaning of sisterhood.

#SexEducation #AimeeLouWoods #EmmaMackey

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About Sex Education:
Sex Education is about Otis Milburn, a socially awkward high school student who lives with his sex therapist mother, Jean. In season 1 Otis and his friend Maeve Wiley set-up a sex clinic at school to capitalise on his intuitive talent for sex advice. In season 2, as a late bloomer Otis must master his newly discovered sexual urges in order to progress with his girlfriend Ola whilst also dealing with his now strained relationship with Maeve. Meanwhile, Moordale Secondary is in the throes of a Chlamydia outbreak, highlighting the need for better sex education at the school and new kids come to town who will challenge the status quo.

The series stars Asa Butterfield (Ender’s Game, Hugo), Gillian Anderson (The Crown, The Fall), Emma Mackey (The Winter Lake, Eiffel, Death on the Nile), Ncuti Gatwa (Stonemouth, The Last Letter From My Lover), Connor Swindells (The Vanishing, VS), Aimee Lou Wood (Louis Wain), Kedar Williams-Stirling (Will, Roots, Wolfblood), Tanya Reynolds (Emma, Delicious), Mikael Persbrandt (Invisible Heroes, The Girl in the Spider’s Web, The Hobbit, King Arthur) and Patricia Allison (Les Miserables, Moving On)

About Netflix:
Netflix is the world's leading internet entertainment service with 158 million paid memberships in over 190 countries enjoying TV series, documentaries and feature films across a wide variety of genres and languages. Members can watch as much as they want, anytime, anywhere, on any internet-connected screen. Members can play, pause and resume watching, all without adverts or commitments.

L08v01 mt1Review


Women of Tibet: Three different Tibetan women and what binds them together

བོད་ཀྱི་བེུད་ཅེས་པའི་ཐེངས་འདིའི་ལེ་ཚན་ནང། འདི་གའི་གསར་འགོད་པ་བསྟན་འཛིན་བདེ་སྐྱིད་ལགས་ཀྱིས། བཞུགས་སྒར་དུ་གནས་བཞུགས་རྒྱབ་ལྗོངས་མི་འདྲ་བའི་བེུད་གསུམ་དང་མཇལ་འཕྲད་བརྒྱུད། ཁོང་གསུམ་གྱི་མཐུན་ཕྱོགས་གཅིག་ཐོག་གླེང་མོལ།
In this edition of our Women of Tibet series, our reporter Tenzin Dickey follows three different Tibetan women and finds out what is it that binds them together.

Promoting the status of women with disabilities: Bethany Hoppe at TEDxNashville

Bethany A. Hoppe is an author and speaker who advocates for the rights of women with disabilities through writing, speaking, performance, and educational outreach. She holds a master's in communication studies and is a lecturer in the Speech & Theatre Department of Middle Tennessee State University.

About TEDx, x = independently organized event

In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)

Hirsutism: Differential Diagnosis, Examination and Management – Gynecology | Lecturio

This video “Hirsutism: Differential Diagnosis, Examination and Management” is part of the Lecturio course “Gynecology – Reproductive Endocrinology” ► WATCH the complete course at

- Differential diagnosis of Hirsutism
- Ruling out Cushing Syndrome
- Medical management of Hirsutism
- Medical management of PCOS
- Cosmetic solutions to Hirsutism

► THE PROF: Lynae Brayboy from Brown University has been teaching OB/GYN for a decade. She is double-board certified in OB/GYN as well as Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. She teaches undergraduates, medical students, residents and fellows and has also won multiple teaching awards.

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Study for your classes, USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2, MCAT or MBBS with video lectures by world-class professors, recall & USMLE-style questions and textbook articles. Create your free account now:

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Parenting Tips: Double Bind

Often parents use statements with double meaning in such a way that they fill the child with guilt and remorse. These confusing and negative feelings can cause serious mental and behavioural problems at later stages in life of the child. Please refrain from such a conversation in case, unknowingly, you are using them.

Can pure oxygen kill you? | #aumsum #kids #science #education #children

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The air we breathe has many gases out of which 21% is oxygen. When we inhale, much of the oxygen present in air binds to the hemoglobin in red blood cells and is transported to various cells where it helps to produce energy.

However, some inhaled oxygen also turns into free radicals. Free radicals are highly unstable and can be harmful. Hence, our body produces antioxidants that neutralize the free radicals. But if we inhale pure oxygen for a long time, then the number of free radicals increases. It becomes difficult for the antioxidants to neutralize them. Hence, these unstable free radicals begin to bind with proteins in red blood cells and change their chemical structure. As a result, our immune system doesn't recognize the red blood cells and begins to kill them. Besides this, free radicals even damage the DNA which can lead to cancer.

Case Management Review SAMHSA TIP 27

A direct link to the CEU course is

AllCEUs provides #counseloreducation and CEUs for LPCs, LMHCs, LMFTs and LCSWs as well as #addiction counselor precertification training and continuing education.
Live, Interactive Webinars ($5):
Unlimited Counseling CEs for $59
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#AllCEUs courses are accepted in most states because we are approved as an education provider for NAADAC, the States of Florida and Texas Boards of Social Work and Mental Health/Professional Counseling, the California Consortium for Addiction Professionals and Professions.

This was recorded as part of a live #webinar

Jane Goodall: Chimpanzees, humanity and all that binds them | Talk to Al Jazeera

Widely seen as the world's leading primatologist and conservationist, Jane Goodall has an unparalleled understanding of chimpanzees.

Goodall's study of chimpanzees, human beings' closest living relatives on earth, began in 1960 when she travelled to Tanzania for this sole purpose. Her moment of international recognition came with the broadcast of the documentary 'Miss Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees' across the United States.

However, Goodall's career hasn't always been embraced by society. As discoveries were made establishing the real biological and behavioural similarities between chimpanzees and human beings, the resistance in both the press and general public grew, the main point of contention being how a woman - without a university degree - could make such claims about humanity.

As science backed the facts Goodall continued to uncover, those issues were more or less laid to rest; but the peoples' trust in science and what studying chimpanzees could tell us about humanity, especially whether aggression was an innate trait or something learned, was a real political predicament.

At that time, in the early 1970s, it was a political issue. Science was divided as to whether human infants are born with a clean slate, everything is learned from your culture, your society, from your mother ... I was saying, no, some things are inherited, it's instinctive - I know as a mother. When your child is threatened you get this surge of adrenaline and sometimes anger. It's not rational, but it's there, Goodall recalls.

It's mostly people who don't want to admit that animals have personalities, minds, and above all, emotions.

In light of an upcoming visit to chimpanzee sanctuary Ngamba Island, Goodall also recalls the maltreatment and abuse of primates at the Entebbe zoo when she first visited Uganda under then-president Idi Amin's rule.

They [Entebbe zoo] had about eight or nine infant chimps whose mothers had been shot for bushmeat. They didn't have proper cages ... they had nothing to do. They were very disturbed. I managed to find [the chimps] a zookeeper from London Zoo. Gradually they built up proper cages ... and one of the things that she did was give them paper and paint brushes. Some of them paint fine shapes, circular shapes ... they began selling them, which raised money. That was the beginning of it. The island was created for orphan chimps whose mothers were either killed for bushmeat or they were poached, so the infants could be sent off and sold as pets or entertainment, says Goodall.

Although Goodall has never personally been threatened by those whose interests she may challenge, such as wildlife poachers, the resistance to understanding the interconnectedness of humanity, animals and the environment is something she has tirelessly worked to rectify.

It is our society [the developed world] that were raiding the forests for timber and so forth. That's when I thought, unless we have new generations growing up to understand better our relationship with the natural world, then soon there will be nothing left, we will suffer. And I began my Roots and Shoots programme. Our Roots and Shoots groups work on three interrelated problems to help people, to help other animals - because we are animals too - and to help the environment, says Goodall.

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Postmenopausal Women Need More Butter and Egg Yolks

postmenopausal, postmenopausal women, postmenopausal symptoms, post menopausal, menopausal, postmenopausal diet, women

Dr. Berg’s Vitamin D3 & K2:
If you’re postmenopausal, you may want to avoid calcium supplements and do this instead!


Talk to a Dr. Berg Keto Consultant today and get the help you need on your journey. Call 1-540-299-1556 with your questions about Keto, Intermittent Fasting or the use of Dr. Berg products. Consultants are available Monday through Friday from 8 am to 10 pm EST. Saturday & Sunday from 9 am to 6 pm EST. USA Only.

0:00 Why postmenopausal women need more butter and egg yolks
0:20 Avoid calcium supplements 
0:40 Foods rich in vitamin K2 
1:40 Vitamin K2 benefits
3:02 Bulletproof your immune system *free course! 

Postmenopausal women need more butter and egg yolks. Why? Because they’re at risk for osteoporosis and osteopenia. Their hormones have shifted, and they’re in a situation where they need to build bone. 

Most postmenopausal women go straight for the calcium supplements, like calcium carbonate, to build bone. But this is a mistake. This could potentially increase the risk of heart attacks. The vitamin they may really need more of is vitamin K2. It’s also important not to go on a low-fat diet. 

Great sources of vitamin K2:
• Grass-fed butter 
• Egg yolks
• Organ meats 
• Cheese 
• Dark chicken meat 
• Fish eggs
• Natto 
• Breast milk 
• Lard
• Tallow 

Benefits of vitamin K2: 
• It binds calcium with protein 
• It controls calcium into the bone 
• It decreases calcification in the arteries 
• It strengthens the bones 
• It can support healthy blood sugar levels 
• It can decrease the risk of kidney stones 
• It can decrease the risk of cancer 
• It can decrease the risk of dementia 

Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio:
Dr. Berg, age 56, is a chiropractor who specializes in Healthy Ketosis & Intermittent Fasting. He is the author of the best-selling book The Healthy Keto Plan, and is the Director of Dr. Berg Nutritionals. He no longer practices, but focuses on health education through social media.


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Dr. Eric Berg received his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic in 1988. His use of “doctor” or “Dr.” in relation to himself solely refers to that degree. Dr. Berg is a licensed chiropractor in Virginia, California, and Louisiana, but he no longer practices chiropractic in any state and does not see patients so he can focus on educating people as a full time activity, yet he maintains an active license. This video is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. It does not create a doctor-patient relationship between Dr. Berg and you. You should not make any change in your health regimen or diet before first consulting a physician and obtaining a medical exam, diagnosis, and recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The Health & Wellness, Dr. Berg Nutritionals and Dr. Eric Berg, D.C. are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this video or site.

#keto #ketodiet #weightloss

Thanks for watching! I hope this helps explain why postmenopausal women need more butter and egg yolks.

Caffeine - How does coffee keep you awake? | #aumsum #kids #science #education #children

Topic: Caffeine
How does coffee keep you awake?
By throwing an overnight party.
When we perform our daily activities like thinking and playing, a by product called adenosine is produced.
Adenosine slows down the brain activity.
But how?
In our brain, there are adenosine receptors which are perfectly molded for this adenosine.
When the adenosine binds to these receptors, it activates them, causing to slow down the brain activity and thus making us feel sleepy.
However, drinking coffee keeps us awake and we don't feel sleepy.
This is because coffee contains a drug called caffeine which after digestion reaches our brain.
Caffeine is structurally similar to adenosine.
Being similar, caffeine binds to the adenosine receptors and thus blocks the adenosine from binding.
Hence, as adenosine does not bind, our receptors don't slow the brain activity.
As a result, we remain awake.

Jeannie Lee (Harvard) 2 - X Chromosome Inactivation: Making the Right Choice

The X chromosome is many time larger than the Y chromosome. To compensate for this genetic inequality, female mammalian cells undergo X chromosome inactivation of one X chromosome. Dr. Jeannie Lee explains the how and why of X chromosome inactivation.

Talk Overview:
In mammals, sex is determined by a pair of unequal sex chromosomes. Genetically male mammals have an X and a Y chromosome while genetically female mammals have two X chromosomes. The X chromosome is many times larger than the Y chromosome. To compensate for this genetic inequality, female mammals undergo X chromosome inactivation in which one of the X chromosomes is randomly chosen to be silenced. X chromosome inactivation has been studied for over 50 years both because it is a physiologically important event and because it is an excellent model for studying epigenetic silencing of genes by long non-coding RNAs. In her first talk, Dr. Jeannie Lee gives an overview of the steps a cell must go through during X inactivation. These include “counting” the X chromosomes, deciding which X chromosome to inactivate, initiating the inactivation and spreading it across the chromosome, and finally maintaining inactivation of the same X chromosome for the rest of the life of the organism.

In her second talk, Lee elaborates on the early steps of X inactivation. Very early in development, cells “count” the number of X chromosomes and decide if one needs to be inactivated, and if so which one. There is a region of the X chromosome called the X inactivation center which is enriched in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Lee explains how she and others showed that by sensing the ratio of two specific lncRNAs the cell can determine how many X chromosomes are present. Further studies showed that two different lncRNAs are responsible for randomly determining which X chromosome will be inactivated. Finally, she discusses the hypothesis that the allelic choice mechanism depends on a transient chromosomal pairing event that occurs at the beginning of the dosage compensation process.

And in her last talk, Lee describes how X inactivation is nucleated and spreads across the X chromosome. The Xist lncRNA is known to be necessary and sufficient for X inactivation. Lee describes experiments that identified the factors that tether Xist to the X chromosome and showed how Xist spreads to cover the entire X chromosome. She then goes on to explain that Xist blocks transcription in three ways: 1) Xist recruits factors that repress transcription via epigenetic modification such as histone methylation 2) Xist repels factors that open chromatin preparing it for transcription and 3) Xist changes the 3 dimensional organization of chromosomes. Lee ends with a model of our current understanding of the complex but critical process of X chromosome inactivation.

Speaker Biography:
Dr. Jeannie Lee is a Professor in the Department of Genetics at Harvard Medical School and in the Department of Molecular Biology at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Her lab uses X chromosome inactivation as a model to study epigenetic regulation by long noncoding RNAs.

Lee received her AB in biochemistry and molecular biology from Harvard University and her MD/PhD from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. She was a postdoctoral fellow at the Whitehead Institute and a resident at MGH before joining Harvard/MGH as a faculty member in 1997. Lee was also an HHMI Investigator from 2001-2018. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Lee has been honored with numerous awards including the 2016 Centennial Prize from the Genetics Society of America, the 2016 Lurie Prize from the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, and the 2010 Molecular Biology Award from the National Academy of Sciences. In 2018, she was President of the Genetics Society of America.

Learn more about Dr. Lee’s research here:



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