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Wildlife Conservation - Focus on National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries


Wildlife Conservation - Focus on National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries

Wildlife conservation and causes of destruction are explained in this video by Dr. Manishika Jain. The main focus is on national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves.
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Wildlife Destruction @1:56
Overkilling @2:05
Habitat Destruction @2:48
Fragmentation @3:35
Impact of Introduced Species @4:46
Chain of Extinction @6:19
Conservation of Wildlife @9:24
National Park @11:24
Wildlife Sanctuaries @13:04
Biosphere Reserves @14:02
Biosphere Reserves Zonation @15:15
Geography of India @16:21

#Interference #Biosphere #Sanctuaries #National #Conservation #Extinction #Species #Habitat #Destruction #Wildlife #Manishika #Examrace

Wildlife conservation in india National Parks , Wildlife Sanctuary

Link for National Park is
Link for Wildlife Sanctuary is:
Link for Biosphere Reserve:
Based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), it can be classified as follows :
Normal Species.
Endangered Species
Vulnerable Species
Rare Species
Endemic Species
Extinct Species

Forest & Wildlife Protection Programmes by Government
In 1972, a comprehensive Wildlife Act was enacted by Central Government of India lead by Ms Indira Gandhi, which provides the main legal framework for conservation and protection of wildlife in India.
The two main objectives of the Act are :
• to provide protection to the endangered species listed in the schedule of the Act and
• to provide legal support to the conservation areas of the country classified as National parks, sanctuaries and closed areas.
For the purpose of effective conservation of flora and fauna, special steps have been initiated by the Government of India in collaboration with UNESCO’s ‘Man and Biosphere Programme’.
There are 92 National parks and 492 wildlife sanctuaries covering an area of 15.67 million hectares in the country.
National Park
• it is a Relatively large area consisting of one or more ecosystems, and it operates at National Level.
• No human activity or settlement allowed i.e. human interference is totally prohibited
• Villagers cannot graze their animals and national parks have Extremely strict rules about jungle produce collection for ex. Honey

To know further about national parks in India, refer to our video on : Top 10 National Park in India

Wildlife Sanctuary
• In wildlife sanctuary Regulated human activities are allowed for example : Grazing of animals, Firewood collection and Tourism.
• It can be created for a particular species which is not the case with national parks;
• Wildlife Sanctuary operates at State Level.
• A sanctuary can be upgraded to a National park but not vice versa
To know further about Wildlife sanctuary in India, refer to our video on : Top 10 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
India has also introduced many Special schemes like Project Tiger (1973) and Project Elephant (1992) to conserve some endangered species and their habitat in a sustainable manner. We will now look at a few of those now.
1) Project Tiger :

• There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA).

• India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014.The total number of wild tigers has risen to 3,891 in 2016 according to World Wildlife Fund and Global Tiger Forum.
2) Project Elephant
• Project Elephant (PE) is initiated for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors.
• It also seeks to address the issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants. The Project is being implemented in 13 States / Union Territories.
• Monitoring of Illegal Killing of Elephants ( MIKE )

3) Project Snow Leopard

• Project Snow Leopard aims To safeguard and conserve India’s unique natural heritage of high altitude wildlife populations and their habitats.
• Snow Leopard is globally endangered species as well as the most important flagship species of the mountain region.
4) Sea Turtle Project
• With the objective of conservation of olive ridley turtles and other endangered marine turtles, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change initiated the Sea Turtle Conservation Project in collaboration of UNDP in 1999 with Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun as the Implementing Agency.
• The project is being implemented in 10 coastal States of the country with special emphasis in State of Orissa.

Biosphere Reserve
A Biosphere Reserve is a unique representation of ecosystem of terrestrial and coastal areas which are internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The Biosphere Reserve aims at achieving the three objective as depicted .

Core zone
Buffer zone
Transition zone

Conservation Reserves
• Particularly the areas adjacent to National Parks and Sanctuaries and the areas which link one Protected Area with another can also be declared as conservation reserves.

Community Reserves
• Can be declared by the State Government in any private or community land, not comprised within a National Park, Sanctuary or a Conservation Reserve

To know further about biosphere reserves in India, refer to our video on : Top 10 Biosphere Reserves in India UNESCO list | Biosphere Reserves in a nutshell

Animal Conservation - National Park, Biosphere Reserve and Animal sanctuary in India -English

This video talks about animal conservation and protected region such biosphere reserve, national park, animal sanctuary - their definition, differences with example.

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Difference Between National Park,Wildlife Sanctuary,Biosphere Reserve

Difference Between National Park,Wildlife Sanctuary,Biosphere Reserve,Protected forest,Reserved Forest,Tiger Reserve,Ecologically Sensitive Areas

National Park, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves - Key Differences (Important)

Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture explains National Park, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves - Key Differences (Important)

Wildlife Sanctuaries @0:10 0:48
National Park @1:07
Biosphere Reserves @2:3
Transitional Area @2:51
Core @2:57
Buffer Zone @3:04
Biosphere Reserves of India @3:24
#Buffer #Transitional #Reserves #Biosphere #Sanctuaries #Wildlife #National #Manishika #Examrace


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English slides Wildlife Conservation

National parks, wildlife sanctuaries & Biosphere reserves of india - Static GK

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national parks ,wildlife sanctuary ,community reserves conservation reserve biosphere reserve...

chapter 14 of shnaker ias environemnt book.

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Difference between National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary and Biosphere Reserve

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Difference Between National Park,Wildlife Sanctuary,Biosphere Reserve

Learn the Difference Between National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary, and Biosphere Reserve,

Sanctuaries provide protection and suitable living conditions to wild animals. They are places where poaching or capturing of animals is strictly prohibited. Some of the threatened wild animals like marsh crocodile, python, rhinoceros, etc., are protected and preserved in our wild life sanctuaries. Indian sanctuaries have unique landscapes, ranging from broad level and mountain forests to bush lands in deltas of big rivers.
National parks are reserves large and diverse enough to protect whole sets of ecosystems. They preserve flora, fauna, landscape and historic objects of an area. Satpura National Park is the first Reserve Forest of India. The finest Indian teak is found in this forest along with rock paintings and stone shelters, indicating existence of pre- historic life in these areas.
Biosphere reserves help to maintain the biodiversity and culture of that area. It may contain other protected areas in it. For example, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve consists of one national park named Satpura and two wildlife sanctuaries named Bori and Pachmarhi

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Biology Plants & Animal Conservation part 7 (National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary) CBSE class 8 VIII

Biology Plants & Animal Conservation part 7 (National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary) CBSE class 8 VIII

Protected areas in India: National Park, Wild life sanctuaries, Conservation and community reserves

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in-situ conservation in National Parks & Wild Life Sanctuaries| Biology|12th|AIPMT |AIIMS|askIITians

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Anjali Ahuja (Kurukshetra university) explains about wildlife sanctuaries and national parks which are types of in-situ conservation

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National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves of India | SSC Geography

In this video we will discuss the important National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves of India. First we will discuss about the difference between National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves. Then We will study the important National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of each State of India.

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national park and biosphere reserve in india with MCQ

national park and biosphere reserve in india with MCQ.
National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of July 2015, there were 103 national parks encompassing an area of 40,500 km2 (15,600 sq mi) , comprising 1.23% of India's total surface area.

Anamudi Shola National Park Kerala
Anshi National Park Karnataka
Balphakram National Park Meghalaya
Bandhavgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh
Bandipur National Park Karnataka
Bannerghatta National Park (Bannerghatta Biological Park) karnataka
Bhitarkanika National Park Odisha
Bison (Rajbari) National Park Tripura
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar Gujarat
Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal
Campbell Bay National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Chandoli National Park Maharashtra
Clouded Leopard National Park Tripura
Dachigam National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Desert National Park Rajasthan
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Assam
Indroda Dinosaur and Fossil Park Gujarat
Dudhwa National Park Uttar Pradesh
Eravikulam National Park Kerala
Galathea National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Gangotri National Park Uttarakhand
Gir Forest National Park Gujarat
Gorumara National Park West Bengal
Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary Uttarakhand
Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh,
Gugamal National Park Maharashtra
Guindy National Park Tamil Nadu
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park Tamil Nadu
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park Chhattisgarh
Hemis National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Hazaribagh National Park Jharkhand
Inderkilla National Park Himachal Pradesh
Indra Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park Tamil Nadu
Indravati National Park Chhattisgarh
Jaldapara National Park West Bengal
Jim Corbett National Park Uttarakhand
Kalesar National Park Haryana
Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh
Kanger Ghati National Park Chhattisgarh
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park Telangana
Kaziranga National Park Assam
Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan
Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim
Khirganga National Park Himachal Pradesh
Kishtwar National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Kudremukh National Park Karnataka
Madhav National Park Madhya Pradesh
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park Telangana
Manas National Park Assam
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Madhya Pradesh
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch Gujarat
Mathikettan Shola National Park Kerala
Middle Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mollem National Park Goa
Mouling National Park Arunachal Pradesh
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan
Mount Harriet National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mrugavani National Park Telangana
Mudumalai National Park Tamil Nadu
Mukundra Hills National Park Rajasthan
Mukurthi National Park Tamil Nadu
Murlen National Park Mizoram
Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh
Nameri National Park Assam
Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand
Navegaon National Park Maharashtra
Neora Valley National Park West Bengal
Nokrek National Park Meghalaya
North Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Ntangki National Park Nagaland
Omkareshwar National Park Madhya Pradesh
Orang National Park Assam
Pambadum Shola National Park Kerala
Panna National Park Madhya Pradesh
Papikonda National Park Andhra Pradesh
Pench National Park Madhya Pradesh
Periyar National Park Kerala
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park Mizoram
Pin Valley National Park Himachal Pradesh
Rajaji National Park Uttarakhand
Nagarhole National Park Karnataka
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park Karnataka
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan
Saddle Peak National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Salim Ali National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Sanjay National Park2 Madhya Pradesh
Sanjay Gandhi National Park Maharashtra
Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan
Satpura National Park Madhya Pradesh
Silent Valley National Park Kerala
Simbalbara National Park Himachal Pradesh
Sirohi National Park Manipur
Simlipal National Park Odisha
Singalila National Park West Bengal
South Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Sri Venkateswara National Park Andhra Pradesh
Sultanpur National Park Haryana
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal
Tadoba National Park Maharashtra
Valley of Flowers National Park Uttarakhand
Valmiki National Park Bihar
Vansda National Park Gujarat
Van Vihar National Park Madhya Pradesh


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