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Wildlife Conservation - Focus on National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries


Wildlife Conservation - Focus on National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries

Wildlife conservation and causes of destruction are explained in this video by Dr. Manishika Jain. The main focus is on national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves.
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Wildlife Destruction @1:56
Overkilling @2:05
Habitat Destruction @2:48
Fragmentation @3:35
Impact of Introduced Species @4:46
Chain of Extinction @6:19
Conservation of Wildlife @9:24
National Park @11:24
Wildlife Sanctuaries @13:04
Biosphere Reserves @14:02
Biosphere Reserves Zonation @15:15
Geography of India @16:21

#Interference #Biosphere #Sanctuaries #National #Conservation #Extinction #Species #Habitat #Destruction #Wildlife #Manishika #Examrace

Difference Between National Park,Wildlife Sanctuary,Biosphere Reserve

Difference Between National Park,Wildlife Sanctuary,Biosphere Reserve,Protected forest,Reserved Forest,Tiger Reserve,Ecologically Sensitive Areas

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Wildlife conservation in india National Parks , Wildlife Sanctuary

Link for National Park is
Link for Wildlife Sanctuary is:
Link for Biosphere Reserve:
Based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), it can be classified as follows :
Normal Species.
Endangered Species
Vulnerable Species
Rare Species
Endemic Species
Extinct Species

Forest & Wildlife Protection Programmes by Government
In 1972, a comprehensive Wildlife Act was enacted by Central Government of India lead by Ms Indira Gandhi, which provides the main legal framework for conservation and protection of wildlife in India.
The two main objectives of the Act are :
• to provide protection to the endangered species listed in the schedule of the Act and
• to provide legal support to the conservation areas of the country classified as National parks, sanctuaries and closed areas.
For the purpose of effective conservation of flora and fauna, special steps have been initiated by the Government of India in collaboration with UNESCO’s ‘Man and Biosphere Programme’.
There are 92 National parks and 492 wildlife sanctuaries covering an area of 15.67 million hectares in the country.
National Park
• it is a Relatively large area consisting of one or more ecosystems, and it operates at National Level.
• No human activity or settlement allowed i.e. human interference is totally prohibited
• Villagers cannot graze their animals and national parks have Extremely strict rules about jungle produce collection for ex. Honey

To know further about national parks in India, refer to our video on : Top 10 National Park in India

Wildlife Sanctuary
• In wildlife sanctuary Regulated human activities are allowed for example : Grazing of animals, Firewood collection and Tourism.
• It can be created for a particular species which is not the case with national parks;
• Wildlife Sanctuary operates at State Level.
• A sanctuary can be upgraded to a National park but not vice versa
To know further about Wildlife sanctuary in India, refer to our video on : Top 10 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
India has also introduced many Special schemes like Project Tiger (1973) and Project Elephant (1992) to conserve some endangered species and their habitat in a sustainable manner. We will now look at a few of those now.
1) Project Tiger :

• There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA).

• India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014.The total number of wild tigers has risen to 3,891 in 2016 according to World Wildlife Fund and Global Tiger Forum.
2) Project Elephant
• Project Elephant (PE) is initiated for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors.
• It also seeks to address the issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants. The Project is being implemented in 13 States / Union Territories.
• Monitoring of Illegal Killing of Elephants ( MIKE )

3) Project Snow Leopard

• Project Snow Leopard aims To safeguard and conserve India’s unique natural heritage of high altitude wildlife populations and their habitats.
• Snow Leopard is globally endangered species as well as the most important flagship species of the mountain region.
4) Sea Turtle Project
• With the objective of conservation of olive ridley turtles and other endangered marine turtles, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change initiated the Sea Turtle Conservation Project in collaboration of UNDP in 1999 with Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun as the Implementing Agency.
• The project is being implemented in 10 coastal States of the country with special emphasis in State of Orissa.

Biosphere Reserve
A Biosphere Reserve is a unique representation of ecosystem of terrestrial and coastal areas which are internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The Biosphere Reserve aims at achieving the three objective as depicted .

Core zone
Buffer zone
Transition zone

Conservation Reserves
• Particularly the areas adjacent to National Parks and Sanctuaries and the areas which link one Protected Area with another can also be declared as conservation reserves.

Community Reserves
• Can be declared by the State Government in any private or community land, not comprised within a National Park, Sanctuary or a Conservation Reserve

To know further about biosphere reserves in India, refer to our video on : Top 10 Biosphere Reserves in India UNESCO list | Biosphere Reserves in a nutshell

Difference Between National Park,Wildlife Sanctuary,Biosphere Reserve

Learn the Difference Between National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary, and Biosphere Reserve,

Sanctuaries provide protection and suitable living conditions to wild animals. They are places where poaching or capturing of animals is strictly prohibited. Some of the threatened wild animals like marsh crocodile, python, rhinoceros, etc., are protected and preserved in our wild life sanctuaries. Indian sanctuaries have unique landscapes, ranging from broad level and mountain forests to bush lands in deltas of big rivers.
National parks are reserves large and diverse enough to protect whole sets of ecosystems. They preserve flora, fauna, landscape and historic objects of an area. Satpura National Park is the first Reserve Forest of India. The finest Indian teak is found in this forest along with rock paintings and stone shelters, indicating existence of pre- historic life in these areas.
Biosphere reserves help to maintain the biodiversity and culture of that area. It may contain other protected areas in it. For example, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve consists of one national park named Satpura and two wildlife sanctuaries named Bori and Pachmarhi

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National Park, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves - Key Differences (Important)

Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture explains National Park, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves - Key Differences (Important)

Wildlife Sanctuaries @0:10 0:48
National Park @1:07
Biosphere Reserves @2:3
Transitional Area @2:51
Core @2:57
Buffer Zone @3:04
Biosphere Reserves of India @3:24
#Buffer #Transitional #Reserves #Biosphere #Sanctuaries #Wildlife #National #Manishika #Examrace


For reference visit


This video is covering all the topic related to biodiversity its conservation national parks biosphere reserve wild life sanctuaries endanger species critically endanger species extinct species threaten species etc
Important for ugc net environmental science and upsc exam.



Difference between Wildlife sanctuary, National park and Biosphere reserve

Difference between National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary and Biosphere Reserve

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National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary and Biosphere Reserve is an important part of the UPSC syllabus. This video talks about the difference between all three i.e National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary and Biosphere Reserve.
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Biology Plants & Animal Conservation part 7 (National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary) CBSE class 8 VIII

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Wildlife Sanctuary | Conservation of Plants and Animals | Science | Class 8th | In Hindi

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Chapter 7.7 - Wildlife Sanctuary - Class 8th Science

Class 8th Science
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Wildlife Sanctuary

The purpose of making national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves is to conserve and protect the whole ecosystem from exploitation and to protect the ecosystem we need to conserve its biodiversity at all levels that means both in its natural environment like forest and artificial created environments

Useful For: NCERT / CBSE / ICSE / MP Board / SSC

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Question 1: What is definition of wildlife?